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1 — 50 / 335
  1. Scientific Discovery: Case Studies.Thomas Nickles - 1980 - Taylor & Francis.
    The history of science is articulated by moments of discovery. Yet, these 'moments' are not simple or isolated events in science. Just as a scientific discovery illuminates our understanding of nature or of society, and reveals new connections among phenomena, so too does the history of scientific activity and the analysis of scientific reasoning illuminate the processes which give rise to moments of discovery and the complex network of consequences which follow upon such moments. Understanding discovery has not been, until (...)
  2. Scientific Knowledge Basic Issues in the Philosophy of Science.Janet A. Kourany - 1987
  3. Fundamentals of Ethics for Scientists and Engineers.Edmund G. Seebauer & Robert L. Barry - 2000 - Oup Usa.
    This textbook is intended for ethics courses in engineering and science. It can be used either in a one-credit-hour semester course or as a set of drop-in modules in a core engineering or science course. The text avoids a detailed treatment of the ins and outs of philsophical ethics - a complex subject not needed for most ethical judgements. The approach to ethical problem solving used is one that focuses on analysing the consequences rather than rules to be obey in (...)
  4. A Novel Defense of Scientific Realism.Jarrett Leplin - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    Leplin attempts to reinstate the common sense idea that theoretical knowledge is achievable, indeed that its achievement is part of the means to progress in empirical knowledge. He sketches the genesis of the skeptical position, then introduces his argument for Minimalist Scientific Realism -- the requirement that novel predicitons be explained, and the claim that only realism about scientific theories can explain the importance of novel prediction.
  5. Feminism and Science.Evelyn Fox Keller & Helen E. Longino (eds.) - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    (Series copy) The new Oxford Readings in Feminism series maps the dramatic influence of feminist theory on every branch of academic knowledge. Offering feminist perspectives on disciplines from history to science, each book assembles the most important articles written on its field in the last ten to fifteen years. Old stereotypes are challenged and traditional attitudes upset in these lively-- and sometimes controversial--volumes, all of which are edited by feminists prominent in their particular field. Comprehensive, accessible, and intellectually daring, the (...)
  6. Scientific Thought: In Context.Brenda Wilmoth Lerner & K. Lee Lerner (eds.) - 2007 - Gale, Cengage Learning.
  7. New Horizons in the Philosophy of Science.David Lamb - 1992
    This collection of ten papers celebrates the diversity and richness of post-positivist philosophy of science. The contributors believe that new perspectives can be developed and that philosophical criticism can make a useful contribution to the search for new and fruitful scientific paradigms.
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  8. Knowledge as Culture: The New Sociology of Knowledge.E. Doyle McCarthy - 1996 - Routledge.
    Drawing upon Marxist, French structuralist and American pragmatist traditions, this lively and accessible introduction to the sociology of knowledge gives to its classic texts a fresh reading, arguing that various bodies of knowledge operate within culture to create powerful cultural dispositions, meanings, and categories. It looks at the cultural impact of the forms and images of mass media, the authority of science, medicine, and law as bodies of contemporary knowledge and practice. Finally, it considers the concept of "engendered knowledge" through (...)
  9. Body/Politics: Women and the Discourses of Science.Mary Jacobus, Evelyn Fox Keller & Sally Shuttleworth - 1990 - Psychology Press.
    Body/Politics demonstrates how many of the controversies in modern science involve or invoke the feminine body as their battleground. This groundbreaking collection addresses such scientific issues as artificial fertilization, the "crisis" in childbirth management,and the medical invention of "female" maladies and the debates surrounding them. In the process it makes an important attempt to remedy the traditional division between science and non-science by focusing on the interconnection of literary, social, and scientific discourses concerning the female body. The editors have brought (...)
  10. Public Knowledge: An Essay Concerning the Social Dimension of Science.J. M. Ziman - 1968 - London: Cambridge University Press.
    In this 1974 book a practising scientist and gifted expositor sets forth an exciting point of view on the nature of science and how it works.
  11. Fact and Method: Explanation, Confirmation and Reality in the Natural and the Social Sciences.Richard W. Miller - 1987 - Princeton University Press.
  12. Scientific Inquiry: Readings in the Philosophy of Science.Robert Klee (ed.) - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Scientific Inquiry: Readings in the Philosophy of Science features an impressive collection of classical and contemporary readings on a wide range of issues in the philosophy of science. The volume is organized into six sections, each with its own introduction, and includes a general introduction that situates the philosophy of science in relation to other areas of intellectual inquiry. The selections focus on the main issues in the field, including the structure of scientific theories, models of scientific explanation, reductionism, historicist (...)
  13. Science Under Siege?: Interest Groups and the Science Wars.Leon E. Trachtman - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The combative metaphor of Oscience warsO has taken on a predominant position within the collective conscious, from being featured on the programs of scientific meetings to being splashed across the pages of leading national magazines and newspapers. Some in the scientific community perceive their profession to be under siege by members of the academic left, radical environmentalists, religious fundamentalists, eco-feminists, and others. This book, based on in-depth interviews with sixty members of groups with alleged Oanti-scienceO attitudes, examines how pervasive and (...)
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  14. Hayek and After: Hayekian Liberalism as a Research Programme.Jeremy Shearmur - 1996 - Routledge.
    This book offers a distinctive treatment of Hayek's ideas as a "research program". It presents a detailed account of aspects of Hayek's intellectual development and of problems that arise within his work, and then offers some broad suggestions as to ways in which the program initiated in his work might be developed further. The book discusses how Popper and Lakatos' ideas about "research programs" might be applied within political theory. There then follows a distinctive presentation of Hayek's intellectual development up (...)
  15. Unity of Knowledge: The Convergence of Natural and Human Science.Antonio R. Damasio (ed.) - 2001 - New York Academy of Sciences.
    Scientists are rapidly mapping the chemical and physical pathways that constitute biological systems, making the complexity of processes such as inheritance, development, evolution, and even the origin of life increasingly tractable. Through genetics and neuroscience, biological understanding is now being extended deeply into the human sciences and has begun to transform our understanding of behavior, mind, culture, and values. The idea of a science-driven unity of knowledge has reemerged in several forms in both reductionist and nonreductionist frameworks. This volume examines (...)
  16. Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.Anthony O'Hear - 1989 - Oxford University Press.
    This balanced and up-to-date introduction to the philosophy of science covers all the main topics in the area, and initiates the student into the moral and social reality of science. O'Hear discusses the growth of knowledge of science, the status of scientific theories and their relationship to observational data, the extent to which scientific theories rest on unprovable paradigms, and the nature of scientific explanations. In later chapters he considers probability, scientific reductionism, the relationship between science and technology, and the (...)
  17. Scientific Revolutions.Ian Hacking (ed.) - 1981 - Oxford University Press.
    Bringing together important writings not easily available elsewhere, this volume provides a convenient and stimulating overview of recent work in the philosophy of science. The contributors include Paul Feyerabend, Ian Hacking, T.S. Kuhn, Imre Lakatos, Laurens Laudan, Karl Popper, Hilary Putnam, and Dudley Shapere. In addition, Hacking provides an introductory essay and a selective bibliography.
  18. Conventionalism in Logic: A Study in the Linguistic Foundation of Logical Reasoning.Carlo Borromeo Giannoni - 1971 - The Hague: Mouton.
  19. The Discipline of Curiosity: Science in the World.Janny Groen, Eefke Smit & Juurd Eijsvoogel (eds.) - 1990 - Elsevier Science.
    In the 20th century, more than ever before, the world is being shaped by science. Science has an intrinsic value in trying to find out how the world ticks, and it has an enormous and increasingly social value too. The scientific enterprise of today provides the information for the society of tomorrow. Scientists have become leading actors in world history. The discipline of curiosity, as science may be called, is not just a discipline of form, it is also a discipline (...)
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  20. Social Theory and Sociology the Classics and Beyond.Stephen P. Turner - 1996 - Scholar Commons.
    This Timely volume represents an attempt by leading practitioners in the field to think reflexively about the present state of social theory and its historical analogues, and to consider new directions opposed to the "classical" social theorists, as well as new uses of the classics. Social Theory and Sociology begins to address a problem that is salient for students as well as academics, namely, why and how does the legacy of social theory matter? What is the value of what we (...)
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  21. Stuffed Animals and Pickled Heads: The Culture and Evolution of Natural History Museums.Stephen T. Asma - 2001 - New York: Oxford.
    The natural history museum is a place where the line between "high" and "low" culture effectively vanishes--where our awe of nature, our taste for the bizarre, and our thirst for knowledge all blend happily together. But as Stephen Asma shows in Stuffed Animals and Pickled Heads, there is more going on in these great institutions than just smart fun. Asma takes us on a wide-ranging tour of natural history museums in New York and Chicago, London and Paris, interviewing curators, scientists, (...)
  22. Theory and Meaning.David Papineau - 1979 - Oxford University Press.
    This book is concerned with those aspects of the theory of meaning for scientific terms that are relevant to questions about the evaluation of scientific theories. The contemporary debate about theory choice in science is normally presented as a conflict between two sets of ideas. On the one hand are notions of objectivity, realism, rationality, and progress in science. On the other is the view that meanings depend on theory, with associated claims about the theory dependence of observation, the theoretical (...)
  23. Genes, Genesis, and God: Values and Their Origins in Natural and Human History.Holmes Rolston, Iii - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    Holmes Rolston challenges the sociobiological orthodoxy that would naturalize science, ethics, and religion. The book argues that genetic processes are not blind, selfish, and contingent, and that nature is therefore not value-free. The author examines the emergence of complex biodiversity through evolutionary history. Especially remarkable in this narrative is the genesis of human beings with their capacities for science, ethics, and religion. A major conceptual task of the book is to relate cultural genesis to natural genesis. There is also a (...)
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  24. The Logic and Methodology of Science in Early Modern Thought: Seven Studies.Fred Wilson - 1999 - University of Toronto Press.
  25. Understanding Risk: Informing Decisions in a Democratic Society.Paul C. Stern & Harvey V. Fineberg (eds.) - 1996 - National Academies Press.
  26. Between Science and Values.Loren R. Graham - 1981 - Columbia University Press.
    Examines the influence of the physical and biological sciences on society, ethics, and philosophy during the twentieth century.
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  27. Ethics and the Practice of Forensic Science.Robin T. Bowen - 2010 - Crc Press.
    Offering a lively source of debate for professionals and academics, this volume provides a window on a topic that is frequently fraught with uncertainty.
  28. Theory Change in Science: Strategies From Mendelian Genetics.Lindley Darden - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
    This innovative book focuses on the development of the gene theory as a case study in scientific creativity.
  29. The Delphic Boat. What Genomes Tell Us.Antoine Danchin - 2002 - Harvard University Press.
    Danchin argues that if scientists can reach a level of understanding of genomes, they will be able to resolve the major biological puzzle of the 21st century: the enigma of the living machine that creates the living machine.
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  30. The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation.Paul Murray McNeill - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book focuses on experimentation that is carried out on human beings, including medical research, drug research and research undertaken in the social sciences. It discusses the ethics of such experimentation and asks the question: who defends the interests of these human subjects and ensures that they are not harmed? The author finds that ethical research depends on the adequacy of review by committee. Indeed most countries now rely on research ethics committees for the protection of the interests of the (...)
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  31. Theories of Explanation.Joseph Pitt (ed.) - 1988 - Oxford University Press.
    Since the publication of Carl Hempel and Paul Oppenheim's ground-breaking work "Studies in the Logic of Explanation," the theory of explanation has remained a major topic in the philosophy of science. This valuable collection provides readers with the opportunity to study some of the classic essays on the theory of explanation along with the best examples of the most recent work being done on the topic. In addition to the original Hempel and Oppenheim paper, the volume includes Scriven's critical reaction (...)
  32. Conceptual Revolutions.Paul THAGARD - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
    In this path-breaking work, Paul Thagard draws on history and philosophy of science, cognitive psychology, and the field of artificial intelligence to develop a ...
  33. The "Racial" Economy of Science: Toward a Democratic Future.Sandra Harding (ed.) - 1993 - Indiana University Press.
    "The classic and recent essays gathered here will challenge scholars in the natural sciences, philosophy, sociology, anthropology, and women’s studies to examine the role of racism in the construction and application of the sciences. Harding... has also created a useful text for diverse classroom settings." —Library Journal "A rich lode of readily accessible thought on the nature and practice of science in society. Highly recommended." —Choice "This is an excellent collection of essays that should prove useful in a wide range (...)
  34. What Can She Know?Lorraine Code - 1991 - Cornell University Press.
  35. Common Sense, Science and Scepticism: A Historical Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge.Alan Musgrave - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Can we know anything for certain? There are those who think we can (traditionally labeled the "dogmatists") and those who think we cannot (traditionally labeled the "skeptics"). The theory of knowledge, or epistemology, is the great debate between the two. This book is an introductory and historically-based survey of the debate. It sides for the most part with the skeptics. It also develops out of skepticism a third view, fallibilism or critical rationalism, which incorporates an uncompromising realism about perception, science, (...)
  36. Reliable Knowledge: An Exploration of the Grounds for Belief in Science.John Ziman - 1978 - Cambridge University Press.
    Why believe in the findings of science? John Ziman argues that scientific knowledge is not uniformly reliable, but rather like a map representing a country we cannot visit. He shows how science has many elements, including alongside its experiments and formulae the language and logic, patterns and preconceptions, facts and fantasies used to illustrate and express its findings. These elements are variously combined by scientists in their explanations of the material world as it lies outside our everyday experience. John Ziman’s (...)
  37. Explaining Technical Change: A Case Study in the Philosophy of Science.Jon Elster - 1983 - Universitetsforlaget.
    In this volume, first published in 1983, Jon Elster approaches the study of technical change from an epistemological perspective.
  38. Controversy Spaces: A Model of Scientific and Philosophical Change.Oscar Nudler (ed.) - 2011 - John Benjamins.
    chapter 7. How DNA became an important molecule: Controversies at the origins of molecular biology Eleonora Cresto José María Gil Contributors Author index ...
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  39. Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West.Margaret C. Jacob - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    As more and more historians acknowledge the central signifcance of science and technology with that of modern society, the need for a good, general history of the achievements of the Scientific Revolution has grown. Scientific Culture and The Making of the Industrial West seeks to explain this historical process by looking at how and why scientific knowledge became such an integral part of the culture of Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and how this in turn lead to the (...)
  40. Philosophy of Science: A Contemporary Introduction.Alex Rosenberg - 2000 - Routledge.
    This user-friendly text covers key issues in the philosophy of science in an accessible and philosophically serious way. It will prove valuable to students studying philosophy of science as well as science students. Prize-winning author Alex Rosenberg explores the philosophical problems that science raises by its very nature and method. He skilfully demonstrates that scientific explanation, laws, causation, theory, models, evidence, reductionism, probability, teleology, realism and instrumentalism actually pose the same questions that Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hume, Kant and their successors (...)
  41. Reflections on Gender and Science.Evelyn Fox Keller - 1995 - Yale University Press.
    "-Barbara Ehrenreich, Mother Jones "This book represents the expression of a particular feminist perspective made all the more compelling by Keller's evident commitment to and understanding of science.
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  42. Science and Reason.Henry E. Kyburg - 1990 - Oxford University Press USA.
    In this work Henry Kyburg presents his views on a wide range of philosophical problems associated with the study and practice of science and mathematics. The main structure of the book consists of a presentation of Kyburg's notions of epistemic probability and its use in the scientific enterprise i.e., the effort to modify previously adopted beliefs in the light of experience. Intended for cognitive scientists and people in artificial intelligence as well as for technically oriented philosophers, the book also provides (...)
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  43. Simplicity and Complexity in Games of the Intellect.Lawrence B. Slobodkin - 1992 - Harvard University Press.
    Slobodkin proposes that the best intellectual work is done as if it were a game on a simplified playing field.
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  44. Science and Ethics.Bernard E. Rollin - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In Science and Ethics, Bernard Rollin examines the ideology that denies the relevance of ethics to science. Providing an introduction to basic ethical concepts, he discusses a variety of ethical issues that are relevant to science and how they are ignored, to the detriment of both science and society. These include research on human subjects, animal research, genetic engineering, biotechnology, cloning, xenotransplantation, and stem cell research. Rollin also explores the ideological agnosticism that scientists have displayed regarding subjective experience in humans (...)
  45. Science, Technology, and Society: New Directions.Andrew Webster - 1991 - Macmillan.
    Read any newspaper or watch your television and as often as not you will be confronted by the worries, hopes, challenges, and mistakes of science and technology. Sociology has been trying to make sense of science for many years, while government and industry have promoted and exploited it for even longer. But what are science and technology? How have they been shaped by society? What new directions are they taking? Andrew Webster provides a lively and accessible introduction to the sociological (...)
  46. Science and the Social Order.Bernard Barber - 1962 - Greenwood Press.
    The author, seeing science as a social activity, directs our attention to the problems of the social control of science. He discusses the sense in which science as a social activity is planned and unplanned.
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  47. A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science.Noretta Koertge (ed.) - 1998 - Oup Usa.
    Cultural critics say that 'science is politics by other means,' arguing that the results of scientific inquiry are profoundly shaped by the ideological agendas of powerful elites. Physicist Alan Sokal recently poked fun at these claims, touching off a still-unabated torrent of heated discussion. This hard-hitting collection picks up where Sokal left off, offering crisp, detailed critiques of case studies presented by cultural critics as evidence that scientific results tell us more about social context than they do about the natural (...)
  48. Citizen Science: A Study of People, Expertise and Sustainable Development.Alan Irwin - 1995 - Routledge.
    We are all concerned by the environmental threats facing us today. Environmental issues are a major area of concern for policy makers, industrialists and public groups of many different kinds. While science seems central to our understanding of such threats, the statements of scientists are increasingly open to challenge in this area. Meanwhile, citizens may find themselves labelled as "ignorant" in environmental matters. In Citizen Science Alan Irwin provides a much needed route through the fraught relationship between science, the public (...)
  49. Regulating Toxic Substances: A Philosophy of Science and the Law.Carl F. Cranor - 1993 - Oxford University Press, Usa.
    In this book, Carl Cranor utilizes material from ethics, philosophy of law, epidemiology, tort law, regulatory law, and risk assessment to argue that the evidentiary standards for science used in the law to control toxics ought to be ...
  50. Philosophy of Science Today.Peter Clark & Katherine Hawley (eds.) - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Philosophy of Science Today offers a state-of-the-art guide to this fast-developing area. An eminent international team of authors covers a wide range of topics at the intersection of philosophy and the sciences, including causation, realism, methodology, epistemology, and the philosophical foundations of physics, biology, and psychology.
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