Linked bibliography for the SEP article "Suhrawardi" by Roxanne Marcotte

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Primary Sources: Editions, Translations, Commentaries

  • al-Abhari, Athir al-Din, 2001 [1998], Kashf al-Haqa’iq fi Tahrir al-Daqa’iq [Keifu’l-hakaik fi tahriri’d-dekaik], ed. Hüsein Sarioglu, Istanbul: Çantay Kitapevi. (Scholar)
  • Avicenna (Ibn Sina), 1992, Al-Mubahathat, ed. and commentary Muhsin Bidarfar, Qum: Bidar. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1984, Al-Ta‘liqat, ed. and commentary Abdurrahman Badawi, Qum: Maktab al-I‘lam al-Islami [reprint of the Cairo ed.]. (Scholar)
  • Al-Baghdadi, Abu al-Barakat, 1939, Al-Mu‘tabar fi al-Hikmah, 3 vols, ed. Serafeddin Yaltkaya, Haydarabad: Jam‘iyyat Da’irat al-Ma‘arif al-‘Uthmaniyya. (Scholar)
  • al-Dawani, Muhammad, 1953, Shawakil al-Hur fi Sharh Hayakil al-Nur, ed. T. Chandrasekharan, critical ed. M. Abdul Haq and M. Y. Kokan, Madras: Government Oriental Manuscripts Library. (Scholar)
  • al-Dashtaki, Ghiyat al-Din, 2003, Ishraq Hayakil al-Nur li-Kashf Zulumat Shawakil al-Gharur, ed. Ali Awjabi, Tehran: Mirath-i Maktub. (Scholar)
  • Ghaffari, Muhammad Khalid, 2001, Farhang-i Istilahat-i Athar-i Shaykh-i Ishraq, Shihab al-Din Yahya Suhrawardi, Tehran: Anjuman-i Athar va Mafakhir-i Farhagi. (Scholar)
  • Al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad, 1998, The Niche of Lights [Mishkat al-Anwar]. A Parallel English-Arabic Text, trans., intro., and notes David Buchman, Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press. (Scholar)
  • Harawi, Muhammad Sharif Nizam al-Din, 1979, Anwariyya: Tarjuma va Sharh-i Hikmat al-Ishraq-i Suhrawardi, ed. Hossein Ziai, Tehran: Amir Kabir [Persian trans. and commentary of Suhrawardi’s Philosophy of Illumination]. (Scholar)
  • Ibn Kammuna, 2009, Sharh al-Tawihat al-Lawhiyya wa al-‘Arshiyya, 3 vols, ed. and into. Najafquli Habibi, Tehran: Mirath-i Maktub. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2008, al-Kashif (al-Jadid fi al-Hikma), ed. and intro. Hamid Naji Isfahani, Tehran: Institute of Islamic Studies / Berlin: Mu’assasa-yi Pazhuhishi Hikmat va Falsafa-yi Iran; Freie University. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2003, Al-Tanqihat fi Sharh al-Talwihat (Refinement and Commentary on Suhrawardi’s Intimations. A Thirteenth Century Text on Natural Philosophy and Psychology), critical ed., intro. and analysis Hossein Ziai and Ahmed Alwishah, Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda. (Scholar)
  • Kumijani, Shihab al-Din, 2012, Inner Light [Nur al-Fu’ad]: A 19th Century Persian Text in Illuminationist Philosophy, ed., intro. and notes Hossein Ziai and Mohammad Karimi Zanjani Asl, Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda. (Scholar)
  • Kuspinar, Bilal, 1996, Isma‘il Ankaravi on the Illuminative Philosophy, Kuala Lumpur: ISTAC [Ottoman text of Ankaravi with English trans. of Suhrawardi’s Temples of Light]. (Scholar)
  • Mir Damad, 2001, Jadhawat wa Mawaqit, ed. Ali Nuri and Ali Awjabi, Tehran: Mirath-i Maktub. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1977, Al-Qabasat, ed. Mehdi Mohaghegh, Toshihiko Izutsu et al., Tehran: University of Tehran / McGill University, Institute of Islamic Studies, Tehran Branch. (Scholar)
  • Mulla Sadra (Sadr al-Din al-Shirazi), 2010, Addenda on the commentary on the Philosophy of Illumination: Part One on the Rules of Thought (al-Taʻliqat ʻala Sharh Hikmat al-Ishraq), critical ed., into. Hossein Ziai, Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda. (Scholar)
  • Nurbakhsh, Sima, 2007, Ayat-i Ishraq: Tafsir va Ta’wil-i Ayat-i Qur’an-i Karim dar Athar-i Suhrawardi, Tehran: Mihr Niyusha. (Scholar)
  • Shirazi, Qutb al-Din, 2001, Sharh-i Hikmat al-Ishraq, ed. Abdullah Nourani and Mehdi Mohaghegh, Tehran: University of Tehran / McGill University, Institute of Islamic Studies, Tehran Branch [commentary on Suhrawardi’s Philosophy of Illumination]. (Scholar)
  • Shahrazuri, Shams al-Din, 2005, Rasa’il al-Shajara al-Ilahiyya fi ‘ulum al-Haqa’iq al-Rabbaniyya, 3vols, ed., intro and notes Najafquli Habibi, Tehran: Iranian Institute of Philosophy. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2004, Rasa’il al-Shajara al-Ilahiyya fi ‘ulum al-Haqa’iq al-Rabbaniyya, 3 vols., ed., Necip Görgün, Istanbul: Elif Yayınları. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1993, Sharh-i Hikmat al-Ishraq, critical ed., intro. and notes Hossein Ziai, Tehran: Mu’assasa-yi Mutala‘at wa Tahqiqat-i Farhangi [commentary on Suhrawardi’s Philosophy of Illumination]. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1988, Ta’rikh al-Hukama’: Nuzhat al-Arwah wa Rawdat al-Afrah, ed. ‘Abd al-Karim Abu Shuwayrib, Tripoli: Jam‘iyyat al-Da‘wa al-Islamiyya al-‘Alamiyya: 375–392. (Scholar)
  • Spies, Otto and Sarfaraz Khan Khatak, 1935, Three Treatises on Mysticism by Shihabuddin Suhrawerdi Maqul; with an account of his Life and Poetry, ed. and trans. Otto Spies and Sarfaraz Khan Khatak, Stuttgart: Kohlhammer. (Scholar)
  • Suhrawardi, Shihab al-Din, 2014, al-Mashari‘ wa al-Mutarahat, al-Tabi‘iyyat, ed. and intro. Najafquli Habibi, Tehran: Kitabkhana-yi Majlis-i Shura-yi Islami [section on physics; metaphysics in Suhrawardi 1993a, 193–506]. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, al-Talwihat al-Lawhiyya wa al-‘Arshiyya , ed. and intro. Najafquli Habibi, Tehran: Mu’assasa-yi Pazhuhishi Hikmat va Falsafa-yi Iran. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009b, Kitab al-Muqawamat, ed. and study Yasin Husayn al-Wisi, Damascus: Dar al-Farqad lil-Tiba‘ah wal-Nashr wal-Tawzi‘. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2007, Lughat-i Muran: Bih Payvast-i Chand Athar-i Parakanda, ed. and intro Nasrallah Pourjavady, Tehran: Mu’assasa-yi Pazhuhishi-yi Hikmat va Falsafa-yi Iran / Berlin: Mu’assasa-yi Mutala‘at-i Islami-yi, Freie University. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2006, al-Mashari‘ wa al-Mutarahat; al-Mantiq, ed. Maqsud Muhammadi and Ashraf ‘Alipour, Tehran, Haqq-i Yavaran [Section on logic]. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2005, Diwan al-Suhrawardi al-Maqtul, ed. and commentary Kamal Mustafa al-Shaybi, Beirut: Manshurat al-Jamal, 81–98. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2001 [1977], Opera Metaphysica et Mystica IV, ed. and intro. Najfaqoli Habibi, Tehran: Pazhuheshga-yi ‘Ulum-i Insani wa Mutala‘at-i Farhangi. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999a, The Philosophy of Illumination. A New Critical Edition of the Text of Hikmat al-Ishraq, with English trans., notes, commentary and intro. John Walbridge and Hossein Ziai, Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999b [1982], The Philosophical Allegories and Mystical Treatises. A Parallel Persian-English Text, ed., trans. and intro. Wheeler M. Thackston, Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1998, The Book of Radiance (Partow-Nameh). A Parallel English-Persian Text, ed., trans. and intro. Hossein Ziai, Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1996, Temples of Lights, trans. Bilal Kuspinar, Kuala Lumpur: ISTAC. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1993a [1945], Opera Metaphysica et Mystica I, ed. and intro. Henry Corbin, Tehran: Mu’assasa-yi Mutala‘at va Tahqiqat-i Farhangi. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1993b [1952], Opera Metaphysica et Mystica II, ed. and intro. Henry Corbin, Tehran: Mu’assasa-yi Mutala‘at va Tahqiqat-i Farhangi. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1993c [1970], Opera Metaphysica et Mystica III, ed. and English intro. S. Hossein Nasr, French intro. Henry Corbin, Tehran: Mu’assasa-yi Mutala‘at va Tahqiqat-i Farhangi. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1993d, The Sufi Stations (Maqamat al-Sufiyya), ed. Émile Maalouf, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq [= Words of Sufism (Kalimat al-Tasawwuf), cf. 2001, 101–39]. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1991 [1969], Flashes of Light, 2nd ed., intro. and notes Émile Maalouf, Beirut: Dar al-Nahr li-l-Nashr, 57.3/5 [earlier editions: (1988) Flashes of Light, ed. and intro. Muhammad ‘Ali Abu Rayan, Alexandria: Dar al-Ma‘rifa al-Jami‘iyya; metaphysics only, cf. (1977) Sih Risala az Shaykh-i Ishraq, ed. and intro. Najaf-Ghuli Habibi, Tehran: Anjuman-i Shahanshahi-yi Falsafa-yi Iran, 131–76]. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1986, Le livre de la Sagesse Orientale (Kitab hikmat al-ishraq). Commentaires de Qotboddin Shirazi et Molla Sadra Shirazi, trans. and notes Henry Corbin, intro. Christian Jambet, Paris: Verdier. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1976, L’archange empourpré: quinze traités et récits mystiques, trans., intro. and notes Henry Corbin, Paris: Fayard.

Secondary Sources

  • Abu Rayyan, Muhammad ‘Ali, 1969, Usul al-Falsafa al-Ishraqiyya, Beirut: Dar al-Talaba al-‘Arab. (Scholar)
  • Aminrazavi, Mehdi, 2013 [1997], Suhrawardi and the School of Illumination, New York: Routledge. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2004, “The Status of Suhrawardi Studies in the West,” Journal of Religious Thought: A Quarterly of Shiraz University, 1(1): 3–17 [partial overview]. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2003, “How Ibn Sinian is Suhrawardi’s Theory of Knowledge?,” Philosophy East and West, 53(2): 203–14. (Scholar)
  • Arslan, Ishak, 2014, “Pushing the Boundaries of the Universe: The Criticisms of Peripatetic Cosmology in Hikmat al-Ishraq and its Commentaries,” Nazariyat, 1(1): 129–55. (Scholar)
  • Arnzen, Rüdiger, 2011, Platonische Ideen in der arabischen Philosophie: Texte und Materialien zur Begriffsgeschichte von suwar aflatuniyya und muthul aflatuniyya. Berlin. (Scholar)
  • Beidokhti, Hanif Amin, 2018, “Suhrawardi on Division of Aristotelian Categories,” in Abdelkader Al Ghouz (ed.), Islamic Philosophy from the 12th to the 14th Century, Bonn, Bonn: University Press, V&R Unipress, 377–408. (Scholar)
  • Benevich, Fedor, 2017, “The Essence-Existence Distinction: Four Elements of the Post-Avicennian Metaphysical Dispute (11–13thcenturies),” Oriens, 45: 203–58. (Scholar)
  • Carra de Vaux, Bernard, 1902, “La philosophie illuminative (Hikmet el-Ichraq), d’après Suhrawerdi Meqtoul,” Journal asiatique, 19: 63–94. (Scholar)
  • Corbin, Henry, 1971, Sohravardi et les Platoniciens de Perse, Paris: Gallimard [vol. 2 of Henry Corbin, (1971–72), En Islam iranien, 4 vols, Paris: Gallimard] (Scholar)
  • D’Ancona, Cristina, 2004, “The Greek Sage, the Pseudo-Theology of Aristotle and the Arabic Plotinus,” in Rüdiger Arnzen and Jörn Thielmann (eds), Words, Texts and Concepts Cruising the Mediterranean Sea: Studies on the Sources, Contents and Influences of Islamic Civilization and Arabic Philosophy and Science Dedicated to Gerhard Endress on his Sixty-Fifth Birthday, Leuven: Peeters, 159–76. (Scholar)
  • Dinani, Ibrahim, 1985, Shu‘a‘-i Andisha va Shuhud dar Falsafa-yi Suhrawardi, Tehran: Hikmat. (Scholar)
  • Eichner, Heidrun, 2012, “Essence and Existence. Thirteenth-Century Perspectives in Arabic-Islamic Philosophy and Theology,” in Dag Nikolaus Hasse and Amos Bertolacci (eds), The Arabic, Hebrew and Latin Reception of Avicenna’s Metaphysics, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter 123–152. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2011, “‘Knowledge by Presence’, Apperception in the Mind-Body Relationship: Fakhr al-Din al-Razi and al-Suhrawardi as Representatives and Precursors of a Thirteenth-Century Discussion,” in ed. Peter Adamson (ed.), The Age of Averroes: Arabic Philosophy in the Sixth/Twelfth Century, London: Warburg Institute / Turin: Nino Aragno Editore, 117–40. (Scholar)
  • ––– 2010, “The Chapter ‘On Existence and Non-Existence’ of Ibn Kammuna’s al-Jadid fi l-Hikma: Trends and Sources in an Author’s Shaping the Exegetical Tradition of al-Suhrawardi’s Ontology,” in Y. Tzvi Langermann (ed.), Avicenna and His Legacy: A Golden Age of Science and Philosophy, Turnhout: Brepols, 143–77. (Scholar)
  • Fakhry, Majid, 1982, “Al-Suhrawardi’s Critique of the Muslim Peripatetics (al-Mashsha’un),” in Parviz Morewedge (ed.), Philosophies of Existence, Ancient and Modern, New York, NY: Fordham University Press, 279–84. (Scholar)
  • Fanaei Eshkevari, 1996, ‘Ilm-i Huduri. Sang-banai-yi Mar‘rifat-i Bashari va Payih-i barayi yek Marifatshinasi va Ma-bard al-Tabi‘a-yi Muta‘ali, Qum: Mu’assissa-yi Amuzishi va Pajhuhishi-yi Imam Khumayni. (Scholar)
  • Gaffari, Muhammad K., 2001, Farhang-i Istilahat-i Athar-i Shaykh-i Ishraq, Tehran: Ajnuman-i Athar va Mafakhir-i Farahangi. (Scholar)
  • Gheissari, Ali, Ahmed Alwishah and John Walbridge (eds), 2018, Illuminationist Texts and Textual Studies: Essays in Memory of Hossein Ziai, Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • Gnoli, Gherardo, 1999 [1996– ], “Farr(ah),” Encyclopaedia Iranica, online edition, New York.
  • Gutas, Dimitri, 2003, “Essay-Review: Suhrawardi and Greek Philosophy,” Arabic Sciences and Philosophy, 13: 303–9. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2002, “The Study of Arabic Philosophy in the Twentieth Century. An Essay on the Historiography of Arabic philosophy,” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 29(1): 5–29. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2000, “Avicenna’s Eastern (‘Oriental’) Philosophy. Nature, Contents, Transmission,” Arabic Sciences and Philosophy, 10: 159–180. (Scholar)
  • Ha’iri Yazdi, Mehdi, 1992, The Principles of Epistemology in Islamic Philosophy: Knowledge by Presence, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. (Scholar)
  • Horten, Max, 1912, Die Philosophie der Erleuchtung nach Suhrawardi (1191), Halle: Strauss and Cramer; reprinted Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1981. (Scholar)
  • Izutsu, Toshihiko, 1971, The Concept and Reality of Existence, Tokyo: Keio Institute of Cultural and Linguistic Studies. (Scholar)
  • Janos, Damien, 2011, “Moving the Orbs: Astronomy, Physics, and Metaphysics, and the Problem of Celestial Motion according to Ibn Sina,” Arabic Sciences and Philosophy, 21: 165–214. (Scholar)
  • Kadivar, Mohsen, 2011 [1998], “Kitabshinasi Tawsifi-yi Falsafa-yi Ishraq,” in Daftar-i ‘Aql: Majmu‘a-yi Maqalat-i Falsafi va Kalami, Tehran: Ittila‘at, 287–325. (Scholar)
  • Kaukua, Jari, 2015, Self-Awareness in Islamic Philosophy: Avicenna and Beyond, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Scholar)
  • ––– 2013, “Suhrawardi’s Knowledge as Presence in Context,” in Sylvia Akar, Jaakko Hämeen-Anttila and Inka Nokso-Koivisto (eds), Travelling through Time, Helsinki: Finnish Oriental Society, 309–324. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2011, “I in the Light of God: Selfhood and Self-Awareness in Suhrawardi’s Hikmat al-ishraq,” The Age of Averroes: Arabic Philosophy in the Sixth/Twelfth Century, Peter Adamson (ed.), London: Warburg Institute , Turin: Nino Aragno Editore, 141–157. (Scholar)
  • al-Kutubi, Eiyad S., 2015, Mulla Sadra and Eschatology: Evolution of Being, Abingdon: Rouledge. (Scholar)
  • Landolt, Hermann, forthcoming, “Suhrawardi,” with Renate Würsch, in Ulrich Rudolph (ed.), Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie. Philosophie in der islamischen Welt III, 13.–18. Jahrhundert, Basel: Schwabe Verlag. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2017, “‘Being-Towards-Resurrection’: Mullâ Sadrâ’s Critique of Suhrawardî’s Eschatology,” in Sabastian Günther and Todd Lawson, with Christian Mauder (eds), Roads to Paradise: Eschatology and Concepts of the Hereafter in Islam, vol. I Foundations and Formation of a Tradition: Reflections on the Hereafter in the Quran and Islamic Religious Thought, Leiden: Brill, 487–533. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2008, “Les idées platoniciennes et le monde de l’image dans la pensée du Šaykh al-išrāq Yahya al-Suhrawardi (ca.1155–1191),” in Miroir et Savoir. La transmission d’un thème platonicien, des Alexandrins à la philosophie arabo-musulmane, eds. Daniel De Smet and Meryem Sebti, Leuven: Peeters. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1987, “Suhrawardi’s Tales of Initiation’.” Journal of the American Oriental Society, 107(3): 475–86 [review essay of Thackston’s trans. of Suhrawardi’s (1982) Mystical and Visionary Treatises]. (Scholar)
  • Langermann, Y. Tzvi, 2005, “Ibn Kammuna and the ‘New Wisdom’ of the Thirteenth Century,” Arabic Sciences and Philosophy, 15: 277–327. (Scholar)
  • Lizzini, Olga, 2016, “Ibn Sina’s Metaphysics,”, in Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2016 edition), URL = <https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2016/entries/ibn-sina-metaphysics/>. (Scholar)
  • Marcotte, Roxanne D., forthcoming, “La noétique de Shihab al-Din al-Suhrawardi (mort en 587/1191),” in Meryem Sebti and Daniel De Smet (eds), Noétique et théorie de la connaissance dans la philosophie arabo-musulmane des IXe-XVIIe siècles, Paris: Vrin. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2011, “Suhrawardi’s Realm of the Imaginal,” in Ishraq: Islamic Philosophy Yearbook (No. 2), ed. Yanis Eshots, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, 2011), 68–79. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2006, “L’aperception de soi chez Shihab al-Din al-Suhrawardi et l’héritage avicennien,” Laval théologique et philosophique, 62(3): 529–51.
  • –––, 2004, “Resurrection (ma‘ad) in the Persian Hayat al-Nufus of Isma‘il Muhammad Ibn Rizi (fl. ca. 679 / 1280): The Avicennan Background,” in Interpreting Avicenna: Science and Philosophy in Medieval Islam, ed. Jon McGinnis, with David C. Reisman, Leiden: Brill, 213–35. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2002, “Les facultés internes selon le commentaire de Shahrazûrî (m. ca. 1288) du Hikmat al-Ishrâq de Suhrawardî (m. 1191) – notes préliminaires,” in Iran. Questions et connaissances, 3 vols, ed. Maria Szuppe, Leuven: Peeters, vol. 2, 411–25. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2001a, “Suhrawardi al-Maqtul, The Martyr of Aleppo,” Al-Qantara, 22(2): 395–419. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2001b, “L’anthropologie philosophique de Shams al-Dîn Shahrazûrî et ses racines suhrawardiennes — les facultés internes,” Quaderni di Studi Arabi, 19: 135–46.
  • Martini Bonadeo, Cecilia, 2015, “‘Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi,” in Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2015 Edition), URL = <https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2015/entries/al-baghdadi/>. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2013, ‘Abd al-Latif al-Badgadi’s Philosophical Journey. From Aristotles’s Metaphysics to the ‘Metaphysical Science’, Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • Mayer, Toby, 2001, “Ibn Sina’s ‘Burhan al-Siddiqin’,” Journal of Islamic Studies, 12(1), 18–39. (Scholar)
  • Mo‘in, Muhammad, 1950, Hikmat-i Ishraq wa Farhang-i Iran, Tehran: Chapkhana-yi Danishgah. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1948, “Hurakhsh-i Suhrawardi,” Yaghma, 2: 84–89 [ed. of Suhrawardi’s Hurakhsh al-Kabir, 88–89; cf. Gaffari, 2001]. (Scholar)
  • Mousavian, Seyed N., 2014a, “Did Suhrawardi Believe in Innate Ideas as A Priori Concepts? A Note,” Philosophy East and West, 64(2): 473–480. (Scholar)
  • ––– 2014b, “Suhrawardi on Innateness: A Reply to John Walbridge,” Philosophy East and West, 64(2): 486–501. (Scholar)
  • Muwahhid, Samad D., 1995, Sar Chishmaha-yi Hikmat-i Ishraq: Nigahi bih Manabi‘i Fikri Shaykh-i Ishraq, Tehran: Fararavan. (Scholar)
  • Nasr, S. Hossein and Mehdi Aminrazavi (eds.), 2010, “Fakhr al-Din Razi,” in S. Hossein Nasr and Mehdi Aminrazavi (ed.). An Anthology of PHilosophy in Persia. Vol. 3, Philosophical Theology in the Middle Ages and Beyond from Mu‘tazili and Ash‘ari to Shi‘i Texts , London: I.B. Tauris, 185–188. (Scholar)
  • Nasr, S. Hossein, 1964, Three Muslim Sages: Avicenna, Suhrawardi, Ibn ‘Arabi, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. (Scholar)
  • Pines, Slomo, 1979, “La conception de la conscience de soi chez Abu ‘l-Barakat al-Baghdadi,” in Studies in Abu’l-Barakat al-Baghdadi. Physics and Metaphysics,Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, The Hebrew University, 181–259. (Scholar)
  • Pourjavady, Nasrallah, 2013 [2001], Ishraq wa ‘Irfan: maqalah’ha wa naqd’ha, Tehran, Sukhan. (Scholar)
  • Pourjavady, Reza, 2011, Philosophy in Early Safavid Iran: Najm al-Din Mahmud al-Nayrizi and His Writings, Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • Pourjavady, Reza and Sabine Schmidtke, 2006, A Jewish Philosopher of Baghdad: ‘Izz al-Dawla Ibn Kammuna (d. 683/1284), Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • Privot, Michaël, 2004, “Le moi d’Ibn Sina au Kitab al-rumuz d’al-Šahrazuri al-išraqi. Éléments de comparaison,” in Ultra Mare. Mélanges de langue arabe et d’islamologie offerts à Aubert Martin, ed. F. Bauden, Louvain: Peeters, 289–99. (Scholar)
  • Ritter, Helmut, 1938, “Philologika IX. Die vier Suhrawardi. Ihre Werke in Stambuler Handschriften,” Der Islam, 24: 36–46. (Scholar)
  • Rizvi, Sajjad H., 2019, “Mulla Sadra”, in Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2019 Edition), URL = <https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2019/entries/mulla-sadra/>. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2009, Mulla Sadra and Metaphysics: Modulation of Being, London: Routledge. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2000, “Roots of an Aporia in Later Islamic Philosophy: the Existence-Essence Distinction in the Philosophies of Avicenna and Suhrawardi,” Studia Iranica, 29: 61–108. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999, “An Islamic Subversion of the Existence-Essence Distinction? Suhrawardi’s Visionary Hierarchy of Lights,” Asian Philosophy, 9(3): 219–27. (Scholar)
  • Schmidtke, Sabine, 2000, Theologie, Philosophie und Mystik im zwölferschiitischen Islam des 9./15. Jahrhunderts: die Gedankenwelten des Ibn Abi Gumhur al-Ahsai (um 838/1434–35–nach 905/1501), Leiden: Brill. (Scholar)
  • –––, 1999, “The Doctrine of Transmigration of the Soul according to Shihab al-Din al-Suhrawardi (killed 587/1191) and his Followers,” Studia Iranica, 28: 237–54. (Scholar)
  • Sinai, Nicolai, 2015, “Al-Suhrawardi on Mirror Vision and Suspended Images (Muthul Mu‘allaqa),” Arabic Sciences and Philosophy, 25 (201/5): 279-297. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2016, “al-Suhrawardi’s Philosophy of Illumination and al-Ghazali,” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie, 93(3): 272–301. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2011, “Kommentar,” in Shihab al-Din al-Suhrawardi, Philosophie der Erleuchtung – Hikmat al-Ishraq. Trans. N. Sinai. Berlin, 223–454. (Scholar)
  • Street, Tony, “Suhraward’s Modal Syllogisms,” in Anna Akasoy (ed.), Islamic Thought in the Middle Ages, Leiden: Brill, 163–178. (Scholar)
  • Van Lit, L.W. Cornelis, 2018, “The Commentary Tradition on Suhrawardi,” Philosophy East and West, 68(2): 539-563. (Scholar)
  • –––, 2017, The World of Image in Islamic Philosophy: Ibn Sina, Suhrawradi, Shahrazuri, and Beyond, Edinburgh: Edinburg University Press. (Scholar)
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