Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Epicurus" by David Konstan

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Editions, translations, commentaries

  • Annas, Julia (ed.), and Raphael Woolf (trans.), 2001. Cicero: On Moral Ends, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Arrighetti, Graziano, 1973. Epicuro Opere, 2nd edition, Turin: Einaudi. (Best edition available, with Italian translation.) (Scholar)
  • Arrighetti, Graziano and Marcello Gigante, 1977. “Frammenti del libro undidesimo ‘Della natura’ di Epicuro (PHerc. 1042),” Cronache Ercolenesi, 7: 5–8. (Scholar)
  • Bailey, Cyril B., 1926. Epicurus: The Extant Remains, Oxford: Clarendon Press. (Best edition in English.) (Scholar)
  • Bollack, Jean (ed.), 1985. Il pensiero del piacere: Epicuro, testi morali, commentari, Genoa: La Quercia. (Scholar)
  • De Lacy, Phillip Howard and Estelle Allen De Lacy, 1978. Philodemus On Methods of Inference, 2nd edition, Naples: Bibliopolis. (Scholar)
  • Delattre, Daniel and Jackie Pigeaud (eds.), 2010. Les epicuriens, Paris: Gallimard. (Very rich collection of texts in translation.) (Scholar)
  • Hammerstaedt, Jürgen, Pierre-Marie Morel, Refik Güremen (eds.), 2017. Diogenes of Oinoanda: Epicureanism and Philosophical Debates / Diogène d’Œnoanda: Épicurisme et Controverses, Leuven: Leuven University Press. (Scholar)
  • Hessler, Jan Erik, 2014. Epikur: Brief an Menoikeus, Basil. (Best commentary on this epistle.) (Scholar)
  • Indelli, Giovanni and Voula Tsouna-McKirahan (eds.), 1995. [Philodemus]: [On Choices and Avoidances], Naples: Bibliopolis. (Scholar)
  • Inwood, Brad and L.P. Gerson, 1997. Hellenistic Philosophy: Introductory Readings, 2nd edition, Indianapolis: Hackett. (Translation of principal sources. The Epicurean part is also published separately.) (Scholar)
  • Konstan, David (trans.), 1989. Simplicius on Aristotle’s Physics 6, Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press and Duckworth. (Scholar)
  • Konstan, David, Diskin Clay, Clarence Glad, Johan Thom, and James Ware, 1998. Philodemus On Frank Criticism: Introduction, Translation and Notes, Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature Texts and Translations (Greco-Roman Religion). (Scholar)
  • Laursen, Simon, 1995. “The Early Parts of Epicurus, On Nature, 25th Book,” Cronache Ercolanesi, 25: 5–109. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1997. “The Later Parts of Epicurus, On Nature, 25th Book,” Cronache Ercolanesi, 27: 5–83. (Scholar)
  • Leone, Giuliana, 1984. “Epicuro, ‘Della natura,’ libro XIV,” Cronache Ercolanesi, 14: 17–107. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2012. Epicuro Sulla natura libro II, Naples: Bibliopolis. (Splendid edition with major introduction on simulacra and related questions.) (Scholar)
  • Long, A.A. and David Sedley, 1987. The Hellenistic Philosophers, 2 volumes, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Excellent collection of sources, with Greek text in volume 2, arranged by topic.) (Scholar)
  • Millot, C., 1977. “Epicure ‘De la nature’ livre XV,” Cronache Ercolanesi, 7: 9–39. (Scholar)
  • Obbink, Dirk, 1996. Philodemus De pietate, Oxford: Clarendon Press. (Scholar)
  • Sedley, David, 1973. “Epicurus, ‘On Nature’ Book XXVIII,” Cronache Ercolanesi, 3: 5–83. (Scholar)
  • Smith, Martin Ferguson (ed.), 1993. Diogenes of Oenoanda: The Epicurean Inscription, Naples: Bibliopolis. (Scholar)
  • Stern, Jacob (trans.), 1996. Palaephatus: On Unbelievable Tales, Wauconda, IL : Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers. (Scholar)
  • Taylor, C.C.W. (ed.), 1999. The Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus: A Text and Translation with a Commentary (The Phoenix Presocratics 5 = Phoenix Supplementary Volume 36), Toronto: The University of Toronto Press. (Scholar)
  • Usener, Hermann, 1887. Epicurea. Leipzig: Teubner. Italian translation by Ilaria Ramelli, Epicurea: Testi di Epicuro e testimonianze epicuree nell’edizione di Hermann Usener, Milan: Bompiani, 2002. (Most complete collection of fragments.) (Scholar)
  • Verde, Francesco, 2010. Epicuro Epistola a Erodoto. Rome: Carocci. (The best edition of this fundamental work.) (Scholar)

Critical Studies



  • Cambiano, Giuseppe, 1997. “L’atomismo antico,” Quaderni di Storia, 23: 5–17.
  • Furley, David, 1967. Two Studies in the Greek Atomists, Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Scholar) (Still fundamental.) (Scholar)
  • Furley, David, 1996. “The Earth in Epicurean and Contemporary Astronomy,” in Gabriele Giannantoni and Marcello Gigante (eds.), Epicureismo greco e romano: Atti del congresso internazionale Napoli, 19–26 maggio 1993, Naples: Bibliopolis, 1996, Volume 1, pp. 119–25. (Scholar)
  • Giannantoni, Gabriele, 1989. “L’infinito nella fisica epicurea,” in L’infinito dei greci e dei romani, Genoa: Facoltà di Lettere dell’ Università di Genova, pp. 9–26.
  • Inwood, Brad, 1981. “The Origin of Epicurus’ Concept of Void,” Classical Philology, 76: 273–85. (Scholar)
  • Konstan, David, 1972. “Epicurus on Up and Down (Letter to Herodotus sec. 60),” Phronesis, 17: 269–78. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1979. “Problems in Epicurean Physics,” Isis, 70: 394–418. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2000. “Democritus the Physicist” (Review of Taylor 1999), Apeiron, 33: 125–44. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2014. “Epicurus on the Void,” in Christoph Helmig, Christoph Horn, and Graziano Ranocchia (eds.), Space in Hellenistic Philosophy, Berlin: de Gruyter. (Scholar)
  • Laks, André, 1991. “Épicure et la doctrine aristotélicienne du continu,” in F. de Gandt and P. Souffrin (eds.), La Physique d’Aristote et les conditions d’une science de la nature: Actes du colloque organisé par le Séminaire d’Épistémologie et d’Histoire des Sciences de Nice, Paris: J. Vrin, pp. 181–194.
  • Laursen, Simon, 1992. “The Summary of Epicurus ‘On Nature’ Book 25,” in Mario Capasso (ed.), Papiri letterari greci e latini, Galatina: Congedo, pp. 141–154. (Scholar)
  • Masi, Francesca Guadalupe and Stefano Maso (eds.), 2015. Epicurus on Eidola. Peri Phuseos Book II: Update, Proposals and Discussions, Amsterdam: Adolf M. Hakkert. (Scholar)
  • Morel, Pierre-Marie, 2000. Atome et nécessité: Démocrite, Épicure, Lucrèce, Paris: Pr. Universitaires de France. (Scholar)
  • Sedley, David, 1982. “Two Conceptions of Vacuum,” Phronesis, 27: 175–93. (Scholar)
  • Verde, Francesco, 2013. Elachista: La dottrina dei minimi nell’epicureismo, Leuven: Leuven University Press. (Scholar)


  • Armstrong, David, 2003. “Philodemus, the Herculaneum Papyri, and the Therapy of Fear,” in Dane R. Gordon and David B. Suits (eds.), Epicurus: His Continuing Influence and Contemporary Relevance, Rochester, NY: RIT Cary Graphic Arts Press, pp. 17–43. (Scholar)
  • Armstrong, David, 2008. “‘Be Angry and Sin Not’: Philodemus versus the Stoics on Natural Bites and Natural Emotions,” in John T. Fitzgerald (ed.), Passions and Moral Progress in Greco-Roman Thought, London: Routledge, pp. 79–121. (Scholar)
  • Diano, Carlo, 1974 [1939–42]. Scritti Epicurei, Florence: Leo S. Olschki.
  • Konstan, David, 2008. “A Life Worthy of the Gods”: The Materialist Pyschology of Epicurus, Las Vegas: Parmenides Publishing. (This is an updated version of D. Konstan, Some Aspects of Epicurean Psychology, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1973.) (Scholar)


  • Annas, Julia, 1993. The Morality of Happiness, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Excellent overview.) (Scholar)
  • Alberti, Antonina, 1994. “Ragione e virtù nell’etica epicurea,” in A. Alberti, Realtà e ragione: studi di filosofia antica, Florence: Accademia Toscana di Scienze e Lettere La Colombaria [Studi 140], pp. 185–216. (Scholar)
  • Barigazzi, A., 1983. “Sul concetto epicureo della sicurezza esterna,” in SUZHTHSIS: Studi sull’epicureismo greco e romano offerti a Marcello Gigante, Naples: Biblioteca della Parola del Passato, pp. 73–92. (Scholar)
  • Cooper, J.M., 2012. Pursuits of Wisdom, Princeton: Princeton University Press, Chapter 5 (Sections 5.1–5.6), pp. 226–290. (Scholar)
  • Müller, Reimar, 1991. Die epikureische Ethik, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag. (Scholar)
  • Purinton, Jeffrey S., 1993. “Epicurus on the Telos,” Phronesis, 38: 281–320. (Scholar)




  • Asmis, Elizabeth, 1984. Epicurus’ Scientific Method, Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press. (Scholar)
  • Everson, Stephen, 1990. “Epicurus on the Truth of the Senses,” in Stephen Everson (ed.), Epistemology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 161–183. (Scholar)
  • Jürss, Fritz, 1991. Die epikureische Erkenntnistheorie, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag. (Scholar)
  • Konstan, David, 1989a. “Περίληψις in Epicurean Epistemology,” Ancient Philosophy, 13: 125–37. (Scholar)
  • Konstan, David, 2007. “Response to Morel 2007,” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy, 23: 49–54. (Scholar)
  • Lee, Edward N., 1978. “The Sense of an Object: Epicurus on Seeing and Hearing,” in P.K. Machamer and R.G. Turnbull (eds.), Studies in Perception: Interrelations in the History of Philosophy and Science, Columbus OH: Ohio State University Press, pp. 27–59. (Scholar)
  • Long, A.A., 1971. “Aesthesis, Prolepsis and Linguistic Theory in Epicurus,” Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, 18: 114–33. (Scholar)
  • Manuwald, A., 1972. Die Prolepsislehre Epikurs, Bonn: Habelt. (Scholar)
  • Morel, Pierre-Marie, 2002. “Les ambiguïtés de la conception épicurienne du temps,” Revue de Philosophie, 192: 195–211. (Scholar)
  • Morel, Pierre-Marie, 2007. “Method and Evidence (enargeia): Epicurean prolêpsis,” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy, 23: 25–48. (Scholar)
  • Sedley, David, 1976. “Epicurus and the Mathematicians of Cyzicus,” Cronache Ercolanesi, 6: 23–54. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1989. “Epicurus on the Common Sensibles,” in Pamela Huby and Gordon Neal (eds.), The Criterion of Truth: Essays Written in Honour of George Kerferd, together with a Text and Translation (with Annotations) of Ptolemy’s On the Kriterion and Hegemonikon, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, pp. 123–136. (Scholar)
  • Taylor, C.C.W., 1980. “‘All Perceptions are True’,” in M. Schofield, J. Barnes and M. Burnyeat (eds.), Doubt and Dogmatism, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 105–24. (Scholar)
  • Tsouna, Voula, 2016. “Epicurean Preconceptions,” Phronesis, 61: 160–221. (Scholar)
  • vander Waerdt, Paul, 1989. “Colotes and the Epicurean Refutation of Skepticism,” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies, 30: 225–267. (Scholar)


  • Atherton, Catherine, 2005. “Lucretius on what Language is Not,” in Dorothea Frede and Brad Inwood (eds.), Language and Learning: Philosophy of Language in the Hellenistic Age, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 101–38. (Scholar)
  • Brunschwig, Jacques, 1977. “Epicure et le problème du ‘langage privé’,” Revue des Sciences Humaines, 163: 157–77. (Scholar)
  • Everson, Stephen, 1994. “Epicurus on Mind and Language,” in Stephen Everson (ed.), Language (Series: Companions to Ancient Thought, Volume 3), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 74–108. (Scholar)
  • Giannantoni, Gabriele, 1994. “Epicurei e stoici sul linguaggio,” in Storia poesia e pensiero nel mondo antico: Studi in onore di Marcello Gigante, Naples: Bibliopolis. (Scholar)
  • Verlinsky, Alexander, 2005. “Epicurus and his Predecessors on the Origin of Language,” in Dorothea Frede and Brad Inwood (eds.), Language and Learning: Philosophy of Language in the Hellenistic Age, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 56–100. (Scholar)

Free Will and the Atomic Swerve

  • Asmis, Elizabeth, 1990. “Free Action and the Swerve” (Review of Walter G. Englert, Epicurus on the swerve and voluntary action), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, 8: 275–291. (Scholar)
  • Bignone, Ettore, 1940. “La dottrina epicurea del clinamen,” Atene e Roma, 42: 159–68. (Scholar)
  • Bobzien, Susanne, 2000. “Did Epicurus Discover the Free-Will Problem?Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, 19: 287–337. (Scholar)
  • Englert, Walter G., 1987. Epicurus on the Swerve and Voluntary Action, Atlanta: Scholars Press. (Scholar)
  • Furley, David, 1967. Two Studies in the Greek Atomists, Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Scholar)
  • Greenblatt, Stephen, 2011. The Swerve: How the World Became Modern, New York: W. W. Norton. (This is more a book about the reception of Lucretius than about Epicurean physics as such.) (Scholar)
  • O’Keefe, Tim, 1996. “Does Epicurus Need the Swerve as an Archê of Collisions?Phronesis, 41: 305–317. (Scholar)
  • Purinton, Jeffrey S., 1999. “Epicurus on ‘Free Volition’ and the Atomic Swerve,” Phronesis, 44: 253–299. (Scholar)
  • Russell, Daniel Charles, 2000. “Epicurus and Lucretius on Saving Agency,” Phoenix, 54: 226–243. (Scholar)
  • Sedley, David, 1983. “Epicurus’ Refutation of Determinism,” in SUZHTHSIS: Studi sull’epicureismo greco e romano offerti a Marcello Gigante, Naples: Biblioteca della Parola del Passato, pp. 11–51. (Scholar)


  • Armstrong, John M., 1997. “Epicurean Justice,” Phronesis, 42: 324–334. (Scholar)
  • Denyer, Nick, 1983. “The Origins of Justice,” in SUZHTHSIS: Studi sull’epicureismo greco e romano offerti a Marcello Gigante, Naples: Biblioteca della Parola del Passato, pp. 133–52. (Scholar)
  • Goldschmidt, Victor, 1977. La doctrine d’Epicure et le droit, Paris: J. Vrin; reprinted 2002. (Scholar)
  • Minutoli, Giuseppe, 1997. “Il problema del diritto in Epicuro,” Rivista di Filosofia del Diritto, 74: 436–460. (Scholar)
  • Mitsis, Phillip, 1988. Epicurus’ Ethical Theory: The Pleasures of Invulnerability, Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press. (Scholar)
  • Morel, Pierre-Marie, 2000. “Épicure, l’histoire et le droit,” Revue des Études Anciennes, 102: 393–411.
  • vander Waerdt, Paul, 1987. “The Justice of the Epicurean Wise Man,” Classical Quarterly, n.s. 37: 402–22. (Scholar)

Theology and the Gods

Evolution of Society.


  • Ruijgh, Cornelis J., 2000. “À propos de lathe biosas: la valeur de l’impératif aoriste,” Hyperboreus, 6: 325–348.
  • Silvestre, Maria Luisa, 1995. “Epicuro e la politica,” in Salvatore Cerasuolo (ed.), Mathesis e philia: studi in onore di Marcello Gigante, Naples: Universita degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, pp. 131–142. (Scholar)

Sex and Marriage


  • Arrighetti, Graziano, 1978. “Philia e physiologia: I fondamenti dell’amicizia epicurea,” Materiali e Discussioni per l’Analisi dei Testi Classici, 1: 49–63. (Scholar)
  • Brescia, C., 1955. “La philia in Epicuro,” Giornale Italiano di Filologia, 8: 314–32. (Scholar)
  • Brown, E., 2002. “Epicurus on the Value of Friendship (Sententia Vaticana XXIII),” Classical Philology, 97: 68–80. (Scholar)
  • Gemelli, B., 1978. “L’amicizia in Epicuro,” Sandalion, 1: 59–72.
  • Giesz, Ludwig, 1990. “Epikur: das Glück der Freundschaft,” in Philosophische Spaziergänge: zwölf vorsichtige Antworten auf die Frage, wei man sich im Leben denn einzurichten hätte, Stuttgart: Metzler, pp. 3–19. (Scholar)
  • Konstan, David, 1994. “Friendship From Epicurus to Philodemus,” in M. Giannantoni and M. Gigante (eds.), L’Epicureismo greco e romano, Naples: Bibliopolis, pp. 387–96. (Scholar)
  • Mitsis, Phillip, 1988. Epicurus’ Ethical Theory: The Pleasures of Invulnerability, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. (Scholar)
  • O’Connor, D.K., 1989. “The Invulnerable Pleasures of Epicurean Friendship,” Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies, 30: 165–86. (Scholar)
  • O’Keefe, Tim, 2001. “Is Epicurean Friendship Altruistic?Apeiron, 34: 269–305. (Scholar)

The Epicurean Community

  • Clay, Diskin, 1983. “Individual and Community in the First Generation of the Epicurean School,” in SUZHTHSIS: Studi sull’ epicureismo greco e romano offerti a Marcello Gigante, Naples: Biblioteca della Parola del Passato, pp. 255–79. (Scholar)
  • Frischer, Bernard, 1982. The Sculpted Word: Epicureanism and Philosophical Recruitment in Ancient Greece, Berkeley: University of California Press. (Scholar)
  • Warren, James, 2001. “Epicurus’ Dying Wishes,” Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society, 47: 23–46. (Scholar)

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