The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: Mind:physicalism

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
Metaphilosophy:naturalism0.486
naturalism non-naturalism
physicalism
73.6%(357/485)
15.6%(76/485)
non-physicalism
27.7%(73/263)
58.1%(153/263)
Response pairs: 846   p-value: < 0.001
God:atheism0.393
atheism theism
physicalism
87.2%(458/525)
7.4%(39/525)
non-physicalism
53%(146/275)
35.6%(98/275)
Response pairs: 905   p-value: < 0.001
not Free will:libertarianism0.37
libertarianism not libertarianism
physicalism
4.6%(24/512)
87.5%(448/512)
non-physicalism
31.9%(86/269)
60.9%(164/269)
Response pairs: 887   p-value: < 0.001
Knowledge:empiricism0.3
empiricism rationalism
physicalism
52.1%(274/525)
24.1%(127/525)
non-physicalism
24.9%(69/277)
55.2%(153/277)
Response pairs: 908   p-value: < 0.001
Free will:compatibilism0.277
compatibilism not compatibilism
physicalism
70.1%(359/512)
22%(113/512)
non-physicalism
47.9%(129/269)
44.9%(121/269)
Response pairs: 887   p-value: < 0.001
Normative ethics:consequentialism0.252
consequentialism not consequentialism
physicalism
36.2%(166/458)
50.2%(230/458)
non-physicalism
14.1%(35/247)
74.8%(185/247)
Response pairs: 790   p-value: < 0.001
Perceptual experience:representationalism0.247
representationalism not representationalism
physicalism
49.2%(199/404)
34.9%(141/404)
non-physicalism
29.2%(66/226)
58.8%(133/226)
Response pairs: 710   p-value: < 0.001
Abstract objects:nominalism0.244
nominalism Platonism
physicalism
48.3%(247/511)
39.5%(202/511)
non-physicalism
30%(81/270)
64%(173/270)
Response pairs: 883   p-value: < 0.001
Time:B-theory0.229
B-theory A-theory
physicalism
55.2%(191/346)
22.8%(79/346)
non-physicalism
35.8%(61/170)
41.7%(71/170)
Response pairs: 579   p-value: < 0.001
not Zombies:metaphysically possible0.217
metaphysically possible not metaphysically possible
physicalism
19.2%(91/473)
68.4%(324/473)
non-physicalism
40.1%(100/249)
50.2%(125/249)
Response pairs: 818   p-value: < 0.001
A priori knowledge:no0.214
no yes
physicalism
24.9%(130/522)
66.8%(349/522)
non-physicalism
10%(28/280)
85.3%(239/280)
Response pairs: 907   p-value: < 0.001
External world:non-skeptical realism0.209
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
physicalism
89.2%(463/519)
7.7%(40/519)
non-physicalism
74%(205/277)
22.3%(62/277)
Response pairs: 902   p-value: < 0.001
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.199
moral anti-realism moral realism
physicalism
36.1%(183/506)
55.3%(280/506)
non-physicalism
21%(58/275)
74.9%(206/275)
Response pairs: 884   p-value: < 0.001
Aesthetic value:subjective0.196
subjective objective
physicalism
46.3%(235/507)
40.4%(205/507)
non-physicalism
26%(71/273)
59.3%(162/273)
Response pairs: 885   p-value: < 0.001
not Personal identity:further-fact view0.196
further-fact view not further-fact view
physicalism
6.6%(31/465)
70.3%(327/465)
non-physicalism
28.1%(69/245)
58.7%(144/245)
Response pairs: 805   p-value: < 0.001
Zombies:conceivable but not metaphysically possible0.183
conceivable but not metaphysically possible not conceivable but not metaphysically possible
physicalism
47.9%(227/473)
39.7%(188/473)
non-physicalism
31.3%(78/249)
59%(147/249)
Response pairs: 818   p-value: < 0.001
Trolley problem:switch0.182
switch don't switch
physicalism
79.9%(399/499)
7.6%(38/499)
non-physicalism
67.5%(173/256)
17.5%(45/256)
Response pairs: 854   p-value: < 0.001
not External world:idealism0.181
idealism not idealism
physicalism
1.1%(6/519)
95.7%(497/519)
non-physicalism
11.1%(31/277)
85.1%(236/277)
Response pairs: 902   p-value: < 0.001
Personal identity:psychological view0.18
psychological view not psychological view
physicalism
43.2%(201/465)
33.7%(157/465)
non-physicalism
35.1%(86/245)
51.8%(127/245)
Response pairs: 805   p-value: < 0.001
not Laws of nature:non-Humean0.172
non-Humean Humean
physicalism
56%(276/492)
34.9%(172/492)
non-physicalism
73.2%(194/265)
18.1%(48/265)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: < 0.001
Personal identity:biological view0.167
biological view not biological view
physicalism
23.2%(108/465)
53.7%(250/465)
non-physicalism
11.8%(29/245)
75.1%(184/245)
Response pairs: 805   p-value: < 0.001
Epistemic justification:externalism0.163
externalism internalism
physicalism
55.4%(273/492)
26.8%(132/492)
non-physicalism
44.2%(120/271)
39.8%(108/271)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: < 0.001
Science:scientific realism0.156
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
physicalism
82.8%(429/518)
10.4%(54/518)
non-physicalism
71.3%(197/276)
21.7%(60/276)
Response pairs: 897   p-value: < 0.001
Moral judgment:non-cognitivism0.147
non-cognitivism cognitivism
physicalism
22.5%(112/496)
69.3%(344/496)
non-physicalism
15.5%(42/270)
78.5%(212/270)
Response pairs: 865   p-value: < 0.001
Newcomb's problem:two boxes0.136
two boxes one box
physicalism
50.4%(210/416)
27.8%(116/416)
non-physicalism
37.6%(67/178)
38.2%(68/178)
Response pairs: 660   p-value: < 0.001
Proper names:Millian0.126
Millian Fregean
physicalism
45.5%(207/454)
37%(168/454)
non-physicalism
40%(94/235)
50.6%(119/235)
Response pairs: 776   p-value: < 0.001
not Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.125
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
physicalism
17.6%(81/458)
68.7%(315/458)
non-physicalism
28.7%(71/247)
60.3%(149/247)
Response pairs: 790   p-value: < 0.001
not Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.124
qualia theory not qualia theory
physicalism
12.3%(50/404)
71.7%(290/404)
non-physicalism
24.3%(55/226)
63.7%(144/226)
Response pairs: 710   p-value: < 0.001
not Normative ethics:deontology0.118
deontology not deontology
physicalism
25.7%(118/458)
60.6%(278/458)
non-physicalism
39.2%(97/247)
49.7%(123/247)
Response pairs: 790   p-value: < 0.001
Mental content:externalism0.112
externalism internalism
physicalism
62.5%(310/496)
22.9%(114/496)
non-physicalism
52.4%(137/261)
34.4%(90/261)
Response pairs: 853   p-value: 0.001
Politics:egalitarianism0.108
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
physicalism
47.2%(197/417)
36.4%(152/417)
non-physicalism
39.9%(93/233)
45.4%(106/233)
Response pairs: 740   p-value: 0.003
Teletransporter:survival0.089
survival death
physicalism
46.6%(219/469)
34.5%(162/469)
non-physicalism
37.2%(91/244)
39.7%(97/244)
Response pairs: 811   p-value: 0.011
Truth:correspondence0.087
correspondence not correspondence
physicalism
58.7%(289/492)
36.1%(178/492)
non-physicalism
49.6%(133/268)
44.7%(120/268)
Response pairs: 854   p-value: 0.01
Zombies:inconceivable0.08
inconceivable not inconceivable
physicalism
19.4%(92/473)
68.2%(323/473)
non-physicalism
16%(40/249)
74.2%(185/249)
Response pairs: 818   p-value: 0.022
not Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.069
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
physicalism
12.3%(50/404)
71.7%(290/404)
non-physicalism
18.1%(41/226)
69.9%(158/226)
Response pairs: 710   p-value: 0.066
Analytic-synthetic distinction:no0.069
yes no
physicalism
64.6%(339/524)
30.3%(159/524)
non-physicalism
71.4%(200/280)
24.6%(69/280)
Response pairs: 910   p-value: 0.037
not Politics:communitarianism0.067
communitarianism not communitarianism
physicalism
14.6%(61/417)
69%(288/417)
non-physicalism
22.7%(53/233)
62.6%(146/233)
Response pairs: 740   p-value: 0.068

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.193
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
physicalism
2.4%(13/529)
97.5%(516/529)
non-physicalism
11.3%(32/282)
88.6%(250/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Hume0.182
Hume not Hume
physicalism
20.6%(109/529)
79.3%(420/529)
non-physicalism
5.3%(15/282)
94.6%(267/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Lewis0.164
Lewis not Lewis
physicalism
11.1%(59/529)
88.8%(470/529)
non-physicalism
2.4%(7/282)
97.5%(275/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
tradition:analytic0.164
analytic continental
physicalism
92%(487/529)
1.5%(8/529)
non-physicalism
82.9%(234/282)
7%(20/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
not xian:Plato0.163
Plato not Plato
physicalism
1.3%(7/529)
98.6%(522/529)
non-physicalism
8.8%(25/282)
91.1%(257/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Biology0.145
Philosophy of Biology not Philosophy of Biology
physicalism
6.2%(33/529)
93.7%(496/529)
non-physicalism
1%(3/282)
98.9%(279/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
not xian:Wittgenstein0.142
Wittgenstein not Wittgenstein
physicalism
4.1%(22/529)
95.8%(507/529)
non-physicalism
12.7%(36/282)
87.2%(246/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.141
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
physicalism
2.2%(12/529)
97.7%(517/529)
non-physicalism
8.1%(23/282)
91.8%(259/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Quine0.138
Quine not Quine
physicalism
9.2%(49/529)
90.7%(480/529)
non-physicalism
2.4%(7/282)
97.5%(275/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
not xian:Aristotle0.138
Aristotle not Aristotle
physicalism
8.6%(46/529)
91.3%(483/529)
non-physicalism
18.4%(52/282)
81.5%(230/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.129
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
physicalism
8.1%(43/529)
91.8%(486/529)
non-physicalism
2.1%(6/282)
97.8%(276/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.123
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
physicalism
13.4%(71/529)
86.5%(458/529)
non-physicalism
6%(17/282)
93.9%(265/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
metasurvey:accuracy0.123
accuracy ≥ median accuracy < median
physicalism
54.4%(73/134)
45.5%(61/134)
non-physicalism
39.6%(21/53)
60.3%(32/53)
Response pairs: 209   p-value: 0.076
not xian:Leibniz0.11
Leibniz not Leibniz
physicalism
0.9%(5/529)
99%(524/529)
non-physicalism
4.2%(12/282)
95.7%(270/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Decision Theory0.108
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
physicalism
5.1%(27/529)
94.8%(502/529)
non-physicalism
1%(3/282)
98.9%(279/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.001
not xian:Hegel0.105
Hegel not Hegel
physicalism
0.7%(4/529)
99.2%(525/529)
non-physicalism
3.5%(10/282)
96.4%(272/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.001
not xian:Kant0.105
Kant not Kant
physicalism
9.8%(52/529)
90.1%(477/529)
non-physicalism
16.6%(47/282)
83.3%(235/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Probability0.104
Philosophy of Probability not Philosophy of Probability
physicalism
3.2%(17/529)
96.7%(512/529)
non-physicalism
~0.3%(~1/282)
~99.6%(~281/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Physical Science0.102
Philosophy of Physical Science not Philosophy of Physical Science
physicalism
8.5%(45/529)
91.4%(484/529)
non-physicalism
3.1%(9/282)
96.8%(273/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.001
xian:Carnap0.1
Carnap not Carnap
physicalism
6.8%(36/529)
93.1%(493/529)
non-physicalism
2.4%(7/282)
97.5%(275/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.002
not AOS:Ancient Greek Philosophy0.1
Ancient Greek Philosophy not Ancient Greek Philosophy
physicalism
4.7%(25/529)
95.2%(504/529)
non-physicalism
9.5%(27/282)
90.4%(255/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.002
not AOS:Metaphysics0.095
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
physicalism
23.2%(123/529)
76.7%(406/529)
non-physicalism
31.9%(90/282)
68%(192/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.003
not AOS:17th/18th Century Philosophy0.085
17th/18th Century Philosophy not 17th/18th Century Philosophy
physicalism
9.4%(50/529)
90.5%(479/529)
non-physicalism
14.8%(42/282)
85.1%(240/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.009
not AOS:Asian Philosophy0.08
Asian Philosophy not Asian Philosophy
physicalism
~0.1%(~1/529)
~99.8%(~528/529)
non-physicalism
2.1%(6/282)
97.8%(276/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.015
xian:Mill0.079
Mill not Mill
physicalism
5.6%(30/529)
94.3%(499/529)
non-physicalism
1.4%(4/282)
98.5%(278/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.016
not xian:Husserl0.065
Husserl not Husserl
physicalism
0.5%(3/529)
99.4%(526/529)
non-physicalism
2.1%(6/282)
97.8%(276/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.048
xian:Russell0.063
Russell not Russell
physicalism
7.7%(41/529)
92.2%(488/529)
non-physicalism
4.9%(14/282)
95%(268/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.056
xian:Socrates0.056
Socrates not Socrates
physicalism
2%(11/529)
97.9%(518/529)
non-physicalism
~0.3%(~1/282)
~99.6%(~281/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.089
not AOS:Philosophy of Mathematics0.055
Philosophy of Mathematics not Philosophy of Mathematics
physicalism
2.8%(15/529)
97.1%(514/529)
non-physicalism
5.3%(15/282)
94.6%(267/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.095
not AOS:Continental Philosophy0.055
Continental Philosophy not Continental Philosophy
physicalism
1.5%(8/529)
98.4%(521/529)
non-physicalism
3.1%(9/282)
96.8%(273/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.095
not AOS:Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy0.055
Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy not Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy
physicalism
1.3%(7/529)
98.6%(522/529)
non-physicalism
2.4%(7/282)
97.5%(275/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.095
AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.051
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
physicalism
22.1%(117/529)
77.8%(412/529)
non-physicalism
17.3%(49/282)
82.6%(233/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.122

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
nationality_region:Australasia0.108
Australasia not Australasia
physicalism
7.1%(38/529)
92.8%(491/529)
non-physicalism
2.4%(7/282)
97.5%(275/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.001
phd_region:Australasia0.099
Australasia not Australasia
physicalism
4.3%(23/529)
95.6%(506/529)
non-physicalism
1.4%(4/282)
98.5%(278/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.002
affil:region:Australasia0.087
Australasia not Australasia
physicalism
6.9%(37/529)
93%(492/529)
non-physicalism
3.1%(9/282)
96.8%(273/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.008
not nationality_region:United States0.083
United States not United States
physicalism
47.4%(251/529)
52.5%(278/529)
non-physicalism
54.9%(155/282)
45%(127/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.011
not affil:region:United States0.074
United States not United States
physicalism
58.6%(310/529)
41.3%(219/529)
non-physicalism
63.8%(180/282)
36.1%(102/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.024
year_of_birth0.069
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
physicalism
52.5%(261/497)
47.4%(236/497)
non-physicalism
47.5%(125/263)
52.4%(138/263)
Response pairs: 861   p-value: 0.042
nationality_region:Canada0.059
Canada not Canada
physicalism
8.6%(46/529)
91.3%(483/529)
non-physicalism
4.9%(14/282)
95%(268/282)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.073
year_of_phd0.056
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
physicalism
52.1%(218/418)
47.8%(200/418)
non-physicalism
47%(97/206)
52.9%(109/206)
Response pairs: 710   p-value: 0.136