Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Numenius" by George Karamanolis

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Primary Literature

Numenius' fragments

  • Des Places, É. (ed. and trans. in French), Numénius. Fragments, Paris: Belles Lettres 1973.
  • Leemans, E.-A., Studie over den Wijsgeer Numenius van Apamea met Uitgave der Fragmenten, Bruxelles: Academie Royale de Belgique 1937.


  • Whittaker, J. (ed.) P. Louis (trans. in French), Alcinoos, Enseignement des doctrines de Platon, Paris: Belles Lettres 1990.
  • Dillon, J. (trans. in English with commentary), Alcinous. The Handbook of Platonism, Oxford: Oxford University Press 1993.


  • Jaeger, W. (ed.), Aristotelis Metaphysica, Oxford: Oxford University Press 1957 (OCT).


  • Des Places, É. (ed. and trans. in French), Atticus. Fragments, Paris: Belles Lettres 1977.

Aulus Gellius

  • Rolfe, J. (ed. and trans. in English), Aulus Gellius. Attic Nights, vols. I–III, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press 1927 (Loeb). (Scholar)


  • Waszink, H. J. (ed.), Timaeus a Calcidio translatus commentarioque instructus, London and Leyden: Warburg Institute 1962.


  • Stählin, O. (ed.), Clemens Alexandrinus Stromata, (3rd ed. by L. Früchtel and U. Treu) vols. I–II, Berlin: Akademie Verlag 1960–1985.


  • Westerink, L. G. (ed. and trans. in English), The Greek Commentaries on Plato's Phaedo, Damascius, vol. II, Amsterdam: Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences 1977.

Diogenes Laertius

  • Hicks, R. D. (ed. and trans. in English), Lives of Eminent Philosophers, vols. I–II, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press 1925 (Loeb). (Scholar)


  • Mras, K. (ed.), Eusebius Werke. Die Praeparatio Evangelica, vols. I–II, Berlin: Akademie Verlag 1954–56 (2nd ed. by É. Des Places 1982–83).
  • Gifford, E. (ed. and trans. in English), Eusebii Pamphilii Evangelicae Preparationis Libri XV, vols. I–IV, Oxford: Oxford University Press 1903.
  • Schwartz, E.-Mommsen, Th. (ed.), Eusebius Werke. Die Kirchengeschichte, vols. I–III, Berlin: Akademie Verlag 1903–1909.
  • Lake, K. (ed. and trans. in English), Eusebius. The Ecclesiastical History, vols. I–II, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press 1926, 1932 (Loeb). (Scholar)
  • Helm, R. (ed.), Eusebius Werke. Die Chronik des Hieronymus, Berlin: Akademie Verlag 1956.

Ioannes Lydus

  • Wünsch, R. (ed.), Ioannis Lydi Liber de mensibus, Leipzig: Teubner 1898.


  • Willis, I. (ed.), Ambrosii Theodosii Macrobii Commentarii in somnium Scipionis, Leipzig: Teubner 1970.
  • Armisen-Marchetti, M. (ed. and trans. in French), Macrobe Commentaire au songe de Scipion, vol. I, Paris: Belles Lettres 2001.


  • Morani, M. (ed.), Nemesius De Natura Hominis, Leipzig: Teubner 1987.
  • Van der Eijk, Ph. and Sharples, R. (trans. in English), Nemesius On the Nature of Man, London: Liverpool University Press 1994.


  • Borret, M. (ed. and trans. in French), Contre Celse, vols. I–IV, Paris: Cerf 1967 (Sources Chrétiennes). (Scholar)
  • Chadwick, H. (trans. in English), Origen Contra Celsum, Cambridge: University Press 19652.
  • Preuschen, E., Origenes Werke. Der Johanneskommentar, Berlin: Akademie Verlag 1903.


  • Hayduck, M. (ed.), Philoponus in Aristotelis De anima, Berlin: Reimer 1897 (CAG XV).


  • Henry, R. (ed. and trans. in French), Photius. Bibliothèque, vols. I–VIII, Paris: Belles Lettres 1959–1967.
  • Wilson, N. (trans. in English), Photius. The Biblioteca, London: Duckworth 1994.


  • Duke, E. A., Hicken, W. F., Nicoll, W. S. M., Robinson, D. B., Strachan, J. C. G. (ed.), Platonis Opera, tetralogiae I–II, vol.I, Oxford: Oxford University Press 1995 (OCT).
  • Burnet, J. (ed.), Platonis Opera, tetralogiae III–IX, vols. II–V, Oxford: Oxford University Press 1905–1915 (OCT).
  • Cooper, J. (ed.), Plato Complete Works, Indianapolis: Hackett 1997 (Plato's works in English translation). (Scholar)


  • Henry, P. and Schwyzer, H.-R. (ed.) Plotini Opera, vols. I–III, Oxford: Oxford University Press 1964–1982 (OCT).
  • Armstrong, A. H. (ed. and trans. in English), Plotinus, vols. I–VII, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1966–1988 (Loeb). (Scholar)


  • Cherniss, H. (ed. and trans. in English), Plutarch's Moralia, vol. XIII.1, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press 1976 (Loeb). (Scholar)
  • Sandbach, F. H. (ed. and trans. in English), Plutarch's Moralia, Fragments, vol. XV, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press 1969 (Loeb). (Scholar)


  • Henry, P. and Schwyzer, H-R. (ed.), Porphyrius, Vita Plotini, in Plotini Opera, vol. I, Oxford: Oxford University Press 1964 (OCT).
  • Kalbfleisch, K. (ed.), Die neuplatonische, fälschlich dem Galen zugeschriebene Schrift Pros Gauron peri tou pôs empsychoutai ta anthrôpina embrya, Berlin: Akademie der Wissenschaften 1895.
  • Des Places, É. (ed. and trans. in French), Porphyre Vie de Pythagore, Lettre à Marcella, Paris: Belles Lettres 1982.
  • Smith, A. (ed.), Porphyrius Fragmenta, Stuttgart and Leipzig: Teubner 1993.


  • Diehl, E. (ed.), Proclus In Platonis Timaeum Commentarii, vols. I–III, Leipzig: Teubner 1903–1906.
  • Saffrey, H. and Westerink, L. (ed. and trans. in French), Proclus, Théologie Platonicienne, vols. I–V, Paris: Belles Lettres 1968–1987.

Sextus Empiricus

  • Bury, R. (ed. and trans. in English), Sextus Empiricus, Against the Logicians [Adversus Mathematicos], vol. II, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press 1935 (Loeb). (Scholar)


  • Diels, H. (ed.), Simplicius, In Aristotelis Physicorum libros quattor priores commentaria, Berlin: Reimer 1882 (CAG IX).
  • Diels, H. (ed.), Simplicius, In Aristotelis Physicorum libros quattor posteriores commentaria, Berlin: Reimer 1895 (CAG X).


  • Kroll, W. (ed.), Syrianus, In Aristotelis Metaphysica Commentaria, Berlin: Reimer 1902 (CAG VI).
  • O’Meara, J. and Dillon, J. (trans. in English), Syrianus: On Aristotle Metaphysics 3–4, London: Duckworth 2008.


  • Wachsmuth, C. and Hense. O. (ed.), Ioannis Stobaei Anthologium, vols. I–V, Berlin: Weidmann 1884–1912.

Secondary Literature

  • Alt, K., 1993, Weltflucht und Weltbejahung bei Plutarchos, Numenios, Plotin, Stuttgart: Frank Steiner Verlag. (Scholar)
  • Baltes, M., 1975, “Numenios von Apamea und der platonische Timaios”, Vigiliae Christianae, 29: 241–270. (Scholar)
  • Beutler, R., 1940, “Numenius,” in A. Pauly, G. Wissowa, W. Kroll (eds.), Real-Encyclopaedie der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft, Supplement Volume 7: 664–678. (Scholar)
  • Burnyeat, M., 2005, “ Platonism in the Bible”, in R. Salles (ed.), Metaphysics, Soul, and Ethis in Ancient Thought. Themes from the Work of Richard Sorabji, Oxford, 143-169. (Scholar)
  • Boys-Stones, G., 2001, Post-Hellenistic Philosophy, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Centrone, B., 1990, Pseudopythagorica Ethica. I trattati morali di Archita, Metopo, Teage, Eurifano, Naples: Bibliopolis. (Scholar)
  • Deuse, W., 1983, Untersuchungen zur mittelplatonischen und neuplatonischen Seelenlehre, Wiesbaden: Frank Steiner Verlag. (Scholar)
  • Dillon, J., 1977, The Middle Platonists, London: Duckworth; revised edition 1996. (Scholar)
  • Dillon, J., 1988, “‘Orthodoxy’ and ‘Eclecticism’. Middle-Platonists and Neo-Pythagoreans”, in J. Dillon and A. Long (eds.), The Question of Eclecticism: Studies in Later Greek Philosophy, Berkeley: University of California Press, 103–125. (Scholar)
  • Dillon, J., 2007, “Numenius: Some Ontological Questions”, in R. W. Sharples and R. Sorabji (eds.), Greek and Roman Philosophy 100 BCE–200 CE, London: Institute of Classical Studies, vol. II, 397–402. (Scholar)
  • Dodds, E. R., 1960, “Numenius and Ammonius”, in Les Sources de Plotin, Entretiens Fondation Hardt 5, Vandoeuvres-Genève, 3–32. (Scholar)
  • Donini, P., 1982, Le scuole, l’anima, l’impero. La filosofia antica da Antioco a Plotino, Turin: Rosenberg & Sellier, 140–146. (Scholar)
  • Edwards, M., 1989, “Numenius, Fr. 13: A Note on Interpretation”, Mnemosyne, 42: 478-82. (Scholar)
  • Edwards, M., 1990a, “Atticizing Moses? Numenius, the Fathers and the Jews”, Vigiliae Christianae, 44: 64-73. (Scholar)
  • Edwards, M., 1990b, “Porphyry and the Intelligible Triad”, Journal of Hellenic Studies, 110: 14-25. (Scholar)
  • Edwards, M., 2010, “Numenius”, in L. Gerson (ed.), The Cambridge History of Philosophy in Late Antiquity, Cambridge 2010, vol. I, 115-125. (Scholar)
  • Elferink, M. A., 1968, La Descente de l’âme d’après Macrobe, Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • Festugière, A. J., 1944–1954, La révélation d’Hermes Trismégiste, Paris: Belles Lettres, vols. I–IV, esp. vol. IV, 123–132. (Scholar)
  • Frede, M., 1987, “Numenius,” in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, 36 (2): 1034–1075. (Scholar)
  • Frede, M., 1994, “Celsus”, in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, 36 (2): 5183–5213. (Scholar)
  • Halfwassen, J., 1994, Geist und Selbstbewußtsein. Studien zu Plotin und Numenios, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. (Scholar)
  • Holzhausen, J., 1992, “Eine Anmerkung zum Verhältnis von Numenios und Plotin”, Hermes, 120: 250–255. (Scholar)
  • Kahn, C., 2001, Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans: A Brief History, Indianapolis: Hackett. (Scholar)
  • Karamanolis, G., 2006, Plato and Aristotle in Agreement? Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry, Oxford: Oxford University Press; revised paperback edition 2013. (Scholar)
  • Krämer, H.J., 1964, Der Ursprung der Geistmetaphysik, Amsterdam: Schippers. (Scholar)
  • Kritikos, A. 2007, “Platonism and Principles in Origen”, in R. W. Sharples and R. Sorabji (eds.), Greek and Roman Philosophy 100 BCE–200 CE, London: Institute of Classical Studies, vol. II, 403–417. (Scholar)
  • Ley, H. de, 1972, Macrobius and Numenius. A Study of Macrobius In Somn. I. 12, Brussels: Latomus. (Scholar)
  • Männlein-Robert, I., 2001, Longin Philologe und Philosoph, Leipzig: K.B. Saur. (Scholar)
  • Merlan, P., 1967, “Numenius”, in A. H. Armstrong (ed.), The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy, Cambridge: University Press, 96–106. (Scholar)
  • O’Meara, D. J., 1998, Pythagoras Revived. Mathematics and Philosophy in Late Antiquity, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • O’Meara, D. J., 1976, “Being in Numenius and Plotinus. Some Points of Comparison”, Phronesis, 21: 120–130. (Scholar)
  • Opsomer, J., 1998, In Search of the Truth. Academic Tendencies in Middle Platonism, Brusssels: Royal Academy. (Scholar)
  • Phillips, J., 2002, “Plato's Psychogonia in later Platonism”, Classical Quarterly, 52: 231–247. (Scholar)
  • Phillips, J., 2003, “Numenian Psychology in Calcidius?”, Phronesis, 48: 132–151. (Scholar)
  • Puech, H. C., 1934, “Numenius d’Apamée et les théologies orientales du second siècle”, in Mélanges Bidez, Brussels: Secretariat de l'Institut, vols. I–II, 745–778. (Scholar)
  • Smith, A., 1974, Porphyry's Place in the Neoplatonic Tradition, The Hague: Nijhoff. (Scholar)
  • Staab, G., 2002, Pythagoras in der Spätantike. Studien zu den Vita Pythagorica des Iamblichos von Chalkis, Leipzig: K. G. Sauer. (Scholar)
  • Tarrant, H., 1979, “Numenius' fr. 13 and Plato's Timaeus,” Antichthon, 13: 19–29. (Scholar)
  • Waszink, J. H., 1966, “Porphyrius und Numenius,” in Porphyre, Entretiens Fondation Hardt 12, Vandoeuvres-Genève, 35–78. (Scholar)
  • Whittaker, J., 1967, “Moses Atticizing”, Phoenix, 21: 196-201. (Scholar)
  • Whittaker, J., 1984, “Numenius and Alcinous on the First Principle”, Phoenix, 32: 144-154. (Scholar)
  • Whittaker, J., 1987, “Platonic Philosophy in the Early Centuries of the Empire”, in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt 36(1): 81-123. (Scholar)
  • Whittaker, J., 1993, “Numenius' fragment 2 and the literary tradition”, Symbolae Osloenses, 68: 96–99. (Scholar)
  • Zambon, M., 2002, Porphyre et le Moyen-Platonisme, Paris: Vrin. (Scholar)

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