Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Philodemus" by David Blank

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Primary Literature: Bibliographical Note

The number of Philodemus' philosophical books and the complexities of their preservation in papyri with multiple parts and, at times, in multiple copies, makes it impractical to give a complete list here. Luckily, there are now several fairly complete bibliographies online, to which the reader is referred below, with links. What follows here are notes intended to orient further reading on both general and particular topics, and a list of works referred to in the present article.

General accounts of Philodemus are given by Gigante 1995, Erler 1994 and, most recently, Longo Auricchio et al. 2011. All these works discuss Philodemus' life and list his works, with extensive bibliography.

In the secondary literature, references to texts of Herculaneum papyri are usually given in terms of the inventory number, then column or fragment number, then line number (e.g., PHerc. 1497.21.14; often, columns have Roman numerals). Older publications will refer to the volume and page number of the engraved facsimile, e.g., V(olumina) H(erculanensia)2 XII 67. Many publications give volume and page numbers of a standard late-19th or early 20th century edition, as for Sudhaus 1892–6 and Jensen 1907 and 1911.

Introductions to the Herculaneum library are given by Gigante 1995, Capasso 1991, Delattre 2006. Del Mastro 2005 is a CD-ROM database of papyri, with descriptions, bibliographies, and one image of the writing of each papyrus), building on the prior descriptions and bibliography of Gigante 1979 and its bibliographical supplements in Capasso 1989 and Del Mastro 2000. Travaglione 2008 (cf. Del Mastro 2010) provides a comprehensive listing of the papyri and their actual condition.

For the study of the bibliological and palaeographical aspects of the Herculaneum papyri, Cavallo 1983 is fundamental, along with Capasso 1991. Studies useful for studying the grammar and orthography of Philodemus papyri are found in a number of the introductions to recent editions, especially Obbink 1996 and Janko 2000, in many articles in Cronache Ercolanesi, as well as in Crönert 1903. There are also special lexica: Vooijs 1934, Vooijs-van Krevelen 1941, and Usener 1977.

The first publications of some edited texts of Herculaneum papyri were in the series Herculanensium Voluminum quae supersunt. Tomus I-XI, Naples: Regia Typographia 1793-1855, the so-called ‘Collectio prima’ (VH). These were followed by publications in two volumes of some of the drawings made for William Hayter in Naples between 1802 and 1806: Herculanensium Voluminum Pars Prima, Oxford: Clarendon Press 1824 and Pars Secunda, Oxford: Clarendon Press 1825. The drawings kept in Oxford's Bodleian Library, known as the O disegni, can be viewed in digital photographs via the website of the Friends of Herculaneum Society (see Other Internet Resources: Online Texts, below). The drawings taken away by Hayter to England were replaced with new drawings and others were made as new papyri were opened (N disegni, dating from post-1806; earlier drawings of PHerc. 1008, 1424, 1674, 1675 exist in Naples, alongside those made later of the same papyri). The majority of the drawings kept in Naples were engraved and published in the series Herculanensium Voluminum quae supersunt. Collectio altera, Naples: Museum Publicum 1862–76 (VH2), and it was in those volumes that most of the texts became known to scholars; only one volume was published of a third collection, Herculanensium Voluminum quae supersunt. Collectio tertia, Milan: Hoepli 1914.

With the publication of drawings of the texts, scholars outside Naples began to study and edit them. A number of the texts from the late 19th and early 20th centuries remain standard references, but as they were made primarily on the basis of the disegni, with only sporadic consultation of the papyri themselves, they must now be redone. In some cases, new editions of parts of these texts have been and continue to be published, e.g., Longo Auricchio 1977 (Rhetoric I-II), Ranocchia 2007 (On Arrogance cols. 10–24).

Since 1970 the International Center for the Study of the Herculaneum Papyri (CISPE), founded by Marcello Gigante, has published a journal, Cronache Ercolanesi (CErc), dedicated to studies of Herculaneum, including studies of Philodemean philosophy and editions of texts. The ‘Notiziario’ at the back of each annual issue gives a list of scholars working on editions of individual papyri, so that scholars interested in particular texts may contact those engaged in editing them. CISPE also sponsors a series of editions, La scuola di Epicuro, now up to 17 volumes (plus 5 ‘supplements’ containing Epicurean texts not from Herculaneum). These are often the most recent and authoritative editions of their texts, with Italian translation and commentary. Since the 1990's a team of scholars has been working, originally with the support of the National Endowment for the Humanities, to publish Philodemus' works on music, rhetoric, and poetics; the first volume in this series is Janko 2000. The newest editions often follow the helpful format for Herculaneum texts devised by Obbink 1996, giving the papyrus text in columnar format and textual apparatus on the left-hand (verso) side of each opening, while the right-hand (recto) side gives the text in continuous lines and an English translation.

Works cited: Secondary Literature

  • Allen, J., 2001, Inference from Signs: Ancient Debates about the Nature of Evidence, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Arrighetti, G., 2003, ‘Filodemo biografo dei filosofi e le forme dell'erudizione’, Cronache Ercolanesi 33, 13–30. (Scholar)
  • Asmis, E., 1984, Epicurus' Scientific Method, Ithaca: Cornell University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1990, ‘Philodemus' Epicureanism’, in W. Haase and H. Temporini, eds., Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt II 36.4, 2369–2406. Berlin-New York: De Gruyter. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1995, ‘Epicurean Semiotics’, in Manetti, G., ed., Knowledge through Signs: Ancient Semiotic Theories and Practices, 155–185. Turnhout: Brepols. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999, ‘Epicurean epistemology’, in K. Algra et al., The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, 260–294. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, ‘Epicurean empiricism’, in Warren 2009, 84–104. (Scholar)
  • Auvray-Assayas, C. and D. Delattre, 2001, Cicéron et Philodème: La polémique en philosophie, Paris: Éditions rue d'Ulm. (Scholar)
  • Barnes, J., 1988, ‘Epicurean Signs’, Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Suppl. Vol. 91–134. (Scholar)
  • Blank, D., 1995, ‘Philodemus on the Technicity of Rhetoric’, in Obbink 1995, 178–188. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1998, Sextus Empiricus Against the Grammarians, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2001, ‘La philologie comme arme philosophique: la connaissance technique de la rhétorique dans l'épicurisme’, in Auvray-Assayas and Delattre 2001, 241–257. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2007a, ‘Aristotle's “Academic Course on Rhetoric” and the End of Philodemus' On Rhetoric VIII’, Cronache Ercolanesi 37, 5–47. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2007b, ‘The Life of Antiochus of Ascalon in Philodemus' History of the Academy and a Tale of Two Letters’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 162 (2007), 87–93. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009a, ‘Philosophia and technê: Epicureans on the arts’, in Warren 2009, 216–233. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009b, ‘Philodemus on the Impossibility of a “Philosophical Rhetoric”’, in F. Woerther, ed., Literary and Philosophical Rhetoric in the Greek, Roman, Syriac and Arabic Worlds, Hildesheim: Olms, 73-94. (Scholar)
  • Capasso, M., 1989, ‘Primo supplemento al Catalogo dei Papiri Ercolanesi’, Cronache Ercolanesi 19, 193–264. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1991, Manuale di Papirologia Ercolanese, Galatina: Congedo. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2010, ‘Per una ricostruzione del De vitiis di Filodemo’, in T. Gagos, ed. XXV International Congress of Papyrology, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Library, 97–104. (Scholar)
  • Cavallo, G., 1983, Libri Scritture Scribi ad Ercolano, Primo Supplemento a Cronache Ercolanesi 13, Naples: Macchiaroli. (Scholar)
  • Clay, D., 2009, ‘The Athenian Garden’, in Warren 2009, 9–28. (Scholar)
  • Crönert, W., 1903, Memoria Graeca Herculanensis, Leipzig: B. G. Teubner (repr. Hildesheim: Olms 1963). (Scholar)
  • De Lacy, P. H. and De Lacy, E. A., 1978, Philodemus On methods of inference (La scuola di Epicuro 1), Naples: Bibliopolis. (Scholar)
  • Delattre, D., 2003, “Présence ou absence d'une copie du De rerum natura à Herculanum? Réponse à Mario Capasso”, in: A. Monet, ed., Le Jardin romain, Épicurisme et poésie à Rome mélanges, Villeneuve d'Ascq: Éditions du Conseil scientifique de l'Université Charles-de-Gaulle-Lille III, 109–116. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2006, La Villa des Papyrus et les rouleaux d'Herculanum. La Bibliothèque de Philodème (Cahiers du CeDoPaL no. 4), Liège: Les Éditions de l'Université de Liège. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2007, Philodème de Gadara Sur la Musique Livre IV (2 vols.), Paris: Les Belles Lettres. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, ‘Le Sage épicurien face à la colère et à l'ivresse: une lecture renouvelée du De ira de Philodème, Cronache Ercolanesi 39, 71–88. (Scholar)
  • Del Mastro, G., 2000, ‘Secondo supplemento al Catalogo dei papiri ercolanesi’, Cronache Ercolanesi 30, 157–242. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2005, χάρτης: catalogo multimediale dei papiri ercolanesi, Naples (CD-ROM).
  • –––, 2010, ‘Il Catalogo descrittivo dei Papiri Ercolanesi’, Cronache Ercolanesi 40, 215–222. (Scholar)
  • Dorandi, T., 1990a, ‘Filodemo: orientamenti della ricerca attuale’, in W. Haase and H. Temporini, eds., Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt II 36.4, 2328–2368. Berlin-New York: De Gruyter. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1990b, ‘Filodemo storico del pensiero antico’, in W. Haase and H. Temporini, eds., Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt II 36.4, 2407–23. Berlin-New York: De Gruyter. (Scholar)
  • Erler, M., 1994, ‘§25. Philodem aus Gadara’, in H. Flashar, ed., Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie begründet von Friedrich Überweg, Die Philosophie der Antike, Band 4.1, Die Hellenistische Philosophie, ed. M. Erler, et al. Basel: Schwabe, 289–343, with extensive bibliography at 344–362. (Scholar)
  • Essler, H., 2011, Glückselig und unsterblich. Epikureische Theologie bei Cicero und Philodem. Mit einer Edition von PHerc. 152/157, Kol. 8-10, Basel: Schwabe. (Scholar)
  • Frischer, B., 1991, Shifting Paradigms: New Approaches to Horace's Ars Poetica, Atlanta: Scholars Press. (Scholar)
  • Gigante, M., 1979, Catalogo dei Papiri Ercolanesi, Naples: Bibliopolis. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1995, Philodemus in Italy. The books from Herculaneum, trs. D. Obbink, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. (Scholar)
  • Glidden, D., 1983, ‘Epicurean semantics’, in ΣΥΖΗΤΗΣΙΣ. Studi sull' Epicureismo greco e latino offerti a Marcello Gigante, Volume 1, 185–226, Naples: Bibliopolis. (Scholar)
  • Guidobaldi, M. P. and D. Esposito, 2010, ‘New Archaeological Research at the Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum’, in: M. Zarmakoupi, ed., The Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum, 21–62 and plates 16–39. Berlin-New York: De Gruyter. (Scholar)
  • Henry, W. B., 2009, Philodemus, On Death (Society of Biblical Literature, Writings from the Greco-Roman World 29), Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature. (Scholar)
  • Indelli, G., 1988, Filodemo, L'ira (La Scuola di Epicuro 5), Naples: Bibliopolis. (Scholar)
  • ––– and V. Tsouna, 1995, [Philodemus. On choices and avoidances] (La scuola di Epicuro 15), Naples: Bibliopolis. (Scholar)
  • Janko, R., 2000, Philodemus On Poems Book One, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2011, Philodemus On Poems Books Three and Four with the Fragments of Aristotle On Poets, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Jensen, C., 1907, Philodemi περὶ οἰκονομίας qui dicitur libellus, Leipzig: B. G. Teubner. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1911, Philodemi περὶ ὑπερηφανίας liber decimus, Leipzig: B. G. Teubner. (Scholar)
  • Long, A. A., 1988, ‘Reply to Jonathan Barnes, “Epicurean Signs”’, in J. Annas (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy (Supplementary Volume), 135–144. (Scholar)
  • ––– and D. N. Sedley, 1987, The Hellenistic Philosophers, 2 vols., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Longo Auricchio, F., 1977, ΦΙΛΟΔΗΜΟΥ ΠΕΡΙ ΡΗΤΟΡΙΚΗϹ Libros primum et secundum (Ricerche sui papiri ercolanesi III), Naples: Giannini. (Scholar)
  • –––, G. Indelli, and G. Del Mastro, 2011, ‘Philodème de Gadara’, in R. Goulet, ed., Dictionnaire des Philosophes Antiques V.A de Paccius à Plotin, Paris: Éditions du Centre Nationale pour la Recherche Scientifique, 334–359. (Scholar)
  • Monet, A., 1996, [Philodème, Sur les sensations], PHerc. 19/698, Cronache Ercolanesi 26: 27–126. (Scholar)
  • Obbink, D., ed., 1995, Philodemus & Poetry, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1996, Philodemus On Piety Part I, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Schofield, M., 1996, ‘Epilogismos: an appraisal’, in Frede, M. and G. Striker, eds., Rationality in Greek Thought, 221–237, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Sedley, D. N., 1982, ‘On Signs’, in Barnes, J. et al., Science and Speculation: Studies in Hellenistic Theory and Practice, 239–272, Cambridge and Paris: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2003, ‘Philodemus and the Decentralisation of Philosophy’, Cronache Ercolanesi 33, 31–41. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, ‘Epicureanism in the Roman Republic’, in Warren 2009, 29–45. (Scholar)
  • Sider, D., 1997, The Epigrams of Philodemos, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • ––– 2005. The Library of the Villa dei Papiri at Herculaneum, Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum. (Scholar)
  • Sudhaus, S. 1892–, 1896, Philodemi Volumina Rhetorica I, Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1892; II, Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1896; Supplementum, Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1895. (Scholar)
  • Travaglione, A., 2008, Catalogo descrittivo dei papiri ercolanesi, Naples: Centro Internazionale per lo Studio dei Papiri d'Ercolano e Biblioteca Nazionale di Napoli Vittorio Emmanuele III. (Scholar)
  • Tsouna, V., 2001, ‘Cicéron et Philodème: quelques considerations sur l'éthique’, in Auvray-Assayas and Delattre 2001, 159–172. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2007, The Ethics of Philodemus, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, ‘Epicurean therapeutic strategies’, in Warren 2009, 249–265. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2012, Philodemus, On Property Management (Society of Biblical Literature, Writings from the Greco-Roman World 33), Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature. (Scholar)
  • Usener, H., 1887, Epicurea, Leipzig: B. G. Teubner. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1977, Glossarium Epicureum, ed. W. Schmid and M. Gigante, Rome: Edizioni dell'Ateneo e Bizzarri. (Scholar)
  • Vooijs, C. J., 1934, Lexicon Philodemeum. Pars prior, Purmerend: J. Muusses. (Scholar)
  • ––– and D. A. van Krevelen, 1941, Lexicon Philodemeum. Pars altera, Amsterdam: N. V. Swets en Zeitlinger. (Scholar)
  • Warren, J., 2009, The Cambridge Companion to Epicureanism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Wittwer, R., 2007, ‘Noch einmal zur subscriptio von Philodems sogenanntem De signis: P.Herc. 1065’, in: Palme, B., ed., Akten des 23. Internationalen Papyrologenkongresses, Wien, 22.-28. Juli 2001, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. (Scholar)

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