Results for 'virtual reality'

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  1. Virtual Reality: Digital or Fictional?Neil McDonnell & Nathan Wildman - 2019 - Disputatio 11 (55):371-397.
    Are the objects and events that take place in Virtual Reality genuinely real? Those who answer this question in the affirmative are realists, and those who answer in the negative are irrealists. In this paper we argue against the realist position, as given by Chalmers, and present our own preferred irrealist account of the virtual. We start by disambiguating two potential versions of the realist position—weak and strong— and then go on to argue that neither is plausible. (...)
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  2. Virtual Reality, Ontology, and Value.Norman Mooradian - 2006 - Metaphilosophy 37 (5):673-690.
  3.  83
    The Convergence of Virtual Reality and Social Networks: Threats to Privacy and Autonomy.Fiachra O’Brolcháin, Tim Jacquemard, David Monaghan, Noel O’Connor, Peter Novitzky & Bert Gordijn - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):1-29.
    The rapid evolution of information, communication and entertainment technologies will transform the lives of citizens and ultimately transform society. This paper focuses on ethical issues associated with the likely convergence of virtual realities and social networks, hereafter VRSNs. We examine a scenario in which a significant segment of the world’s population has a presence in a VRSN. Given the pace of technological development and the popularity of these new forms of social interaction, this scenario is plausible. However, it brings (...)
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  4.  38
    Virtual Reality: Fictional All the Way Down.Jesper Juul - 2019 - Disputatio 11 (55):333-343.
    Are virtual objects real? I will claim that the question sets us up for the wrong type of conclusion: Chalmers argues that a virtual calculator is a real calculator when it is “organizationally invariant” with its non-virtual counterpart—when it performs calculation. However, virtual reality and games are defined by the fact that they always selectively implement their source material. Even the most detailed virtual car will still have an infinite range of details which are (...)
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  5.  9
    Virtual Reality for Enhanced Ecological Validity and Experimental Control in the Clinical, Affective and Social Neurosciences.Thomas D. Parsons - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  6.  90
    The Virtual Reality of Homo Economicus.Philip Pettit - 1995 - The Monist 78 (3):308-329.
    The economic explanation of individual behaviour, even behaviour outside the traditional province of the market, projects a distinctively economic image on the minds of the agents involved. It suggests that, in regard to motivation and rationality, they conform to the profile of homo economicus. But this suggestion, by many lights, flies in the face of common sense; it conflicts with our ordinary assumptions about how we each feel and think in most situations, certainly most non-market situations, and about how that (...)
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  7.  89
    The Ethics of Virtual Reality Technology: Social Hazards and Public Policy Recommendations.James Spiegel - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (5):1537-1550.
    This article explores four major areas of moral concern regarding virtual reality technologies. First, VR poses potential mental health risks, including Depersonalization/Derealization Disorder. Second, VR technology raises serious concerns related to personal neglect of users’ own actual bodies and real physical environments. Third, VR technologies may be used to record personal data which could be deployed in ways that threaten personal privacy and present a danger related to manipulation of users’ beliefs, emotions, and behaviors. Finally, there are other (...)
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  8. Against Brain-in-a-Vatism: On the Value of Virtual Reality.Jon Cogburn & Mark Silcox - 2014 - Philosophy and Technology 27 (4):561-579.
    The term “virtual reality” was first coined by Antonin Artaud to describe a value-adding characteristic of certain types of theatrical performances. The expression has more recently come to refer to a broad range of incipient digital technologies that many current philosophers regard as a serious threat to human autonomy and well-being. Their concerns, which are formulated most succinctly in “brain in a vat”-type thought experiments and in Robert Nozick's famous “experience machine” argument, reflect a fundamental misunderstanding of the (...)
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  9.  14
    Immersive Virtual Reality and Virtual Embodiment for Pain Relief.Marta Matamala-Gomez, Tony Donegan, Sara Bottiroli, Giorgio Sandrini, Maria V. Sanchez-Vives & Cristina Tassorelli - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  10.  14
    Virtual Reality in Marketing: A Framework, Review, and Research Agenda.Mariano Alcañiz, Enrique Bigné & Jaime Guixeres - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  11.  12
    Virtual Reality Analgesia During Venipuncture in Pediatric Patients With Onco-Hematological Diseases.Barbara Atzori, Hunter G. Hoffman, Laura Vagnoli, David R. Patterson, Wadee Alhalabi, Andrea Messeri & Rosapia Lauro Grotto - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  12. Virtual Reality: The Last Human Narrative?Thorsten Botz-Bornstein - 2015 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Is virtual reality the latest grand narrative that humanity has produced? This book attempts to disentangle the common characteristics of human reality and posthuman virtual reality by examining discourses on psychoanalysis, gene-technology, globalization, and contemporary art.
     
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  13. Real Moral Problems in the Use of Virtual Reality.Erick Jose Ramirez & Scott LaBarge - 2018 - Ethics and Information Technology (4):249-263.
    In this paper, we argue that, under a specific set of circumstances, designing and employing certain kinds of virtual reality (VR) experiences can be unethical. After a general discussion of simulations and their ethical context, we begin our argu-ment by distinguishing between the experiences generated by different media (text, film, computer game simulation, and VR simulation), and argue that VR experiences offer an unprecedented degree of what we call “perspectival fidelity” that prior modes of simulation lack. Additionally, we (...)
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  14.  17
    Virtual Reality as a Vehicle to Empower Motor-Cognitive Neurorehabilitation.Daniel Perez-Marcos, Mélanie Bieler-Aeschlimann & Andrea Serino - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  15.  14
    Virtual Reality as an Emerging Methodology for Leadership Assessment and Training.Mariano Alcañiz, Elena Parra & Irene Alice Chicchi Giglioli - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  16. Realistic Virtual Reality and Perception.John Dilworth - 2010 - Philosophical Psychology 23 (1):23-42.
    Realistic uses of Virtual Reality technology closely integrate user training on virtual objects with VR-assisted user interactions with real objects. This paper shows how the Interactive Theory of Perception may be extended to cover such cases. Virtual objects are explained as concrete models that have an inner generation mechanism, and the ITP is used to explain how VR users can both perceive such local CMs, and perceptually represent remote real objects. Also, concepts of modeling and representation (...)
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  17.  5
    Virtual Reality as a New Approach for Risk Taking Assessment.Carla de-Juan-Ripoll, José L. Soler-Domínguez, Jaime Guixeres, Manuel Contero, Noemi Álvarez Gutiérrez & Mariano Alcañiz - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  18.  36
    The Virtual Reality of the Invisible Hand.Emma Tieffenbach - 2016 - Social Science Information 55 (1):115-134.
    Self-centred based explanations such as invisible-hand accounts look like armchair constructions with no relevance to the real world. Whether and how they nonetheless provide an insight into social reality is a puzzling matter. Philip Pettit’s idea of self-interest virtually bearing on choices offers the prospect of a solution. In order to assess the latter we first distinguish between three variants of invisible-hand explanations, namely: a normative, an historical and a theoretical one. We then show that, while the model of (...)
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  19.  15
    Virtual Reality and Human Consciousness: The Use of Immersive Environments in Delirium Therapy.Marko Suvajdzic, Azra Bihorac, Parisa Rashidi, Triton Ong & Joel Applebaum - 2018 - Technoetic Arts 16 (1):75-83.
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  20.  3
    A Virtual Reality Simulation of Drug Users’ Everyday Life: The Effect of Supported Sensorimotor Contingencies on Empathy.Maria Christofi, Despina Michael-Grigoriou & Christos Kyrlitsias - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  21.  10
    Virtual Reality for Anxiety Reduction Demonstrated by Quantitative EEG: A Pilot Study.Jeff Tarrant, Jeremy Viczko & Hannah Cope - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  22.  8
    Virtual Reality Analgesia for Pediatric Dental Patients.Barbara Atzori, Rosapia Lauro Grotto, Andrea Giugni, Massimo Calabrò, Wadee Alhalabi & Hunter G. Hoffman - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  23.  6
    Immersive Virtual Reality Field Trips Facilitate Learning About Climate Change.David M. Markowitz, Rob Laha, Brian P. Perone, Roy D. Pea & Jeremy N. Bailenson - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  24. Virtual Reality and the Meaning of Life.John Danaher - forthcoming - In Oxford Handbook on Meaning in Life.
    It is commonly assumed that a virtual life would be less meaningful (perhaps even meaningless). As virtual reality technologies develop and become more integrated into our everyday lives, this poses a challenge for those that care about meaning in life. In this chapter, it is argued that the common assumption about meaninglessness and virtuality is mistaken. After clarifying the distinction between two different visions of virtual reality, four arguments are presented for thinking that meaning is (...)
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  25.  11
    Virtual Reality or Real Virtuality: The Space of Flows and Nursing Practice.Lynne Barnes & Trudy Rudge - 2005 - Nursing Inquiry 12 (4):306-315.
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  26.  4
    Virtual Reality, Real Emotions: A Novel Analogue for the Assessment of Risk Factors of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.Pauline Dibbets & Michel A. Schulte-Ostermann - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  27.  15
    Designing Awe in Virtual Reality: An Experimental Study.Alice Chirico, Francesco Ferrise, Lorenzo Cordella & Andrea Gaggioli - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  28.  8
    Psychiatric Interventions in Virtual Reality: Why We Need an Ethical Framework.Maria Marloth, Jennifer Chandler & Kai Vogeley - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (4):574-584.
    Recent improvements in virtual reality allow for the representation of authentic environments and multiple users in a shared complex virtual world in real time. These advances have fostered clinical applications including in psychiatry. However, although VR is already used in clinical settings to help people with mental disorders, the related ethical issues require greater attention. Based on a thematic literature search the authors identified five themes that raise ethical concerns related to the clinical use of VR: (...) and its representation, autonomy, privacy, self-diagnosis and self-treatment, and expectation bias. Reality and its representation is a theme that lies at the heart of VR, but is also of specific significance in a clinical context when perceptions of reality are concerned, for example, during psychosis. Closely associated is the autonomy of VR users. Although autonomy is a much-considered topic in biomedical ethics, it has not been sufficiently discussed when it comes to applications of VR in psychiatry. In this review, the authors address the different themes and recommend the development of an ethical framework for the clinical use of VR. (shrink)
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  29.  7
    Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Anxiety Disorders: Small Samples and No Controls?Sarah Page & Matthew Coxon - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  30. Virtual Reality'and 'Virtual Actuality.Marianne Richter - 2011 - In Charles Ess & May Thorseth (eds.), Trust and Virtual Worlds. Peter Lang.
     
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  31.  59
    The Transition Into Virtual Reality.Mark Silcox - 2019 - Disputatio 11 (55):437-451.
    In “The Virtual and the Real,” David Chalmers argues that there is an epistemic and ontological parity between VR and ordinary reality. My argument here is that, whatever the plausibility of these claims, they provide no basis for supposing that there is a similar parity of value. Careful reflection upon certain aspects of the transition that individuals make from interacting with real-world, physical environments to interacting with VR provides a basis for thinking that, to the extent that there (...)
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  32.  19
    From Virtual Reality to Phantomatics and Back.Paisley Nathan Livingston - unknown
    Paisley Livingston on Stanislaw Lem and the history and philosophy of Virtual Reality. The technologies and speculations associated with “virtual reality” and cognate terms have recently made it possible for scores of journalists and academics to develop variations on a favorite theme - the newness of the new, and more specifically, the newness of that new and wildly different world-historical epoch, era, or Zeitgeist into which we are supposedly entering with the creation of powerful new machines (...)
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  33. Ground Truth and Virtual Reality: Hacking Vs. Van Fraassen.William Seager - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (3):459-478.
    Hacking argues against van Fraassen's constructive empiricism by appeal to features of microscopic imaging. Hacking relies on both our practices involving imaging instruments and the structure of the images produced by these micropractices. Van Fraassen's reply is formally correct yet fundamentally unsatisfying. I aim to strengthen van Fraassen's reply, but must then extend constructive empiricism, specifically the central notion of "theoretical immersion." I argue that immersion is more analogous to entering a virtual reality than to learning a language. (...)
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  34.  16
    Virtual Reality.Derek Stanovsky - 2004 - In L. Floridi (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information. Blackwell. pp. 167--177.
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  35.  32
    The Virtual Reality of Fact Vs. Value.William C. Frederick - 1994 - Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (2):171-173.
  36.  15
    Does a Combination of Virtual Reality, Neuromodulation and Neuroimaging Provide a Comprehensive Platform for Neurorehabilitation? – A Narrative Review of the Literature.Wei-Peng Teo, Makii Muthalib, Sami Yamin, Ashlee M. Hendy, Kelly Bramstedt, Eleftheria Kotsopoulos, Stephane Perrey & Hasan Ayaz - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  37.  10
    The Virtual Reality of Fact Vs. Value: A Symposium Commentary.William C. Frederick - 1994 - Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (2):171-173.
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  38.  22
    Affectivity, Biopolitics and the Virtual Reality of War.Pasi Väliaho - 2012 - Theory, Culture and Society 29 (2):63-83.
    At the focal point of contemporary biopolitical knowledge and power is human life in its contingent, evolutionary and emergent properties: the living as adaptive and affective beings, characterized in particular by their capacity to experience stress and fear that works together with vital survival mechanisms. This article addresses new techniques of psychiatric power and therapeutic epistemologies that have emerged in present-day military-scientific as well as media technological assemblages to define and capture the human in its psychobiological states of emergency. Specifically, (...)
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  39.  32
    Apocalyptic Ai: Visions of Heaven in Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality.Robert Geraci - 2010 - Oup Usa.
    Apocalyptic AI, the hope that we might one day upload our minds into machines and live forever in cyberspace, has become commonplace. This view now affects robotics and AI funding, play in online games, and philosophical and theological conversations about morality and human dignity.
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  40. Narrative as Virtual Reality: Immersion and Interactivity in Literature and Electronic Media.Marie-Laure Ryan - 2003 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 61 (2):206-207.
     
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  41.  58
    Virtual Reality and the Metaphysics of Self, Community and Nature.Wes Cooper - 1995 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 9 (2):1-14.
  42. Virtual Reality Thought Experiments Module Package (Includes VR Training Room).Erick Ramirez, Scott LaBarge, Miles Elliott & Carl Maggio - manuscript
    A virtual reality module that incorporates a training room (for subjects to become accommodated to virtual environments) and VR translations of Philippa Foot's Trolley Problem and Judith Thomson's Violinist thought experiment. -/- These modules are free to use for classroom or research/x-phi purposes. This set of modules is optimized for the HTC Vive. If you have an Oculus Rift, please see our VR modules optimized for the rift. -/- *Requires an HTC Vive and VR capable computer. To (...)
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  43.  78
    Virtual Reality Translation of Philippa Foot's Trolley Problem.Erick Ramirez, Scott LaBarge, Miles Elliott & Carl Maggio - manuscript
    A virtual reality translation of Philippa Foot's original "Trolley Problem." These modules are free to download and use in the classroom and for research/x-phi purposes. -/- *Requires an Oculus Rift or HTC Vive and VR capable computer. To open the files, uncompress the downloaded .zip folder and run the executable (.exe) file.
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  44.  66
    Virtual Reality Translation of Judith Thomson's Violinist Analogy.Erick Ramirez, Miles Elliott, Scott LaBarge & Carl Maggio - manuscript
    A virtual reality translation of Judith Thomson's Violinist Analogy. These modules are free to download and use in the classroom and for research/x-phi purposes. -/- *Requires an Oculus Rift or HTC Vive and VR capable computer. To open the files, uncompress the downloaded .zip folder and run the executable (.exe) file.
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  45.  1
    The Effect of Virtual Reality Technology on the Imagery Skills and Performance of Target-Based Sports Athletes.Deniz Bedir & Süleyman Erim Erhan - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The aim of this study is the examination of the effect of virtual reality based imagery training programs on the shot performance and imagery skills of athletes and, and to conduct a comparison with Visual Motor Behavior Rehearsal and Video Modeling. In the research, mixed research method and sequential explanatory design were used. In the quantitative dimension of the study the semi-experimental model was used, and in the qualitative dimension the case study design was adopted. The research participants (...)
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  46.  60
    Perception of Affordances and Experience of Presence in Virtual Reality.Paweł Grabarczyk & Marek Pokropski - 2016 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 7 (2):25-44.
    Recent developments in virtual reality technology raise a question about the experience of presence and immersion in virtual environments. What is immersion and what are the conditions for inducing the experience of virtual presence? In this paper, we argue that crucial determinants of presence are perception of affordances and sense of embodiment. In the first section of this paper, we define key concepts and introduce important distinctions such as immersion and presence. In the second and third (...)
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  47.  41
    Virtual Reality Interview (Metaphysics and Epistemology): "Welcome Back!".Erick Jose Ramirez & Miles Elliott - manuscript
    This is a virtual reality simulation that imagines its subject as emerging from a long stint in Robert Nozick's "Experience Machine." The simulation is an interview (with many branching paths) meant to gauge the subject's views on the metaphysics of virtual objects and the ethics of virtual actions. It draws heavily from the published work of David Chalmers, Mark Silcox, Jon Cogburn, Morgan Luck, and Nick Bostrom. *Requires an Oculus Rift (or Rift-S) or HTC Vive and (...)
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  48.  2
    Factors Associated With Virtual Reality Sickness in Head-Mounted Displays: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.Dimitrios Saredakis, Ancret Szpak, Brandon Birckhead, Hannah A. D. Keage, Albert Rizzo & Tobias Loetscher - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  49.  3
    Virtual Reality and Wearable Technologies to Support Adaptive Responding of Children and Adolescents With Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Critical Comment and New Perspectives.Fabrizio Stasolla - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
  50.  79
    Virtual Reality Translation of Nozick's Experience Machine.Erick Ramirez, Carl Maggio, Miles Elliott & Lia Petronio - manuscript
    A virtual reality translation of Robert Nozick's "Experience Machine" thought experiment from his "Anarchy, State, and Utopia" (1974). These modules are free to download and use in the classroom and for research/x-phi purposes. NPCs are randomized for gender during startup of each run. *Requires an Oculus Rift or HTC Vive and VR capable computer. To open the files, uncompress the downloaded .zip folder and run the executable (.exe) file. -/- V1.2 Fixed missing projector video footage during experience machine (...)
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