Inscription on Yinggong Tripod and the Patriarchal System in Zhou Dynasty

Jie Chen
Peking University
Pingdingshan should be a national cemetery new public Ding, whose inscriptions have re-Interpretation of the necessary, but also has important historical value, can contribute to modern people of the Zhou Dynasty is on the line name of the system, Zhou Jun Daizong systems integration and other issues in depth the relationship between thinking. The device inscriptions "", which is a ritual verb, its meaning into the offer rice or sorghum ancestral worship God related. "Wu Ding emperor day" refers to King Wu. King Wu said the day is named, is an isolated phenomenon, can not explain the line should always be on the country name of the system, but can not prove Ji Zhou royal family have similar customs. Looking at the documents and information related to bronze inscriptions, the Western Zhou Dynasty Spring and Autumn Period and no later ceremony at home so-called "princes dare Zu Tianzi, the doctor can not ancestral princes" of the ritual. The inscription on the newly unearthed Yinggong tripod in the cemetery of the Ying State in Pingdingshan of Henan Province poses necessity for new examination, for it is of huge historical value for scholars to contemplate such issues like naming by celestial signs and patriarchal system. The character of tan in the inscription is a verb meaning something related to "sacrifice". "wudiriding " refers to King Wu of Western Zhou. However, that King Wu was named by a celestial sign is an exception, which should not prove that a system of naming by celestial signs was adopted either by the Ying State or by the royal family of Western Zhou. Literature and documents on relative bronze inscriptions all point out that the patriarchal relation between the King and the principles of the states as recorded by the Book of Rites was questionable
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