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1 — 50 / 3347
  1. Introduction to the philosophy of science: cutting nature at its seams.Robert Klee - 1997 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Introduction to the Philosophy of Science: Cutting Nature at Its Seams is a clear and lively explanation of key concepts and issues in the philosophy of science. It surveys the field from positivism to social constructivism, focusing on the metaphysical implications of science as a form of knowledge gathering that explains what the world is really like, while simultaneously arguing for the superiority of a holistic model of scientific theories over competing models. An innovative feature is the use of immunology (...)
  2. Friday's Footprint: How Society Shapes the Human Mind.Leslie Brothers - 1997 - Oxford University Press USA.
    A psychiatrist who has received international recognition for her research on the neural basis of primate social cognition, Leslie Brothers, M.D., offers here a major argument about the social dimension of the human brain, drawing on both her own work and a wealth of information from research laboratories, neurosurgical clinics, and psychiatric wards. Brothers offers the tale of Robinson Crusoe as a metaphor for neuroscience's classic notion of the brain: a starkly isolated figure, working, praying, writing alone. But the famous (...)
  3. Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.Robert Klee - 1995 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Introduction to the Philosophy of Science: Cutting Nature at Its Seams is a clear and lively explanation of key concepts and issues in the philosophy of science. It surveys the field from positivism to social constructivism, focusing on the metaphysical implications of science as a form of knowledge gathering that explains what the world is really like, while simultaneously arguing for the superiority of a holistic model of scientific theories over competing models. An innovative feature is the use of immunology (...)
  4. An introduction to fuzzy logic for practical applications.Kazuo Tanaka - 1996 - New York: Springer.
    Fuzzy logic has become an important tool for a number of different applications ranging from the control of engineering systems to artificial intelligence. In this concise introduction, the author presents a succinct guide to the basic ideas of fuzzy logic, fuzzy sets, fuzzy relations, and fuzzy reasoning, and shows how they may be applied. The book culminates in a chapter which describes fuzzy logic control: the design of intelligent control systems using fuzzy if-then rules which make use of human knowledge (...)
  5. Particles and waves: historical essays in the philosophy of science.Peter Achinstein - 1991 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This volume brings together eleven essays by the distinguished philosopher of science, Peter Achinstein. The unifying theme is the nature of the philosophical problems surrounding the postulation of unobservable entities such as light waves, molecules, and electrons. How, if at all, is it possible to confirm scientific hypotheses about "unobservables"? Achinstein examines this question as it arose in actual scientific practice in three nineteenth-century episodes: the debate between particle and wave theorists of light, Maxwell's kinetic theory of gases, and J.J. (...)
  6. Why Bother with History?: Ancient, Modern and Postmodern Motivations.Beverley C. Southgate - 2000 - Longman Publishing Group.
    This text looks at the debates concerning the value of history but differs from many of the other books by offering perspectives from across the centuries rather than just the dense philosophical present.
  7. Human Rights and Global Diversity.R. Paul Churchill - 2006 - Routledge.
  8. Learning and Behavior: Sixth Edition.James E. Mazur - 2012 - Psychology Press.
    A thorough survey of the field of learning. _Learning & Behavior_ covers topics such as classical and operant conditioning, reinforcement schedules, avoidance and punishment, stimulus control, comparative cognition, observational learning, motor skill learning, and choice. The book includes thorough coverage of classic studies and the most recent developments and trends, while providing examples of real-world applications of the principles discovered in laboratory research. It also emphasizes the behavioral approach but not exclusively so; many cognitive theories are covered as well, and (...)
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  9. Self expressions: mind, morals, and the meaning of life.Owen Flanagan - 1996 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Human beings have the unique ability to consciously reflect on the nature of the self. But reflection has its costs. We can ask what the self is, but as David Hume pointed out, the self, once reflected upon, may be nowhere to be found. The favored view is that we are material beings living in the material world. But if so, a host of destabilizing questions surface. If persons are just a sophisticated sort of animal, then what sense is there (...)
  10. Economics Beyond the Millennium.Alan P. Kirman & Louis-André Gérard-Varet (eds.) - 1998 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Economics: Beyond the Millennium contains articles by leading authorities in various fields of economic theory and econometrics, each of whom gives an account of the current state of the art in their own field and indicate the direction that they think it will take in the next ten years. The fields covered are grouped into three categories: the microfoundations of macroeconomics, where Malinvaud evaluates the theory of resource allocation and Hildenbrand examines the empirical content of economic thories; markets and and (...)
  11. Issues and ethics in the helping professions.Gerald Corey, Marianne Schneider Corey & Patrick Callanan - 2015 - United States: Brooks/Cole/Cengage Learning. Edited by Marianne Schneider Corey, Cindy Corey & Patrick Callanan.
    This contemporary, comprehensive, and practical text helps you discover and determine your own guidelines for helping within the broad limits of professional codes of ethics and divergent theoretical positions. This text is the relied-upon, essential text for students in any helping field-the book many students return to well into their professional careers. The authors raise what they consider to be central issues, present a range of diverse views on the issues, discuss their position, and present opportunities for you to refine (...)
  12. The Spirit of the Soil: Agriculture and Environmental Ethics.Paul B. Thompson - 1994 - Routledge.
    The Spirit of the Soil challenges environmentalists to think more deeply and creatively about agriculture. Paul B. Thompson identifies four `worldviews' which tackle agricultural ethics according to different philosophical priorities; productionism, stewardship, economics and holism. He examines current issues such as the use of pesticides and biotechnology from these ethical perspectives. This book achieves an open-ended account of sustainability designed to minimise hubris and help us to recapture the spirit of the soil.
  13. Environment, Cognition, and Action: An Integrated Approach.Tommy Garling & Gary W. Evans (eds.) - 1991 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Here, a distinguished group of international contributors examines what we know about, feel, and hope to accomplish in real-world environments.
  14. The history and philosophy of social science.Scott Gordon - 1991 - New York: Routledge.
    Scott Gordon provides a magisterial review of the historical development of the social sciences from their beginnings in renaissance Italy to the present day.
  15. Princeton in the Nation's Service: Religious Ideals and Educational Practice, 1868-1928.P. C. Kemeny - 1998 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This book argues against the conventional idea that Protestantism effectively ceased to play an important role in American higher education around the end of the 19th century. Employing Princeton as an example, the study shows that Protestantism was not abandoned but rather modified to conform to the educational values and intellectual standards of the modern university. Drawing upon a wealth of neglected primary sources, Kemeny sheds new light on the role of religion in higher education by examining what was happening (...)
  16. How Implicit is Implicit Learning?Dianne Berry (ed.) - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    Implicit learning is said to occur when a person learns about a complex stimulus without necessarily intending to do so, and in such a way that the resulting knowledge is difficult to express. Over the last 30 years, a number of studies have claimed to show evidence of implicit learning. In more recent years, however, considerable debate has arisen over the extent to which cognitive tasks can in fact be learned implicitly. Much of the debate has centred on the questions (...)
  17. Understanding Truth.Scott Soames - 1998 - Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press USA.
    In this book, Scott Soames illuminates the notion of truth and the role it plays in our ordinary thought as well as in our logical, philosophical, and scientific theories. Soames aims to integrate and deepen the most significant insights on truth from a variety of sources. He powerfully brings together the best technical work and the most important philosophical reflection on truth and shows how each can illuminate the other. Investigating such questions as whether we need a truth predicate at (...)
  18. Ecology, Policy, and Politics: Human Well-Being and the Natural World.John O'Neill - 1993 - Routledge.
    Revealing flaws in both 'green' and market-based approaches to environmental policy, O'Neill develops an Aristotolian account of well-being. He examines the implications for wider issues involving markets, civil society an.
  19. Out of Mind: Varieties of Unconscious Processes.Beatrice de Gelder, Edward H. F. De Haan & Charles A. Heywood (eds.) - 2001 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Can we learn without consciousness? When the eminent neuropsychologist, Lawrence Weiskrantz first coined the term 'blindsight' to describe a condition whereby a patient could demonstrate that they were aware of some object, yet insist that they were completely unaware of its existence, the response from some in the scientific community was one of extreme skepticism. Even now, there are those who question the existence of unconscious learning, and the topic remains one of the most actively researched and debated in psychology. (...)
  20. Thoughtful Economic Man: Essays on Rationality, Moral Rules and Benevolence.J. Gay Tulip Meeks (ed.) - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    The essays by celebrated authors in this 1991 book cover themes fundamental to economics: the influence of benevolence, altruism, justice and religious principles in our treatment of others in society; and the bases of rationality in decision making under conditions of uncertainty. These common themes are given a wide range of perspectives by the contributors, who discuss whether not just a 'rational' but also a 'thoughtful' economic man can be fitted into a sophisticated version of the orthodox model of man (...)
  21. Minding spirituality.Randall Lehmann Sorenson - 2004 - Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.
    In Minding Spirituality, Randall Sorenson, a clinical psychoanalyst, "invites us to take an interest in our patients' spirituality that is respectful but not diffident, curious but not reductionistic, welcoming but not indoctrinating." Out of this.
  22. The Prefrontal Cortex: Executive and Cognitive Functions.A. C. Roberts, T. W. Robbins & L. Weiskrantz (eds.) - 1998 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The role of the prefrontal cortex is one of the most topical and important areas of research in contemporary neuropsychology. This cortical region appears to be linked with executive processes affecting many diverse areas of cognitive function. Working memory, information processing, behavioural organization, attention, judgement, and the ability to cope with novel experiences are just some of the diverse processes it affects. This book brings together contributions from some of the world's leading researchers on the prefrontal cortex. They discuss the (...)
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  23. Making minds less well educated than our own.Roger C. Schank - 2004 - Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    In the author's words: "This book is an honest attempt to understand what it means to be educated in today's world." His argument is this: No matter how important science and technology seem to industry or government or indeed to the daily life of people, as a society we believe that those educated in literature, history, and other humanities are in some way better informed, more knowing, and somehow more worthy of the descriptor "well educated." This 19th-century conception of the (...)
  24. Logic.Paul Tomassi - 1999 - London and New York: Routledge.
    Bringing elementary logic out of the academic darkness into the light of day, Paul Tomassi makes logic fully accessible for anyone attempting to come to grips with the complexities of this challenging subject. Including student-friendly exercises, illustrations, summaries and a glossary of terms, _Logic_ introduces and explains: * The Theory of Validity * The Language of Propositional Logic * Proof-Theory for Propositional Logic * Formal Semantics for Propositional Logic including the Truth-Tree Method * The Language of Quantificational Logic including the (...)
  25. Arguing about Law: An Introduction to Legal Philosophy.Andrew Altman - 2001 - Wadsworth Publishing Company.
    Using the rule of law as its main theme, this text shows how abstract questions and concepts of legal philosophy are connected to concrete legal, political, and social issues. The text addresses several modern controversies and challenges students to consider both sides of an argument, using sound, reasoned thinking.
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  26. Against relativism: cultural diversity and the search for ethical universals in medicine.Ruth Macklin - 1999 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book provides an analysis of the debate surrounding cultural diversity, and attempts to reconcile the seemingly opposing views of "ethical imperialism," the belief that each individual is entitled to fundamental human rights, and cultural relativism, the belief that ethics must be relative to particular cultures and societies. The author examines the role of cultural tradition, often used as a defense against critical ethical judgments. Key issues in health and medicine are explored in the context of cultural diversity: the physician-patient (...)
  27. Free Markets and Social Justice.Cass R. Sunstein - 1997 - Oxford University Press USA.
    We are in the midst of a worldwide debate over whether there should be "more" or "less" government. As enthusiasm for free markets mounts - in both former Communist nations and in Western countries such as England and the United States - is it productive to attempt to solve problems through this "more/less" dichotomy?
  28. The quest for unity: the adventure of physics.Étienne Klein - 1999 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Marc Lachièze-Rey.
    Contains revelations on how the quest for unity has driven all the great breakthroughs in science and shows how the Greeks searched for the fundamental element in all things.
  29. Reading the Book of Nature: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.Peter Kosso - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is an introductory survey to the philosophy of science suitable for beginners and nonspecialists. Its point of departure is the question: why should we believe what science tells us about the world? In this attempt to justify the claims of science the book treats such topics as observation data, confirmation of theories, and the explanation of phenomena. The writing is clear and concrete with detailed examples drawn from contemporary science: solar neutrinos, the gravitational bending of light, and the creation/evolution (...)
  30. Science under siege?: interest groups and the science wars.Leon E. Trachtman - 2000 - Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. Edited by Robert Perrucci.
    The combative metaphor of Oscience warsO has taken on a predominant position within the collective conscious, from being featured on the programs of scientific meetings to being splashed across the pages of leading national magazines and newspapers. Some in the scientific community perceive their profession to be under siege by members of the academic left, radical environmentalists, religious fundamentalists, eco-feminists, and others. This book, based on in-depth interviews with sixty members of groups with alleged Oanti-scienceO attitudes, examines how pervasive and (...)
  31. Embedding ethics.Lynn Meskell & Peter Pels (eds.) - 2005 - New York: Berg.
    Embedding Ethics questions why ethics have been divorced from scientific expertise. Invoking different disciplinary practices from biological, archaeological, cultural, and linguistic anthropology, contributors show how ethics should be resituated at the heart of, rather than exterior to, scientific activity. Positioning the researcher as a negotiator of significant truths rather than an adjudicator of a priori precepts enables contributors to relocate ethics in new sets of social and scientific relationships triggered by recent globalization processes--from new forms of intellectual and cultural ownership (...)
  32. Scientific revolutions.Ian Hacking (ed.) - 1981 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Bringing together important writings not easily available elsewhere, this volume provides a convenient and stimulating overview of recent work in the philosophy of science. The contributors include Paul Feyerabend, Ian Hacking, T.S. Kuhn, Imre Lakatos, Laurens Laudan, Karl Popper, Hilary Putnam, and Dudley Shapere. In addition, Hacking provides an introductory essay and a selective bibliography.
  33. Logische Untersuchungen.Edmund Husserl (ed.) - 1968 - Tübingen,: M. Niemeyer.
    Husserl war ursprünglich davon ausgegangen, dass die Logik die Aufklärung ihrer eigenen Grundlagen aus der Psychologie zu erwarten habe. Fragen und Zweifel, wie sich die unbestreitbare Objektivität und strenge Allgemeingültigkeit logischer Wahrheiten denn psychologisch begreifen lasse, führten ihn jedoch aus dem Bannkreis solcher Begründungsversuche heraus: Mit seinen "Prolegomena zur reinen Logik", dem ersten Teilband der "Logischen Untersuchungen", legte Husserl 1900 eine kritische Abrechnung mit dem logischen Psychologismus vor, deren Ergebnisse bis heute unbestritten sind. In den sechs Detailstudien des zweiten Teilbandes (...)
  34. The Blackwell companion to major social theorists.George Ritzer (ed.) - 2000 - Malden, Mass., USA: Blackwell.
    The Companion to Major Social Theorists offers a broad-ranging survey of classical and contemporary social theory. In original essays especially commissioned for this volume, leading experts and practitioners examine the life and work of 25 major theorists, discussing the social and intellectual context of their writings and offering an analysis of the impact of their work over time. Includes 25 original essays on major classical and contemporary social theorists Contributions are especially commissioned for this volume, and are by leading experts (...)
  35. Virtual Environments.Woodrow Barfield & Thomas A. Furness (eds.) - 1995 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This sweeping introduction to the science of virtual environment technology masterfully integrates research and practical applications culled from a range of disciplines, including psychology, engineering, and computer science.
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  36. The logic book.Merrie Bergmann - 2003 - Boston, Mass.: McGraw-Hill. Edited by James Moor & Jack Nelson.
    This outstanding book is a leading text for symbolic or formal logic courses. All techniques and concepts are presented with clear, comprehensive explanations and numerous, carefully constructed examples. Its flexible organization (all chapters are complete and self-contained) allows instructors the freedom to cover the topics they want in the order they choose.
  37. Foundations of Cognitive Science.Michael I. Posner (ed.) - 1989 - MIT Press.
    All of the chapters have been written especially for the book by the leading scholars in the field.Michael I. Posner is Professor of Psychology at the ...
  38. Understanding and Applying Medical Anthropology.Peter Brown & Ron Barrett - 2009 - McGraw-Hill Education.
    This collection of 49 readings with extensive background description exposes students to the breadth of theoretical perspectives and issues in the field of medical anthropology. The text provides specific examples and case studies of research as it is applied to a range of health settings: from cross-cultural clinical encounters to cultural analysis of new biomedical technologies to the implementation of programs in global health settings.
  39. The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia.Sahotra Sarkar & Jessica Pfeifer (eds.) - 2005 - New York: Routledge.
    The philosophy of science is the branch of philosophy that examines the profound philosophical questions that arise from scientific research and theories. A sub-discipline of philosophy that emerged in the twentieth century, the philosophy of science is largely a product of the British and Austrian schools of thought and traditions. The first in-depth reference in the field that combines scientific knowledge with philosophical inquiry, The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia is a two-volume set that brings together an international team of (...)
  40. Becoming a Critical Thinker: A User Friendly Manual.Sherry Diestler - 2009 - Boston: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
    Developing Instinctive Analytical Skills in Students Becoming a Critical Thinker: A User Friendly Manual trains students to distinguish high-quality, well-supported arguments from those with little or no evidence to support them. It develops the skills required to effectively evaluate the many claims facing them as citizens, learners, consumers, and human beings, and also to be effective advocates for their beliefs. Teaching and Learning Experience Personalize Learning - MyThinkingLabdelivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and (...)
  41. Archimedes to Hawking: laws of science and the great minds behind them.Clifford A. Pickover - 2008 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This marvelous volume takes the reader on a journey across the centuries as it explores eponymous physical laws—from Archimedes' Law of Buoyancy and Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion to Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle and Hubble's Law of Cosmic Expansion—whose ramifications have profoundly altered our everyday lives and our understanding of the universe.
  42. Good Reasons for Better Arguments: An Introduction to the Skills and Values of Critical Thinking.Jerome E. Bickenbach & Jacqueline M. Davies - 1996 - Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
    This text introduces university students to the philosophical ethos of critical thinking, as well as to the essential skills required to practice it. The authors believe that Critical Thinking should engage students with issues of broader philosophical interest while they develop their skills in reasoning and argumentation. The text is informed throughout by philosophical theory concerning argument and communication—from Aristotle's recognition of the importance of evaluating argument in terms of its purpose to Habermas's developing of the concept of communicative rationality. (...)
  43. A philosopher's understanding of quantum mechanics: possibilities and impossibilities of a modal interpretation.Pieter E. Vermaas - 1999 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book is about how to understand quantum mechanics by means of a modal interpretation. Modal interpretations provide a general framework within which quantum mechanics can be considered as a theory that describes reality in terms of physical systems possessing definite properties. Quantum mechanics is standardly understood to be a theory about probabilities with which measurements have outcomes. Modal interpretations are relatively new attempts to present quantum mechanics as a theory which, like other physical theories, describes an observer-independent reality. In (...)
  44. Nomic Probability and the Foundations of Induction.John L. Pollock - 1990 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
    In this book Pollock deals with the subject of probabilistic reasoning, making general philosophical sense of objective probabilities and exploring their ...
  45. Frontal Lobe Function and Dysfunction.Harvey S. Levin, Howard M. Eisenberg & Arthur L. Benton (eds.) - 1991 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The cognitive and behavioral functions of the frontal lobes have been of great interest to neuroscientists, neurologists, psychologists and psychiatrists. Recent technical advances have made it possible to trace their neuroanatomical connections more precisely and to conduct evoked potential and neuroimaging studies in patients. This book presents a broad and authoritative synthesis of research progress in this field. It encompasses neuroanatomical studies; experiments involving temporal organization and working memory tasks in non-human primates; clinical studies of patients following frontal lobe excisions (...)
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  46. The Voice of Reason: Fundamentals of Critical Thinking.Burton F. Porter - 2001 - New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press USA.
    Lively, comprehensive, and contemporary, The Voice of Reason: Fundamentals of Critical Thinking covers three principal areas: thought and language, systematic reasoning, and modes of proof. It employs highly accessible explanations and a multitude of examples drawn from social issues and various academic fields, showing students and other readers how to construct and criticize arguments using the techniques of sound reasoning. The Voice of Reason examines the traditional elements of the field and also explores new ground. The first section of the (...)
  47. Changing the educational landscape: philosophy, women, and curriculum.Jane Roland Martin - 1994 - London: Routledge.
    Changing the Educational Landscape is a collection of the best-known and best-loved essays by the renowned feminist philosopher of education, Jane Roland Martin. Trained as an analytic philosopher at a time before women or feminist ideas were welcome in the field, Martin brought a philosopher's detachment to her earliest efforts at revolutionizing the curriculum. Her later essays on women and gender further showcase the tremendous intellectual energy she brought to the field of feminist educational theory. Martin explores the challenges and (...)
  48. Understanding social science: a philosophical introduction to the social sciences.Roger Trigg - 1985 - Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publisers.
    In this lucid and engaging introductory volume on the nature of society, Roger Trigg examines the scientific basis of social science and shows that philosophical presuppositions are a necessary starting point for the study of society.
  49. The Compromised Scientist: William James in the Development of American Psychology.Daniel W. Bjork - 1983 - Columbia University Press.
    "A compelling, insightful, and intimate portrait of William James as artist, philosopher, and psychologist, The Compromised Scientist explains James's emergence as a founding father of American experimental psychology. Unlike most books about James, this one emphasizes the fact that he had found a career as a painter and was not really a "buried" philosopher or psychologist. He was, in fact, an artist who was forced to compromise his urge to paint by developing a unique psychological language--the language of the "stream (...)
  50. Wittgenstein Reads Freud: The Myth of the Unconscious.Jacques Bouveresse - 1995 - Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
    Did Freud present a scientific hypothesis about the unconscious, as he always maintained and as many of his disciples keep repeating? This question has long prompted debates concerning the legitimacy and usefulness of psychoanalysis, and it is of utmost importance to Lacanian analysts, whose main project has been to stress Freud's scientific grounding. Here Jacques Bouveresse, a noted authority on Ludwig Wittgenstein, contributes to the debate by turning to this Austrian-born philosopher and contemporary of Freud for a candid assessment of (...)
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