Linked bibliography for the SEP article "18th Century German Philosophy Prior to Kant" by Corey Dyck and Brigitte Sassen

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Primary Literature

By Author

  • Amo, Anton Wilhelm, 1734a [2020], Dissertatio Inauguralis Philosophica, de humane mentis apatheia (On the Impassivity of the Human Mind), Wittenberg. Translated in Anton Wilhelm Amo’s Philosophical Dissertations on Mind and Body, Stephen Menn and Justin Smith (eds. and trans.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020. doi:10.1093/oso/9780197501627.001.0001 (Scholar)
  • –––, 1734b, Disputatio Philosophica continens Ideam Distinctam eorum quae competunt vel menti vel corpori nostro vivo et organico, Wittenberg. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1738, Tractatus de arte sobrie et accurate philosophandi (Treatise on the Art of Philosophizing Soberly and Accurately), Halle. (Scholar)
  • Baumgarten, Alexander Gottlieb, 1735 [1954], Meditationes philosophicae de nonnullis ad poema pertinentibus, Halle. Translated as Reflections on Poetry, Karl Aschenbrenner and William B. Holther (trans.), Berkeley: University of California Press, 1954. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1739 [2014], Metaphysica, Halle. Translated as Metaphysics, C. D. Fugate and J. Hymers (trans./eds). London: Bloomsbury, 2014. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1740, Ethica philosophica (Philosophical Ethics), Halle. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1750/58, Aesthetica, Halle. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1760, Initia philosophiae practicae primae (Elements of First Practical Philosophy), Halle. (Scholar)
  • Bayle, Pierre, 1741–44, Historisches und Critisches Wörterbuch: nach der neuesten Auflage von 1740 ins Deutsch übersetzt […] auch mit einer Vorrede und verschiedenen Anmerkungen versehen von Johann Christoph Gottsched, 4 vols; reprint, Olms, Hildesheim. (Scholar)
  • Breitinger, Johann Jakob, 1740, Critische Abhandlung von der Natur, den Absichten und dem Gebrauche der Gleichnisse, Zürich. (Scholar)
  • Budde, Johann Franz, 1697, Elementae philosophiae practicae, Halle. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1703, Institutiones philosophiae eclecticae, 2 parts, Halle. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1717, Theses theologicae de atheismo et superstitione, Jena. (Scholar)
  • Crusius, Christian August, 1743, Dissertatio philosophica de usu et limitibus principii rationis determinantis, vulgo sufficientis (Philosophical Dissertation on the Use and Limits of the Principle of Determining Reason, commonly called the Principle of Sufficient Reason), Leipzig. Extracts translated in Dyck 2019: ch. 8. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1744, Anweisung vernünftig zu leben (Guide to Rational Living), Leipzig. Selection translated in Schneewind 2003: 569–584. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1745, Entwurf der nothwendigen Vernunftwahrheiten (Sketch of the Necessary Truths of Reason), Leipzig. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1747, Weg zur Gewißheit und Zuverlässigkeit (Path to the Certainty and Reliability of Human Cognition), Leipzig. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1964ff, Die philosophischen Hauptwerke (The Main Philosophical Works), 4 volumes, Giorgio Tonelli (ed.), Hildesheim: Georg Olms. (Scholar)
  • Erxleben, Dorothea Christiane, 1742 [2019], Gründliche Untersuchung der Ursachen, die das weibliche Geschlecht vom Studiren abhalten (Rigorous Investigation of the Causes that Obstruct the Female Sex from Study), Berlin. Extracts translated in Dyck 2019: ch. 2. (Scholar)
  • Gottsched, Johann Christoph, 1730, Versuch einer critischen Dichtkunst vor die Deutschen (Attempt at a Critical Poetry for the Germans), Leipzig. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1733–34, Erste Gründe der gesamten Weltweisheit, darinn alle philosophische Wissenschaften in ihrer natürlichen Verknüpfung abgehandelt werden, 2 volumes, Leipzig. (Scholar)
  • ––– (trans.), 1744, Theodicee, das ist, Versuch von der Güte Gottes, Freyheit des Menschen, und vom Ursprunge des Bösen, by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Hannover & Leipzig. (Scholar)
  • Gottsched, Luise Adelgunde Viktorie, 1731, Der Frau Marggräfin von Lambert Neue Betrachtungen über das Frauenzimmer, Leipzig. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1739, Triumph der Weltweisheit, nach Art des französischen Sieges der Beredsamkeit der Frau von Gomez, Leipzig. (Scholar)
  • Hoffmann, Adolph Friedrich, 1737, Vernunftlehre, Leipzig. (Scholar)
  • Lange, Joachim, 1704, Medicina mentis (Medicine of the Mind), Halle. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1723, Caussa Dei et religionis naturalis adversis atheismum, Halle. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1724, Bescheidene und ausführlicheEntdeckung der falschen und schädlichen Philosophie in dem Wolfianischen Systemate metaphysico (A Modest and Detailed Disclosure of the False and Harmful Philosophy in the Wolffian Metaphysical System), Halle. Extracts translated in Dyck 2019: ch. 6. (Scholar)
  • Lau, Theodor Ludwig, 1717, Meditationes Philosophicae de Deo, mundo, et homine (Philosophical Meditations concerning God, the World, and the Human Being), Frankfurt M. Extracts translated in Dyck 2019: ch. 4. (Scholar)
  • Leibniz, Gottfried W. and Christian Wolff, 1963, Briefwechsel zwischen Leibniz und Christian Wolff (Correspondence between Leibniz and Christian Wolff), C. I. Gerhardt (ed.), Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlagsbuchhandlung. (Scholar)
  • Rüdiger, Andreas, 1716, Physica divina, recta via, eademque inter supersttionem et atheismum media ad ultramque hominis felicitatem, naturalem, atque moralem ducens, Frankfurt. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1722, De sensu vedri et falsi, Leipzig. (Scholar)
  • Stosch, Friedrich Wilhelm, 1692, Concordia rationis et fidei, sive harmonia philosophicae moralis et religionis christianae (Concord of Reason and Faith), Amsterdam. (Scholar)
  • Thomasius, Christian, 1685, Dissertationem juridicam de crimini bigamiae, Leipzig. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1688a, Institutiones jurisprudentiae divinae (Institutes of Divine Jurisprudence), Leipzig. Translated in Thomasius 2011. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1688b, Instruductio ad philosophiam auliam (Introduction to Court Philosophy), Leipzig. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1691a, Einleitung zur Vernunftlehre (Introduction to the Doctrine of Reason), Halle. Extracts translated in Dyck 2019: ch. 1. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1691b, Ausübung der Vernunftlehre (Application of the Doctrine of Reason), Halle. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1692, Einleitung zur Sittenlehre (Introduction to the Doctrine of Morals), Halle. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1696, Ausübung der Sittenlehre (Application of the Doctrine of Morals), Halle. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1705, Fundamentum iuris naturae et gentium, (Foundations of the Law of Nature and Nations). Selections translated in Thomasius 2011. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1709, Versuch von Wesen des Geistes (Essay on the Essence of Spirit), Halle. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2011, Institutes of Divine Jurisprudence, with Selections from Foundations of the Law of Nature and Nation, Thomas Ahnert (ed. and trans), Indianapolis: Liberty Fund. [Thomasius 2011 available online] (Scholar)
  • Unzer, Johanna Charlotte, 1751, Grundriß einer Weltweisheit für das Frauenzimmer (Outline of a Philosophy for the Lady), Halle. (Scholar)
  • [GL] Wolff, Christian, 1713, Vernünftige Gedanken von den Kräften des menschlichen Verstandes und ihrem richtigen Gebrauch in der Erkenntnis der Wahrheit (Rational Thoughts on the Powers of the Human Understanding and its Propert Use in the Cognition of Truth), Halle. (Scholar)
  • [GM] –––, 1720a [2019], Vernünftige Gedanken von Gott, der Welt und der Seele des Menschen, auch allen Dingen überhaupt (Rational Thoughts on God, the World and the Soul of Man, and on All Things in General), Halle. Extracts translated in Dyck 2019: ch. 5 (Scholar)
  • [GE] –––, 1720b, Vernünftige Gedanken von der Menschen Thun und Lassen zur Beförderung ihrer Glückseligkeit (Rational Thoughts on Human Actions for the Promotion of their Happiness), Halle. Selection translated in Schneewind 2003: 333–347. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1721, Vernünftige Gedanken von dem gesellschaftlichen Leben der Menschen, und insonderheit dem gemeinen Wesen, Halle. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1723, Vernünftige Gedanken von den Wirkungen der Natur, Halle. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1724, Vernünftige Gedanken von den Absichten der natürlichen Dingen, Frankfurt and Leipzig. (Scholar)

Collections (English)

  • (Unless noted otherwise, all translations in the foregoing entry are the authors’.)
  • Dyck, Corey W. (ed. and trans.), 2019, Early Modern German Philosophy, 1690–1750, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Includes extracts from Christian Thomasius, Dorothea Christiane Erxleben, Theodor Ludwig Lau, Christian Wolff, Joachim Lange, Christian August Crusius, and Georg Friedrich Meier. (Scholar)
  • Schneewind, J. B. (ed. and trans.), 2003, Moral Philosophy from Montaigne to Kant, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Includes extracts from works by Christian Wolff and Christian August Crusius. doi:10.1017/cbo9780511811579 (Scholar)
  • Watkins, Eric (ed. and trans.), 2009, Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason: Background Source Materials, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Includes works by Christian Wolff, Alexander Baumgarten, and Christian August Crusius. doi:10.1017/cbo9780511809552 (Scholar)

Secondary Literature

Following is a general bibliography listing histories of philosophy and reference works focusing on this period. Subsequent bibliographies contain, for each section of the entry, works cited as well as additional recommended secondary literature in English and German.

General

Section 1: Christian Thomasius

Section 2: Radical Philosophy

Section 3: The Controversy between Wolff and the Pietists

  • Albrecht, Michael, 1985, “Einleitung”, in Christian Wolff, Rede über die praktische Philosophie der Chinesen, Hamburg: Felix Meiner, p. ix. (Scholar)
  • Albrecht, Ruth, 2004, “Frauen”, in Geschichte des Pietismus, Band 4: Glaubenswelten und Lebenswelten, Hartmut Lehmann (ed.), Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, pp. 522–555. (Scholar)
  • Beutel, Albrecht, 2001, “Causa Wolffiana. Die Vertreibung Christian Wolffs aus Preußen 1723 als Kulminationspunkt des thelogisch-politischen Konflikts zwischen halleschem Pietismus und Aufklärungsphilosophie”, in Wissenschaftliche Theologie und Kirchenleitung. Beiträge zur Geschichte einer spannungsreichen Beziehung, U. Köpf (ed.), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, pp. 159–202. (Scholar)
  • Bianco, Bruno, 1989. “Freiheit gegen Fatalismus. Zu Joachim Langes Kritik an Wolff”, in Zentren der Aufklärung. Halle: Aufklärung und Pietismus, vol. I, N. Hinske (ed.), Berlin: De Gruyter, pp. 111–155. (Scholar)
  • Chance, Brian A., 2018, “Wolff’s Empirical Psychology and the Structure of the Transcendental Logic”, in Kant and His German Contemporaries, Volume 1: Logic, Mind, Epistemology, Science and Ethics, Corey W. Dyck and Falk Wunderlich (eds.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 17–34. doi:10.1017/9781316493229.002 (Scholar)
  • Corr, Charles A., 1975, “Christian Wolff and Leibniz”, Journal of the History of Ideas, 36(2): 241–262. doi:10.2307/2708926 (Scholar)
  • Dunlop, Katherine, 2013, “Mathematical Method and Newtonian Science in the Philosophy of Christian Wolff”, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A, 44(3): 457–469. doi:10.1016/j.shpsa.2012.10.008 (Scholar)
  • Dyck, Corey W., 2021a, “Before and Beyond Leibniz: Tschirnhaus and Wolff on Experience and Method”, in The Experiential Turn in 18th Century German Philosophy, Karin de Boer and Tinca Prunea-Bretonnet (eds.), London: Routledge, pp. 17–36. (Scholar)
  • École, Jean, 1979, “En quel sens peut-on dire que Wolff est rationaliste?Studia Leibnitiana, 11: 45–61. (Scholar)
  • Frketich, Elise, 2019, “Wolff and Kant on the Mathematical Method”, Kant-Studien, 110(3): 333–356. doi:10.1515/kant-2019-2011 (Scholar)
  • Gava, Gabriele, 2019, “Kant, Wolff and the Method of Philosophy”, Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy, Volume VIII, Daniel Garber and Donald Rutherford (eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 271–303. (Scholar)
  • Gierl, Martin, 2015, “Pietism, Enlightenment, and Modernity”, in A Companion to German Pietism, 1660–1800, Douglas H. Shantz (ed.), Leiden: Brill, pp. 349–392. (Scholar)
  • Grote, Simon, 2017, The Emergence of Modern Aesthetic Theory: Religion and Morality in Enlightenment Germany and Scotland, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781316275559 (Scholar)
  • Hartmann, Georg Volckmar, 1737, Anleitung zur Historie der Leibnizisch-Wolffischen Philosophie, Frankfurt & Leipzig. (Scholar)
  • Hinrichs, Carl, 1971, Preußentum und Pietismus: Der Pietismus in Brandenburg-Preußen als religiös-soziale Reformbewegung, Göttingen: Vanderheck & Ruprecht. (Scholar)
  • Hinske, Norbert (ed.), 1989, Halle: Aufklärung und Pietismus, Heidelberg: Verlag Lambert Schneiders. (Scholar)
  • Kertscher, Hans-Joachim, 2018, “Er brachte Licht und Ordnung in die Welt”. Christian Wolff – eine Biographie, Halle: Mitteldeutscher Verlag. (Scholar)
  • Leduc, Christian, 2018, “Sources of Wolff’s Philosophy: Scholastics/Leibniz”, in Theis and Aichele 2018: 35–54. doi:10.1007/978-3-658-14737-2_2">10.1007/978-3-658-14737-2_2 (Scholar)
  • Ludovici, Carl Günther, 1737–8, Entwurf einer vollständigen Historie der Wolffschen Philosophie, 3 volumes (I–II, 1737; III, 1738), Leipzig. (Scholar)
  • Neveu, Sébastien, 2018, “Secondary Authors’ Influence on the Formation of the Wolffian ‘System of Truths’”, in Theis and Aichele 2018: 55–72. doi:10.1007/978-3-658-14737-2_3 (Scholar)
  • Podczeck, Otto, 1962, August Hermann Franckes Schrift über eine Reform des Erziehungs- und Bildungswesens [Der Große Aufsatz], Berlin: Akademie. (Scholar)
  • Rumore, Paola, 2019, “Between Spinozism and Materialism: Johann Franz Budde and the Early German Enlightenment”, Archivio di Filosofia, 87(1): 39–56. (Scholar)
  • Schönfeld, Martin, 2010, “Lange, Joachim (1670–1744)”, in Klemme and Kuehn 2010: 456–460. (Scholar)
  • Theis, Robert and Alexander Aichele (eds), 2018, Handbuch Christian Wolff, Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. doi:10.1007/978-3-658-14737-2 (Scholar)
  • Watkins, Eric, 1998, “From Pre-established Harmony to Physical Influx: Leibniz’s Reception in Eighteenth Century Germany”, Perspectives on Science, 6(1/2): 136–203. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2005, Kant and the Metaphysics of Causality, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/cbo9780511614217 (Scholar)
  • Wallmann, Johannes, 1990, Der Pietismus, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. (Scholar)
  • Wilson, Catherine, 1994, “The Reception of Leibniz in the Eighteenth Century”, in The Cambridge Companion to Leibniz, Nicholas Jolley (ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 442–474. doi:10.1017/ccol0521365880.013 (Scholar)
  • Wuttke, Heinrich (ed.), 1841, Christian Wolffs eigene Lebensbeschreibung, Leipzig: Weidemann. (Scholar)

Section 4: Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten

Section 5: Christian August Crusius

Section 6: Women and Other Under-Represented Thinkers

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