Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Hugo Grotius" by Jon Miller

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Primary Texts and Translations

N.B.: This is but a small selection of Grotius’ more important works. For a more complete catalogue, see ter Meulen and Diermanse (1950).

  • Mare liberum, Leiden: Elzevier, 1609; reprinted and translated many times since. The translation and edition by Ralph van Deman Magoffin (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1916) contains a facsimile of the 1633 edition. See also the recently published The Free Sea, translated by Richard Hakluyt (done circa 1616) with William Welwod’s critique and Grotius’s reply, edited and with an introduction by David Armitage (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2004).
  • [DIB] De iure belli ac pacis libri tres, Paris: Buon, 1625; reprinted and translated many times since. Jean Barbeyrac’s 1735 edition, with extensive notes and commentary, was the most important; it was translated into English and published in London by Innys et al. in 1738. It has been recently reprinted as The Rights of War and Peace, Books I–III, edited and with an introduction by Richard Tuck, Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund, 2005. Another commonly used edition and translation is by Frank W. Kelsey et al. for the Classics of International Law series, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1925. Kelsey’s version is printed with a facsimile of the 1646 edition.
  • Annales et Historiae de Rebus Belgicis, Amsterdam: Blaeu, 1657; translated by Thomas Manley, as De rebus belgicis, or, The annals and history of the Low-Countrey-warrs, London: Twyford and Paulet, 1665. (Scholar)
  • Opera omnia theologica, London: Moses Pitt, 1679.
  • [DIP] De iure praedae commentarius, G. Hamaker (ed.), The Hague: Nijhoff, 1868. Until fairly recently, the most commonly used edition and translation was Commentary on the Law of Prize and Booty, by Gwladys L. Williams et al. for the Classics of International Law series, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1950. Williams’ version is printed along with a collotype of Grotius’ manuscript. The edition of Williams’ translation with Martine Julia van Ittersum as editor (Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund, 2006) has superseded Williams’ original. (Scholar)
  • Briefwisseling van Hugo Grotius, P.C. Molhuysen et al. (eds.), The Hague: Nijhoff, 1928–2001.
  • Grotius Reader: A Reader for Students of International Law and Legal History, L.E. van Holk and C.G. Roelofsen (eds.), The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Instituut, 1983.
  • De antiquitate Reipublicae Batavicae, Translated as The Antiquity of the Batavian Republic, Jan Waszink et al. (eds. and trans.), Assen: Royal van Gorcum, 2000.

Select Secondary Literature

N.B.: In addition to the following (which emphasizes English-language literature), interested readers should also consult the scholarly journal Grotiana (new series), which regularly publishes articles in several languages on all aspects of Grotius’ thought and legacy.



  • Eyffinger, A.C. et al., 1983, The Grotius Collection at the Peace Palace: A Concise Catalogue, The Hague: Peace Palace Library. [Eyffinger et al. 1983 available online] (Scholar)
  • Molhuysen, Philippus Christianus, 1943, “De Bibliotheek van Hugo de Groot in 1618”, Mededeelingen der Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Letterkunde, Nieuwe reeks, dl. 6, no. 3. (N.B.: This is a list of books in Grotius’ possession in 1618.) (Scholar)
  • ter Meulen, Jacob and P.J.J. Diermanse, 1950, Bibliographie des écrits imprimés de Hugo Grotius, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1961, Bibliographie des écrits sur Hugo Grotius imprimés au XVIIe sicle, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. (Scholar)
  • Willems, J.C.M., 1980, 1981, ongoing, Grotiana (new series), vols. 1, 2, etc. (Scholar)


  • Bayle, Pierre, 1720 [1740], “Grotius”, in Dictionaire historique et critique, 3rd edition, Rotterdam: Michel Bohm. 5th Edition, 1740, Amsterdam, Leyde, La Haye, Utrecht, vol. 2: 614–620. [Bayle 1720 [1740] available online] (Scholar)
  • Brandt, Caspar, and Cattenburgh, Adriaan van, 1732, Historie van het leven des heeren Huig de Groot, 2nd edition, Dordrecht and Amsterdam: Van Braam en onder der Linden. (Scholar)
  • Dumbauld, Edward, 1969, The Life and Legal Writings of Hugo Grotius, Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. (Scholar)
  • Edwards, Charles, 1981, Hugo Grotius, Chicago: Nelson-Hall. (Scholar)
  • Holk, L.E. van., 1983, “Hugo Grotius, 1583–1645, A Biographical Sketch”, in Grotius Reader: A Reader for Students of International Law and Legal History, L.E. van Holk and C.G. Roelofsen (eds.), The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Instituut, 23–44. (Scholar)
  • Knight, W.S.M., 1925, The Life and Works of Hugo Grotius, London: Sweet and Maxwell Publishers. (Scholar)
  • Vreeland, Hamilton, Jr., 1917, Hugo Grotius: the Father of the Modern Science of International Law, New York: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)

Monographs and articles

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