Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Carl Schmitt" by Lars Vinx

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Primary Literature

For full bibliographical information on Schmitt’s works see Alain de Benoist, Carl Schmitt. Bibliographie seiner Schriften und Korrespondenzen, Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2003. In the list of Schmitt’s works, a date in parentheses after the title refers to the year of first publication in German or (in case of posthumously published material) to the year in which the text in question was written.

Works by Carl Schmitt

[GU] Gesetz und Urteil. Eine Untersuchung zum Problem der Rechtspraxis (1912), München: C.H. Beck, 1969.
[WS] Der Wert des Staates und die Bedeutung des Einzelnen (1914), Berlin: Duncker&Humblot, 2004.
[PR] Political Romanticism (1919), trans. by Guy Oakes, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1986.
[D] Dictatorship. From the Origin of the Modern Concept of Sovereignty to Proletarian Class Struggle (1921), trans. by M. Hoelzl and G. Ward, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2014.
[PT] Political Theology. Four Chapters on the Concept of Sovereignty (1922), trans. by G. Schwab, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.
[RK] Römischer Katholizismus und politische Form (1923), Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 2008.
[CPD] The Crisis of Parliamentary Democracy (1923), trans. by E. Kennedy, Cambridge/MA: MIT Press, 1985.
[DP] “The Dictatorship of the President of the Reich according to Article 48 of the Weimar Constitution” (1924), in C. Schmitt, Dictatorship. From the Origin of the Modern Concept of Sovereignty to Proletarian Class Struggle, trans. by M. Hoelzl and G. Ward, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2014, pp. 180–226.
[VV] Volksentscheid und Volksbegehren. Ein Beitrag zur Auslegung der Weimarer Verfassung und zur Lehre von der unmittelbaren Demokratie (1927), Berlin: Duncker&Humblot, 2014.
[CT] Constitutional Theory (1928), trans. by J. Seitzer, Durham: Duke University Press, 2008.
[ND] “The Age of Neutralizations and Depoliticizations” (1929), in C. Schmitt, The Concept of the Political. Expanded Edition, trans. by G. Schwab, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007, pp. 80–96.
[HV] Der Hüter der Verfassung (1931), Berlin: Duncker&Humblot, 1996. [A partial translation of this text is available in The Guardian of the Constitution. Hans Kelsen and Carl Schmitt on the Limits of Constitutional Law , trans. by L. Vinx, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015, pp. 79–173.]
[LL] Legality and Legitimacy (1932), trans. by J. Seitzer, Durham: Duke University Press, 2004.
[CP] The Concept of the Political. Expanded Edition (1932), trans. by G. Schwab, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.
[SBV] Staat, Bewegung, Volk. Die Dreigliederung der politischen Einheit (1933), Hamburg: Hanseatische Verlagsanstalt, 1933.
[TJT] On the Three Types of Juristic Thought (1934), trans. by J.W. Bendersky, Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2004.
[SM] “The State as a Mechanism in Hobbes and Descartes” (1936/37), in C. Schmitt,The Leviathan in the State Theory of Thomas Hobbes. Meaning and Failure of a Political Symbol, trans. by G. Schwab and E. Hilfstein, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008, pp. 91–103.
[L] The Leviathan in the State Theory of Thomas Hobbes. Meaning and Failure of a Political Symbol (1938), trans. by G. Schwab and E. Hilfstein, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
[DCW] The Turn to the Discriminating Concept of War (1938), in C. Schmitt, Writings on War, trans. by T. Nunan, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2011, pp. 30–74.
[PB] Positionen und Begriffe im Kampf mit Weimar — Genf — Versailles 1923–1939 (1940), Berlin: Duncker&Humblot, 1988.
[GO] The Grossraum Order of International Law with a Ban on Intervention for Spatially Foreign Powers: A Contribution to the Concept of Reich in International Law (1941), in C. Schmitt, Writings on War, trans. by T. Nunan, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2011, pp. 75–124.
[LS] Land and Sea. A World-Historical Meditation (1942), trans. by S.G. Zeitlin, New York: Telos Press, 2015.
[IC] The International Crime of the War of Aggression and the Principle ‘Nullum crimen, nulla poena sine lege’ (1945), in C. Schmitt, Writings on War, trans. by T. Nunan, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2011, pp. 125–97.
[AN] Antworten in Nürnberg (1947), ed. by H. Quaritsch, Berlin: Duncker&Humblot, 2000.
[NE] The Nomos of the Earth in the International Law of the Jus Publicum Europaeum (1950), trans. by G.L. Ulmen, New York: Telos Press, 2003.
[ECS] Ex Captivitate Salus. Erfahrungen aus der Zeit 1945/47 (1950), Berlin: Duncker&Humblot, 2002.
[VA] Verfassungsrechtliche Aufsätze aus den Jahren 1924–1954. Materialien zu einer Verfassungslehre (1958), Berlin: Duncker&Humblot, 1958.
[TV] The Tyranny of Values and Other Texts (1960), trans. by S.G. Zeitlin, New York: Telos Press, 2018.
[TP] Theory of the Partisan. Intermediate Commentary on the Concept of the Political (1963), trans. by G.L. Ulmen, New York: Telos Press, 2007.
[VR] “Die vollendete Reformation. Zu neuen Leviathan-Interpretationen” (1965), Der Staat, 4 (1): 51–69.

Secondary Literature

Anthologies on Schmitt

Selected Articles and Books on Schmitt

  • Arato, A., 1995, “Forms of Constitution Making and Theories of Democracy,” Cardozo Law Review, 17 (2): 191–231. (Scholar)
  • Axtmann, R., 2007, “Humanity or Enmity? Carl Schmitt on International Politics,” International Politics, 44 (5): 531–51. (Scholar)
  • Balakrishnan, G., 2000, The Enemy. An Intellectual Portrait of Carl Schmitt, London: Verso. (Scholar)
  • Bendersky, J.W., 1983, Carl Schmitt. Theorist for the Reich, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. (Scholar)
  • Benhabib, S., 2012, “Carl Schmitt’s Critique of Kant: Sovereignty and International Law,” Political Theory, 40 (6): 688–713. (Scholar)
  • Böckenförde, E.-W., 1998, “The Concept of the Political: A Key to Understanding Carl Schmitt’s Constitutional Theory,” in Law as Politics. Carl Schmitt’s Critique of Liberalism, D. Dyzenhaus (ed.), Durham: Duke University Press, pp. 37–55. (Scholar)
  • Breuer, S., 2012, Carl Schmitt im Kontext. Intellektuellenpolitik in der Weimarer Republik, Berlin: Akademie Verlag. (Scholar)
  • Brown, C., 2007, “From Humanized War to Humanitarian Intervention: Carl Schmitt’s Critique of the Just War Tradition,” in The International Political Thought of Carl Schmitt. Terror, Liberal War and the Crisis of Global Order, L. Odysseos and F. Petito (eds.), Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 56–69. (Scholar)
  • Caldwell, P.C., 1997, Popular Sovereignty and the Crisis of German Constitutional Law. The Theory and Practice of Weimar Constitutionalism, Durham: Duke University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2005, “Controversies over Carl Schmitt: A Review of Recent Literature,” The Journal of Modern History, 77 (2): 357–87. (Scholar)
  • Colon-Rios, J., 2012, Weak Constitutionalism. Democratic Legitimacy and the Question of Constituent Power, Abingdon: Routledge. (Scholar)
  • Conrad, D., 1999, “Limitation of Amendment Procedures and the Constituent Power,” in D. Conrad, Zwischen den Traditionen. Probleme des Verfassungsrechts und der Rechtskultur in Indien und Pakistan, ed. by J. Lütt and M.P. Singh, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, pp. 47–85. (Scholar)
  • Cristi, R., 1998, Carl Schmitt and Authoritarian Liberalism. Strong State, Free Economy, Cardiff: University of Wales Press. (Scholar)
  • Croce, M. and Salvatore, A., 2013, The Legal Theory of Carl Schmitt, Abingdon: Routledge. (Scholar)
  • Dyzenhaus, D., 1997, Legality and Legitimacy. Carl Schmitt, Hans Kelsen and Hermann Heller in Weimar, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2006, The Constitution of Law. Legality in a Time of Emergency, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Ehmke, H., 1953, Grenzen der Verfassungsänderung, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. (Scholar)
  • Fox, G.H. and Nolte, G., 1995, “Intolerant Democracies,” Harvard International Law Journal, 36 (1): 1–70. (Scholar)
  • Gottfried, P.E., 1990, Carl Schmitt. Politics and Theory, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. (Scholar)
  • Groh, R., 1998, Arbeit an der Heillosigkeit der Welt. Zur politisch-theologischen Mythologie und Anthropologie Carl Schmitts, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. (Scholar)
  • Gross, R., 2007, Carl Schmitt and the Jews: The “Jewish Question,” the Holocaust, and German Legal Theory, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. (Scholar)
  • Hathaway, O. and Shapiro, S., 2017, The Internationalists. How a Radical Plan to Outlaw War Remade the World, New York: Simon & Schuster. (Scholar)
  • Herrero, M., 2015, The Political Discourse of Carl Schmitt. A Mystic of Order, Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield. (Scholar)
  • Hofmann, H., 2002, Legitimität gegen Legalität. Der Weg der politischen Philosophie Carl Schmitts, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. (Scholar)
  • Holmes, S., 1993, The Anatomy of Antiliberalism, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. (Scholar)
  • Hooker, W., 2009, Carl Schmitt’s International Thought. Order and Orientation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Kahn, P.W., 2011, Political Theology. Four New Chapters on the Concept of Sovereignty, New York: Columbia University Press. (Scholar)
  • Kalyvas, A., 2008, Democracy and the Politics of the Extraordinary. Max Weber, Carl Schmitt, and Hannah Arendt, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2018, “Carl Schmitt’s Postcolonial Imagination,” Constellations, 25 (1): 35–53. (Scholar)
  • Kaufmann, M., 1988, Recht ohne Regel? Die philosophischen Prinzipien in Carl Schmitt’s Staats- und Rechtslehre, Freiburg: Karl Alber. (Scholar)
  • Kelly, D., 2016, “Carl Schmitt’s Political Theory of Dictatorship”, in The Oxford Handbook of Carl Schmitt, J. Meierhenrich and O. Simons (eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 217–244. (Scholar)
  • Kennedy, E., 2004, Constitutional Failure. Carl Schmitt in Weimar, Durham: Duke University Press. (Scholar)
  • Kervégan, J.-F., 1992, Hegel, Carl Schmitt. Le politique entre spéculation et positivité, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. (Scholar)
  • Kraft-Fuchs, M., 1930, “Prinzipielle Bemerkungen zu Carl Schmitt’s Verfassungslehre,” Zeitschrift für öffentliches Recht, 9: 510–41. (Scholar)
  • Lindahl, H., 2007, “Constituent Power and Reflexive Identity: Towards an Ontology of Collective Selfhood,” in The Paradox of Constitutionalism. Constituent Power and Constitutional Form, M. Loughlin and N. Walker (eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 9–24. (Scholar)
  • Löwith, K., 1995, “The Occasional Decisionism of Carl Schmitt,” in K. Löwith, Martin Heidegger and European Nihilism, R. Wolin (ed.) and G. Steiner (trans.), New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 37–69. (Scholar)
  • Loughlin, M., 2012, Foundations of Public Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Mauss, I., 1980, Bürgerliche Rechtstheorie und Faschismus. Zur sozialen Funktion und aktuellen Wirkung der Theorie Carl Schmitts, München: Wilhelm Fink. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1998, “The 1933 Break in Carl Schmitt’s Theory,” in Law as Politics. Carl Schmitt’s Critique of Liberalism, D. Dyzenhaus (ed.), Durham: Duke University Press, pp. 198–216. (Scholar)
  • McCormick, J.P., 1994, “Fear, Technology, and the State: Carl Schmitt, Leo Strauss, and the Revival of Hobbes in Weimar and National Socialist Germany,” Political Theory, 22 (4): 619–52. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1997, Carl Schmitt’s Critique of Liberalism. Against Politics as Technology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • Mehring, R., 1989, Pathetisches Denken. Carl Schmitts Denkweg am Leitfaden Hegels: Katholische Grundstellung und antimarxistische Hegelstrategie, Berlin: Duncker&Humblot. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, Carl Schmitt: Aufstieg und Fall. Eine Biographie, München: C.H. Beck. (Scholar)
  • Meier, H., 1998, The Lesson of Carl Schmitt. Four Chapters on the Distinction between Political Theology and Political Philosophy, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2006, Carl Schmitt and Leo Strauss: The Hidden Dialogue, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (Scholar)
  • Minkkinen, P., 2013, “Political Constitutionalism versus Political Constitutional Theory: Law, Power and Politics,” International Journal of Constitutional Law, 11 (3): 585–610. (Scholar)
  • Mouffe, C., 1999b, “Carl Schmitt and the Paradox of Liberal Democracy,” in The Challenge of Carl Schmitt, C. Mouffe (ed.), London: Verso. (Scholar)
  • Müller, J.-W., 2003, A Dangerous Mind. Carl Schmitt in Post-War European Thought, New Haven: Yale University Press. (Scholar)
  • Neumann, V., 2015, Carl Schmitt als Jurist, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck. (Scholar)
  • Norris, A., 2007, “Sovereignty, Exception, and Norm,” Journal of Law and Society, 34 (1): 31–45. (Scholar)
  • Posner, E. and Vermeule, A., 2010, The Executive Unbound. After the Madisonian Republic, New York: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Preuss, U.K., 2016, “Carl Schmitt and the Weimar Constitution”, in The Oxford Handbook of Carl Schmitt, J. Meierhenrich and O. Simons (eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press pp. 471–489. (Scholar)
  • Rüthers, B., 1990, Carl Schmitt im Dritten Reich: Wissenschaft als Zeitgeistverstärkung?, München: C.H. Beck. (Scholar)
  • Sartori, G., 1989, “The Essence of the Political in Carl Schmitt,” Journal of Theoretical Politics, 1 (1): 63–75. (Scholar)
  • Scheuerman, W.E, 1996, “Legal Indeterminacy and the Origins of Nazi Legal Thought: The Case of Carl Schmitt,” History of Political Thought, 17 (4): 571–590. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999, Carl Schmitt. The End of Law, Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2006, “Carl Schmitt and the Road to Abu Ghraib,” Constellations, 13 (1): 108–24. (Scholar)
  • Schupmann, B.A., 2017, Carl Schmitt’s State and Constitutional Theory. A Critical Analysis, Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Scholar)
  • Schwab, G., 1989, The Challenge of the Exception. An Introduction to the Political Ideas of Carl Schmitt between 1921 and 1936, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. (Scholar)
  • Slomp, G., 2009, Carl Schmitt and the Politics of Hostility, Violence, and Terror, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. (Scholar)
  • Strauss, L., 2007, “Notes on Carl Schmitt, The Concept of the Political,” trans. H.J. Lomax, in C. Schmitt, The Concept of the Political. Expanded Edition, trans. George Schwab, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 97–122. (Scholar)
  • Van Laak, D., 2002, Gespräche in der Sicherheit des Schweigens. Carl Schmitt in der politischen Geistesgeschichte der frühen Bundesrepublik, Berlin: Akademie Verlag. (Scholar)
  • Vatter, M., 2016, “The Political Theology of Carl Schmitt”, in The Oxford Handbook of Carl Schmitt, J. Meierhenrich and O. Simons (eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 245–268. (Scholar)
  • Vinx, L., 2013a, “The Incoherence of Strong Popular Sovereignty,” International Journal of Constitutional Law, 11 (1): 101–24. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2013b, “Carl Schmitt and the Analogy between Constitutional and International Law: Are Constitutional and International Law Inherently Political?,” Global Constitutionalism, 2 (1): 91–124. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2015, “Carl Schmitt’s Defence of Sovereignty”, in Law, Liberty, and State. Oakeshott, Hayek and Schmitt on the Rule of Law, D. Dyzenhaus and T. Poole (eds.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 96–121. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2016, “Carl Schmitt and the Problem of Constitutional Guardianship”, in The Contemporary Relevance of Carl Schmitt, M. Arvidsson, L. Brännström, and P. Minkkinen (eds.), Abington: Routledge, pp. 34–49. (Scholar)
  • Wolin, R., 1992, “The Conservative Revolutionary Habitus and the Aesthetics of Horror,” Political Theory, 20 (3): 424–47. (Scholar)
  • Zarmanian, T., 2006, “Carl Schmitt and the Problem of Legal Order: From Domestic to International,” Leiden Journal of International Law, 19 (1): 41–67. (Scholar)

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