Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Logic in Classical Indian Philosophy" by Brendan Gillon

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Original Texts

  • Abhidharma-samuccaya (Compendium of the higher teachings) by Asaṅga.
    Edition: Tatia 1976.
    French translation: Rahula 1971. (Scholar)
  • Bǎi lùn (Treatise in one hundred verses; Śata-śāstra) by Āryadeva.
    Edition: Taishō Chinese Tripiṭaka 1569.
    English translation: Tucci 1930. (Scholar)
  • Caraka-saṃhitā (Caraka’s collection) by Agniveśa.
    Edition: Sharma and Dash 1976.
    English translation: Sharma and Dash 1976.
    Reference: CS sthāna.adhyāya.sūtra
  • Fāng biàn xīn lùn (Treatise on the heart of means).
    Edition: Taishō Chinese Tripiṭaka 1632.
    Reference: T 1632 page.horizontal-band.vertical-line (Scholar)
  • Hetu-bindu (Drop of reason) by Dharmakīrti.
    Edition: Steinkellner 1967.
    English translation: Gokhale 1997. (Scholar)
  • Kathā-vatthu (Points of controversy) by Moggaliputta Tissa.
    Edition: Kāśyapa 1961.
    English translation: Aung and Davids 1915. (Scholar)
  • Milinda-pañho (Questions of King Milinda)
    Edition: Trenckner 1880.
    English translation: Davids 1890. (Scholar)
  • Mūla-madhyamaka-kārikā (Basic verses on the middle way) by Nāgārjuna.
    Edition: de Jong 1977.
    English translation: Siderits and Katsura 2013.
    Reference: MMK chapter.verse (Scholar)
  • Nyāya-bhāṣya (Commentary on logic), a commentary on the Nyāya-sūtra, by Vātsyāyana, who is also known as Pakṣalisvāmin.
    Edition: Taranatha and Amarendramohan 1936.
    English translation: Jha 1913.
    Reference: NSB adhyāya.āhnika.sūtra (Scholar)
  • Nyāya-bindu (Drop of logic) by Dharmakīrti.
    Edition: Malvania 1955.
    English translation: Shcherbatskoï 1930 v. 2.
    Reference: NB chapter.passage (Scholar)
  • Nyāya-mukha (Introduction to logic) by Dignāga
    Edition: Original Sanskrit text lost.
    Chinese translation: Tai Shou no. 1628 (v. 32,: 1–2).
    English translation: Tucci 1930.
    Reference: NM.
  • Nyāya-praveśa (Primer on logic) by Śaṅkarasvāmin.
    Edition: Dhruva 1930.
    English translation: Gillon and Love 1980; Tachikawa 1971. (Scholar)
  • Nyāya-sūtra (Aphorisms on logic) by Gautama, who is also known as Akṣapāda.
    Edition: Taranatha and Amarendramohan (eds.) 1936.
    English translation: Jha 1913.
    Reference: NS adhyāya.āhnika.sūtra. (Scholar)
  • Nyāya-vārttika (Glosses on logic) by Uddyotakara, a commentary on the Nyāya-bhāṣya.
    Edition: Taranatha and Amarendramohan 1936.
    English translation: Jha 1913. (Scholar)
  • Pramāṇa-samuccaya (Compendium on epistemic means of cognition) by Dignāga.
    Edition: Original Sanskrit text lost.
    English translation: first chapter, Hattori 1968; second chapter, Hayes 1988 ch. 6; fifth chapter, Hayes 1988 ch. 7.
    Reference: PS chapter.verse (Scholar)
  • Pramāṇa-vārttika (Gloss on epistemic means of cognition) by Dharmakīrti.
    Edition: Pandeya 1989.
    English translation: first chapter to verse 38 with autocommentary, Hayes and Gillon 1991 and Gillon and Hayes 2008; first chapter verses 312 -- 340 with autocommentary, Eltschinger, Krasser and Taber (trans.) 2012.
    English translation of the Chapter on argument: Tillemans 2000. (Scholar)
  • Pramāṇa-viniścaya (Settling on what the epistemic means of cognition are) by Dharmakīrti.
    Edition of the chapter on perception: Vetter 1966.
    Edition of the chapter on inference: Steinkellner 1973. (Scholar)
  • Prasanna-padā (Clear-worded (Commentary)) by Candrakīrti, a commentary on Mūla-madhyamaka-kārikā.
    Edition: Shastri 1983.
    English translation: Sprung 1977. (Scholar)
  • Praśastapāda-bhāṣya (Praśastapāda’s Commentary), also known as Padārtha-dharma-saṃgraha (Summary of categories and properties), by Praśastapāda.
    Edition: Bronkhorst and Ramseier 1994.
    English translation: Jha 1916. (Scholar)
  • Rú shí lùn (Treatise on truth; Tarka-śāstra).
    Edition: Taishō Chinese Tripiṭaka 1633.
    Reference: T 1633 page.horizontal-band.vertical-line (Scholar)
  • Sandhi-nirmocana-sūtra (Aphorisms on release from bondage)
    Edition: Lamotte 1935.
    French Translation: Lamotte 1935. (Scholar)
  • Śata-śāstra: see Bǎi lùn.
  • Śloka-vārttika (Gloss in verses), a commentary on Śabara’s commentary on Jaimini’s Mīmāṁsā Sūtra, Bk. 1, Ch. 1, by Kumārila Bhaṭṭa.
    Edition: Musalgaonkar 1979.
    Translation: Jha 1924. (Scholar)
  • Tarka-śāstra: see Rú shí lùn.
  • Upāya-hṛdaya: see Fāng biàn xīn lùn.
  • Vāda-nyāya (Logic of debate) by Dharmakīrti.
    Edition: Shastri 1972; Gokhale 1993.
    English translation: Gokhale 1993. (Scholar)
  • Vāda-vidhi (Rules of debate) by Vasubandhu.
    Edition: Frauwallner 1957.
    English translation: Anacker 1984 ch. 3. (Scholar)
  • Vaiśeṣika-sūtra (Aphorisms on individuation) by Kaṇāda.
    Edition: Jambuvijāyajī 1961.
    English translation: Sinha 1911.
    Reference: VS adhyāya.āhnika.sūtra (Scholar)
  • Vākyapadīya (On sentences and words) by Bhartṛhari.
    Edition: Rau 1977.
    English translation: Subramania Iyer, K.A. 1965, 1971, 1974, 1977.
    Reference: VP kāṇḍa.kārikā or kāṇḍa.samuddeśa.kārikā (Scholar)

General Works


  • Anacker, Stefan (trans.), 1984, Seven works of Vasubandhu: the Buddhist psychological doctor, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. (Scholar)
  • Aung, Shwe Zan and Caroline Anne Foley Rhys Davids (trans.), 1915, Points of controversy, or subjects of discourse, being a translation of the Kathā-vatthu from the Abhidhamma-piika, London: The Pali Text Society. (Scholar)
  • Bronkhorst, Johannes and Yves Ramseier (eds.), 1994, Word index to the Praśastapādabhāṣya: a complete word index to the printed editions of the Praśastapādabhāṣya, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. (Scholar)
  • Davids, T.W. Rhys (trans.), 1890, The questions of King Milinda, London: Pali Text Society (Sacred books of the East: v. 35–36). Reprinted: Dover Publications, New York, NY, 1963. (Scholar)
  • Dhruva, Ānandaśaṅkar (ed.), 1930, The Nyāyapraveśa: Sanskrit text with commentaries, Baroda: Oriental Institute (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series), 2nd, 1968. (Scholar)
  • Frauwallner, Erich, 1957, “Vasubandhu’s Vādavidhiḥ”, Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Süd- und Ostasiens und Archiv für Indische Philosophie, 1: 104–146. (Scholar)
  • Gillon, Brendan S., 1991, “Dharmakīrti and the problem of induction”, in Studies in the Buddhist Epistemological Tradition, Proceedings of the Second International Dharmakīrti Conference (Vienna, 11–16 June, 1989), Ernst Steinkellner (ed.), Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. 53–58. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999, “Another look at the Sanskrit particle eva”, in Dharmakīrti’s thought and its impact on Indian and Tibetan philosophy, Proceedings of the Third International Dharmakīrti Conference (Hiroshima, 11–16 November, 1997), Shoryu Katsura (ed.), Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. 117–130. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2010a, “Obversion and contraposition in the Nyāyabhāṣya”, in Logic in earliest classical India, Brendan S. Gillon (ed.), Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers (Papers of the 12th World Sanskrit Conference: v. 10.2), pp. 167–182. (Scholar)
  • Gillon, Brendan S. and Richard P. Hayes (trans.), 2008, “Dharmakīrti on the role of causation in inference as presented in Pramāṇavārttika Svopajñavṛtti 11–38”, Journal of Indian Philosophy, 36: 335–404. (Scholar)
  • Gillon, Brendan S. and Martha Lyle Love (trans.), 1980, “Indian logic revisited: Nyāyapraveśa reviewed”, Journal of Indian Philosophy, 8: 349–384. (Scholar)
  • Gokhale, Pradīpa P. (ed./trans.), 1993, Vādanyāya of Dharmakīrti: the logic of debate, critically edited and translated with introduction and notes, Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications. (Scholar)
  • ––– (ed./trans.), 1997, Hetubindu of Dharmakīrti: a Sanskrit version translated with an introduction and notes, Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications (Bibliotheca Indo-Buddhica series: no. 183). (Scholar)
  • Hayes, Richard P., 1980, “Dignāga’s views on reasoning (svārthānumāna)”, Journal of Indian Philosophy, 8: 219–277. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1988, Dignāga on the interpretation of signs, Dordrecht: Kluwer (Studies of Classical India: 9). (Scholar)
  • Hayes, Richard P. and Brendan S. Gillon (trans.), 1991, “Introduction to Dharmakīrti’s theory of inference as presented in Pramāṇa-vārttaka Svopaj navṛtti 1–10”, Journal of Indian Philosophy, 19: 1–73. (Scholar)
  • Jambuvijāyajī (ed.), 1961, Vaiśeṣikasūtra of Kaṇāda, with the commentary of Candrānanda, Baroda: Oriental Institute (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series), 2nd, 1982. (Scholar)
  • Jha, Ganganatha (trans.), 1913, The Nyāya-sūtras of Gautāma, with the bhāṣya of Vātsyāyana and the Vārtika of Uddyotakara, translated into English, with notes from Vāchaspati Mishra’s Nyāya-vārtika-tātparyaṭīkā, Udayana’s Pariśuddhi and Raghūttama’s Bhāṣyacandra, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1984 (reprint). (Scholar)
  • ––– (trans.), 1916, Padārthadharmasaṃgraha of Praśastapāda, with the Nyāyakandalī of Śrīdhara, Vārāṇasī: Chaukhambha Orientalia, 1982 (reprint). (Scholar)
  • ––– (trans.), 1924, Ślokavārttika, translated from the original Sanskrit, with extracts from the commentaries Kāśikā of Sucaritamiśra and Nyāyarathn=akara of Pārthasārathimiśra, Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications, 1983 (reprint). (Scholar)
  • de Jong, Jan Willem (ed.), 1977, Mūlamadhyamakakārikāḥ / Nāgārjuna, Madras: Adyar Library and Research Centre.
  • Kāśyapa, Jagadīśa (ed.) 1961 Abhidhammapiṭake Kathāvatthupāli, Nālandā, Bihārarājakīya Pālipakasanamaala (Nālandā-Devanāgarī-Pāli-ganthamālāya). (Scholar)
  • Katsura, Shoryu, 1985, “On the origin and development of the concept of vyāpti in Indian logic”, Hiroshima Tetsugakkai, 38: 1–16. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1986, “On trairūpya formulae”, in Buddhism and its relation to other religions: Essays in honour of Dr. Shozen Kumoi on his seventieth birthday, Kyoto: Heirakuji Shoten, 161–172. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2000, “Dignāga on trairūpya reconsidered: a reply to Prof. Oetke”, in Felicitation volume on the occasion of the 70th birthday of Dr. Tosaki Hiromasa, Culture and logic in India, Akihiko Akamatsu (ed.), Fukuoka, Japan: Kyushu University Press, pp. 241–266. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2004a, “The role of dṛṣṭānta in Dignāga’s logic”, in The role of the example (dṛṣṭānta) in classical Indian logic, Shoryu Katsura and Ernst Steinkellner (eds.), Vienna: Arbeitskreis für Tibetische und Buddhistische Studien (Wiener Studien zur Tibetologie und Buddhismuskunde: 58), pp. 135–174. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2004b, “Pakṣa, sapakṣa and asapakṣa in Dignāga's logic”. Hōrin, 11: 119–128. (Scholar)
  • Lamotte, Étienne (ed./trans.), 1935, Samdhi-nirmocana-sūtra: L’explication des mystères (Texte Tibétain édité et traduit), Louvain: Université de Louvain (Recueil de travaux publiés par les membres des Conférences d’Histoire et de Philologie: 2e Série, 343 Fascicule). (Scholar)
  • Malvania, Dalsukhbhai (ed.), 1955, Paṇḍita Durveka Miśra’s Dharmottarapradīpa, being a sub-commentary on Dharmottara’s Nyāyabinduṭīkā, a commentary on Dharmakīrti’s Nyāyabindu, Patna: Kashiprasad Jayaswal Research Institute, 2nd edition, 1971. (Scholar)
  • Musalgaonkar, Gajānan Śastrī (ed.), 1979, Mīmāmsādarśana : tatra śrikumārilabhaṭṭa-viracitam mīmāmsā-ślokavārtikam, tacca śabarabhāṣyeṇa, nyāyaratnākaravyākhyayā tīppaṇṇā [sic] ca saṃvalitam, Vārāṇasī: Bhāratīya Vidyā Prakāśana.
  • Oetke, Claus, 1994, Studies on the doctrine of trairūpya, Vienna: Arbeitskreis für Tibetische und Buddhistische Studien (Wiener Studien zur Tibetologie und Buddhismuskunde: 33). (Scholar)
  • –––, 1996, “Ancient Indian logic as a theory of non-monotonic reasoning”, Journal of Indian Philosophy, 24: 447–539. (Scholar)
  • Pandeya, Ram Chandra (ed.), 1989, ācāryadharmakīteḥ pramāṇavārttikam: granthakartṛviracitayā svopajñavṛttyā ācāryamanorathanandikṛtayā pramāṇavārttikavṛttyā ca samupetam, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
  • Preisendanz, Karin, 2009, “Logic, debate and epistemology in ancient Indian medical science—an investigation into the historyand historiography of Indian philosophy”, Indian Journal of history of science, 44: 261–312. (Scholar)
  • Rahula, Walpola (trans.), 1971, Le compendium de la super-doctrine (philosophie) (Abhidharmasamuccaya) d’Asanga, Paris: École française d’Extrême-Orient. (Scholar)
  • Randle, Herbert Niel, 1930, Indian logic in the early schools. A study of the Nyāyadarśana in its relation to the early logic of other schools, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Rau, Wilhelm (ed.), 1977, Bhartṛharis Vākyapadīya: Die Mūlakārikās nach den Handschriften herausgegeben und mit einem Pāda-Index versehen, Wiesbaden: Steiner (Abhandlungen für die Kunde des Morgenlandes: 42, 4).
  • Sharma, Ram Karan and Bhagawam Dash (eds.) (trans.), 1976, Agniveśa’s Caraka saṃhita: text with English translation and critical exposition based on Cakrapaṇi Datta’s Ayurveda dīpika, Vārāṇasī: Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office (Chowkhamba Sanskrit Studies: 94) (Scholar)
  • Shastri, Dvārikādasa (ed.), 1972, Vādanyāyaprakaraṇam ācāryaśantarakṣitakṛtavipañcitārthavyākhyāyutam evaṃ ācāryaprabhācandrakṛtavyākhyānāthā sambandhaparīkṣā, Vārāṇasī: Bauddhabhāratī.
  • ––– (ed.), 1983, Āryanāgārjunīyam Madhyamakaśāstram: Candrakīrtteḥ Prasannapadākhyavṛttyā samvalitam, Vārāṇasī: Bauddhabhāratī. (Scholar)
  • Shcherbatskoï, Fedor Ippolitovich (Stcherbatsky, F. Th.), 1930, Buddhist logic, 2 vols, Saint Petersburg (formerly, Leningrad): Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R. (Bibliotheca Buddhica: v. 26). Reprinted: Dover Publications, New York, NY, 1962. (Scholar)
  • Siderits, Mark and Shoryu Katsura (trans.), 2013, Nāgārjuna's Middle Way. Mūlamadhyamakakārikā. Boston, Masssachusetts: Wisdom Publications. (Scholar)
  • Sinha, Nandalal (ed./trans.), 1911, The Vaiśeṣika sūtras of Kaṇāda, with the commentary of Śānkara Miśra and extracts from the gloss of Jayanārāyaṇa. Together with notes from the commentary of Chandrakānta and an introduction by the translator, Allahabad, Pāṇini Office Sacred books of the Hindus: v. 6, pts. 1–4). Reprinted: AMS Press, New York, NY, 1974. (Scholar)
  • Solomon, Esther A., 1976, Indian Dialectics: Methods of Philosophical Discussion, 2 vols, Ahmedabad: B.J. Institute of Learning and Research (Research Series: 70). (Scholar)
  • Sprung, Mervyn (trans.), 1977, Lucid exposition of the middle way: the essential chapters from the Prasannapadā of Candrakīrti (in collaboration with T.R.V. Murti and U.S. Vyas), London: Routledge and K. Paul. (Scholar)
  • Staal, J.F., 1975, Exploring mysticism: a methodological essay, Berkeley, CA: The University of California Press. Reprinted: Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, England, 1976. (Scholar)
  • Steinkellner, Ernst, 1966, “‘Bemerkungen zu Īśvarasenas Lehre vom Grund’’, Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Südasiens, 10:73–85. (Scholar)
  • ––– (ed.), 1967, Dharmakīrti’s Hetubinduḥ, Teil 1, tibetischer Text und rekonstruierter Sanskrit-Text, Vienna: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Sitzungsberichte philosophich-historische Klasse: 252/1) (Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Sprachen und Kulturen Süd-und Ostasiens: 4) (Scholar)
  • ––– (ed.), 1973, Dharmakīrti’s Pramāṇaviniścaya.h 2, Kapitel: Svārthānumānam. Teil II: Übersetzung und Anmerkungen, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Sitzungsberichte der philosophisch-historischen Klasse: 287) (Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Sprachen und Kulturen Südasiens: 12). (Scholar)
  • –––, 1993, “Buddhist logic: the search for certainty”, in Buddhist Spirituality: Indian, Southeast Asian, Tibetan, and Early Chinese, Takeuchi Yoshinori (ed.), New York, NY: Crossroad, pp. 171–187. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1997, “Kumārila, Īśvarasena, Dharmakīrti in dialogue. A new interpretation of Pramāṇavārttika I 33”, in Bauddhavidyāsudhākaraḥ: Studies in Honour of Heinz Bechert on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday, Petra Kieffer-Pulz and Jens-Uwe Hartmann (eds.), Swisttal-Odendorf: Indica et Tibetica Verlag (Monographien zu den Sprachen und Literaturen des indo-tibetischen Kulturraumes: 30), pp. 625–646. (Scholar)
  • Subramania Iyer, K.A. (trans.), 1965, The Vākyapadīya of Bhartṛhari with the Vṛtti: chapter I, English translation, Pune: Deccan College (Deccan College Building Centenary and Silver Jubilee Series: v. 26). (Scholar)
  • ––– (trans.), 1971, The Vākyapadīya of Bhartṛhari, chapter 3, part I: English translation, Pune: Deccan College (Deccan College Building Centenary and Silver Jubilee Series: v. 71). (Scholar)
  • ––– (trans.), 1974, Vākyapadīya of Bhartṛhari with the commentary of Helārāja, kāṇḍa III, part II; English translation with exegetical notes, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. (Scholar)
  • ––– (trans.), 1977, Vākyapadīya of Bhartṛhari, kāṇḍa II; English translation with exegetical notes, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. (Scholar)
  • Taber, John, 2004, “Is Indian logic nonmonotonic?”, Philosophy East and West, 54: 143–170. (Scholar)
  • Tachikawa, Musashi, 1971, “A sixth-century manual of Indian logic. A translation of the Nyāya-praveśa”, Journal of Indian Philosophy, 1: 111–145. (Scholar)
  • Taranatha and Amarendramohan (eds.), 1936, Nyāya-darśanam with Vātsyāyana’s Bhāṣya, Uddyotakara’s Vārttika, Vācaspati Miśra’s Tātparyaṭīkā and Viśvanātha’s Vṛtti, Delhi: Munshiram Mahoharlal Publishers Limited, 1985 (reprint). (Scholar)
  • Tatia, Nathamal (ed.), 1976, Abhidharmasamuccaya-bhāṣyam, Patna, Kashi Prasad Jayaswal Institute (Tibetan Sanskrit Works Series: 17), 2nd edition, 2005. (Scholar)
  • Tillemans, Tom J.F. (trans.), 2000, Dharmakīrti’s Pramāṇa-vārttaka: An annotated translation of the fourth chapter (parārthānumāna), Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Sitzungsberichte philosophisch-historische Klasse: 675) (Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Sprachen und Kulturen Südasiens: 32). (Scholar)
  • Trenckner, Vilheim (ed.), 1880, The Milindapañho with Milinda-ṭīkā, London, Pali Text Society, indexed by C.J. Rylands and Caroline A.F. Rhys Davids, re-edited by Padmanabh S. Jaini, 1961. Reprinted: 1986. (Scholar)
  • Tucci, Giuseppe, 1929, Pre-Dinnāga Texts on Logic from Chinese Sources, Baroda: Oriental Institute (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series: 49). (Scholar)
  • ––– (trans.), 1930, The Nyāyamukha of Dignāga: The Oldest Buddhist Test on Logic, Heidelberg, Otto Harrasowitch (Materialen sur Kunde des Buddhismus: 15). (Scholar)
  • Uno, Tomoyuki, 2009, “On the Theory of Logic in the Niryukti Literature”, 14th World Sanskrit Congress, Kyoto, Japan. (Scholar)
  • Vetter, Tilmann (ed.), 1966, Dharmakīrti’s Pramāṇaviniścaya.h 1, Kapitel: Pratyakṣam, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (Sitzungsberichte der philosophisch-historischen Klasse: 250/3) (Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Sprachen und Kulturen Südasiens: 3). (Scholar)

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