The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: phd_region:United States

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Normative ethics:deontology0.131
deontology not deontology
United States
35%(152/434)
49.7%(216/434)
not United States
24.3%(89/366)
63.1%(231/366)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
Proper names:Millian0.13
Millian Fregean
United States
46.8%(195/416)
34.8%(145/416)
not United States
37%(136/367)
47.9%(176/367)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
Moral judgment:cognitvism0.107
non-cognitivism cognitivism
United States
16.2%(75/462)
77%(356/462)
not United States
22.7%(94/413)
66.8%(276/413)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: 0.001
not Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.101
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
United States
9.7%(37/380)
73.6%(280/380)
not United States
19.3%(65/336)
66.3%(223/336)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.006
Personal identity:further-fact view0.093
further-fact view not further-fact view
United States
16.5%(71/430)
60.2%(259/430)
not United States
11.2%(43/383)
70.7%(271/383)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.007
not Normative ethics:consequentialism0.084
consequentialism not consequentialism
United States
23.5%(102/434)
61.2%(266/434)
not United States
32.2%(118/366)
55.1%(202/366)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.017
Abstract objects:Platonism0.07
nominalism Platonism
United States
36.3%(175/481)
52.1%(251/481)
not United States
43%(178/413)
47.2%(195/413)
Response pairs: 894   p-value: 0.036
Perceptual experience:representationalism0.067
representationalism not representationalism
United States
43.4%(165/380)
40%(152/380)
not United States
38%(128/336)
47.6%(160/336)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.073
Truth:correspondence0.067
correspondence not correspondence
United States
56.4%(259/459)
36.8%(169/459)
not United States
52.9%(214/404)
41.8%(169/404)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.049
not Truth:epistemic0.066
epistemic not epistemic
United States
5.8%(27/459)
87.3%(401/459)
not United States
9.1%(37/404)
85.6%(346/404)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.052
Epistemic justification:internalism0.065
externalism internalism
United States
47.5%(223/469)
33.2%(156/469)
not United States
54.6%(218/399)
29%(116/399)
Response pairs: 868   p-value: 0.055
Analytic-synthetic distinction:no0.063
no yes
United States
30.4%(149/490)
63.2%(310/490)
not United States
24.6%(106/430)
70%(301/430)
Response pairs: 920   p-value: 0.056
Moral motivation:externalism0.063
internalism externalism
United States
41.5%(169/407)
39%(159/407)
not United States
47.6%(173/363)
36.9%(134/363)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.08
not Politics:libertarianism0.06
libertarianism not libertarianism
United States
10.4%(41/392)
71.6%(281/392)
not United States
14.2%(51/359)
68.2%(245/359)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.1
Time:B-theory0.059
B-theory A-theory
United States
49.4%(144/291)
24%(70/291)
not United States
44.5%(130/292)
33.5%(98/292)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.154
Meta-ethics:moral realism0.058
moral anti-realism moral realism
United States
26%(127/487)
64.8%(316/487)
not United States
32.5%(133/409)
59.4%(243/409)
Response pairs: 896   p-value: 0.082
not Personal identity:psychological view0.055
psychological view not psychological view
United States
35.8%(154/430)
40.9%(176/430)
not United States
41.5%(159/383)
40.4%(155/383)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.117
Knowledge claims:contextualism0.054
contextualism not contextualism
United States
47.2%(204/432)
40.5%(175/432)
not United States
45.9%(169/368)
43.4%(160/368)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.126
Mental content:externalism0.053
externalism internalism
United States
61.4%(282/459)
23.7%(109/459)
not United States
57.7%(230/398)
27.8%(111/398)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: 0.121
Science:scientific realism0.053
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
United States
79.6%(383/481)
13.7%(66/481)
not United States
74.8%(318/425)
16.9%(72/425)
Response pairs: 906   p-value: 0.11
Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.051
qualia theory not qualia theory
United States
17.6%(67/380)
65.7%(250/380)
not United States
13.9%(47/336)
71.7%(241/336)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.172

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
metasurvey:accuracy0.21
accuracy ≥ median accuracy < median
United States
59%(65/110)
40.9%(45/110)
not United States
40%(40/100)
60%(60/100)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.002
xian:Carnap0.09
Carnap not Carnap
United States
6.6%(33/496)
93.3%(463/496)
not United States
2.7%(12/435)
97.2%(423/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.005
not AOS:Asian Philosophy0.09
Asian Philosophy not Asian Philosophy
United States
~0.2%(~1/496)
~99.7%(~495/496)
not United States
2%(9/435)
97.9%(426/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.005
not xian:Aristotle0.083
Aristotle not Aristotle
United States
10%(50/496)
89.9%(446/496)
not United States
15.6%(68/435)
84.3%(367/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.011
xian:Quine0.065
Quine not Quine
United States
8%(40/496)
91.9%(456/496)
not United States
4.8%(21/435)
95.1%(414/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.047
AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.064
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
United States
7.4%(37/496)
92.5%(459/496)
not United States
4.3%(19/435)
95.6%(416/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.05
not AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.062
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
United States
18.1%(90/496)
81.8%(406/496)
not United States
23.2%(101/435)
76.7%(334/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.058
AOS:Philosophy of Probability0.059
Philosophy of Probability not Philosophy of Probability
United States
2.8%(14/496)
97.1%(482/496)
not United States
1.1%(5/435)
98.8%(430/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.071
not xian:Wittgenstein0.055
Wittgenstein not Wittgenstein
United States
6.4%(32/496)
93.5%(464/496)
not United States
9.4%(41/435)
90.5%(394/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.093

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
nationality_region:United States0.492
United States not United States
United States
73.9%(367/496)
26%(129/496)
not United States
24.5%(107/435)
75.4%(328/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
affil:region:United States0.48
United States not United States
United States
83%(412/496)
16.9%(84/496)
not United States
36%(157/435)
63.9%(278/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not affil:region:United Kingdom0.355
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
United States
6.6%(33/496)
93.3%(463/496)
not United States
35.1%(153/435)
64.8%(282/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not nationality_region:United Kingdom0.313
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
United States
5.6%(28/496)
94.3%(468/496)
not United States
28.9%(126/435)
71%(309/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not nationality_region:Europe0.246
Europe not Europe
United States
4.8%(24/496)
95.1%(472/496)
not United States
21.1%(92/435)
78.8%(343/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not affil:region:Europe0.244
Europe not Europe
United States
1%(5/496)
98.9%(491/496)
not United States
13.3%(58/435)
86.6%(377/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not affil:region:Australasia0.132
Australasia not Australasia
United States
2.8%(14/496)
97.1%(482/496)
not United States
8.9%(39/435)
91%(396/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not nationality_region:Australasia0.109
Australasia not Australasia
United States
3.2%(16/496)
96.7%(480/496)
not United States
8.2%(36/435)
91.7%(399/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
year_of_birth0.097
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
United States
54.4%(259/476)
45.5%(217/476)
not United States
45.4%(179/394)
54.5%(215/394)
Response pairs: 870   p-value: 0.004
not nationality_region:Other0.084
Other not Other
United States
5.4%(27/496)
94.5%(469/496)
not United States
9.8%(43/435)
90.1%(392/435)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.01
year_of_phd-0.061
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
United States
48.2%(237/491)
51.7%(254/491)
not United States
55%(126/229)
44.9%(103/229)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.101