Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Philo of Alexandria" by Carlos Lévy

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Primary Literature

Philo: Editions, translations and commentaries

The edition of reference is that of Leopald Cohn, Paulus Wendland and Siegfried Reiter, Philonis Alexandri opera quae supersunt, Berlin 1896–1915. It contains all the treatises in Greek (six volumes plus an index volume).

The editors of Philo in the Loeb Classical Library (LCL), F.H. Colson, J.W. Earp, Ralph Marcus and G.H. Whitaker, sought mainly to provide a quality English translation.

  • Philo in Ten Volumes, and Two Supplementary Volumes, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1929–1962,
    • vol. 1. On the creation (De Opificio Mundi);
      Allegorical interpretation (Legum Allegoriae) [LCL 226, Colson & Whitaker (tr.) 1929]
    • vol. 2. On the cherubim (De Cherubim);
      On the sacrifices of Abel and Cain (De Sacrificiis Abelis et Caini);
      The worse attacks the better (Quod Deterius Potiori insidiari solet);
      On the posterity and exile of Cain (De Posteritate Caini);
      On the giants (De Gigantibus) [LCL 227, Colson & Whitaker (tr.) 1929]
    • vol. 3. On the unchangeableness of God (Quod Deus sit immutabilis);
      On husbandry (De Agricultura);
      On Noah’s work as a planter (De Plantatione);
      On drunkenness (De Ebrietate);
      On sobriety (De Sobrietate) [LCL 247, Colson & Whitaker (tr.) 1930]
    • vol. 4. On the confusion of tongues (De Confusione Linguarum);
      On the migration of Abraham (De Migratione Abrahami);
      Who is the Heir (Quis Rerum Divinarum Heres);
      On the preliminary studies (De Congressu quaerendae Eruditionis gratia) [LCL 261, Colson & Whitaker (tr.) 1932]
    • vol. 5. On flight and finding (De Fuga et Inventione);
      On the change of Names (De Mutatione Nominum);
      On dreams (De Somniis) [LCL 275, Colson & Whitaker (tr.) 1934]
    • vol. 6. On Abraham (De Abrahamo);
      On Joseph (De Iosepho);
      Moses (De Vita Mosis) [LCL 289, Colson (tr.) 1935]
    • vol. 7. On the Decalogue (De Decalogo);
      On the Special Laws Books I–III (De Specialibus Legibus) [LCL 320, Colson (tr.) 1937]
    • vol. 8. On the Special Laws Book IV (De Specialibus Legibus);
      On the Virtues (De Virtutibus);
      On rewards and punishments (De Praemiis et Poenis) [LCL 341, Colson (tr.) 1939]
    • vol. 9. Every good man is free (Quod Omnis Probus Liber sit);
      On the contemplative life (De Vita Contemplativa);
      On the eternity of the world (De Aeternitate Mundi);
      Flaccus (In Flaccum);
      Hypothetica (Apologia pro Iudaeis);
      On Providence (De Providentia) [LCL 363, Colson (tr.) 1941]
    • vol. 10. On the embassy to Gaius (De Legatione ad Gaium);
      General index to Volumes 1–10 [LCL 379, Colson (tr.) 1962]
    • suppl. 1. Questions and answers on Genesis (Quaestiones et Solutiones in Genesis). [LCL 380, Marcus (tr.) 1953]
    • suppl. 2. Questions and answers on Exodus (Quaestiones et Solutiones in Exodum). General index to Supplements 1–2 [LCL 401, Marcus (tr.) 1953]

In the French edition, Les Œuvres de Philon d’Alexandrie, Paris 1961–1992, 36 vol, some volumes are only translations with a minimal introduction, while other ones contain an introductions and notes that can be extensive, Paris: Éditions du Cerf, sous la direction de R. Arnaldez, C. Mondésert, J. Pouilloux.  

  • Introduction générale, De opificio mundi, R. Arnaldez.   
  • 2. Legum allegoriae, C. Mondésert.   
  • 3. De cherubim, J. Gorez.   
  • 4.   De sacrificiis Abelis et Caini, A. Méasson.   
  • 5.   Quod deterius potiori insidiari soleat, I. Feuer.   
  • 6.   De posteritate Caini, R. Arnaldez.
  • 7–8.   De gigantibus. Quod Deus sit immutabilis, A. Mosès.   
  • 9.   De agricultura, J. Pouilloux.
  • 10.   De plantatione, J. Pouilloux.
  • 11–12.  De ebrietate. De sobrietate, J. Gorez.
  • 13.   De confusione linguarum, J.-G. Kahn.
  • 14.   De migratione Abrahami, J. Cazeaux.
  • 15.   Quis rerum divinarum heres sit, M. Harl.
  • 16.   De congressu eruditionis gratia, M. Alexandre.
  • 17.   De fuga et inventione, E. Starobinski-Safran.
  • 18.   De mutatione nominum, R. Arnaldez.
  • 19.   De somniis, P. Savinel.
  • 20.   De Abrahamo, J. Gorez.
  • 21.   De Iosepho, J. Laporte.
  • 22.   De vita Mosis, R. Arnaldez, C. Mondésert, J. Pouilloux, P. Savinel.
  • 23.   De Decalogo, V. Nikiprowetzky.
  • 24.   De specialibus legibus, Livres I–II, S. Daniel.
  • 25.   De specialibus legibus, Livres III–IV. A. Mosès.
  • 26.   De virtutibus, R. Arnaldez, A.-M. Vérilhac, M.-R. Servel, P. Delobre.
  • 27.   De praemiis et poenis. De exsecrationibus, A. Beckaert.
  • 28.   Quod omnis probus liber sit, M. Petit.
  • 29.   De vita contemplativa, F. Daumas et P. Miquel.
  • 30.   De aeternitate mundi, R. Arnaldez et J. Pouilloux.
  • 31.   In Flaccum, A. Pelletier.
  • 32.   Legatio ad Caium, A. Pelletier.
  • 33.   Quaestiones in Genesim et in Exodum. Fragmenta graeca, F. Petit.
  • 34 A.   Quaestiones in Genesim, I–II (e vers. armen.), C. Mercier.
  • 34 B.   Quaestiones in Genesim, III–IV (e vers. armen.), C. Mercier et F. Petit.
  • 34 C.   Quaestiones in Exodum, I–II (e vers. armen.), A. Terian.
  • 35.   De Providentia, I–II, M. Hadas-Lebel.
  • 36.   Alexander vel De animalibus.

In the “Philo of Alexandria Commentary Series” (PACS), edited by G.E. Sterling, in Brill and Scholars Press are published the following English translations with commentary:

  • On the Creation of the Cosmos According to Moses, PACS 1, David T. Runia (tr.), Leiden: Brill, 2001.
  • Philo’s Flaccus: The First Pogrom, PACS 2, Pieter Willem van der Horst (tr.), Leiden: Brill, 2003. (Scholar)
  • Philo of Alexandria: On Virtues, PACS 3, Walter T. Wilson (tr.), Leiden: Brill, 2011.
  • Philo of Alexandria: On Cultivation. Introduction, Translation and Commentary, PACS 4, Albert C. Geljon and David T. Runia (tr.), Leiden: Brill 2013.

A Spanish Translation, with introduction and notes, of the Philonian corpus, is edited under the responsibility of José Pablo Martín, by the Editorial Trotta in Madrid, under the title Filón de Alejandría: Obras Completas. Eight volumes are programmed in this series, five have been published, 2009–

Other isolated commentaries will be indicated in the following titles of the bibliography. Many interesting discussions can also be found in

  • [ANRW II.21.1] Haase Wolfgang (ed.), Hellenistisches Judentum in römischer Zeit. Philon und Josephus, (ANRW [Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt], II 21.1), Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1984.

The abbreviations of our article are those of the Studia Philonica Annual (see the supplementary document Abbreviations of the Philonian treatises). The translations are those of the Loeb Classical Library, except for De opificio (On the Creation), for which we adopted Runia’s translation.

Other primary literature

  • Cicero, circa 51 BCE, De re publica, 6 books, translated by Francis Barham as “Treatise on the Commonwealth”, in The Political Works of Marcus Tullius Cicero, volume 1, London: Edmund Spettigue, 1841. Elsewhere translated as “Treatise on the Republic”. [Treatise on the Commonwealth available online] (Scholar)
  • –––, circa 45 BCE [De finibus], De Finibus Bonorum et Malorum, (On the Ends of Goods and Evils), five books, translated in On Ends, Cicero vol. XVII, (LCL 40, H. Rackham (tr.)), Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1914, second edition 1931. [De finibus available online]
  • –––, circa 45 BCE [Tusculans], Tusculanae Quaestiones (Tusculun Disputations), five books.
  • Diodorus Siculus, circa 60 BCE, Bibliotheca Historica (Historical Library), [Diodorus Siculus, books 33–40, available online]
  • Flavius Josephus, circa 100 CE, Against Apion, an English translation is by William Whiston, 1737, in The Genuine Works of Flavius Josephus the Jewish Historian, London. [Against Apion available online] (Scholar)
  • Plutarch, circa 100 CE, “Life of Alexander”, in The Parallel Lives, translated in LIves, Plutarch vol. VII, (LCL 99, Bernadotte Perrin (tr.)), Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. [Life of Alexander available online] (Scholar)
  • Pseudo-Phocylides, circa 100 BCE–100 CE, Sentences, translated by Pieter W. van der Horst, The Sentences of Pseudo-Phocylides, (Studia in Veteris Testamenti Pseudepigrapha IV), Leiden: Brill, 1978.


  • Philo of Alexandria: An Annotated Bibliography 1937–1986, (Vigiliae Christianae, Supplements, 8), Roberto Radice and David T. Runia, Leiden: Brill, 1988. (Scholar)
  • Philo of Alexandria: An Annotated Bibliography 1987–1996, (Vigiliae Christianae, Supplements, 57), David T. Runia, Leiden: Brill, 2000. (Scholar)
  • Philo of Alexandria: An Annotated Bibliography 1997–2006 (Vigiliae Christianae, Supplements, 109), David T. Runia, Leiden: Brill, 2012. (Scholar)

Philonian bibliography is provided annually in The Studia Philonica Annual published by the Society of Biblical Literature Atlanta.

Secondary Literature

  • Alesse, Francesca, 2008, Philo of Alexandria and Post-Aristotelian Philosophy, (Studies in Philo of Alexandria, 5), Leiden: Brill. doi:10.1163/ej.9789004167483.i-296 (Scholar)
  • Alexandre, Manuel, Jr., 1999, Rhetorical Argumentation in Philo of Alexandria (Argumentação retórica em Fílon de Alexandria), Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2016, “Twofold Human Logos in Philo of Alexandria. The Power of Expressing Thought trough Language”, in Calabi et al. 2016: 37–59. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.4.00197 (Scholar)
  • Alexandre, Monique, 1997, “Du grec au latin : les titres des Œuvres de Philon d’Alexandrie”, in Titres et articulations du texte dans les œvres antiques : actes du Colloque International de Chantilly 13–15 décembre 1994, (Collection des Études Augustinienennes, 152), J.-Cl. Fredouille, M.-O. Goulet-Cazé, P. Hoffmann, P. Petitmengin, and S. Deléani (eds.), Paris: Les Études augustiniennes. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2011, “Monarchie divine et dieux des nations chez Philon d’Alexandrie”, in Decharneux & Inowlocki 2011: 117–147. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.4.00064 (Scholar)
  • Barraclough, Ray, 1984, “Philo’s Politics: Roman Rule and Hellenistic Judaism”, ANRW II.21.1: 417–553. (Scholar)
  • Berthelot, Katell, 2003, Philanthrôpia Judaica: Le débat autour de la « misanthropie » des lois juives dans l’Antiquité, (Supplements to the Journal for the study of Judaism, 76), Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2004, L’« humanité de l’autre homme » dans la pensée juive ancienne, (Supplements to the Journal for the study of Judaism, 87), Leiden-Boston: Brill.
  • Besnier, Bernard, 1999, “Migration et telos d’après le de migratione Abrahami”, Studia Philonica Annual, 11: 74–103. (Scholar)
  • Birnbaum, Ellen, 2001, “Philo and the Greeks. A Jewish Perspective on Culture and Society”, Studia Philonica Annual, 13: 37–58. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2014, “Philo’s Relevance for the Study of Jews and Judaism in Antiquity”, in Seland 2014: 200–225. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2016, “The Bible’s First War: Philo’s Interpretation of the Struggle for Power in Genesis 14”, in Calabi et al. 2016: 111–127. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.4.00201 (Scholar)
  • Bonazzi, Mauro, 2003, Academici e Platonici: il dibattito antico sullo scetticismo di Platone, (Il filarete, 213), Milan: LED. (Scholar)
  • Bonazzi, Mauro, Carlos Lévy, and Carlos Steel (eds), 2007, A Platonic Pythagoras. Platonism and Pythagoreanism in the Imperial Age, (Monothéismes et Philosophie, 10), Turnhout: Brepols Publishers. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.5.112285 (Scholar)
  • Bos, A.P., 2003, “God as ‘Father’ and ‘Maker’ in Philo of Alexandria and its background in Aristotelian Thought”, Elenchos, 24: 311–32. (Scholar)
  • Bréhier, Émile, 1925 (first édition 1908), Les idées philosophiques et religieuses de Philon d’Alexandrie, Paris: Librairie Alphonse Picard & Fils. [Bréhier 1908 available online] (Scholar)
  • Calabi, Francesca, 2008, God’s Acting, Man’s Acting: Tradition and Philosophy in Philo of Alexandria, (Studies in Philo of Alexandria, 4), Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2011, “Le repos de Dieu chez Philon d’Alexandrie”, in Decharneux & Inowlocki 2011: 185–204. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.4.00067 (Scholar)
  • –––, 2013, Filone di Alessandria, (Pensatori, 32), Rome: Carocci. (Scholar)
  • Calabi, Francesca, Olivier Munnich, Gretchen Reydams-Schils, and Emmanuele Vimercati (eds), 2016, Pouvoir et puissances chez Philon d’Alexandrie, (Monothéismes et Philosophie, 22), Turnhout: Brepols Publishers. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.5.112296 (Scholar)
  • Carlier, Caroline, 2008, La cité de Moïse. Le peuple juif chez Philon d’Alexandrie, (Monothéismes et philosophie, 11), Turnhout: Brepols Publishers. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.5.112286 (Scholar)
  • Carras, G.P., 1993, “Dependence on Common Tradition in Philo Hypothetica VIII 6.10–7.20 and Josephus Contra Apionem 2 190–219”, Studia Philonica Annual, 5: 24–47. (Scholar)
  • Cohen, Naomi G., 1995, Philo Judaeus. His Universe of Discourse, Frankfurt: P. Lang. (Scholar)
  • Cohn, Leopald, 1899, “Einleitung und Chronologie des Schriften Philos”, Philologus Supplementband, VII(3): 387–435. (Scholar)
  • Cover, Michael, 2014, “The Sun and the Chariot: the Republic and the Phaedrus as Sources for Rival Platonic Paradigms of Psychic Vision in Philo’s Biblical Commentaries”, Studia Philonica Annual, 26: 151–167. (Scholar)
  • Decharneux, Bernard and Sabrina Inowlocki, 2011, Philon d’Alexandrie. Un penseur à l’intersection des cultures gréco-romaine, orientale, juive et chrétienne, (Monothéismes et Philosophie, 12), Turnhout: Brepols Publishers. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.5.112287 (Scholar)
  • Dillon, John M., 1977, The Middle Platonists: A Study of Platonism, 80 B.C. to A.D. 220, London: Duckworth. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2011, “The Ideas as Thoughts of God”, Études Platoniciennes, 8: 31–42. doi:10.4000/etudesplatoniciennes.448 (Scholar)
  • Dillon, John M. and A.A. Long (eds), 1988, The Question of “Eclecticism”. Studies in Later Greek Philosophy, (Hellenistic culture and society, 3), Berkeley: University of California Press. (Scholar)
  • Engberg-Pedersen, Troels, 1999, “Philo’s De vita contemplativa as a Philosopher’s Dream”, Journal for the Study of Judaism in the Persian, Hellenistic, and Roman Period, 30(1): 40–64. (Scholar)
  • Étienne, S., 2000, “Réflexion sur 1’ apostasie de Tibérius Julius Alexander”, Studia Philonica Annual, 12: 122–142.
  • Ferrary, Jean-Louis, 1977, “Le discours de Philus (Cicéron, De re publica, III, 8–31) et la philosophie de Carnéade”, Revue des Études Latines, 55: 128–156. (Scholar)
  • Festugière, André Jean, 1950, La Révélation d’Hermès Trismégiste. 2 Le Dieu cosmique, Paris: Lecoffre. (Scholar)
  • Frazier, Françoise, 2002, “Les visages de Joseph dans le De Josepho”, Studia Philonica Annual, 14: 1–30. (Scholar)
  • Goulet, Richard, 1987, La philosophie de Moïse, Pari: Vrin. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2012, Dictionnaire des Philosophes Antiques, V a: de Paccius à Plotin, Paris: Editions du Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS). (Scholar)
  • Graver, Margaret, 1999, “Philo of Alexandria and the Origins of the Stoic ΠΡΠΑΘΕΙΑΙ”, Phronesis, 44(4): 300–325; reprinted in Alesse 2008: 197–222. doi:10.1163/ej.9789004167483.i-296.42 (Scholar)
  • Hadas-Lebel, Mireille (ed., trans.), 1973, Philon De Prouidentia I et II, Paris: Éd. du Cerf. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2003, Philon d’Alexandrie : un penseur en diaspora, Paris: Fayard. (Scholar)
  • Helleman, W.E., 1990, “Philo of Alexandria on Deification and Assimilation to God”, Studia Philonica Annual, 2: 51–71. (Scholar)
  • Hilhorst, A., 1992, “Was Philo Read by Pagans? The Statement on Heliodorus in Socrates Hist. Eccl. 5.22”, Studia Philonica Annual, 4: 75–77. (Scholar)
  • Horst, Pieter Willem van der (tr.), 2003, Philo’s Flaccus: The First Pogrom, Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • Kamesar, Adam, 2009, The Cambridge Companion to Philo, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/ccol9780521860901 (Scholar)
  • Le Boulluec, Alain, 1998, “La place des concepts philosophiques dans la réflexion de Philon sur le plaisir”, in Lévy 1998a: 129–152. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.4.000509 (Scholar)
  • Lehmann, Yves, 1997, Varron théologien et philosophe romain, (Collection Latomus, 237), Bruxelles: Latomas. (Scholar)
  • Leonhardt, Jutta, 2001, Jewish Worship in Philo of Alexandria, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck. (Scholar)
  • Lévy, Carlos, 1990, “Cicéron et le moyen platonisme : le probleme du souverain bien selon Platon”, Revue des Études Latines, 68: 50–66. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1998a, Philon d’Alexandrie et le langage de la philosophie, (Monothéismes et Philosophie, 1), Turnhout: Brepols Publishers. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.5.112277 (Scholar)
  • –––, 1998b, “Ethique de l’immanence, éthique de la transcendance: le problème de l’oikeiôsis chez Philon”, in Lévy 1998a: 153–164. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.4.000510 (Scholar)
  • –––, 2007, “La question de la dyade chez Philon d’Alexandrie”, in Bonazzi et al. 2007: 11–28. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.4.00036 (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, “Philo’s Ethics”, in Kamesar 2009: 146–172. doi:10.1017/ccol9780521860901.007 (Scholar)
  • –––, 2013, “L’étrange Monsieur Aquilius”, Bulletin de l’Association Guillaume Budé, 2013(1): 202–213. doi:10.3406/bude.2013.6992
  • Litwa, M. David, 2014, “The Deification of Moses in Philo of Alexandria”, Studia Philonica Annual, 26: 1–27. (Scholar)
  • Long, A.A., 1992, “Stoic Readings of Homer”, in Homer’s Ancient Readers, Lamberton and Keaney (eds.), Princeton: Princeton University Press, 41–66; reprinted in A.A. Long, Stoic Studies, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 58–85. (Scholar)
  • Malingrey, Anne Marie, 1961, Philosophia. Étude d’un groupe de mots dans la littérature grecque, des Présocratiques au IVe siécle après J.-C., Paris: C. Klincksiek. (Scholar)
  • Mansfeld, Jaap, 1988, “Philosophy in the Service of Scripture: Philo’s Exegetical Strategies”, in Dillon & Long 1988: 70–102. (Scholar)
  • Massebiau, M. Louis, 1889, “Le classement des oeuvres de Philon”, in Études de critique et d’histoire: Section des sciences religieuses, Paris: Leroux, pp. 3–91. (Scholar)
  • Najman, Hindy, 1999, “The Law of Nature and the Authority of Mosaic Law”, Studia Philonica Annual, 11: 55–73. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2007, “Philosophical Contemplation and Revelatory Inspiration In Ancient Judean Traditions”, Studia Philonica Annual, 19: 101–112. (Scholar)
  • Niehoff, Maren R., 2001, Philo on Jewish Identity and Culture, (Texte und Studien zum antiken Judentum, 86), Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2011, Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/cbo9780511732324 (Scholar)
  • –––, 2018, Philo of Alexandria. An Intellectual Biography, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. (Scholar)
  • Nikiprowetzky, Valentin, 1977, Le Commentaire de l’Écriture chez Philon d’Alexandrie, (Arbeiten zur Literatur und Geschichte des hellenistischen Judentums, 11), Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • Opsomer Jan, 1998, In Search of the Truth. Academic Tendencies in Middle Platonism, Brussels: Paleis der Academiën Hertogsstraat I. (Scholar)
  • Petit, Madeleine, 1974, Philon d’Alexandrie, ‘Quod omnis probus liber sit’: Introduction, texte, traduction et notes, (Les oeuvres de Philon, 28), Paris: Éditions du Cerf. (Scholar)
  • Raban, Avner and Kenneth G. Holum (eds.), 1996, Caesarea Maritima. A Retrospective after Two Millennia, Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • Radice, Roberto, 1991, “Observations on the Theory of the Ideas as the Thoughts of God in Philo of Alexandria”, Studia Philonica Annual, 3: 126–134. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, “Philo’s Theology and Theory of Creation”, in Kamesar 2009: 124–145. doi:10.1017/ccol9780521860901.006 (Scholar)
  • Reydams-Schils, G., 1995, “Stoicized Readings of Plato’s Timaeus in Philo of Alexandria”, Studia Philonica Annual, 7: 85–102. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999, Demiurge and Providence: Stoic and Platonist Readings of Plato’s Timaeus, (Monothéismes et Philosophie, 2), Turnhout: Brepols Publishers. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.5.112278 (Scholar)
  • –––, 2002, “Philo of Alexandria on Stoic and Platonist Psycho-Physiology: The Socratic Higher Ground”, Ancient Philosophy, 22(1): 125–147; reprinted in Alesse 2008: 169–196. doi:10.1163/ej.9789004167483.i-296.39 (Scholar)
  • Roskam, Gert, 2011, “Aristotle in Middle Platonism. The case of Plutarch of Chaeronea”, in T. Bénatouïl, E. Maffi, and F. Trabattoni (eds.), Plato, Aristotle, or Both? Dialogues between Platonism and Aristotelianism in Antiquity, Hildesheim, Zürich: Olms. (Scholar)
  • Runia, David T., 1981, “Philo’s De aeternitate mundi: The Problem of its Interpretation”, Vigiliae Christianae, 35(2): 105–151. doi:10.2307/1583394 (Scholar)
  • –––, 1986, Philo of Alexandria and the “Timaeus” of Plato, (Philosophia antiqua, 44), Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1987, “Further Observations on the Structure of Philo’s Allegorical Treatises”, Vigiliae Christianae, 41(2): 105–138. doi:10.2307/1584105 (Scholar)
  • –––, 1993, “Was Philo a Middle Platonist? A Difficult Question Revisited”, Studia Philonica Annual, 5: 112–140. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1996, “Caesarea Maritima and the Survival of Hellenistic-Jewish Literature”, in Raban & Holum 1996: 476–495. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2001, On the Creation of the Cosmos according to Moses, Introduction, Translation and Commentary, Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2008, “Philo and Hellenistic Doxography”, in Alessa 2008: 13–52. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, “Philo and the Early Christian Fathers”, in Kamesar 2009: 210–230. doi:10.1017/ccol9780521860901.009 (Scholar)
  • –––, 2012a, “Philon d’Alexandrie”, in Goulet 2012: 362–390. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2012b, Philo of Alexandria: an Annotated Bibliography 1997–2006, Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • Schwartz, Daniel R., 2009, “Philo, His Family and His Times”, in Kamesar 2009: 9–31. doi:10.1017/ccol9780521860901.002 (Scholar)
  • Seland, Torrey (ed.), 2014, Reading Philo: A Handbook to Philo of Alexandria, Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmanns. (Scholar)
  • Sharples, Robert W., 2008, Philo and Post-Aristotelian Peripatetics, in Alesse 2008: 55–73. doi:10.1163/ej.9789004167483.i-296.15 (Scholar)
  • Smallwood, E.M., 1961, Philonis Alexandrini Legatio ad Gaium, edited with an introduction, translation and commentary, Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • Sterling, Gregory E., 1993, “Platonizing Moses: Philo and Middle Platonism”, Studia Philonica Annual, 5: 96–111. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1998, “A Philosophy According to the Elements of the Cosmos: Colossian Christianity and Philo of Alexandria”, in Lévy 1998a: 349–376. doi:10.1484/m.mon-eb.4.000519 (Scholar)
  • Stern, Menahem, 1974, Greek and Latin Authors on Jews and Judaism (Volume 1), Jerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. (Scholar)
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