Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Ikhwân al-Safâ’" by Carmela Baffioni

This is an automatically generated and experimental page

If everything goes well, this page should display the bibliography of the aforementioned article as it appears in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, but with links added to PhilPapers records and Google Scholar for your convenience. Some bibliographies are not going to be represented correctly or fully up to date. In general, bibliographies of recent works are going to be much better linked than bibliographies of primary literature and older works. Entries with PhilPapers records have links on their titles. A green link indicates that the item is available online at least partially.

This experiment has been authorized by the editors of the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The original article and bibliography can be found here.

Texts

  • Rasâ’il Ikhwân al-Safâ’ wa Khullân al-Wafâ’, 1957, Mustafâ Ghâlib (ed.), Beirut: Dâr al-Sâdir, 4 vols. I indicate the volume, page(s) and line(s) of each quotation or reference; addings in square brackets. (Other eds.: Bombay 1887–89, 4 vols.; Khayr al-Dîn al-Ziriklî, Cairo 1928, 4 vols.; ‘Ârif Tâmir, Beirut – Paris 1995, 5 vols.). (Scholar)
  • Al-Risâla al-Jâmi‘a, Tâj Rasâ’il Ikhwân al-Safâ’ wa Khullân al-Wafâ’, 1949-51, Jamîl Salîbâ (ed.), Damascus: al-Majma‘ al-‘Ilmî al-‘Arabî; Al-Risâla al-Jâmi ‘a, Tâj Rasâ’il Ikhwân al-Safâ’ wa Khullân al-Wafâ’, 19842, Mustafâ Ghâlib (ed.), Beirut: Dâr al-Andalus.
  • Risâlat Jâmi‘a al-Jâmi‘a li-Ikhwân al-Safâ’ wa Khullân al-Wafâ’, 19702, ‘Ârif Tâmir (ed.), Beirut: Dâr Maktabat al-Hayât.

Translations

  • Albert Reyna, R.F., 1995, “La ‘Risâla fî mâhiyyat al-‘isq’ de las Rasâ’il Ijwân al-Safâ’,” Anaquel de Estudios Arabes, 6: 185–207. (Scholar)
  • Baffioni, C., 1989, L’Epistola degli Ihwan al-Safâ’ «Sulle opinioni e le religioni», Napoli: Istituto Universitario Orientale.
  • –––, 1994, Frammenti e testimonianze di autori antichi nelle Rasâ’il degli Ihwân al-Safâ’, Roma: Istituto Nazionale per la Storia antica. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2006, Appunti per un’epistemologia profetica. L’Epistola degli Ihwan al-Safâ’ «Sulle cause e gli effetti», Napoli: Istituto Universitario Orientale – Guida. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2010a, Epistles of the Brethren of Purity On Logic. An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistles 10–14, New York: Oxford University Press in Association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2012a, Epistles of the Brethren of Purity On the Natural Sciences. An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistles 15–21–, New York: Oxford University Press in Association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies. (Scholar)
  • Bonmariage C., 2008/2009, “De l'amitié et des frères: l’Épître 45 des Rasâ’il Ikhwân al-Safâ. Présentation et traduction annotée,” Bulletin d'Etudes Orientales, 58: 315–350 and 443–444. (Scholar)
  • de Callataÿ, G., 2003, “Ikhwân al-Safâ: des arts scientifiques et de leur objectif,” Le Muséon, 116: 231–258. (Scholar)
  • de Callataÿ, G., Halflants, B., 2011, Epistles of the Brethren of Purity On Magic. An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistle 52a, New York: Oxford University Press in Association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies. (Scholar)
  • Dieterici, F., 1969, Die Philosophie bei den Arabern im X. Jahrhundert n. Chr., Gesamtdarstellung und Quellenwerke, Hildesheim: Olms (repr. Leipzig: Hinrich, 1868, 1876, 1871, 1872). (Scholar)
  • Diwald, S., 1975, Arabische Philosophie und Wissenschaft in der Enzyklopädie. Kitab Ihwan as-safa (III). Die Lehre von Seele und Intellekt, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. (Scholar)
  • El-Bizri, Nader, 2012, On Arithmetic and Geometry. An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistles 1 & 2, New York: Oxford University Press in Association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies. (Scholar)
  • Gautier Dalché, P., 1988, “Epistola Fratrum Sincerorum in Cosmographia: une traduction latine inédite de la quatrième Risâla des Ihwân al-Safâ’,” Revue d’histoire des textes, 18: 137–167. (Scholar)
  • Giese, A., 1990, Ihwân as-Safâ’, Mensch und Tier vor dem König der Dschinnen, Hamburg: Meiner. (Scholar)
  • Goldstein, B.R., 1964, “A Treatise on the Number Theory from a Tenth-century Arabic Source,” Centaurus, 10: 129–160. (Scholar)
  • Goodman, L.E., 1978, The Case of Animals versus Man before the King of the Jinn: A Tenth-century Ecological Fable of the Pure Brethren of Basra, Boston: Twayne Publishers. (Scholar)
  • Goodman, L.E., McGregor, R., 2010, The Case of Animal versus Man Before the King of the Jinn. An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistles 22, New York: Oxford University Press in Association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies. (Scholar)
  • Ikhwân al-Safâ’, 1996, Les révolution set les cycles (Épîtres des Frères de la Pureté, XXXVI), Traduction de l’arabe, introduction, notes et lexique par G. de Callataÿ, (Sagesses musulmanes, 3), Beyrouth – Louvain-la-Neuve: Al-Bouraq – Academia-Bruylant. (Scholar)
  • Lizzini, O., 2009, L'angelologia nelle epistole dei Fratelli della purezza: l'esempio della natura, in G. Agamben, E. Coccia eds., Angeli. Ebraismo Cristianesimo Islam, Milano: Neri Pozza, pp. 1965–2012. (Scholar)
  • Michot, J., 1974–75, “L’épître de la résurrection des Ikhwân al-Safâ’,” Bulletin de Philosophie Médiévale, 16–17: 114–148.
  • Jamil Ragep, F., Mimura, T., 2015, On Astronomia. An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistle 3, New York: Oxford University Press in Association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies. (Scholar)
  • van Reijn, E., 1995, The Epistles of the Sincere Brethren (Rasa’il Ikhwan al-Safa’): An Annotated Translation of Epistles 43 to 47, Montreux: Minerva Press. (Scholar)
  • Sánchez, I., Mongomery, J., 2014, On Geography. An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistle 4, New York: Oxford University Press in Association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies. (Scholar)
  • Shiloah, Amnon, 1964, “L’épître sur la musique des Ikhwân al-Safâ’,” Revue des Etudes islamiques, 32: 125–162.
  • –––, 1966, “L’épître sur la musique des Ikhwân al-Safâ’,” Revue des Etudes islamiques, 34: 159–193.
  • Tornero Poveda, É., 2006, La disputa entre los animales y el hombre/Ijwân al-Safâ’, Madrid: Siruela. (Scholar)
  • Walker, P.E. et al., 2015, Sciences of the Soul and Intellect Part I. An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistles 32–36, New York: Oxford University Press in Association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies. (Scholar)
  • Wright, O., 2010, Epistles of the Brethren of Purity On Music. An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistle 5, New York: Oxford University Press in Association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies. (Scholar)
  • Yusufji, D.H., 1943, “The Forty-third Treatise of the Ikhwân al-Safâ’,” Muslim World, 33: 39–49. (Scholar)

Select literature

  • Albert Reyna, R.F., 2007, Humanismo islámico: una antropología de las Epístolas de los Hermanos de la Pureza, Ibrahîm Albert Reyna, Almodovar del Río: Junta Islamica, Centro de Documentación y Publicaciones. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, “El concepto de lenguaje en las Epístolas de los Hermanos de la Pureza,” Anaquel de Estudios Arabes, 20: 5–17. (Scholar)
  • Baffioni, C., 2001, “Frammenti e testimonianze platoniche nelle Rasâ’il degli Ikhwân al-Safâ’,” in Autori classici in lingue del Vicino e Medio Oriente, G. Fiaccadori (ed.), Roma: Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, pp. 163–178. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2008, L'influence des Ikhwân al-Safâ’ sur la minéralogie de Hamîd al-Dîn al-Kirmânî, in G. de Callataÿ, B. Van den Abeele eds., Une lumière venue d’ailleurs. Héritages et ouvertures dans les encyclopédies d’Orient et d’Occident au Moyen Age, Actes du colloque de Louvain-la-Neuve, 19-21 mai 2005, Louvain-la-Neuve: Brepols, pp. 31–47. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, Le monde végétal dans la Râhat al-‘aql de Hamîd al-Dîn al-Kirmânî et l'influence des Ikhwân al-Safâ’, in A. Paravicini Bagliani (ed.), Le monde végétal. Médicine, botanique, symbolique, Tavernuzze-Impruneta (Firenze): SISMEL-Edizioni del Galluzzo, pp. 63–75. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2010b, La science des pierres précieuses dans l'Épître des Ikhwân al-Safâ’: entre les catalogues encyclopédiques et le commentaire philosophique, in J. Thomasset, J. Ducos, J.-P. Chambon eds., Aux origines de la géologie de l’Antiquité au Moyen Âge, Actes du Colloque International 10–12 mars 2005, Paris Sorbonne (Paris IV), Paris: Honoré Champion, pp. 75–90. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2011a, Ibdâ‘, Divine Imperative and Prophecy in the Rasâ’il Ikhwân al-Safâ’, in O. Ali-de-Unzaga ed., Fortesses of the Intellect. Ismaili and Other Islamic Studies in Honour of Farhad Daftary, London-New York: I.B. Tauris Publishers in Association with the Institute of the Ismaili Studies, pp. 213–226. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2011b, “Eléments platoniciens et néo-platoniciens de la représentation d'Adam dans la Jâmi'a al-Jâmi'a,” in P. Arfé et al. ed., Adorare coelestia, gubernare terrena. International conference in honour of Paolo Lucentini, Naples 6–7 november 2007 (Instrumenta Patristica et medievalia, 58), Brepols: Turnhout, pp. 99–111. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2012b, “La figure d'Adam dans la Jâmi'a al-Jâmi'a,” in A. Paravicini Bagliani (ed.), Adam, le premier homme, Tavernuzze – Impruneta (Firenze): SISMEL – Edizioni del Galluzzo, pp. 115–134. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2013a, “Le Role of the Divine Imperative (amr) in the Ikhwân al-Safâ’ and Related Works,” Ishraq. Edjegodnik islamskoj filosofii (Moskva), 4: 46–70. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2013b, “Nâsir-i Khosrow, translator of the Ikhwân al-Safâ’?,” in V. Klemm et al. ed., Sources and Approaches across Disciplines in Near Eastern Studies Proceedings of the 24th Congress, Union Européenne des Arabisants et des Islamisants (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta, 215), Leuven – Paris – Walpole, MA: Peeters en Departement Oosterse Studies, pp. 319–331. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2013c, “The Terms Ibdâ‘, al-Mubda' al-Awwal, and Mubda'ât in the Rasâ'il Ikhwân al-Safâ’”, in P. Fodor et al. ed., More Modoque. Die Wurzeln der europaischen Kultur und deren Rezeption im Orient und Okzident. Festschrift fur Miklos Maroth zum siebzigsten Guburtstag, Budapest: Forschungen fur Humanwissenschaften der Ungarischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. 293–311. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2014, “Epistle 48 of the Ikhwân al-Safâ’ and their Ismâ'îli Commitment,” in I. Lindstedt et al. (eds.), Case Studies in Transmission (The Intellectual Heritage of Ancient and Mediaeval Near East, 1), Münster: Ugarit Verlag, pp. 11–21. (Scholar)
  • Bausani, A., 1978, L’enciclopedia dei Fratelli della Purità. Riassunto, con Introduzione e breve commento, dei 52 Trattati o Epistole degli Ikhwân as-safa’, Napoli: Istituto Universitario Orientale.
  • de Callataÿ, G., 2005, Ikhwan al-Safa’. A Brotherhood of Idealists on the Fringe of Orthodox Islam, Oxford: Onerowrld. (Scholar)
  • Carusi, P., 2000, “Le traité alchimique Rutbat al-hakîm. Quelques notes sur son introduction,” Appendix to “Alchimia islamica e religione: la legittimazione difficile di una scienza della natura,” in Religion versus Science in Islam: a Medieval and Modern Debate, C. Baffioni (ed.), Oriente Moderno, 80: 491–502. (Scholar)
  • Casanova, P., 1915, “Une date astronomique dans les Epîtres des Ikhwân as-Safa’,” Journal Asiatique, 5: 5–17. (Scholar)
  • Corbin, H., 1950, “Rituel sabéen et exégèse du rituel,” Eranos Jahrbuch, 19: 181–246. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1964, Histoire de la philosophie islamique, I. Des origines jusqu’à la mort d’Averroës, avec la collaboration de Seyyed Hosseïn Nasr et Osman Yahya, Paris: Gallimard. (Scholar)
  • Daftary, F., 2007, The Isma‘ilis. Their history and doctrines, Second Edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2004, Ismaili Literature, London: Tauris in Association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies. (Scholar)
  • D’Ancona Costa, C., 1996, La casa della sapienza. La trasmissione della metafisica greca e la formazione della filosofia araba, Milano: Guerini e Associati. (Scholar)
  • Darraz, Muhd Abdallah, 2012, “Islamic eco-cosmology in Ikhwân al-Safâ’s view,” Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 2(1): 133–161. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2008, World Cycles and Geological Changes According to the Brethern of Purity, in P. Adamson ed., In the Age of al-Fârâbî: Arabic Philosophy in the Fourth/Tenth Century, London-Turin: The Warburg Institute-Nino Aragno Editore, pp. 179-193. (Scholar)
  • De Smet, D., 1999, “Le soleil, roi du ciel, dans la théologie astrale des Frères de la Pureté (Ihwân as-Safâ’),” in Le ciel dans les civilisations orientales – Heaven in the Oriental civilizations, Acta Orientalia Belgica, 12: 151–160. (Scholar)
  • El-Bizri, N. (ed.), 2008, The Ikhwân al-Safâ’ and their Rasâ’il, New York: Oxford University Press in Association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies. (Scholar)
  • Farhan, Mohammed Jalub, 1999, “Philosophy of mathematics of Ikhwân al-Safa [sic],” Journal of Islamic Science [Aligarh], 15 (1–2): 25–53. (Scholar)
  • Fierro, M., 1996, “Bâtinism in al-Andalus. Maslama b. Qâsim al-Qurtubî (d.353/964), author of the Rutbat al-Hakîm and the Ghâyat al-Hakîm (Picatrix)”, Studia Islamica, 84(2): 87–109. (Scholar)
  • Gobillot, G., 2013, “L'éthique des Ikhwân al-Safâ’ dans son rapport au Coran,” in M.A. Amir-Moezzi ed., Islam: identité et altérité. Hommage à Guy Monnôt, o.p., Brepols: Turnhout, pp. 197–245. (Scholar)
  • Goldziher, I., 1910, “Über die Benennung der ”Ichwan al-safa“,” Der Islam, 1: 22–26. (Scholar)
  • Hamdani, Abbas, 1978, “Abu Hayyan al-Tawhidi and the Brethren of Purity,” International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 9(3): 345–353. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1979, “An Early Fatimid source on the time and authorship of the Rasâ’il Ikhwân al-Safâ’,” Arabica, 26: 62-75. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1996, “A Critique of Paul Casanova's Dating of the Rasâ’il Ikhwân al-Safâ’,” in Medieval Isma‘ili History and Thought, F. Daftary (ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 145–152. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999, “Brethren of Purity, a Secret Society for the Establishment of the Fatimid Caliphate: New Evidence for the Early Dating of their Enciclopædia,” in L’Egypte fatimide son art et son histoire, M. Barrucand (ed.), Paris: Presses de l’Université Paris-Sorbonne, pp. 73–82. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2008, The Arrangement of the Rasâ’il Ikhwân al-Safâ’ and the Problem of Interpolations, in El-Bizri, N. ed., The Ikhwân al-Safâ’ and their Rasâ’il, New York: Oxford University Press in Association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies, pp. 83–100. (Scholar)
  • Heck, P.L., 2008, Doubts about the Religious Community (Milla) in al-Fârâbî and the Brethren of Purity, in P. Adamson ed., In the Age of al-Fârâbî: Arabic Philosophy in the Fourth/Tenth Century, London-Turin: The Warburg Institute-Nino Aragno Editore, pp. 195-213. (Scholar)
  • Hijab, Muhammad Farid, 1982, Al-falsafa al-siyasiyya ‘inda Ikhwân al-Safâ’, s.l.: Al-hay’a al-misriyya al-‘amma li ’l-kitab. (Scholar)
  • Kraemer, J. L., 1986, Philosophy in the Renaissance of Islam. Abû Sulaymân al-Sijistânî and his Circle, Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1987, “The jihad of the falasifa,” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam, 10: 288–324. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1992, Humanism in the Renaissance of Islam. The Cultural Revival during the Buyid Age, Leiden-New York-Köln: Brill. (Scholar)
  • Kraus, P., 1986, Jabir ibn Hayyan. Contribution à l’histoire des idées scientifiques dans l’Islam. Jabir et la science grecque, Paris: Les Belles Lettres (anast. repr.). (Scholar)
  • Lewis, B., 1943, “An Epistle on Manual Crafts,” Islamic Culture, 17: 141–151. (Scholar)
  • Marquet, Y., 1961, “La place du travail dans la hiérarchie isma‘ílienne d’après L’encyclopédie des Frères de la Pureté,” Arabica, 8: 225–237. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1962, “Imamat, resurrection et hiérarchie selon les Ikhwan as-Safa,” Revue des Etudes islamiques, 30: 49–142. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1966, “Sabéens et Ihwan al-Safâ’,” Studia Islamica, 24: 35-80. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1967, “Sabéens et Ihwan al-Safâ’,” Studia Islamica, 25: 77–109. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1968, “Ikhwân al-Safâ,” in Encyclopedia of Islam, New Edition, III, Leiden: Brill, 1071–1076. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1973, La philosophie des Ihwan as-Safâ’: l’imâm et la société, (Travaux et documents N° 1), Dakar: Université de Dakar, Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Departement d’arabe. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1975, La philosophie des Ihwan al-Safa', Alger: Etudes et Documents. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1977, “Ihwân al-safâ’, Ismaïliens et Qarmates,” Arabica, 24: 233–257. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1981, “Les Ihwan al-Safâ’ et l'Ismaïlisme,” in Convegno sugli Ihwan al-Safa', Roma: Accademia nazionale dei Lincei, pp. 69-96. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1988, La philosophie des alchimistes et l’alchimie des philosophes. Jâbir ibn Hayyân et les «Frères de la Pureté», Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1992, “La détermination astrale de l’évolution selon les Frères de la Pureté,” Bulletin des Études Orientales (Damas), 44: 127–146. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1998, “La réponse ismaïlienne au schisme qarmate,” Arabica, 45: 1–21. (Scholar)
  • Massignon, L., 1913, “Sur la date de la composition des »Rasâïl Ikhwân al Safa«,” Der Islam, 4: 324. (Scholar)
  • Mattila, J., 2016, “The philosophical worship of the Ikhwân al-Safâ’,” Journal of Islamic Studies, 27: 17–38. (Scholar)
  • Maukola, I., 2009, “Creation in miniature: varieties on the microcosm in the Rasâ'il Ikhwân al-Safâ’,” Studia Orientalia, 107: 229–256. (Scholar)
  • Michot, Y.J., 2008, Misled and Misleading... Yet Central in their Influence: Ibn Taymiyya’s Views on the Ikhwân al-Safâ’, in El-Bizri, N. ed., The Ikhwân al-Safâ’ and their Rasâ’il, New York: Oxford University Press in Association with the Institute of Ismaili Studies, pp. 139–179. (Scholar)
  • Nagy, A., 1897, Die philosophischen Abhandlungen des Ja‘qūb ben Ishāq al-Kindī, Münster: Aschendorffschen Buchhandlung. (Scholar)
  • Netton, I.R., 1989, Allah Transcendent. Studies in the Structure and Semiotics of Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Cosmology, Richmond: Curzon Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1991, Muslim Neoplatonists. An Introduction to the Thought of the Brethren of Purity, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1996, “Foreign Influences and Recurring Ismâ‘îli Motifs in Rasâ’il of the Brethren of Purity,” in Seek Knowledge: Thought and Travel in the House of Islam, London – New York: Routledge Curzon, pp. 27–41. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, “Private caves and public islands,” in The afterlife of the Platonic soul: reflections of Platonic psychology in the monotheistic religions, M. Elkaisy-Freimuth, J.M. Dillon, eds., Leiden – Boston: Brill, pp. 107–120. (Scholar)
  • Nokso-Koivisto, I., 2011, “Summarized beauty: the microcosm-macrocosm analogy and Islamic aesthetic,” Studia Orientalia, 111: 251–269. (Scholar)
  • Raymond, H., 2014, “Le tribunal des animaux en Islam (IVe-Xe siècle),” Arabica, 61(1–2): 116–152. (Scholar)
  • Reymond, P.-L., 2011, “La question de la mentalité à travers la démarche des Ihwân al-Safâ’ dans la 17e nuit du Kitâb al-Imtâ‘ wa-l-mu‘ânasa d'Abû Hayyân al-Tawhîdî,” Bulletin d'Etudes Orientales, 60: 123–144; summaries in French, Arabic and English on pp. 319–320. (Scholar)
  • Rudolph, U., 2005, Islamische Philosophie. Von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart, München: Beck. (Scholar)
  • Stern, S.M., 1946, “The authorship of the Epistles of the Ikhwan-as-Safa,” Islamic Culture, 20: 367-372. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1964, “New information about the authors of the ‘Epistles of the Sincere Brethren’,” Islamic Studies, 3: 405–428. (Scholar)
  • Stroumsa, S., 2003, “Philosopher-king or philosopher-courtier? Theory and reality in the falâsifa's place in Islamic society,” in Identidades marginales, (Estudios onomástico-biográficos de al-Andalus, XIII), C. de la Puente (ed.), Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, pp. 433–459. (Scholar)
  • Tâmir, ‘Arif, 1983/1403H., Ibn Sînâ fî marâbi‘ Ikhwân al-Safâ’, Beirut: Mu’assasa ‘Izz al-Dîn li ’-Tibâ‘a wa ’l-nashr. (Scholar)
  • Tibawi, A.L., 1955, “Ikhwân as-Safa and their Rasâ’il. A Critical Review of a Century and a Half of Research,” Islamic Quarterly, 2: 28–46. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1978, “Further studies on Ikhwân as-Safa,” Islamic Quarterly, 20-22: 57–67. (Scholar)
  • Vernet Ginés, J., 1990, “Las obras biológicas de Aristóteles en árabe: el evolucionismo en Ibn Jaldun,” in Ensayos sobre la filosofía en al-Andalus, A. Martínez Lorca (ed.), Barcelona: Editorial Anthropos, pp. 187–193. (Scholar)
  • Yasien Mohamed, 2006, “The classical Islamic concept of work and the craft,” Journal for Semitics: Tydskrif vir Semitistiek, 15(1): 130–145. (Scholar)

Generated Sun Dec 10 07:35:57 2017