The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: xian:Wittgenstein

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not Perceptual experience:representationalism0.203
representationalism not representationalism
Wittgenstein
17.2%(10/58)
79.3%(46/58)
not Wittgenstein
43%(283/658)
40.4%(266/658)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: < 0.001
not Truth:correspondence0.162
correspondence not correspondence
Wittgenstein
32.3%(23/71)
64.7%(46/71)
not Wittgenstein
56.8%(450/792)
36.8%(292/792)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: < 0.001
Newcomb's problem:one box0.15
one box two boxes
Wittgenstein
52.3%(22/42)
19%(8/42)
not Wittgenstein
28.8%(179/621)
47.5%(295/621)
Response pairs: 663   p-value: < 0.001
Politics:communitarianism0.15
communitarianism not communitarianism
Wittgenstein
36.9%(24/65)
41.5%(27/65)
not Wittgenstein
15.8%(109/686)
66.7%(458/686)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: < 0.001
Mind:non-physicalism0.142
physicalism non-physicalism
Wittgenstein
30.9%(22/71)
50.7%(36/71)
not Wittgenstein
59.8%(507/847)
29%(246/847)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
not Perceptual experience:sense-datum theory0.141
sense-datum theory not sense-datum theory
Wittgenstein
~1.7%(~1/58)
~98.2%(~57/58)
not Wittgenstein
4.4%(29/658)
79%(520/658)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: < 0.001
Mental content:externalism0.123
internalism externalism
Wittgenstein
12.8%(9/70)
74.2%(52/70)
not Wittgenstein
27%(213/787)
58.1%(458/787)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: < 0.001
Zombies:inconceivable0.122
inconceivable not inconceivable
Wittgenstein
36.5%(23/63)
47.6%(30/63)
not Wittgenstein
16.5%(126/762)
69.9%(533/762)
Response pairs: 825   p-value: < 0.001
Science:scientific anti-realism0.113
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
Wittgenstein
61.9%(44/71)
26.7%(19/71)
not Wittgenstein
78.6%(657/835)
14.2%(119/835)
Response pairs: 906   p-value: < 0.001
not Knowledge claims:invariantism0.098
invariantism not invariantism
Wittgenstein
23.8%(15/63)
69.8%(44/63)
not Wittgenstein
37.3%(275/737)
50.7%(374/737)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.005
not External world:non-skeptical realism0.096
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
Wittgenstein
69%(49/71)
21.1%(15/71)
not Wittgenstein
84.2%(711/844)
12.4%(105/844)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.003
Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.09
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
Wittgenstein
30%(18/60)
45%(27/60)
not Wittgenstein
20.4%(151/740)
66.4%(492/740)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.01
not Moral judgment:cognitivism0.082
cognitivism non-cognitivism
Wittgenstein
60%(42/70)
22.8%(16/70)
not Wittgenstein
72.1%(581/805)
20.1%(162/805)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: 0.015
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.078
moral realism moral anti-realism
Wittgenstein
47.8%(33/69)
40.5%(28/69)
not Wittgenstein
59.7%(494/827)
31.9%(264/827)
Response pairs: 896   p-value: 0.019
not Normative ethics:consequentialism0.078
consequentialism not consequentialism
Wittgenstein
10%(6/60)
65%(39/60)
not Wittgenstein
28.9%(214/740)
57.9%(429/740)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.027
Proper names:Fregean0.077
Millian Fregean
Wittgenstein
32.7%(20/61)
52.4%(32/61)
not Wittgenstein
43%(311/722)
40%(289/722)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.031
Truth:deflationary0.076
deflationary not deflationary
Wittgenstein
40.8%(29/71)
56.3%(40/71)
not Wittgenstein
25.5%(202/792)
68.1%(540/792)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.025
not Zombies:conceivable but not metaphysically possible0.075
conceivable but not metaphysically possible not conceivable but not metaphysically possible
Wittgenstein
28.5%(18/63)
55.5%(35/63)
not Wittgenstein
41%(313/762)
45.4%(346/762)
Response pairs: 825   p-value: 0.031
Perceptual experience:disjunctivism0.071
disjunctivism not disjunctivism
Wittgenstein
32.7%(19/58)
63.7%(37/58)
not Wittgenstein
12.6%(83/658)
70.8%(466/658)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.057
Time:A-theory0.071
B-theory A-theory
Wittgenstein
35.5%(16/45)
37.7%(17/45)
not Wittgenstein
47.9%(258/538)
28%(151/538)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.086
Metaphilosophy:non-naturalism0.069
naturalism non-naturalism
Wittgenstein
40.2%(27/67)
37.3%(25/67)
not Wittgenstein
55.9%(441/788)
29.4%(232/788)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: 0.043
not Politics:egalitarianism0.068
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
Wittgenstein
29.2%(19/65)
49.2%(32/65)
not Wittgenstein
44.4%(305/686)
38.1%(262/686)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.062
not Free will:no free will0.067
no free will free will
Wittgenstein
4.1%(3/73)
84.9%(62/73)
not Wittgenstein
13.4%(111/826)
77.6%(641/826)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.044
not Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.064
qualia theory not qualia theory
Wittgenstein
18.9%(11/58)
77.5%(45/58)
not Wittgenstein
15.6%(103/658)
67.7%(446/658)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.087
A priori knowledge:no0.053
yes no
Wittgenstein
64.7%(46/71)
23.9%(17/71)
not Wittgenstein
73.1%(620/847)
19.2%(163/847)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.108
Trolley problem:don't switch0.052
switch don't switch
Wittgenstein
65.6%(42/64)
17.1%(11/64)
not Wittgenstein
74.6%(597/800)
11.1%(89/800)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.126
God:theism0.051
atheism theism
Wittgenstein
63.8%(46/72)
20.8%(15/72)
not Wittgenstein
74.7%(632/845)
17.1%(145/845)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: 0.122
Abstract objects:nominalism0.05
Platonism nominalism
Wittgenstein
31.4%(22/70)
55.7%(39/70)
not Wittgenstein
41.9%(346/824)
47.5%(392/824)
Response pairs: 894   p-value: 0.135

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:Philosophy of Language0.139
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
Wittgenstein
36.9%(27/73)
63%(46/73)
not Wittgenstein
16.8%(145/858)
83.1%(713/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.129
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
Wittgenstein
13.6%(10/73)
86.3%(63/73)
not Wittgenstein
3.7%(32/858)
96.2%(826/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Metaphilosophy0.117
Metaphilosophy not Metaphilosophy
Wittgenstein
8.2%(6/73)
91.7%(67/73)
not Wittgenstein
1.7%(15/858)
98.2%(843/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality0.109
Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality not Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality
Wittgenstein
6.8%(5/73)
93.1%(68/73)
not Wittgenstein
1.3%(12/858)
98.6%(846/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Davidson0.092
Davidson not Davidson
Wittgenstein
12.3%(9/73)
87.6%(64/73)
not Wittgenstein
4.6%(40/858)
95.3%(818/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
not xian:Lewis0.082
Lewis not Lewis
Wittgenstein
~1.3%(~1/73)
~98.6%(~72/73)
not Wittgenstein
8%(69/858)
91.9%(789/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.012
xian:Kant0.075
Kant not Kant
Wittgenstein
20.5%(15/73)
79.4%(58/73)
not Wittgenstein
11.4%(98/858)
88.5%(760/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.022
not AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.073
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
Wittgenstein
~1.3%(~1/73)
~98.6%(~72/73)
not Wittgenstein
6.5%(56/858)
93.4%(802/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.025
not AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.071
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
Wittgenstein
~1.3%(~1/73)
~98.6%(~72/73)
not Wittgenstein
10.7%(92/858)
89.2%(766/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.03
not AOS:Metaphysics0.067
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
Wittgenstein
15%(11/73)
84.9%(62/73)
not Wittgenstein
25.9%(223/858)
74%(635/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.04
not AOS:Normative Ethics0.066
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
Wittgenstein
6.8%(5/73)
93.1%(68/73)
not Wittgenstein
15.6%(134/858)
84.3%(724/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.044
not AOS:Philosophy of Biology0.06
Philosophy of Biology not Philosophy of Biology
Wittgenstein
~1.3%(~1/73)
~98.6%(~72/73)
not Wittgenstein
4.4%(38/858)
95.5%(820/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.067
not AOS:Decision Theory0.054
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
Wittgenstein
~1.3%(~1/73)
~98.6%(~72/73)
not Wittgenstein
3.6%(31/858)
96.3%(827/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.099
AOS:Applied Ethics0.05
Applied Ethics not Applied Ethics
Wittgenstein
8.2%(6/73)
91.7%(67/73)
not Wittgenstein
4.3%(37/858)
95.6%(821/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
year_of_birth-0.108
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
Wittgenstein
30.1%(22/73)
69.8%(51/73)
not Wittgenstein
52.1%(416/797)
47.8%(381/797)
Response pairs: 870   p-value: 0.001
year_of_phd-0.101
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
Wittgenstein
25.4%(14/55)
74.5%(41/55)
not Wittgenstein
52.4%(349/665)
47.5%(316/665)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.006
phd_region:United Kingdom0.071
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
Wittgenstein
20.5%(15/73)
79.4%(58/73)
not Wittgenstein
11.7%(101/858)
88.2%(757/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.03
not nationality_region:Canada0.064
Canada not Canada
Wittgenstein
~1.3%(~1/73)
~98.6%(~72/73)
not Wittgenstein
7.4%(64/858)
92.5%(794/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.05
not phd_region:United States0.055
United States not United States
Wittgenstein
43.8%(32/73)
56.1%(41/73)
not Wittgenstein
54%(464/858)
45.9%(394/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.093
nationality_region:United Kingdom0.052
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
Wittgenstein
23.2%(17/73)
76.7%(56/73)
not Wittgenstein
15.9%(137/858)
84%(721/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112
not nationality_region:Other0.052
Other not Other
Wittgenstein
~1.3%(~1/73)
~98.6%(~72/73)
not Wittgenstein
7.9%(68/858)
92%(790/858)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112