Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Federalism" by Andreas Follesdal

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Several of the historical writings—those marked ‘*’ below and others—are reprinted in part or full in Theories of Federalism: A Reader, Dimitrios Karmis and Wayne Norman (eds.), New York: Palgrave, 2005.

  • Brutus, Junius (Philippe Duplessis-Mornay?), 1579, Vindiciae contra tyrannos, George Garnett (transl. and ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. (Scholar)
  • *Althusius, Johannes, 1603, Politica Methodice Digesta, Frederick S. Carney (transl.), Daniel J. Elazar (introd.), Indianapolis: Liberty Press, 1995. (Scholar)
  • Arendt, Hannah, 1972, “Thoughts on Politics and Revolution,” in Crises of the Republic, New York: Harcourt Brace, 199–233. (Scholar)
  • Hugo, Ludolph, 1661, De Statu Regionum Germaniae. Helmstadt: Sumptibus Hammianis. (Scholar)
  • Saint-Pierre, Abbé Charles, 1713, Projet pour rendre la paix perpêtuelle en Europe (Project to make peace perpetual in Europe), Paris: Fayard, 1986. (Scholar)
  • *Montesquieu, Baron de, 1748, The Spirit of Laws, Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2002. (Scholar)
  • *Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 1761, A Lasting Peace Through the Federation of Europe, C.E. Vaughan (trans.), London: Constable, 1917. (Scholar)
  • *–––, 1761, “Summary and Critique of Abbé Saint-Pierre's Project for Perpetual Peace,” in Grace G. Roosevelt (ed.), Reading Rousseau in the Nuclear Age, Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990. (Scholar)
  • Hume, David, 1752, “Idea of a Perfect Commonwealth,” in T.H. Green and T.H. Grose (eds.), Essays moral, political and literary, London: Longmans, Green, 1882 (Scholar)
  • Smith, Adam, 1776, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, London: Dent, 1954. (Scholar)
  • Storing, Herbert, and Murray Dry (eds.), 1981–, The Complete Anti-Federalist (7 Volumes), Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Scholar)
  • *Hamilton, Alexander, James Madison, and John Jay, 1787–88, The Federalist Papers, Jacob E. Cooke (ed.), Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1961. (Scholar)
  • Kant, Immanuel, 1784, “An Answer to the Question: ‘What Is Enlightenment?’” in Hans Reiss (ed.), Kant's Political Writings, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970, 54–60. (Scholar)
  • *–––, 1796, “Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch,” in Hans Reiss (ed.), Kant's Political Writings, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970, 93–130. (Scholar)
  • *de Tocqueville, Alexis, 1835–40, Democracy in America, P. Bradley (ed.), New York: Vintage, 1945 [Text available online]. (Scholar)
  • *Mill, John Stuart, 1861, Considerations on Representative Government, New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1958 [Text available online]. (Scholar)
  • *Proudhon, Pierre Joseph, 1863, Du Principe Federatif, J.-L. Puech and Th. Ruyssen (eds.), Paris: M. Riviere, 1959. (Scholar)
  • Leo XIII, 1891, “Rerum Novarum,” in The Papal Encyclicals 1903–1939, Raleigh: Mcgrath, 1981. (Scholar)
  • Renner, Karl, 1899, Staat und Nation, Vienna. Reprinted as “State and Nation” in Ephraim Nimni (ed.), National Cultural Autonomy and Its Contemporary Critics, London: Routledge, 2005, 64-82. (Scholar)
  • Pius XI, 1931. “Quadragesimo Anno,” in The Papal Encyclicals 1903–1939, Raleigh: Mcgrath, 1981. (Scholar)
  • *Spinelli, Altiero, and Ernesto Rossi, 1944, Il manifesto di Ventotene (The Ventotene Manifesto), Naples: Guida, 1982; reprinted in Karmis and Norman 2005. [Text available online] (Scholar)

Secondary sources

  • Aroney, Nicholas, 2007, “Subsidiarity, Federalism and the Best Constitution: Thomas Aquinas on City, Province and Empire,” Law and Philosophy, 26(2): 161–228. (Scholar)
  • Dimitrios, Karmis, 2010, “Togetherness in Multinational Federal Democracies. Tocqueville, Proudhon and the Theoretical Gap in the Modern Federal Tradition,” in M. Burgess and A. G. Gagnon (eds.), Federal Democracies, Abingdon: Routledge, 46–63. (Scholar)
  • Elazar, Daniel J., 1987, Federalism As Grand Design: Political Philosophers and the Federal Principle, Lanham, MD: University Press of America. (Scholar)
  • Forsyth, Murray, 1981, Union of States: the Theory and Practice of Confederation, Leicester: Leicester University Press. (Scholar)
  • Hueglin, Thomas O., 1999, Early Modern Concepts for a Late Modern World: Althusius on Community and Federalism, Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. (Scholar)
  • Jewkes, Michael, 2016, “Diversity, Federalism and the Nineteenth-Century Liberals,” Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 19(2): 184–205. (Scholar)
  • Klusmeyer, Douglas, 2010, “Hannah Arendt’s Case for Federalism,” Publius, 40(1): 31–58. (Scholar)
  • Levinson, Sanford, 2015, An Argument Open to All: Reading “the Federalist” in the 21st Century, New Haven: Yale University Press. (Scholar)
  • Riley, Patrick, 1973, “Rousseau As a Theorist of National and International Federalism,” Publius, 3(1): 5–18. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1976, “Three Seventeenth-Century Theorists of Federalism: Althusius, Hugo and Leibniz,” Publius, 6(3): 7–42. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1979, “Federalism in Kant's Political Philosophy,” Publius, 9(4): 43–64. (Scholar)
  • Stoppenbrink, Katja, 2016, “Representative Government and Federalism in John Stuart Mill,” in D. Heidemann and K. Stoppenbrink (eds.), Join, or Die: Philosophical Foundations of Federalism, Berlin: de Gruyter: 209–232. (Scholar)


Publius: The Journal of Federalism, regularly publishes philosophical articles.


  • Bakvis, Herman, and William M. Chandler (eds.), 1987, Federalism and the Role of the State, Toronto: Toronto University Press. (Scholar)
  • Bottomore, Tom and Patrick Goode (eds.), 1978, Austro-Marxism, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Burgess, Michael, and Alain G. Gagnon (eds.), 1993, Comparative Federalism and Federation: Competing Traditions and Future Directions, London: Harvester Wheatsheaf. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2010, Federal Democracies, Abingdon: Routledge. (Scholar)
  • De Schutter, Helder, 2011, “Federalism as Fairness,” The Journal of Political Philosophy, 19(2): 167–189. (Scholar)
  • Fleiner, Thomas, and Nicolas Schmitt (eds.), 1996, Towards European Constitution: Europe and Federal Experiences, Fribourg: Institute of Federalism. (Scholar)
  • Fleming, James E., and Jacob T. Levy (eds.), 2014, Federalism and Subsidiarity, Nomos (Volume 55), New York: New York University Press. (Scholar)
  • Franck, Thomas M. (ed.), 1968, Why Federations Fail: An Inquiry into the Requisites for Successful Federalism, New York: New York University Press. (Scholar)
  • Gagnon, Alain-G., and James Tully (eds.), 2001, Multinational Democracies, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Grégoire, Jean-Francois, and Michael Jewkes, (eds.), 2015, Recognition and Redistribution in Multinational Federations, Leuven: Leuven University Press. (Scholar)
  • Gutmann, Amy (ed.), 1994, Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition, Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Scholar)
  • Härtel, Ines (ed.), 2012, Handbuch Föderalismus: – Föderalismus als Demokratische Rechtsordnung und Rechtskultur in Deutschland, Europa und der Welt, 4 volumes, Berlin: Springer. (Scholar)
  • Heidemann, Dietmar, and Katja Stoppenbrink (eds.), 2016, Join, or Die: Philosophical Foundations of Federalism, Berlin: De Gruyter. (Scholar)
  • Karmis, Dimitrios, and Wayne Norman (eds.), 2005, Theories of Federalism: A Reader, New York: Palgrave. (Scholar)
  • Knop, Karen, Sylvia Ostry, Richard Simeon and Katherine Swinton (eds.), 1995, Rethinking Federalism: Citizens, Markets and Governments in a Changing World, Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press. (Scholar)
  • Kymlicka, Will, and Wayne Norman (eds.), 2000, Citizenship in Diverse Societies, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Nicolaidis, Kalypso, and Robert Howse (eds.), 2001, The Federal Vision: Legitimacy and Levels of Governance in the US and the EU, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Nimni, Ephraim (ed.), 2005, National-Cultural Autonomy and its Contemporary Critics, Milton Park: Routledge. (Scholar)
  • Trechsel, Alexander (ed.), 2006, Towards a Federal Europe, London: Routledge. (Scholar)
  • Tushnet, Mark (ed.), 1990, Comparative Constitutional Federalism: Europe and America, New York: Greenwood Press. (Scholar)

Books and Articles

  • Acton, Lord, 1907, “Nationality,” in J. N. Figgis (ed.), The History of Freedom and Other Essays, London: Macmillan. (Scholar)
  • Bauer, Otto, 2000, The Question of Nationalities and Social Democracy (with introduction by Ephraim Nimni), Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. [original 1907, Die Nationalitätenfrage und die Sozialdemokratie, Vienna]. (Scholar)
  • Beer, Samuel H., 1993, To Make a Nation: the Rediscovery of American Federalism, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. (Scholar)
  • Braybrooke, David, 1983, “Can Democracy Be Combined With Federalism or With Liberalism?” , in J. R. Pennock and John W. Chapman (eds.), Nomos XXV: Liberal Democracy, New York, London: New York University Press. (Scholar)
  • Buchanan, James, 1995, “Federalism as an ideal political order and an objective for constitutional reform,” Publius, 25(2): 19–27. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999/2001, Federalism, Liberty and the Law, Collected Works (Volume 18), Indianapolis: Liberty Fund. (Scholar)
  • Carens, J. H., 2000, Culture, Citizenship, and Community. A Contextual Exploration of Justice as Evenhandedness, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Choudhry, Sujit, 2001, “Citizenship and Federations: Some Preliminary Reflections,” in Nicolaidis and Howse (eds.) 2001, 377–402. (Scholar)
  • Dahl, Robert A., 1983, “Federalism and the Democratic Process,” in J. R. Pennock and J. W. Chapman (eds.), NOMOS XXV: Liberal Democracy, New York: New York University Press, 95–108. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2001, How Democratic Is the American Constitution?, New Haven: Yale University Press. (Scholar)
  • Elazar, Daniel J., 1968, “Federalism,” International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, New York: Macmillan, p. 356–361. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1987, Exploring Federalism, Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1998, Covenant and Civil Society, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers. (Scholar)
  • Filippov, Mikhail, Peter C. Ordeshook, and Olga Shvetsova, 2004, Designing Federalism: A Theory of Self-sustainable Federal Institutions, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Follesdal, Andreas, 1998, “Subsidiarity,” Journal of Political Philosophy, 6(2): 231–59. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2001, “Federal Inequality Among Equals: A Contractualist Defense,” Metaphilosophy, 32: 236–55. (Scholar)
  • –––, and Simon Hix, 2006, “Why There Is a Democratic Deficit in the EU,” Journal of Common Market Studies, 44(3): 533–62. (Scholar)
  • Friedrich, Carl, 1968, Trends of Federalism in Theory and Practice., New York: Praeger. (Scholar)
  • Golemboski, David, 2015, “Federalism and the Catholic Principle of Subsidiarity,” Publius, 45(4): 526–51. (Scholar)
  • Goodin, Robert, 1996, “Designing constitutions: the political constitution of a mixed commonwealth,” Political Studies, 44: 635–46. (Scholar)
  • Habermas, Jürgen, 1992, Faktizität und Geltung, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp; translated as Between Facts and Norms, William Rehg (trans.), Oxford: Polity, 1996. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2001, Postnational Constellation, Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press (Scholar)
  • Keohane, Robert O., and Joseph S. Nye, 2001, Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition (3rd Edition), New York: Longman. (Scholar)
  • King, Preston, 1982, Federalism and Federation, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, and London: Croom Helm. (Scholar)
  • Klusmeyer, Douglas, 2010, “Hannah Arendt’s Case for Federalism,” Publius, 40(1): 31–58. (Scholar)
  • Kymlicka, Will, 2001, “Minority Nationalism and Multination Federalism,” in Politics in the Vernacular, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 91–119. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2002, Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction (2nd edition), Oxford: Clarendon Press. (Scholar)
  • Kymlicka, W., and Wayne Norman, 1994, “Return of the Citizen: A Survey of Recent Work on Citizenship Theory,” Ethics, 104(2): 352–381. (Scholar)
  • Laski, Harold, 1939, “The Obsolesence of Federalism,” The New Republic, 98 (May 3): 367–69. Reprinted in Karmis and Norman 2005. (Scholar)
  • Levy, Jacob, 2004, “National Minorities Without Nationalism,” in Alain Dieckhoff (ed.), The Politics of Belonging: Nationalism, Liberalism, and Pluralism, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2006, “Beyond Publius: Montesquieu, Liberal Republicanism, and the Small-Republic Thesis,” History of Political Thought, 27(1): 50–90. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2007a, “Federalism, Liberalism, and the Separation of Loyalties,” American Political Science Review, 101(3): 459–77. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2007b, “Federalism and the Old and New Liberalisms,” Social Philosophy and Policy, 24(1): 306–26. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2008, “Self-determination, non-domination, and federalism,” Hypatia, 23(3): 60–78. (Scholar)
  • Lijphart, Arend, 1977, Democracy in Plural Societies: A Comparative Exploration, Yale University Press, New Haven. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999, Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries, New Haven: Yale University Press. (Scholar)
  • Linz, Juan J., 1999, “Democracy, multinationalism and federalism,” in A. Busch and W. Merkel (eds.), Demokratie in Ost und West, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 382–401. (Scholar)
  • McKay, David, 2001, Designing Europe—Comparative Lessons from the Federal Experience, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Musgrave, Robert A., 1959, The Theory of Public Finance: a Study in Political Economy, New York: Mcgraw-Hill. (Scholar)
  • Norman, Wayne J., 1994, “Towards a Philosophy of Federalism,” in Judith Baker (ed.), Group Rights, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 79–100. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1995a, “The Ideology of Shared Values: A Myopic Vision of Unity in the Multi-Nation State,” in Joseph Carens (ed.), Is Quebec Nationalism Just? Perspectives From Anglophone Canada, Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 137–59. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1995b, “The Morality of Federalism and the Evolution of the European Union,” Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie, 59: 202–211. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2006, Negotiating Nationalism: Nation-building, Federalism and Secession in the Multinational State, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Oates, Wallace, 1972, Fiscal Federalism, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. (Scholar)
  • Olson, Mancur, 1969, “Strategic Theory and Its Applications: the Principle of ‘Fiscal Equivalence’: the Division of Responsibility Among Different Levels of Government,” American Economic Review, 59(2): 479–532. (Scholar)
  • Padou-Schioppa, Tommaso, 1995, “Economic Federalism and the European Union,” in Knop et al. 1995, 154–65. (Scholar)
  • Renner, Karl, 1917, “The Development of the National Idea,” in Bottomore and Goode 1978, 118–25. (Scholar)
  • Riker, William H., with Andreas Føllesdal, 2007, “Federalism,” in Robert E. Goodin, Philip Pettit and Thomas Pogge (eds.), A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy, Oxford: Blackwell. (Scholar)
  • Rose-Ackerman, Susan, 1980, “Risk Taking and Reelection: Does Federalism Promote Innovation?,” The Journal of Legal Studies, 9(3): 593–616 (Scholar)
  • Sbragia, Alberta M., 1992, “Thinking about the European future: the uses of comparison,” in Alberta M. Sbragia (ed.), Euro-Politics: Institutions and policymaking in the ‘new’ European Community, Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 257–90. (Scholar)
  • Shepsle, Kenneth A., 1986, “Institutional equilibrium and Equilibrium institutions”, in Herbert Weisberg (ed.), Political Science: The science of politics, New York: Agathon Press, 51–81. (Scholar)
  • Simeon, Richard, 1998, “Considerations on the Design of Federations: The South African Constitution in Comparative Perspective,” SA Publiekreg/Public Law, 13(1): 42–72. (Scholar)
  • Simeon, Richard, and Daniel-Patrick Conway, 2001, “Federalism and the Management of Conflict in Multinational Societies,”, in Gagnon and Tully 2001, 338–65. (Scholar)
  • Stepan, Alfred, 1999, “Federalism and Democracy: Beyond the U.S. Model,” Journal of Democracy, 10: 19–34; reprinted in Karmis and Norman 2005. (Scholar)
  • Tamir, Yael, 1993, Liberal Nationalism, Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Scholar)
  • Taylor, Charles, 1993, Reconciling the Solitudes: Essays on Canadian Federalism and Nationalism, Montreal: McGill-Queen's Press. (Scholar)
  • Tiebout, Charles M., 1956, “A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures,” Journal of Political Economy, 64(5): 416–24. (Scholar)
  • Tully, James, 1995, Strange Multiplicity: Constitutionalism in an Age of Diversity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Tushnet, Mark, 1996, “Federalism and Liberalism,” Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law, 4: 329–44. (Scholar)
  • Watts, Ronald L., 1998, “Federalism, Federal Political Systems, and Federations,” Annual Review of Political Science, 1: 117–37. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999, Comparing Federal Systems, Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press. (Scholar)
  • Weinstock, Daniel, 2011, “Self-Determination for (some) cities?” in Axel Gosseries and Yannick Vanderborght (eds.), Arguing About Justice: Essays for Philippe Van Parijs, Louvain: Presses universitaires de Louvain, 377–86. (Scholar)
  • Wheare, Kenneth C., 1964, Federal Government (4th edition), Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)

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