Linked bibliography for the SEP article "David Hartley" by Richard Allen

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Primary Literature

Listed are the two most commonly available editions of the Observations on Man, both of which have been reprinted in paperback. Because the text of all editions is the same, citations in this article are to volume and proposition, rather than to page in any given edition. Users of the one-volume 1791 edition should note that the propositions are numbered consecutively throughout, so that proposition 1 in volume 2 of the 1749 edition is proposition 101. Readers referring to the 1775 abridgement should note that the propositions included in that volume are numbered consecutively in that volume, and hence do not correspond to the other editions.

  • 1749. Observations on Man, his Frame, his Duty, and his Expectations, 2 vols., Bath and London: Samuel Richardson.
  • 1791. Observations on Man, his Frame, his Duty, and his Expectations (with notes and additions to the second part), translated from the German of Herman Andrew Pistorius, 2d ed., London: J. Johnson.

Selected Other Works by Hartley

  • 1733. Some Reasons why the Practice of Inoculation ought to be Introduced into the Town of Bury at Present, Bury St. Edmunds. (Uses a statistical argument to advocate variola inoculation for smallpox.)
  • 1735. Observations on the Progress to Happiness (a ‘first draft’ of material incorporated into the Observations on Man), manuscript, private possession.
  • 1738. Ten Cases of Persons who have taken Mrs. Stephens’s Medicines for the Stone. With an Abstract of Some of the Experiments, Tending to Illustrate these Cases, London: S. Harding. (Contains Hartleys account of his excruciating course of treatment, from July through November 1737.) (Scholar)
  • 1741. De Lithontriptico a Joanna Stephens nuper invento dissertatio epistolaris, Basel: J. Christ; Leiden: J. et H. Verbeek.
  • 1746. De Lithontriptico a Joanna Stephens nuper invento dissertatio epistolaris. Cui Adjicitur methodus exhibendi Lithontripticum sub formâ commodiore. Accedunt etiam Conjecturae quaedam de Sensu, Motu, & Idearum Generatione, 2d. ed., Bath: J. Leake and G. Frederick, and London: C. Hitch and S. Austen. (The Conjecturae is a Latin preview of the main themes in the Observations.)
  • 1775. Hartley’s Theory of the Human Mind, on the Principle of the Association of Ideas; with Essays relating to the Subject of it, London: J. Johnson. (An abridgement of the Observations, by Joseph Priestley.) (Scholar)
  • 1959. Various Conjectures on the Perception, Motion, and Generation of Ideas, a translation of Conjecturae quaedam de Sensu, Motu, & Idearum Generatione, translated by Robert E. A. Palmer, with Introduction and Notes by Martin Kallich, Augustan Reprint Society publication 77–78, Los Angeles: Williams Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California.

Works Cited

  • Berkeley, George. [1709] 1948. Essay towards a New Theory of Vision, edited by A. A. Luce, Works, Vol. 1, London: Thomas Nelson & Sons.
  • Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. [1817] 1983. Biographia Literaria: or, Biographical Sketches of My Literary Life and Opinions, edited by James Engell and W. Jackson Bate. The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Vol. 7, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Hales, Stephen. 1769. Statical Essays: containing Haemastatics; Or, An Account of some Hydraulic and Hydrostatical Experiments made on the Blood and Blood-Vessels of Animals, 3d ed., 2 vols., London: Wilson and Nichol, Keith, Robinson and Roberts. (Scholar)
  • James, William. 1890. The Principles of Psychology, 2 vols., New York: Henry Holt and Co. (Scholar)
  • Hume, David. [1748] 1975. Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, in Enquiries concerning Human Understanding and concerning the Principles of Morals, edited by L. A. Selby-Bigge, 3d ed., revised by Peter H. Nidditch, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Locke, John. [1690] 1975. An Essay concerning Human Understanding, edited by Peter H. Nidditch, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Mackintosh, Sir James. 1836. Dissertation on the Progress of Ethical Philosophy, chiefly during the 17th and 18th Centuries, Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black. (Scholar)
  • Mill, James. [1829] 1869. Analysis of the Phenomena of the Human Mind, a new edition with notes illustrative and critical by Alexander Bain, Andrew Findlater, and George Grote, edited with additional notes by John Stuart Mill, 2 vols., London: Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer.
  • Priestley, Joseph. 1774. An Examination of Dr. Reid’sInquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense,” Dr. Beattie’sEssay on the Nature and Immutability of Truth,” and Dr. Oswald’sAppeal to Common Sense in Behalf of Religion,” London: J. Johnson. (Scholar)
  • Reid, Thomas. 1785. Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man, Edinburgh: John Bell. (Scholar)

Secondary Sources

  • Allen, Richard C., 1999. David Hartley on Human Nature, Albany, NY: SUNY Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2001. “David Hartley’s New Words for Action: ‘Automatic’ and ‘Decomplex’,” Enlightenment and Dissent, 20: 1–22. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009. “David Hartley’s ‘Observations on the Progress to Happiness’ Discovered,” Enlightenment and Dissent, 25: 340–42. (Scholar)
  • Berrios, G. E., 2015. “David Hartley’s Views on Madness,” History of Psychiatry, 26: 105–16. doi: 10.1177/0957154x14562300 (Scholar)
  • Buckingham, Hugh W., and Stanley Finger, 1997. “David Hartley’s Psychological Associationism and the Legacy of Aristotle,” Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 6(1): 21–37. (Scholar)
  • D’Elia, Donald, 1970. “Benjamin Rush, David Hartley, and the Revolutionary Uses of Psychology,” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 114: 109–18. (Scholar)
  • Delkeskamp, Corinna, 1977. “Medicine, Science, and Moral Philosophy: David Hartley’s Attempt at Reconciliation,” Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 2: 162–76. (Scholar)
  • Fairchild, Hoxie N., 1947. “Hartley, Pistorius, and Coleridge,” PMLA, 62: 1010–21. (Scholar)
  • Ferg, Stephen, 1981. “Two Early Works by David Hartley,” Journal of the History of Philosophy, 19: 173–89. (Scholar)
  • Giuntini, Chiara, 1980. “Attrazione e Associazione: Hartley e le legge della natura umana,” Rivista di Filosophia, 71: 198–229. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1995. La Chimica della mente: associazone della idee e sceinze della natura umana da Locke e Spencer, Turin: Universita degli studi, Fondo di studi Parini-Chirio; Florence: Le Lettere. (Scholar)
  • Glassman, Robert B., and Hugh W. Buckingham, 2007. “David Hartley’s Neural Vibrations and Psychological Associations,” in Brain, Mind and Medicine: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Neuroscience, edited by Harry Whitaker, C.U.M. Smith, and Stanley Finger, 177–90, New York: Springer. (Scholar)
  • Harris, James A., 2002. “David Hartley (1705–1757),” British Philosophers, 1500–1799. Dictionary of Literary Biography, 252: 164–74. (Scholar)
  • Haven, Richard, 1959. “Coleridge, Hartley, and the Mystics,” Journal of the History of Ideas, 20: 477–89. (Scholar)
  • Hayden, John, 1984. “Wordsworth, Hartley, and the Revisionists,” Studies in Philology, 81: 94–118. (Scholar)
  • Hollander, Samuel, 2019. “C. A. Helvétius and David Hartley, Utilitarian Ethics, and the Moral Sense,” in S. Hollander, A History of Utilitarian Ethics: Studies in Private Motivation and Distributive Justice, 1700–1875, London: Routledge. (Scholar)
  • Kingston, Elizabeth Sarah, 2010. “‘The Language of Naked Facts’: Joseph Priestley on Language and Revealed Religion,” D. Phil. Dissertation, University of Sussex. (Scholar)
  • Koschorke, Albrecht, 1999. “Clusters of Ideas: Social Interdependence and Emotional Complexity in David Hartley’s Observations on Man and Adam Smith’s Theory of Moral Sentiments,” in Representations and Emotions, edited by Jürgen Schlager and Gesa Stedman, Tübingen: Gunther Narr, 113–24. (Scholar)
  • Knox-Shaw, Peter, 2011. “Coleridge, Hartley, and ‘The Nightingale’,” Review of English Studies, 62(255): 433–40. (Scholar)
  • Kramnick, Isaac, 1986. “Eighteenth-Century Science and Radical Social Theory: The Case of Joseph Priestley’s Scientific Liberalism,” Journal of British Studies, 25(1): 1–30. (Scholar)
  • Lamb, Jonathan, 1980. “Language and Hartleian Associationism in A Sentimental Journey,” Eighteenth-Century Studies, 13 (3): 285–312. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1982.“Hartley and Wordsworth: Philosophical Language and Figures of the Sublime,” Modern Language Notes, 97(5): 1064–85. (Scholar)
  • Langdon-Brown, Walter, 1941. “David Hartley: Physician and Philosopher,” Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine (Section of the History of Medicine), 34: 233–39. (Scholar)
  • Leslie, Margaret, 1972. “Mysticism Misunderstood: David Hartley and the Idea of Progress,” Journal of the History of Ideas, 33: 625–32. (Scholar)
  • Marsh, Robert, 1959a. “The Second Part of Hartley’s System,” Journal of the History of Ideas, 20: 264–73. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1959b. “Mechanism and Prescription in David Hartley’s Theory of Poetry,” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 17: 473–85. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1965. Four Dialectical Theories of Poetry: An Aspect of English Neoclassical Criticism, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Scholar)
  • Mischel, Theodore, 2006. “‘Emotion’and ‘Motivation’ in the Development of English Psychology: D. Hartley, James Mill, A. Bain,” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 2(2): 123–44. (Scholar)
  • Nowka, Scott, 2007. “Materialism and Feminism in Mary Hays’s Memoirs of Emma Courtney,” European Romantic Review, 18: 521–40. (Scholar)
  • Oberg, Barbara Bowen, 1976. “David Hartley and the Association of Ideas,” Journal of the History of Ideas, 37: 441–54. (Scholar)
  • Paley, Morton L., 1999. Portraits of Coleridge, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Patey, Douglas Lane, 1986. “Johnson’s Refutation of Berkeley: Kicking the Stone Again,” Journal of the History of Ideas, 47(1): 139–45. (Scholar)
  • Rogers, Kathleen Béres, 2018. “The Monstrous Idea in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein,” Literature and Medicine, 36(2): 356–71. doi:10.1353/lm.2018.0018 (Scholar)
  • Smith, C. U. M., 1987. “David Hartley’s Newtonian Neuropsychology,” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 23: 123–36. (Scholar)
  • Spadafora, David, 1990. The Idea of Progress in Eighteenth Century Britain, New Haven: Yale University Press. (Scholar)
  • Stigler, Stephen, 1983. “Who Discovered Bayes’s Theorem?” American Statistician, 37(4): 290–97. (Scholar)
  • Sturm, Thomas, 2014. “Analytic and Synthetic Method in the Human Sciences: A Hope that Failed,” in Ideologies of Epistemology in Early Modern Europe, T. Demeter, K. Murphy, and C. Zittel (eds.), Leiden: Brill, 275–305. (Scholar)
  • Sutton, John, 1998. Philosophy and Memory Traces: Descartes to Connectionism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. (Scholar)
  • Tate, Gregory, 2012. The Poet’s Mind: The Psychology of Victorian Poetry, 1830–1870, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Thébert, Angélique, 2014. “David Hartley: Vibrations, Associations, Actions,” Dix-huitième siècle, 46(1): 417–38. doi:10.3917/dhs.046.0417 (Scholar)
  • Valentine, E. R., 1989.“Neural Nets: From Hartley and Hebb to Hinton,” Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 33(3): 348–57. (Scholar)
  • Verhave, Thom, 1973. “David Hartley: The Mind’s Road to God,” Introduction to David Hartley, Hartley’s Theory of the Human Mind, a reprint of Hartley 1775. (Scholar)
  • Wade, N. J., 2005. “The Persisting Vision of David Hartley,” Perception, 34: 1–6. (Scholar)
  • Walsh, Richard T.G., 2017. “David Hartley’s Enlightenment Psychology: From Association to Sympathy, Theopathy, and Moral Sensibility,” Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 37(1): 48–63. (Scholar)
  • Warren, Howard C., 1921. A History of the Association Psychology, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. (Scholar)
  • Webb, Martha Ellen, 1988. “A New History of David Hartley’s Observations on Man,” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 24(2): 202–11. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1989. “The Early Medical Studies and Practice of Dr. David Hartley,” Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 63: 618–36. (Scholar)
  • Webb, R. K., 1998. “Perspectives on David Hartley,” Enlightenment and Dissent, 17: 17–47. (Scholar)
  • Wells, Joan, 1982. “The Psychology of David Hartley and the Root Metaphor of Mechanism,” Journal of Mind and Behavior, 3(3–4): 259–74. (Scholar)

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