Non-Substantial Thinking in Chinese Philosophy

Philosophy and Culture 26 (11):1002-1009 (1999)
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This paper argues that Chinese philosophy, primitive areas, "Five Elements", "Yin Yang", "gas", "Road", etc., and Western philosophy "entity" are fundamentally different concepts. Confucian idea of "life and life of benevolence", "Tai Chi - Yin Yang" theory, Taoist "World and I, and hygiene, and all things with me as a" model, the Buddhist "harmony Sandi", "member not affect" thinking, are non-physical doctrine. Certain people and the world of Chinese philosophy, essence and phenomenon, the subjective and objective dependency treatment, the eternal flow is the most fundamental state of existence. Chinese philosophy through shape with the shape, the ideal of unification with the real life experience of human existence and life of the noble sense of the ultimate value of the entity with the Western philosophical ontology and methodology is very different. In this essay, it is argued that the basic categories in Chinese philosophy, such as "the five elements," "the yin and the yang," "Chi ," and "Tao," are fundamentally different from the concept of "substance" of Western philosophy. The Confucian conception of "the virtue of the dynamism of life" and "the ultimate principles of yin and yang;" the Taoist principle that "I co-exist with the world and everything in the world and I are one, "and the Buddhist idea of" the three ways to perfection ", and" boundlessness of reasons and things, "all stand without appeal to a concept of substance. In Chinese philosophy, it is firmly claimed that the most basic mode of existence is the interdependence between human beings and the world, essence and phenomena, subject and object, and their eternal flowing into each other. Chinese philosophy is typically different from western ontology and methodology of substance in the sense that the physical and the metaphysical penetrate each other; the ideal state and practical existence are unified, and the subline of human existence and the ultimate value of life are lived experience in Chinese philosophy



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