Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Ancient Political Philosophy" by Melissa Lane

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This bibliography focuses on political philosophy rather than the entire corpus of an author’s work, and gives only an overview of some important sources for this vast field. Fuller bibliographies for most of the works and authors discussed can be found in the related articles listed below.

Primary Literature

The Oxford Classical Text series has been used for citation of most classical texts. Other editions of reference for many texts include the series published respectively by Teubner in Germany and by Budé in France. Abbreviations are used for the following texts and translations: DK: For the Presocratics: Diels, H., and W. Kranz (eds.), 1951–2, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, griechisch und deutsch, 6th edn, 3 vols., Berlin: Weidmann. SVF: For the Stoics: von Arnim, Hans von, 1903–21, Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta, 4 vols., Leipzig: B.G. Teubner. LS: For translations of the Stoics: Long, A. A., and D. N. Sedley (eds.), 1987, The Hellenistic Philosophers, 2 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press [Greek and Latin texts in vol.2], which is abbreviated LS in the body of this entry.

Translations used

The list below is arranged roughly chronologically in relation to the Greek or Latin texts that are translated in each case. In addition to those listed below, The Loeb Classical Library has been used herein for the English translations of Plutarch’s Lives (in eleven volumes, all translated by Bernadotte Perrin) and Moralia (in sixteen volumes, by various translators).

  • Gagarin, M. and P. Woodruff, (eds.), 1995, Early Greek Political Thought from Homer to the Sophists, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Taylor, C.C.W. (ed.), 1999, The Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus, Fragments, Toronto: University of Toronto Press. (Scholar)
  • Cooper, J. M., (ed.), 1997, with D.S. Hutchinson (assoc.ed.), Plato: Complete Works, Indianapolis: Hackett.
  • Reeve, C.D.C. (tr.), 1998, Aristotle Politics, Indianapolis and Cambridge: Hackett. (Scholar)
  • Barnes, J., (ed.), 1984, The Complete Works of Aristotle, 2 vols., Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Scholar)
  • Everson, S., (ed.), 1996, Aristotle, The Politics and The Constitution of Athens, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press [uses translations from Barnes (ed.) 1984]. (Scholar)
  • Long, A. A., and D. N. Sedley, (eds.), 1987, The Hellenistic Philosophers, 2 vols., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press [translations and commentary, volume 1]. (Scholar)
  • Griffin, M.T., and E.M. Atkins, (eds.), 1991, Cicero, On Duties, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Zetzel, J.E.G., (ed.), 1999, Cicero, On the Commonwealth and On the Laws, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Inwood, B., (ed.), 2007, Seneca: Selected Philosophical Letters translated with introduction and commentary, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Cooper, J. M., and J.F. Procopé, 1995, Seneca: Moral and Political Essays, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Braund, S.M. (ed.), 2009, Seneca: De Clementia, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Griffin, M., and B. Inwood (eds.), 2011, Seneca: On Benefits, Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press. (Scholar)
  • King, C. (trans.), with W.B. Irvine (ed. and intro.), 2011, Musonius Rufus: Lectures and Sayings, revised edition, CreateSpace Publishing. (Scholar)
  • Dobbin, R.F., (ed.) 2008, Epictetus: Discourses and Selected Writings, London: Penguin. (Scholar)
  • Farqharson, A.S.L., (ed.), 2008, The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)

Secondary Literature

  • Alberti, A., 1995, “The Epicurean theory of law and justice,” in Laks and Schofield 1995 (eds.), pp.191–212. (Scholar)
  • Annas, J., 1993, The Morality of Happiness, New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999, Platonic Ethics Old and New, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2017, Virtue and Law in Plato and Beyond, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Arendt, H., 1958, The Human Condition, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Scholar)
  • Atkins, E.M., 1990, “‘Domina et regina virtutum’: justice and societas in De Officiis,” Phronesis, 35: 258–89. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2000, “Cicero,” in Rowe and Schofield 2000, pp. 477–516. (Scholar)
  • Atkins, J.W., 2013, Cicero on Politics and the Limits of Reason, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2018, Roman Political Thought, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Baraz, Y., 2012, A Written Republic: Cicero’s Philosophical Politics, Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Scholar)
  • Bartels, M.L., 2017, Plato’s Pragmatic Project: a reading of Plato’s Laws, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. (Scholar)
  • Bobonich, C., 2002, Plato’s Utopia Recast: his later ethics and politics, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2015, “Aristotle, political decision making, and the many,” in Aristotle’s Politics: a critical guide, T. Lockwood and T. Samaras (eds.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 142–62. (Scholar)
  • Bodéüs, R., 1993, The Political Dimensions of Aristotle’s Ethics, trans. J.E. Garrett, Albany: State University of New York Press. (Scholar)
  • Bouchard, E., 2011, “Analogies du pouvoir partagé: remarques sur Aristote Politique III.11,” Phronesis, 56: 162–179. (Scholar)
  • Brunt, P.A., 2013 [1975], “Stoicism and the Principate,” in P. Brunt, Studies in Stoicism, eds. M.T. Griffin and A. Samuels, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 275–309. (Scholar)
  • Burnyeat, M., 2013, “Justice writ large and small in Republic 4,” in Politeia in Greek and Roman Philosophy, V. Harte and M. Lane (eds.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 212–230. (Scholar)
  • Cammack, D., 2013, “Aristotle on the Virtue of the MultitudePolitical Theory, 41: 175–202. (Scholar)
  • Campbell, G., 2003, Lucretius on Creation and Evolution: a commentary on De Rerum Natura 5.772–1104, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Cartledge, P., 2009, Ancient Greek Political Thought in Practice, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Carawan, E., 2013, The Athenian Amnesty and Reconstructing the Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Centrone, B., 2000, “Platonism and Pythagoreanism in the early empire,” in Rowe and Schofield (eds.), pp. 559–584. (Scholar)
  • De Blois, L., J. Bons, T. Kessels and D.M. Schenkeveld (eds.), 2005, The Statesman in Plutarch’s Greek and Roman Lives (vol.2 of The Statesman in Plutarch’s Works), Leiden and Boston: Brill. (Scholar)
  • Dillon, J., 1997, “Plutarch and the end of history,” in Mossman 1997, pp. 233–240. (Scholar)
  • Duvall, T., and P. Dotson, 1998, “Political Participation and Eudaimonia in Aristotle’s PoliticsHistory of Political Thought, 29: 21–34. (Scholar)
  • Dyck, A.R., 1996, A Commentary on Cicero, De Officiis, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. (Scholar)
  • El Murr, D., 2014, Savoir et gouverner: essai sur la science politique platonicienne, Paris: J. Vrin. (Scholar)
  • Frank, J., 2005, A Democracy of Distinction: Aristotle and the work of politics, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Scholar)
  • von Fritz, K., 1954, The Theory of the Mixed Constitution in Antiquity: a critical analysis of Polybius’ political ideas, New York: Columbia University Press. (Scholar)
  • Fowler, D., 1989, “Lucretius and Politics,” in Philosophia Togata, J. Barnes and M. Griffin (eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 120–150. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2007, “Lucretius and Politics,” in Lucretius, M.R. Gale (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 397–431. (Scholar)
  • Garnsey, P., 1996, Ideas of Slavery from Aristotle to Augustine, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Garver, E., 2011, Aristotle’s Politics: living well and living together, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Scholar)
  • Geuss, R., 2005, “Thucydides, Nietzsche, and Williams,” in his Outside Ethics, Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 219–233. (Scholar)
  • Giannantoni, G., (ed.), 1990, Socratis et Socraticorum Reliquiae, 4 volumes, Naples: Bibliopolis. (Scholar)
  • Gildenhard, I., 2011Creative Eloquence: the construction of reality in Cicero’s speeches, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Griffin, M.T., 1992, Seneca: a philosopher in politics, 2nd edn, Oxford: Clarendon. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2000, “Seneca and Pliny,” in Rowe and Schofield 2000, pp. 532–558. (Scholar)
  • Hahm, D.E., 2000, “Kings and constitutions: Hellenistic theories,” in Rowe and Schofield 2000, pp. 457–76. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, “The Mixed Constitution in Greek Thought,” in A Companion to Greek and Roman Political Thought, R.K. Balot (ed.), Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 178–98. (Scholar)
  • Harte, V., 1999, “Conflicting Values in Plato’s Crito,” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 81: 117–147; reprinted in Kamtekar 2005, pp. 229–59. (Scholar)
  • Höffe, O. (ed.), 1997, Platon: Politeia, Berlin: Akademie Verlag. (Scholar)
  • Inwood, B., 2005, Reading Seneca: Stoic philosophy at Rome, Oxford: Clarendon Press. (Scholar)
  • Irwin, T., 1990, “The Good of Political Activity” in Aristoteles’ Politik: Akten des IX Symposium Aristotelicum, Friedrichshafen/Bodensee, 25.8–3.9.1987, G. Patzig (ed.), Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, pp. 73–98. (Scholar)
  • Kamtekar, R., (ed.), 2005, Plato’s Euthyphro, Apology and Crito: Critical Essays, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. (Scholar)
  • Kempshall, M.S., 2001, “De Re Publica I.39 in Medieval and Renaissance Political Thought,” in Powell and North (eds.), pp. 99–135. (Scholar)
  • Klosko, G., 2006, The Development of Plato’s Political Theory, revised edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Konvitz, M., 1964, “Civil Disobedience and the Duty of Fair Play,” in Law and Philosophy: A Symposium, S. Hook (ed.), New York: New York University Press, pp. 19–28. (Scholar)
  • Kraut, R., 1984, Socrates and the State, Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Scholar)
  • Laks, A., 1990, “Legislation and demiurgy: on the relationship between Plato’s Republic and Laws,” Classical Antiquity, 9: 209–29. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1991, “L’utopie législative de Platon,” Revue philosophique, 4: 417–28.
  • –––, 2000, “The Laws,” in Rowe and Schofield 2000, pp. 258–292. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2005, Médiation et coercition: pour une lecture des Lois de Platon, Villeneuve d’Ascq: Presses universitaires du septentrion. (Scholar)
  • Laks, A., and M. Schofield, (eds.), 1995, Justice and Generosity: studies in Hellenistic social and political philosophy: Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium Hellenisticum, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Lane, M.S., 1998, Method and Politics in Plato’s Statesman, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2012, “The Origins of the Statesman–Demagogue Distinction in and after Ancient Athens,” Journal of the History of Ideas, 73: 179–200. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2013a, “Claims to Rule: the case of the multitude,” in The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle’s Politics, M. Deslauriers and P. Destrée (eds.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 247–274. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2013b, “Founding as Legislating: the figure of the lawgiver in Plato’s Republic,” in Dialogues on Plato’s Politeia. Proceedings of the IX Symposium Platonicum, , L. Brisson and N. Notomi (eds.), Sankt Augustin: Akademia Verlag, pp. 104–114. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2013c, “Political Expertise and Political Office in Plato’s Statesman: the statesman’s rule (archein) and the subordinate magistracies (archai),” in Plato’s Statesman: proceedings of the eighth Symposium Platonicum Pragense, A. Havliček and K. Thein (eds.), Prague, OIKOYMENH, pp. 49–77. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2014a, Greek and Roman Political Ideas, Harmondsworth: Penguin. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2014b, “Popular Sovereignty as Control of Officeholders: Aristotle on Greek democracy,” in Popular Sovereignty in Historical Perspective, R. Bourke and Q. Skinner (eds.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 52–72. (Scholar)
  • Laurand, V., 2005, La politique stoïcienne, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. (Scholar)
  • Lear, J., 1988, Aristotle: The Desire to Understand, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Lintott, Andrew, 1999, The Constitution of the Roman Republic, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Long, A.A., 1995, “Cicero’s Politics in De officiis,” in Laks and Schofield 1995, pp. 213–40. (Scholar)
  • Meier, C., 1990, trans. David McLintock, The Greek Discovery of Politics, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Mossman, J., (ed.), 1997, Plutarch and His Intellectual World, London: Duckworth. (Scholar)
  • Nails, D., 2002, The People of Plato: a prosopography of Plato and other Socratics, Indianapolis: Hackett. (Scholar)
  • Nightingale, A., 1993a, Genres in Dialogue: Plato and the construction of philosophy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1993b, “Writing/Reading a Sacred Text: a literary interpretation of Plato’s Laws,” Classical Philology, 88: 279–300. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999, “Plato’s Lawcode in Context: rule by written law in Athens and Magnesia,” The Classical Quarterly (New Series), 49: 100–122. (Scholar)
  • Nussbaum, M.C., 1980, “Shame, Separateness, and Political Unity: Aristotle’s criticism of Plato,” in Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics, A.O. Rorty (ed.), Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, pp. 395–436. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1993, “Non-relative Virtues: an Aristotelian approach,” in The Quality of Life, M.C. Nussbaum and A. Sen (eds.), 1993, Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 242–69. (Scholar)
  • Ober, J., 1989, Mass and Elite in Democratic Athens: rhetoric, ideology, and the power of the people, Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1998a, “The Polis as a Society: Aristotle, John Rawls, and the Athenian Social Contract,” as reprinted in his The Athenian Revolution, Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 161–187. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1998b, Political Dissent in Democratic Athens: intellectual critics of popular rule, Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2008, Democracy and Knowledge: innovation and learning in classical Athens, Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2013, “Democracy’s Wisdom: An Aristotelian Middle Way for Collective Judgment,” American Political Science Review, 107: 104–122. (Scholar)
  • O’Meara, D.J., 2003, Platonopolis: Platonic political philosophy in late antiquity, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Poddighe, E., 2014, Aristotele, Atene e le metamorfosi dell’idea democratica: da Solone a Pericle (594–451 a.C.), Rome: Carocci editore. (Scholar)
  • Powell, J.G.F., and J.A. North, (eds.), 2001, Cicero’s Republic, London: Institute of Classical Studies. (Scholar)
  • Riesbeck, D.J., 2016, Aristotle on Political Community, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Robitzsch, J.M., 2017, “The Epicureans on Human Nature and its Social and Political Consequences,” Polis, 34: 1–19. (Scholar)
  • Sachs, D., “A Fallacy in Plato’s Republic,” The Philosophical Review, 72 (1963): 141–158; reprinted in G. Vlastos (ed.) Plato: a collection of critical essays, II: Ethics, Politics, and Philosophy of Art and Religion (New York: Doubleday and Company, 1971), pp. 35–51. (Scholar)
  • Schofield, M., 1991, The Stoic Idea of the City, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; reprinted 1999, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999, ‘Equality and hierarchy in Aristotle’s thought’, in his Saving the City: Philosopher-Kings and other classical paradigms, London and New York: Routledge, ch.6 (pp. 88–100). (Scholar)
  • –––, 2006, Plato. Political Philosophy, Oxford: Clarendon Press. (Scholar)
  • Sedley, D.N., 1997, “The Ethics of Brutus and Cassius,” Journal of Roman Studies, 87: 41–53. (Scholar)
  • Shear, J.L., 2011, Polis and Revolution: responding to oligarchy in classical Athens, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Sharples, R., 1996, Stoics, Epicureans and Sceptics: an introduction to Hellenistic philosophy, London: Routledge. (Scholar)
  • Smith, M. F. (ed.), 1992, The Epicurean Inscription / Diogenes of Oenoanda, Naples: Bibliopolis. (Scholar)
  • –––, (ed.), 2003, Supplement to The Epicurean Inscription / Diogenes of Oenoanda, Naples: Bibliopolis. (Scholar)
  • Trapp, M.B., 2007, Philosophy in the Roman Empire: Ethics, Politics and Society, Aldershot: Ashgate. (Scholar)
  • Tuck, R., 1990, “Humanism and Political Thought,” in A. Goodman and A. MacKay (eds.), The Impact of Humanism on Western Europe, New York: Longman, pp. 43–65. (Scholar)
  • Van Raalte, M., 2005, “More philosophico: Political Virtue and Philosophy in Plutarch’s Lives,” in De Blois et. al. (eds.) 2005, pp. 75–112. (Scholar)
  • Vander Waerdt, P.A., 1991, “The Plan and Intention of Aristotle’s Ethical and Political Writings,” Illinois Classical Studies, 16: 231–253. (Scholar)
  • Veyne, P., 2003, Seneca: The Life of a Stoic, trans. D. Sullivan, New York: Routledge. (Scholar)
  • Villa, D., 2001, Socratic Citizenship, Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Scholar)
  • Vogt, K.M., 2008, Law, Reason, and the Cosmic City: Political Philosophy in the Early Stoa, New York: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Waldron, J., 1995, “The Wisdom of the Multitude: Some Reflections on Book 3, Chapter 11 of Aristotle’s Politics,” Political Theory, 23: 563–584. (Scholar)
  • Weiss, R., 1998, Socrates Dissatisfied: an analysis of Plato’s Crito, New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Wilson, J.L., 2011, “Deliberation, Democracy, and the Rule of Reason in Aristotle’s Politics,” American Political Science Review, 105: 259–274. (Scholar)
  • Woozley, A.D., 1972, “Socrates on Disobeying the Law,” in The Philosophy of Socrates: a collection of critical essays, G. Vlastos (ed.), Garden City, NY: Anchor Books, pp. 299–318. (Scholar)
  • Yack, B., 1993, The Problems of a Political Animal: community, justice, and conflict in Aristotelian political thought, Berkeley: University of California Press. (Scholar)

Reference Works

This is a partial selection of useful reference works.

There are useful series of Cambridge Companions, Cambridge Histories, and Blackwell Companions, among other such series, to various authors, texts, and schools, some of which are cited above. An authoritative source of important articles is H. Temporini (ed.), 1972–, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, Berlin and New York: De Gruyter.

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