Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Solomon Ibn Gabirol [Avicebron]" by Sarah Pessin

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Works by Ibn Gabirol

Fons Vitae. Original 11th century Arabic text

  • For Arabic fragments of Fons Vitae, see main bibliography: Pines 1958/77 and Fenton 1976. (Scholar)

Fons Vitae. 12th century Latin translation (and translations of the Latin translation)

  • 1892. Avencebrolis (Ibn Gabirol) Fons Vitae, ex Arabico in Latinum Translatus ab Johanne Hispano et Dominico Gundissalino, edited by Baeumker. Münster. In Beiträge zur Geschichte der Philosophie des Mittelalters, Texte und Untersuchungen, edited by Baeumker and Hertling. Münster.
    Contains the Latin text of the Fons Vitae as translated from Arabic in the 12th century by Dominicus Gundissalinus and John of Spain
  • 1950. La source de vie; livre III, translated with commentary by Fernand Brunner. Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin.
    French translation of book three of the Fons Vitae, with commentary by Brunner.
  • 1954. Fountain of Life, translated by A. B. Jacob. Philadelphia.
    This is a full English translation of the Fons Vitae, but its idiosyncratic terminology greatly obscures philosophical points in the text (e.g. matter and form are translated as “material and structure”).
  • 1962. Ozar Ha-Mahshavah shel Ha-Yahadut, edited by Abraham Sifroni. Israel: Mosad Ha-Rav Kuk.
    This volume includes a contemporary Hebrew translation by Blovstein of the Latin Baeumker text (see pp. 3–432): Rabbi Shlomo ben Gabirol, Sefer Meqor Hayyim, translated [into Hebrew from Latin] by Yaakov Blovstein.
  • 1962/2008. The Fountain of Life, (Book 3), translated by Henry E. Wedeck. New York: Philosophical Library. [Reprinted as Solomon Ibn Gabirol, The Fountain of Life. Bibliobazaar, 2008.]

Fons Vitae. 13th century Hebrew translation (and translations of the Hebrew translation)

  • 1853/1955. Extraits de la source de vie de Salomon Ibn Gebirol. In Solomon Munk, Mélanges de Philosophie Juive et Arabe. Paris: Chez A. Franck, Libraire. (Reprinted Paris, 1955).
    Contains text of Falaquera's 13th century Hebrew summary of the Fons Vitae, as well as Munk's French translation and commentary. (Scholar)
  • 1962. Ozar Ha-Mahshavah shel Ha-Yahadut, edited by Abraham Sifroni. Israel: Mosad Ha-Rav Kuk.
    The volume includes Shem Tov ibn Falaquera's 13th century Hebrew summary translation of the original Arabic text; see pp. 433–532.
  • 2001. Shelomoh ibn Gabirol, Fons Vitae, by Roberto Gatti. Genova: Il Melangolo.
    A new edition of Falaquera's 13th century Hebrew summary of the Fons Vitae (based on new manuscripts not used by Munk) and Italian translation. (Scholar)
  • 2008. “Solomon Ibn Gabirol and Shem Tov b. Joseph Falaquera, Excerpts from ‘The Source of Life’ ”, in Medieval Jewish Philosophical Writings, edited by Charles Manekin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 23–87.
    English translation of selections of Falaquera's Hebrew excerpts by Charles Manekin. (Scholar)

The Choice of Pearls/Mivhar ha-Peninim

  • 1484. Mibhar ha-Peninim (Choice of Pearls: Maxims, Proverbs, and Moral Reflections) [microform]. Soncino (Italian books before 1601); roll 352, item 5; Cambridge, Mass., General Microfilm Co. (Scholar)
  • 1925. Solomon Ibn Gabirol's Choice of Pearls (Library of Jewish Classics, Volume IV), translated from the Hebrew with introduction and annotation, A. Cohen (trans.). New York: Bloch Publishing Co., Inc., 1925.
  • 1947. Sefer Mivhar ha-Peninim. A. Habermann, (ed.), Jerusalem: Sifriyat haPo'alim.

Book on the Improvement of the Moral Qualities of the Soul

  • 1962. Ozar Ha-Mahshavah shel Ha-Yahadut, edited by Abraham Sifroni. Israel: Mosad Ha-Rav Kuk.
    Contains contemporary Hebrew translation by Bar-On of the Arabic text; see second half of the volume after p. 549 (i.e. after the Blovstein and the Falaquera Hebrew translations of Fons Vitae), pagination starts again from p. 1; see pp. 1–112. Also contains Hebrew translation of Ibn Tibbon; see third section of the volume after the Bar-On translation; pagination starts again from p. 1; see pp. 1–85.
  • 1966. The Improvement of the Moral Qualities, Columbia University Oriental Studies, Vol. I, Stephen S. Wise (trans.). New York: AMS Press.
    Arabic text and English translation of Gabirol's Sefer Tiqun Midot ha-Nefesh

Hebrew Poetry Editions

(Note: For some editions of Ibn Gabirol's poetry in English translation, see main bibliography: Cole 2001, Gluck 2003, Lewis 1961, Scheindlin 1986 and 1991.)

  • Bialik and Ravnitsky, eds. 1924/1925. Shirei Shlomo ben Yehudah Ibn Gevirol, Vol. I–II (Shirei Hol). Tel Aviv; Berlin: Dwir-Verlags-Gesellschaft. (Scholar)
  • Schirmann, Y., ed. 1967. Ibn Gabirol: Shirim Nivharim. Jerusalem; Tel Aviv: Schocken. (Scholar)
  • Yarden, Dov, ed. 1975. Shirei ha-Hol le-Rabbi Shlomo Ibn Gevirol. Jerusalem: Kiryat Noar. (Scholar)

Some Related Primary Texts

  • al-Shahrastânî (Abu’ l-Fath Muhammad). 1923. Kitâb al-Milal wal-Nihal (Book of Religious and Philosophical Sects), Part II, edited by W. Cureton (Leipzig), pp. 260–65. [This is a reprint of 1846 edition; also see 2002 reprint: The Book of Religious and Philosophical Sects, Al-Shahrastani. Edited by W. Cureton. Piscataway: Gorgias Press]. (Scholar)
  • Plotinus. The Enneads, translated with notes by A.H. Armstrong. The Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1966.
  • Plotinus, Die sogenannte Theologie des Aristoteles: aus arabischen Handschriften (Theology of Aristotle), F. Dieterici (ed.), Leipzig, 1882. [Reprint: Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1965.]
  • Proclus. Liber de Causis (The Book of Causes)/ (in Arabic: kalâm fî mahd al-khayr / Discourse on Pure Goodness)
    • Bardenhewer, Otto, (ed.). Die pseudo-aristotelische Schrift Ueber das reine gute: bekannt unter dem Namen Liber De Causis [Arabic text]. Freiberg-im-Breisgau: Herder, 1882 / Frankfurt am Main: Minerva, 1957. (Scholar)
    • Badawi, A (ed.). Liber (Pseudo-Aristotelis) de expositione bonitatis purae. In Neoplatonici apud Arabes. Islamica 19 [Arabic text]. Cairo, 1955; pp. 1–33.
    • St. Thomas Aquinas' Commentary on the Book of Causes, translated and annotated by Vincent A. Guagliardo, Charles Hess, and Richard C. Taylor. Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 1996.
  • Proclus, De Philosophia Chaldaica:
    • 1971. De Philosophia Chaldaica, ed. É. des Places. Paris (Oracles Chaldaïques, text établi et traduit, pp. 202–12) (Scholar)
    • 1988. The exhortation to philosophy. Including the Letters of Iamblichus and Proclus' commentary on the Chaldean oracles. Iamblichus, Johnson, T. M., Neuville, S., & Proclus. [EST: De philosophia Chaldaica <engl.>]. Grand Rapids, Mich: Phanes Press.
  • Simplicius, 1882. Simplicii in Aristotelis Physicorum libros quattuor priores commentaria, edited by Herman Diels. Berlin. (Scholar)

Secondary Literature

  • Altmann, Alexander. 1979. “Creation and Emanation in Isaac Israeli: A Reappraisal,” Studies in Medieval Jewish History and Literature, 1: 1–15. (Scholar)
  • Altmann, Alexander, and Stern, S. M. 1958/2009. Isaac Israeli. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Reprinted 2009 by University of Chicago Press.] (Scholar)
  • Asín-Palacios, Miguel. 1978. The Mystical Philosophy of Ibn Masarra and his Followers. Leiden: E. J. Brill. (Scholar)
  • Bargebuhr, Frederick P. 1976. Salomo Ibn Gabirol, Ostwestliches Dichtertum. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. (Scholar)
  • Brunner, Fernand. 1965. Platonisme et aristotélisme—la critique d'Ibn Gabirol par St. Thomas d'Aquin. Louvain: Publications universitaires de Louvain. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1956 / 1997. “La doctrine de la matière chez Avicébron,” Revue de Théologie et de Philosophie, trois. série, 6: 261—79. Reprinted in Fernand Brunner, Métaphysique d'Ibn Gabirol et de la tradition platonicienne. Great Britain; USA: Ashgate, Variorum.
  • –––. 1965. Platonisme et Aristotélisme: la critique d'Ibn Gabirol par Saint Thomas D'Aquin. Louvain: Publications Universitaires de Louvain. (Scholar)
  • –––. Fernand Brunner, Métaphysique d'Ibn Gabirol et de la tradition platonicienne. Great Britain; USA: Ashgate, Variorum.
  • Cole, Peter. 2007. The Dream of the Poem: Hebrew Poetry from Muslim and Christian Spain, 950–1492. Lockert Library of Poetry in Translation. Princeton: Princeton University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––. 2001. Selected Poems of Solomon Ibn Gabirol. Princeton University Press. (Scholar)
  • Crowley, Theodore. 1950. Roger Bacon: The Problem of the Soul in his Philosophical Commentaries. Louvain; Dublin: James Duffy and Co., Ltd. (Scholar)
  • Damascius. 1889. Dubitationes et Solutiones, C. É. Ruelle (ed.), Paris: Klincksieck. (Scholar)
  • Davidson, Herbert A. 1992. Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes on Intellect: Their Cosmologies, Theories of the Active Intellect and Theories of Human Intellect. Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1972. “Alfarabi and Avicenna on the Active Intellect,” Viator, 3: 109–78. (Scholar)
  • Dillon, John. 1992. “Solomon Ibn Gabirol's Doctrine of Intelligible Matter,” in L. Goodman (ed.), Neoplatonism and Jewish Thought, pp. 43–59. Albany: SUNY Press. (Scholar)
  • Fenton, Paul. 1976. “Gleanings from Môseh Ibn ‘Ezra's Maqâlat al-Hadîqa,” Sefarad, 36: 285–298. (Scholar)
  • –––. Philosophie et exégèse dans le Jardin de la méthaphore [sic] de Moïse IbnʻEzra, philosophe et poète andalou du XIIe siècle. Leiden; New York: Brill.
  • Friedlaender, M. 1877. Essays on the Writings of Abraham Ibn Ezra. London. [Reprinted: Jerusalem, 1964].
    Contains (in Hebrew) Abraham ibn Ezra's recounted version of Gabirol's commentary on Genesis. (Scholar)
  • Frank, Daniel H. 1998. “Ibn Gabirol, Solomon (1021/2–57/8),” s.v. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Version 1.0. London and New York: Routledge. (Scholar)
  • Gersh, Stephen. 1978. From Iamblichus to Eriugena: An Investigation of the Prehistory and Evolution of the Pseudo-Dionysian Tradition. Leiden: E.J. Brill. (Scholar)
  • Gibb, H.A.R., et al. (ed.), 1954. “anbaduklîs,” s.v. Encyclopedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume I, pp. 483–4. Leiden: Brill
  • –––, 1954. hayûlâ,” s.v. Encyclopedia of Islam, New Edition, Leiden: Brill.
  • –––, 1954. “Kursî,” s.v. Encyclopedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume V, p. 509, Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • Gilson, Etienne. 1955. History of Christian Philosophy in the Middle Ages, New York: Random House. (Scholar)
  • Gluck, Andrew. 2003. The Kingly Crown, Keter Malkhut, translation and notes by Bernard Lewis. Indiana: University of Notre Dame. (Scholar)
  • Gracia and Newton. 2010. “Medieval Theories of the Categories,” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2010 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <>. (Scholar)
  • Guttmann, Julius. 1973. Philosophies of Judaism: A History of Jewish Philosophy from Biblical Times to Franz Rosenzweig. New York: Schocken Books. (Scholar)
  • Heller-Wilensky, Sara O. 1967. “Isaac Ibn Latif—Philosopher or Kabbalist,” in Jewish Medieval and Renaissance Studies, edited by Alexander Altmann. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. (Scholar)
  • Husik, Isaac. 1916/1958. A History of Medieval Jewish Philosophy. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society of America. (Scholar)
  • Idel, Moshe. 1982. “Ha-sefirot she-me‘al ha-sefirot: lahkor meqorotehem shel rishone he-mequbalim,” Tarbiz 51, pp. 239–280. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1992. “Jewish Kabbalah and Platonism in the Middle Ages and Renaissance,” in L. E. Goodman, (ed.), Neoplatonism and Jewish Thought, pp. 319–51. Albany: SUNY Press. (Scholar)
  • Ikhwân as-safâ’ (Brethren of Purity). 1928. Rasâ’il Ikhwân as-safâ’. Volume 2. Cairo. (Scholar)
  • Karamanolis, George E. 2006. Plato and Aristotle in Agreement?: Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry. Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Kaufmann, David. 1877/1964. “Ha-Pseudo Empedocles ka-Mekor le-R’ Shlomo ibn Gabirol,” Mehkarim ba-Sifrut ha-Ivrit, pp. 78–164, Jerusalem: Mosad Ha-Ruv Kuk. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1880. Die Spuren al-Batlajûsi's, Studien Über Salomon ibn Gabirol and Die Sinne, Budapest. [Reprint with an introduction by Louis Jacobs: London: Gregg International Publishers Ltd., 1972.] (Scholar)
  • –––. 1899. Studien über Salomon Ibn Gabirol (Jahresberichte der Landes-Rabbinerschule zu Budapest für das Schuljahr 1898/99). Budapest. [Reprint: New York : Arno Press, 1980] (Scholar)
  • Lewis, Bernard, tr., 1961. Solomon ibn Gabirol: The Kingly Crown. London: Vallentine, Mitchell. [See edition of Gluck 2003]. (Scholar)
  • Liebes, Yehudah. 1987. “Sefer Yezirah ezel R. Shlomo Ibn Gevirol u-perush ha-shir ‘Ahavtikha.” In The Beginnings of Jewish Mysticism in Medieval Europe, edited by J. Dan. [Also In Jerusalem Studies in Jewish Thought 6: 73–123.] (Scholar)
  • Loewe, Raphael. 1989. Ibn Gabirol. London: Peter Halban. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1979. “Ibn Gabirol's Treatment of Sources in the Kether Malkhuth,” in Studies in Jewish Religious and Intellectual History (Presented to Alexander Altmann on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday), edited by S. Stein and R. Loewe, pp. 183–194. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press. (Scholar)
  • Mathis II, C. K. 1992. “Parallel Structures in the Metaphysics of Iamblichus and Ibn Gabirol,” in L. E. Goodman, Ed. Neoplatonism and Jewish Thought, pp. 61–76. Albany: SUNY Press. (Scholar)
  • Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. 1993. An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines. Albany: State University of New York Press. (Scholar)
  • Pessin, Sarah. 2003. “Jewish Neoplatonism: Being Above Being and Divine Emanation in Solomon Ibn Gabirol and Isaac Israeli,” in Cambridge Companion to Medieval Jewish Philosophy, edited by Dan Frank and Oliver Leaman, pp. 91–110. Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––. 2004. “Loss, Presence, and Gabirol's Desire: Medieval Jewish Philosophy and the Possibility of a Feminist Ground,” in Women and Gender in Jewish Philosophy, edited by Hava Tirosh-Samuelson, pp. 27–50. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––. 2005a. “The Manifest Image: Revealing the Hidden in Halevi, Saadya and Gabirol,” in History of Platonism: Plato Redivivus, edited by John Finamore and Robert Berchman, pp. 253–270. New Orleans: University Press of the South. (Scholar)
  • –––. 2005b. “The Influence of Islamic Thought on Maimonides,” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2005 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <>. (Scholar)
  • –––. 2009. “Matter, Form and the Corporeal World,” in The Cambridge History of Jewish Philosophy: From Antiquity to the Seventeenth Century, edited by Tamar Rudavsky and Steven Nadler, pp. 269–301. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Peters, F. E. 1967. “Avicebron (Ibn Gabirol, Solomon ben Judah),” s.v. New Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 1, p. 1130. [New York: McGraw-Hill] (Scholar)
  • Pines, S. 1955. “A Tenth Century Philosophical Correspondence,” Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research, 24, pp. 103–136. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1958/1977. “Sefer ‘Arûgat ha-Bôsem: ha-Qeta‘im mi-tôkh Sêfer ‘Meqôr Hayyîm’,” Tarbiz 27. [Reprinted in Shlomo Pines, Bêyn Mahshevet Yisrôel le-Mahshevet ha-‘Amîm: Mehkarîm be-Tôldôt ha-Fîlôsôfiya ha-Yehûdit (Bialik: Jerusalem, 1977), pp. 44–60 [in Hebrew]. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1977a. “ha-’im dîber Shlômô Ibn Gabîrôl sarah al ha-ûma?,” in Bêyn Mahshevet Yisrôel le-Mahshevet ha-‘Amîm: Mehkarîm be-Tôldôt ha-Fîlôsôfiya ha-Yehûdit (Bialik: Jerusalem, 1977), pp. 61–7 [in Hebrew].
  • –––. 1980. “Ve-qara el ha-Ayin ve-Nivqa,Tarbiz, 50: 339–47. (Scholar)
  • Rudavksy, T. M. 1978. “Conflicting Motifs: Ibn Gabirol on Matter and Evil.” The New Scholasticism, 52 (1): 54–71. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1991. “Ibn Gabirol (Avicebron or Avicebrol),” s.v. Dictionary of Literary Biography (Medieval Volume, Vol. 115), pp. 248–252. Detroit: Gale. (Scholar)
  • Samuelson, Norbert. 1987. “Ibn Gabirol, Shelomoh,” s.v. The Encyclopedia of Religion, edited by Mircea Eliade. New York: The MacMillan Publishing Co. (Scholar)
  • Schechter, Solomon. 1909/1961. Aspects of Rabbinic Theology: Major Concepts of the Talmud. New York: Schocken Books. (Scholar)
  • Scheindlin, Raymond. 1986. Wine, Women and Death: Medieval Hebrew Poems on the Good Life. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1991. The Gazelle: Medieval Hebrew Poems on God, Israel, and the Soul. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society. (Scholar)
  • Schirmann-Fleischer. 1995. The History of Hebrew Poetry in Muslim Spain. Jerusalem: Magnes and Ben-Zvi. (Scholar)
  • Schlanger, Jacques. 1965. “Sur le role du ‘tout’ dans la création selon Ibn Gabirol,” Revue des Études Juives, Vol. IV: 125–35. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1968. Le philosophie de Salomon Ibn Gabirol. Leiden: E.J. Brill. (Scholar)
  • Scholem, G. 1939. “Iqvatov shel Gevirol ba-Qabbalah.” In E. Steiman and A.A. Kovak, Eds. Measef Sofrei Eretz Yisroel, pp. 160–78. Tel Aviv. (Scholar)
  • Sharp, D. E. 1930. Franciscan Philosophy at Oxford in the Thirteenth Century. London: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Skolnik, Fred (ed.). 1996. “Merkabah Mysticism,” in Encyclopaedia Judaica (1996 edition). Jerusalem: Keter Publishing House. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1996. “Shekhina,” in Encyclopaedia Judaica (1996 edition). Jerusalem: Keter Publishing House. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1996. “Throne of God,” in Encyclopaedia Judaica (1996 edition). Jerusalem: Keter Publishing House. (Scholar)
  • Sirat, Colette. 1985. A History of Jewish Philosophy in the Middle Ages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Stern, S. M. 1983a. “Ibn Hasday's Neoplatonist,” reprinted in F.W. Zimmerman ed. Medieval Arabic and Hebrew Thought. London: Variorum Reprints, pp. 58–120. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1983b. “Ibn Masarra—A Myth?” reprinted in F.W. Zimmerman ed. Medieval Arabic and Hebrew Thought. London: Variorum Reprints. (Scholar)
  • Taylor, Richard C. 1979. “St. Thomas and the Liber de causis on the Hylomorphic Composition of Separate Substances,” Mediaeval Studies XLI, pp. 506–13. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1981. The Liber de Causis (Kalâm fî mahd al-khair): A Study of Medieval Neoplatonism. Doctoral Thesis, University of Toronto. (Scholar)
  • Tanenbaum, Adena. 1996. “Nine Spheres or Ten? A Medieval Gloss on Moses Ibn Ezra's ‘Be-Shem El Asher Amar’,” Journal of Jewish Studies, Vol. XLVII, No. 2, pp. 294–303. (Scholar)
  • Tzemah, Adi. 1985. Essay in Mehkarim bi-yetsirat Shelomoh Ibn Gevirol, edited by Zvi Malachi. Tel-Aviv: Mekhon Kats le-heker ha-sifrut ha-‘ivrit, Universitat Tel-Aviv. (Scholar)
  • Tzur, Reuven. 1985. “‘Ahavtikha ki-ahavat ish yehido’ li-Ibn Gevirol—Shir Philosophi o Philosophia be-haruzim?,” in Mehkarim bi-yetsirat Shelomoh Ibn Gevirol, edited by Zvi Malachi. Tel-Aviv: Mekhon Kats le-heker ha-sifrut ha-‘ivrit, Universitat Tel-Aviv. (Scholar)
  • Weisheipl, James A. 1979. “Albertus Magnus and Universal Hylomorphism: Avicebron,” in Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 10, pp. 239–260. (Scholar)
  • Wensinck, A. J. 1932. The Muslim Creed: Its Genesis and Historical Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Wolfson, Elliot R. 1990. “God, the Demiurge and the Intellect: On the Usage of the Word Kol in Abraham ibn Ezra,” Revue des Études Juives 149, pp. 77-111. (Scholar)
  • Wolfson, H. A. 1973. “The meaning of ex nihilo in Isaac Israeli,” reprinted in Studies in the History of Philosophy and Religion, Harry Austryn Wolfson, edited by Twersky and Williams, Vol I, pp. 222–33. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––. 1979. Repercussions of the Kalam in Jewish Philosophy. Mass.: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)

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