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  1. How to Think About Weird Things: Critical Thinking for a New Age.Theodore Schick - 2002 - Mcgraw-Hill.
  2. Reason and Scepticism.Michael A. Slote - 1970 - New York: Routledge.
    First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
  3. Logic, Action, and Information: Essays on Logic in Philosophy and Artificial Intelligence.A. Fuhrmann & Hans Rott (eds.) - 1996 - W. De Gruyter.
    Janusz Czelakowski Elements of Formal Action Theory 1. Elementary Action Systems 1.1 Introductory Remarks. In contemporary literature one may distinguish ...
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  4. The Grammar of Consciousness: An Exploration of Tacit Knowing.Edward Moss - 1995 - St. Martin's Press.
  5. Psychoanalysis and the Sciences: Epistemology--History.André Haynal - 1993 - University of California Press.
    The relationship existing between science and psychoanalysis has long been tense, critical, even hostile. Andre Haynal addresses this relationship by examining three questions: how is psychoanalytic "knowledge" established? what methodology and epistemology underlie psychoanalytic theory? and what are the historical circumstances that have shaped psychoanalysis? Haynal is familiar with the full spectrum of analytic thought and begins with a systematic discussion of analytic theory. The second part of the book covers a series of historical topics and includes discussions of Freud (...)
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  6. Evidence and Meaning: Studies in Analytical Philosophy.Robert J. Fogelin - 1967 - New York: Humanities Press.
    Originally published in 1967. This is an examination of warrant statements – statements which indicated something about the grounds on behalf of some further judgement, choice or action. The first part of the study is concerned with the role of warrant statements in theoretical discourse; while the second part concerns their role in practical discourse. Also examined are necessity, probability, knowing, seeing and the complex of terms which allow us to introduce an argumentative structure into discourse.
  7. Ways of Knowing: Ten Interdisciplinary Essays.Mary Lindemann (ed.) - 2004 - Brill Academic Publishers.
  8. Knowledge and Belief.Frederick F. Schmitt - 1992 - Routledge.
    In Knowledge and Belief, Frederick Schmitt explores the nature and value of knowledge and justified belief through an examination of the dispute between epistemological internalism and externalism. Knowledge and justified belief are naturally viewed as belief of a sort likely to be true--an externalist view. It is also intuitive, however, to view them as an internal matter; justification must be accessible to the subject or constituted by the subject's epistemic perspective. The author argues against the view that internalism is the (...)
  9. The Knowledge Landscapes of Cyberspace.David Hakken - 2003 - Routledge.
    How is knowledge produced and used in cyberspace? David Hakken--a key figure in the anthropology of science and technology studies-approaches the study of cyberculture through the venue of knowledge production, drawing on critical theory from anthropology, philosophy and informatics (computer science) to examine how the character and social functions of knowledge change profoundly in computer--saturated environments. He looks at what informational technologies offer, how they are being employed, and how they are tied to various agendas and forms of power. This (...)
  10. Reasons and Intentions.Bruno Verbeek (ed.) - 2007 - Ashgate.
    Addressing the question of the relation between intentions and action, the considerations which make an intention rational and how this translates into our ...
  11. Transforming Knowledge.Elizabeth Kamarck Minnich - 1990 - Temple University Press.
  12. Epistemology: The Big Questions.Alcoff Linda (ed.) - 1998 - Blackwell.
    Students of epistemology will be able to learn about and assess a wider range of epistemological issues than any other existing anthology can currently provide.
  13. Impossible Dreams: Rationality, Integrity, and Moral Imagination.E. Babbitt Susan - 1996 - Westview Press.
    Conventional wisdom and commonsense morality tend to take the integrity of persons for granted. But for people in systematically unjust societies, self-respect and human dignity may prove to be impossible dreams.Susan Babbitt explores the implications of this insight, arguing that in the face of systemic injustice, individual and social rationality may require the transformation rather than the realization of deep-seated aims, interests, and values. In particular, under such conditions, she argues, the cultivation and ongoing exercise of moral imagination is necessary (...)
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  14. Knowledge and Communication: Essays on the Information Chain.A. J. Meadows (ed.) - 1991 - Library Association.
  15. Adaptive Knowing: Epistemology From a Realistic Standpoint.James Kern Feibleman - 1976 - M. Nijhoff.
    The problem of knowledge.--The acquisition of knowledge.--The assimilation of knowledge.--The deployment of knowledge.--Knowing, doing and being.--Absent objects.--The mind-body problem.--The knowledge of the known.--The subjectivity of a realist.--Activity as a source of knowledge.--On beliefs and believing.--Adaptive responses and the ecosystem.--The reality game.
  16. Science, Explanation, and Rationality: Aspects of the Philosophy of Carl G. Hempel.James H. Fetzer (ed.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    Carl G. Hempel exerted greater influence upon philosophers of science than any other figure during the 20th century. In this far-reaching collection, distinguished philosophers contribute valuable studies that illuminate and clarify the central problems to which Hempel was devoted. The essays enhance our understanding of the development of logical empiricism as the major intellectual influence for scientifically-oriented philosophers and philosophically-minded scientists of the 20th century.
  17. Narrative Knowing and the Human Sciences.Donald E. Polkinghorne - 1988 - State University of New York Press.
    This book expands the concept of the nature of science and provides a practical research alternative for those who work with people and organizations.
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  18. Philosophy of the Film: Epistemology, Ontology, Aesthetics.I. C. Jarvie - 1987 - Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Examines the overlap between film and philosophy in three distinct ways: epistemological issues in film-making and viewing; aesthetic theory and film; and film as a medium of philosophical expression. This title available in eBook format. Click here for more information . Visit our eBookstore at: www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk.
  19. Overview and Critique of Piaget's Genetic Epistemology, 1965-1980.Rita Vuyk - 1981 - Academic Press.
    v. 1. Piaget's genetic epistemology, 1965-1980.--v. 2. Critique of Piaget's genetic epistemology, 1965-1980.
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  20. Feminism and Science.Evelyn Fox Keller & Helen E. Longino (eds.) - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    (Series copy) The new Oxford Readings in Feminism series maps the dramatic influence of feminist theory on every branch of academic knowledge. Offering feminist perspectives on disciplines from history to science, each book assembles the most important articles written on its field in the last ten to fifteen years. Old stereotypes are challenged and traditional attitudes upset in these lively-- and sometimes controversial--volumes, all of which are edited by feminists prominent in their particular field. Comprehensive, accessible, and intellectually daring, the (...)
  21. Human Knowledge: Classical and Contemporary Approaches.Paul K. Moser & Arnold Vander Nat (eds.) - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    Offering a unique and wide-ranging examination of the theory of knowledge, the new edition of this comprehensive collection deftly blends readings from the foremost classical sources with the work of important contemporary philosophical thinkers. Human Knowledge: Classical and Contemporary Approaches, 3/e, offers philosophical examinations of epistemology from ancient Greek and Roman philosophy (Plato, Aristotle, Sextus Empiricus); medieval philosophy (Augustine, Aquinas); early modern philosophy (Descartes, Locke, Leibniz, Berkeley, Hume, Reid, Kant); classical pragmatism and Anglo-American empiricism (James, Russell, Ayer, Lewis, Carnap, Quine, (...)
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  22. Knowledge Without Expertise: On the Status of Scientists.Raphael Sassower - 1993 - State University of New York Press.
    Sassower (philosophy, U. of Colorado) attacks the privilege of scientific expertise, citing extensive case studies in which such judgement has proved disastrous, and demonstrates how scientific controversies are more often politically ...
  23. Analysis and Metaphysics: Essays in Honor of R. M. Chisholm.Roderick M. Chisholm & Keith Lehrer (eds.) - 1975 - D. Reidel Pub. Co..
    Taylor, R. A tribute.--Epistemology: Cornman, J. W. Chisholm on sensing and perceiving. Ross, J. F. Testimonial evidence. Lehrer, K. Reason and consistency. Keim, R. Epistemic values and epistemic viewpoints. Hanen, M. Confirmation, explanation, and acceptance. Canfield, J. V. "I know that I am in pain" is senseless. Steel, T. J. Knowledge and the self-presenting.--Metaphysics: Cartwright, R. Scattered objects. Duggan, T. J. Hume on causation. Arnaud, R. B. Brentanist relations. Johnson, M. L., Jr. Events as recurrables.--Ethics: Stevenson, J. T. On doxastic (...)
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  24. Belief's Own Ethics.J. Adler - 2002 - MIT Press.
    In this book Jonathan Adler offers a strengthened version of evidentialism, arguing that the ethics of belief should be rooted in the concept of belief--that...
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  25. Some Thoughts on Thinking: Philosophy at Five Miles Per Hour.Jonathan Finch - 2002 - University Press of America.
    Some Thoughts on Thinking is a work dealing with the issues one faces when one attempts to construct non-arbitrary beliefs about ourselves and our surroundings. The text opens up with a discussion of the similarities and differences between science, theology, philosophy and tradition. This initial discussion provides the foundation for a deeper push into what is, and what is not, a recommendable and non-arbitrary belief. No previous exposure to philosophy is assumed and the language of the work is free of (...)
  26. Critical Thinking: Consider the Verdict.Bruce N. Waller - 2001 - Prentice-Hall.
  27. Modeling Rationality, Morality, and Evolution.Peter Danielson (ed.) - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    This collection focuses on questions that arise when morality is considered from the perspective of recent work on rational choice and evolution. Linking questions like "Is it rational to be moral?" to the evolution of cooperation in "The Prisoners Dilemma," the book brings together new work using models from game theory, evolutionary biology, and cognitive science, as well as from philosophical analysis. Among the contributors are leading figures in these fields, including David Gauthier, Paul M. Churchland, Brian Skyrms, Ronald de (...)
  28. Arguing to Better Conclusions: A Human Odyssey.W. P. Robinson - 2006 - Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.
    This book was written to try to integrate various strands of concern about communication, language, and thinking. There are two related questions that have served to initiate the enquiries that resulted in this book: Why do people hold false beliefs? And why do they accept and use inadequate arguments in support of their beliefs? The author has provided a clear conceptual framework to address these issues and in doing so he folds into the arguements the marvelous richness of language as (...)
  29. Understanding and Using Scientific Evidence: How to Critically Evaluate Data.Richard Gott - 2003 - Sage Publications.
    The basic understanding which underlies scientific evidence - ideas such as the structure of experiments, causality, repeatability, validity and reliability- is not straightforward. But these ideas are needed to judge evidence in school science, in physics or chemistry or biology or psychology, in undergraduate science, and in understanding everyday issues to do with science. It is essential to be able to be critical of scientific evidence. The authors clearly set out the principles of investigation so that the reader will be (...)
  30. Philosophical Finesse: Studies in the Art of Rational Persuasion.Martin Warner - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    Warner here puts forward a much broader discussion of rationality than that which underlies today's polarization between analytic and continental philosophy. Through a series of case-studies the author explores ancient conceptions of dialectic and rhetoric in relation to the positive role given to sentiment or "the heart" by Pascal, Hume, and Nietzsche. These studies point to an understanding of philosophy which undercuts fashionable disputes and which helps to reaffirm a range of ideas long marginalized by the dominance of the geometric (...)
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  31. Critical Thinking Unleashed.Elliot D. Cohen - 2009 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Demonstrating the practical relevance and import of many historically significant philosophers , Critical Thinking Unleashed presents a practical, non-technical, and comprehensive approach to critical thinking. In contrast to other treatments of practical reasoning, Elliot D. Cohen not only teaches students how to identify and refute irrational premises_he also teaches them how to construct rational antidotes to combat the personal, social, and political obstacles they confront in everyday life.
  32. The Conditions of Knowing: An Essay Towards a Theory of Knowledge.William Angus Sinclair - 1951 - Harcourt, Brace.
  33. Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology.Sven Bernecker & Fred I. Dretske (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    In this anthology, distinguished editors Sven Bernecker and Fred Dretske offer the most comprehensive review available of contemporary epistemology. They bring together the most important and influential writings in the field, including selections that cover frequently neglected topics such as dominant responses to skepticism, introspection, memory, and testimony. Knowledge is divided into fifteen subject areas and includes forty-one readings by eminent contributors. An accessible introduction to each subject area outlines the problems discussed in the essays that follow so that students (...)
  34. Problems in Historical Epistemology.Jerzy Kmita - 1988 - Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  35. Good Reasoning Matters!:: A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking.Leo Groarke - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Offering an innovative approach to critical thinking, Good Reasoning Matters! identifies the essential structure of good arguments in a variety of contexts and also provides guidelines to help students construct their own effective arguments. In addition to examining the most common features of faulty reasoning--slanting, bias, propaganda, vagueness, ambiguity, and a common failure to consider opposing points of view--the book introduces a variety of argument schemes and rhetorical techniques. This edition adds material on visual arguments and more exercises.
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  36. Analogica.Armand Prieditis (ed.) - 1988 - Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.
    Chapter LEARNING BY UNDERSTANDING ANALOGIES Russell Greiner1 ABSTRACT2 This article describes a method for learning by analogy — ie, for proposing new ...
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  37. What Can She Know? Feminist Theory and the Construction of Knowledge.Lorraine Code (ed.) - 1991 - Cornell University Press.
    CHAPTER ONE Is the Sex of the Knower Epistemologically Significant? The Question A question that focuses on the knower, as the title of this chapter does, ...
  38. Naturalism and Rationality.Garver Newton & H. Hare Peter (eds.) - 1986 - Prometheus Books.
  39. Philosophy After Objectivity: Making Sense in Perspective.Paul K. Moser - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    Since the beginning of philosophy, philosophers have sought objective knowledge: knowledge of things whose existence does not depend on one's conceiving of them. This book uses lessons from debates over objective knowledge to characterize the kinds of reasons pertinent to philosophical and other theoretical views. It argues that we cannot meet skeptics' typical demands for nonquestion-begging support for claims to objective truth, and that therefore we should not regard our supporting reasons as resistant to skeptical challenges. One key lesson is (...)
  40. Making Choices: A Recasting of Decision Theory.Frederic Schick - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a unique introductory overview of decision theory. It is completely non-technical, without a single formula in the book. Written in a crisp and clear style it succinctly covers the full range of philosophical issues of rationality and decision theory, including game theory, social choice theory, prisoner's dilemma and much else. The book aims to expand the scope and enrich the foundations of decision theory. By addressing such issues as ambivalence, inner conflict, and the constraints imposed upon us (...)
  41. Knowledge as Culture: The New Sociology of Knowledge.E. Doyle McCarthy - 1996 - Routledge.
    Drawing upon Marxist, French structuralist and American pragmatist traditions, this lively and accessible introduction to the sociology of knowledge gives to its classic texts a fresh reading, arguing that various bodies of knowledge operate within culture to create powerful cultural dispositions, meanings, and categories. It looks at the cultural impact of the forms and images of mass media, the authority of science, medicine, and law as bodies of contemporary knowledge and practice. Finally, it considers the concept of "engendered knowledge" through (...)
  42. How to Do Things with Logic.C. Grant Luckhardt - 1994 - L. Erlbaum Associates.
    In the past 15 years a host of critical thinking books have appeared that teach students to find flaws in the arguments of others by learning to detect a number of informal fallacies. This book is not in that tradition. The authors of this book believe that while students learn to become vicious critics, they still continue to make the very mistakes they criticize in others. Thus, this book has adopted the approach of teaching the construction of good arguments first (...)
  43. Intuition and Ideality.David WEISSMAN - 1987 - State University of New York Press.
    This book shows how idealism is a consequence of the intuitionist method.
  44. A Companion to Epistemology.Jonathan Dancy & Ernest Sosa (eds.) - 1992 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Epistemology - the theory of knowledge and of justified belief - has always been of central importance in philosophy. Progress in other areas of philosophical research has often depended crucially on epistemological presuppositions. This Companion, with well over 250 articles ranging from summary discussions to major essays on topics of current controversy, is the first complete reference work devoted to the subject. All the main theoretical positions in epistemology are discussed and analysed, tougher with the different categories of knowledge itself (...)
  45. Women, Knowledge, and Reality: Explorations in Feminist Philosophy, 2nd Ed.Ann Garry & Marilyn Pearsall (eds.) - 1996 - Routledge.
    This second edition of Women, Knowledge and Reality continues to exhibit the ways in which feminist philosophers enrich and challenge philosophy. Essays by twenty-five feminist philosophers, seventeen of them new to the second edition, address fundamental issues in philosophical and feminist methods, metaphysics, epistemology, and the philosophies of science, language, religion and mind/body. This second edition expands the perspectives of women of color, of postmodernism and French feminism, and focuses on the most recent controversies in feminist theory and philosophy. The (...)
  46. Skepticism About the External World.Panayot Butchvarov - 1998 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    One of the most important and perennially debated philosophical questions is whether we can have knowledge of the external world. Butchvarov here considers whether and how skepticism with regard to such knowledge can be refuted or at least answered. He argues that only a direct realist view of perception has any hope of providing a compelling response to the skeptic and introduces the radical innovation that the direct object of perceptual, and even dreaming and hallucinatory, experience is always a material (...)
  47. Feminist Epistemologies.Linda Alcoff & Elizabeth Potter (eds.) - 1992 - Routledge.
  48. Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays.Colin McGinn - 1999 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Knowledge and Reality brings together a selection of Colin McGinn's philosophical essays from the 1970s to the 1990s, whose unifying theme is the relation between the mind and the world. McGinn defends a realist view, but emphasises the epistemological problems that come with it. He has written a new postscript to each essay, placing it in its philosophical context and offering his current reflections on the topic.
  49. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Knowledge.Jennifer Trusted - 1981 - Macmillan.
  50. The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief.Michael C. Banner - 1990 - Oxford University Press.
    In this critical examination of recent accounts of the nature of science and of its justification given by Kuhn, Popper, Lakatos, Laudan, and Newton-Smith, Banner contends that models of scientific rationality which are used in criticism of religious beliefs are in fact often inadequate as accounts of the nature of science. He argues that a realist philosophy of science both reflects the character of science and scientific justifications, and suggests that religious belief could be given a justification of the same (...)
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