For a controlled survey group, we have emailed invitations to around 2000 professional philosophers in 99 leading departments of philosophy (listed below): 62 in the US, 18 in the UK, 7 in Europe outside the UK, 7 in Canada, and 5 in Australasia. These include the 89 Ph.D.-granting departments in English-speaking countries rated 1.9 or above in the Philosophical Gourmet Report, along with seven departments in non-English-speaking countries and three non-Ph-D.-granting departments of comparable quality (chosen in consultation with the editor of the Gourmet Report and with a number of other philosophers). The controlled group is necessary in order to minimize the probability of survey abuse and to reduce the selection bias that arises from web-based surveys.

We used mainly departments from the Gourmet Report because in these cases faculty lists are already available. It was not possible to use membership lists for national philosophical associations, as some of these associations (e.g. the APA) do not allow the use of these lists for email purposes. The controlled group tends to favor departments strong in analytic philosophy, because our focus is especially on issues that are central within analytic philosophy.

The survey was also open to professionals philosophers, graduate students, and interested others outside the controlled group. The uncontrolled group was more open to survey abuse and to selection bias, but we have used email address validation and other methods to reduce and monitor these issues.


Australian National University
Monash University
University of Auckland
University of Otago
University of Sydney


McGill University
Queen's University
University of Alberta
University of British Columbia
University of Calgary
University of Toronto, St. George Campus
University of Western Ontario


Central European University
Institut Jean Nicod
Lund University
Stockholm University
Universitat de Barcelona
University of Geneva
Universit├Ąt Konstanz

United Kingdom

Birkbeck, University of London
Cambridge University
Durham University
King's College London
London School of Economics
Nottingham University
University College London
University of Birmingham
University of Bristol
University of Edinburgh
University of Glasgow
University of Leeds
University of Oxford
University of Reading
University of Sheffield
University of St. Andrews
University of Warwick
University of York

United States

Arizona State University
Boston University
Brown University
CUNY Graduate Center
California Institute of Technology
Carnegie Mellon University
Columbia University
Cornell University
Duke University
Florida State University
Georgetown University
Harvard University
Indiana University, Bloomington
Johns Hopkins University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
New York University
Northwestern University
Ohio State University
Princeton University
Purdue University
Rice University
Rutgers - New Brunswick
Saint Louis University
Stanford University
Syracuse University
Tufts University
University at Buffalo
University of Arizona
University of California at Santa Barbara
University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Davis
University of California, Irvine
University of California, Los Angeles
University of California, Riverside
University of California, San Diego
University of Chicago
University of Colorado, Boulder
University of Connecticut
University of Illinois, Chicago
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
University of Maryland, College Park
University of Massachusetts, Amherst
University of Miami
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
University of Minnesota
University of Missouri, Columbia
University of Nebraska, Lincoln
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
University of Notre Dame
University of Oklahoma
University of Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh
University of Rochester
University of Southern California
University of Texas at Austin
University of Utah
University of Virginia
University of Washington
University of Wisconsin, Madison
University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
Washington University in St. Louis
Yale University

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