Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Pierre Bayle" by Thomas M. Lennon and Michael Hickson

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[Note: a year-by-year list of everything published on Bayle during the twentieth century is to be found below in Mori, 1999.]

A. Primary literature

  • Pierre Bayle, 1679, Harangue de Mr. de Luxembourg à ses juges, reprinted in E. Lacoste, Bayle: Nouvelliste et Critique, Brussels, M. Lamertin, 1929. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1697 (2nd ed. 1702) Dictionnaire historique et critique, Rotterdam: Leers.
        [The only two editions of the Dictionary published in Bayle’s lifetime.]
  • –––, 1727–31 (2nd ed. 1737) Oeuvres diverses, The Hague: Husson (2nd ed. Cie. Des Libraires).
        [The rest of Bayle’s work, with supplementary volumes in an edition appearing since 1964 from Hildesheim: Olms.]
  • –––, 1740, Dictionnaire historique et critique, fifth edition, Amsterdam/ Leyde/ La Haye/ Utrecht.
        [This is the most authoritative edition of the Dictionary, and therefore the one cited by Bayle scholars.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999–, Correspondance de Pierre Bayle, edited by Elisabeth Labrousse, Antony McKenna, et al., Oxford: Voltaire Foundation.
        [The authoritative collected correspondence of Bayle with invaluable annotations. As of 2013, ten of twelve projected volumes have been published including all known letters to July, 1697.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 2012, Bayle Corpus–Oeuvres complètes, edited by Antony McKenna and Gianluca Mori, Classiques Garnier Numérique.
        [A digital, searchable copy of the Oeuvres diverses and other supplemental works by Bayle. ] (Scholar)

B. Primary literature in English translation

  • Pierre Bayle, 1734 (2nd ed.), The Dictionary Historical and Critical of Mr Peter Bayle, trans. P. Desmaizeaux, London: Knapton et al..
        [A colorful, but generally reliable and complete translation of Bayle’s great work, reprinted in 1984 from New York: Garland Publishing.]
  • –––, 1987, Pierre Bayle’s Philosophical Commentary. A Modern Translation and Critical Interpretation, trans. Amie Godman Tannenbaum, New York: Peter Lang.
        [The only modern translation of the Commentaire Philosophique, but a problematic one which omits Part III and the Supplement of that work.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 1991, Historical and Critical Dictionary: Selections, trans. Richard H. Popkin, Indianapolis: Hackett.
        [A useful translation of some of the philosophically most important material from the Dictionnaire.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 2000, Bayle: Political Writings, trans. Sally L. Jenkinson, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
        [A selection of articles from the Dictionnaire that portrays Bayle as primarily a political thinker.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 2000, Various Thoughts on the Occasion of a Comet, trans. Robert Bartlett, Albany: State University of New York Press.
        [The first English translation of the Pensées diverses since 1708. Includes a helpful introduction and supplementary notes.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 2000, A Philosophical Commentary on These Words of the Gospel, Luke 14:23, “Compel Them to Come In, That My House May Be Full,” reprinted and introduced by John Kilcullen and Chandran Kukathas, Indianapolis: Liberty Fund.
        [An unabridged edition of the Commentaire Philosophique. The text is from the 1708 London edition whose translator is unknown. The English rings comical to modern ears at times.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 2013, Pierre Bayle’s The Condition of Wholly Catholic France Under the Reign of Louis the Great (1686), translated and introduced by Charlotte Stanley and John Christian Laursen, History of European Ideas, 1–48.
        [A contemporary English translation of Bayle’s most passionate political work, with a very helpful historical Introduction.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 2016, Dialogues of Maximus and Themistius , translated, edited, and introduced by Michael W. Hickson, Brill’s Texts and Sources in Intellectual History 256/18, Leiden/Boston: Brill.
        [The first English translation of Bayle’s last work, Entretiens de Maxime et de Thémiste (posthumous, 1707), which was Bayle’s final word on skepticism and the problem of evil.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 2017, Pierre Bayle’s Reply of a New Convert (1689), translated, edited, and introduced by John Christian Laursen, History of European Ideas, 1–27.
        [The first English translation of Bayle’s passionate critique of Protestants, with a historical and critical Introduction from a top historian of Bayle’s political thought.] (Scholar)

C. Secondary literature

  • Bost, Hubert, 1994, Pierre Bayle et la Religion, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France (Scholar)
  • –––, 2006, Pierre Bayle, Paris: Fayard.
        [The most recent full-length biography of Bayle–the others by Desmaizeaux and Labrousse–written by one of the most prolific Bayle scholars. Awarded the Prix XVIIème siècle.] (Scholar)
  • Bost, Hubert and Antony McKenna, 2010, Les “Eclaircissements” de Pierre Bayle, Paris: Honoré Champion.
        [An edition of the four “Clarifications” appended to the second edition of the Dictionnaire, and a collection of interpretative articles.] (Scholar)
  • Brogi, Stefano, 1998, Teologia senza Verita: Bayle contro i “rationaux”, Milano: FrancoAngeli.
        [A survey of Bayle’s disputes with the Rationalist theologians Jean Le Clerc, Isaac Jaquelot, and Jacques Bernard, which were carefully followed by G.W. Leibniz as he wrote the Theodicy.] (Scholar)
  • Brush , Craig, 1966, Montaigne and Bayle: Variations on the theme of skepticism, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
        [A somewhat dated but still useful account.] (Scholar)
  • Delpla, Isabelle, and Philippe de Robert (eds.), 2003, La Raison Corrosive: Etudes sur la pensée critique de Pierre Bayle, Paris: Honoré Champion.
        [Among others, there is an excellent essay by Jean-Luc Solère, “Bayle et les apories de la raison humaine,” 87–137, on rational first principles and skepticism.] (Scholar)
  • Dibon, Paul, ed., 1959, Pierre Bayle: Le philosophe de Rotterdam, Amsterdam: Elsevier.
        [The beginning of modern Bayle scholarship, with a number of still-important papers] (Scholar)
  • Hickson, Michael W., 2010, “The Message of Bayle’s Last Title: Providence and Toleration in the Entretiens de Maxime et de Themiste,” Journal of The History of Ideas, 71(4): 547–67. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2013, “Theodicy and Toleration in Bayle’s Dictionary,” Journal of the History of Philosophy, 51(1): 49–73.
        [Two attempts to bring unity to Bayle’s philosophical thought by showing the connections between theodicy and toleration in his later works.] (Scholar)
  • Irwin, Kristen, forthcoming (2014), “Which Reason? Bayle on the Intractability of Evil,” in New Essays on Leibniz’s Theodicy, edited by Larry M. Jorgensen and Samuel Newlands, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
        [An essay that provides helpful context for understanding Leibniz’s response to Bayle on the problem of evil.] (Scholar)
  • Kilcullen, John, 1988, Sincerity and Truth, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
        [A brilliant account of the views on toleration of not only Bayle, but also Arnauld.] (Scholar)
  • Labrousse, Elisabeth, 1963, Pierre Bayle, Vol. 1: Du pays de Foix à la cité d’Erasme, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
        [A modern biography by the late doyenne of Bayle scholarship.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 1964, Pierre Bayle, Vol. 2: Héterodoxie et rigourisme, The Hague: Nijhoff.
        [A monumental work to be consulted for any serious work on Bayle.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 1983, Bayle, trans. Denys Potts, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
        [The best introduction to Bayle: clear, accessible and authoritative. A model of its kind in the Past Masters Series.] (Scholar)
  • Leduc, Christian, Paul Rateau, and Jean-Luc Solère, forthcoming (2014), Leibniz et Bayle: Confrontation et Dialogue, Studia Leibnitiana Sonderheft, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.
        [A collection of essays (French and English) dedicated entirely to Bayle and Leibniz on a wide range of philosophical issues.] (Scholar)
  • Lennon, Thomas M., 1999, Reading Bayle, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
        [An attempt to deal with the Bayle enigma from the perspective of Academic skepticism.] (Scholar)
  • Maia Neto, Jose, 1997, “Academic Skepticism in Early Modern Philosophy”, Journal of The History of Ideas, 58(2): 199–220. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999, “Bayle’s Academic Skepticism,” in Everything Connects: In Conference with Richard H. Popkin. Essays in his Honour, 263–76, edited by James E. Force and David S. Katz, Leiden: Brill.
        [The pioneering paper on Academic skepticism, as distinct from Pyrrhonism, in the early modern period; and the paper that applies the distinction to Bayle.] (Scholar)
  • McKenna, Antony, 2015, Études sur Pierre Bayle, Paris: Honoré Champion.
        [A collection of essays by a leading Bayle scholar that offers a Rationalist, anti-skeptical interpretation of Bayle’s thought. ] (Scholar)
  • McKenna, Antony and Gianni Paganini, 2004, Pierre Bayle dans la République des Lettres: Philosophie, religion, critique, Paris: Honoré Champion.
        [An anthology of articles by leading Bayle scholars which demonstrates the diversity of fields covered in Bayle’s writings and the diversity of scholars attracted to this author.] (Scholar)
  • Mori, Gianluca, 1999, Bayle: philosophe, Paris : Honoré Champion.
        [By far the best argument that the logic of Bayle’s thought leads to atheism ; generally of a quality second to none in the literature.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 2003, “Pierre Bayle on Scepticism and Common Notions,” in The Return of Scepticism: From Hobbes and Descartes to Bayle, edited by Gianni Paganini, 393–414, Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
        [An important article on the consistency of Bayle’s skepticism and his dogmatic commitment to rational moral first principles.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 2007, “Introduction,” in Pierre Bayle, Avis aux réfugiés; Réponse d’un nouveau converti, edited and introduced by Gianluca Mori, 1–67, Paris: Honoré Champion.
        [The authorship of the Avis (1690) and that of the Réponse (1689) have been debated; Mori makes the strongest case yet for Bayle’s sole authorship of both works.] (Scholar)
  • O’Cathesaigh, Sean, 1989, “Bayle’s Commentaire philosophique, 1686,” Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century, no. 260.
        [An important article on Bayle’s account of toleration.] (Scholar)
  • Paganini, Gianni, 1980, Analisi della fede e critica della ragione nella filosofia di Pierre Bayle Florence: La Nuova Italia.
        [By a leading Italian historian of early modern philosophy.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 2008, Skepsis: Le Débat des Modernes sur le Scepticisme, Paris: J. Vrin.
        [A book awarded the Prix La Bruyère, the last chapter of which offers a thorough and rigorous analysis of Bayle’s skepticism viz-a-viz Cartesian philosophy.] (Scholar)
  • Popkin, Richard. H., 1980, The High Road to Pyrrhonism, San Diego: Austin Hill Press.
        [One article on Bayle (and Hume), and many more at least referring to him. Bayle and Hume are mentioned passim far more often than any other author.] (Scholar)
  • –––, and Vanderjagt, eds., 1993 Scepticism and Irreligion in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, Leiden: E.J. Brill.
        [Among other good things, this volume contains an important paper by Harry M. Bracken on Bayle’s skepticism.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 2003, The History of Scepticism: From Savonarola to Bayle, Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press.
        [The last edition of this pioneering work concludes with a chapter on Bayle in the context of the early modern revival of Pyrrhonian skepticism.] (Scholar)
  • Rex, Walter, 1965, Essays on Pierre Bayle and Religious Controversy, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
        [An account of the Calvinism that dominates Bayle’s work, especially before 1687.] (Scholar)
  • Ryan, Todd, 2009, Pierre Bayle’s Cartesian Metaphysics: Rediscovering Early Modern Philosophy, New York: Routledge.
        [A careful analysis of Bayle’s critiques of Locke, Leibniz, and Spinoza, which establishes Bayle’s commitment to the metaphysics of Descartes.] (Scholar)
  • Solère, Jean-Luc, 2016, “The Coherence of Bayle’s Theory of Toleration”, Journal of the History of Philosophy, 54(1): 21–46.
        [The most rigorous presentation and defence of Bayle’s argument for toleration ever offered. This article won the prize for best article in JHP in 2016, and was chosen as one of the top ten articles published in all of Philosophy in 2016 by The Philosopher’s Annual.] (Scholar)
  • –––, 2017, “Bayle and Panpsychism”, Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie, 99(1): 64–101.
        [A careful analysis of Bayle’s view of the philosophical prospects of materialism. The question is important for understanding Bayle’s late attitude toward atheism. ] (Scholar)
  • van der Lugt, Mara, 2016, Bayle, Jurieu, and the Dictionnaire Historique et Critique, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
        [A beautifully written, accessible introduction to the logical structure and historical context of Bayle’s best-known work, the Dictionary.] (Scholar)
  • Whelan, Ruth, 1989, The Anatomy of Superstition: A Study of the historical theory and practice of Pierre Bayle, Oxford: Voltaire Foundation.
        [A thoroughly scholarly and accessible account of Bayle from as important a perspective as any: as an historian.] (Scholar)

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