Purpose. The article is aimed to show the specificity and heuristic value of the humanism of the French existentialist J.-P. Sartre, represented both in his early works, where the isolationist position prevailed, and considering his evolution to various types of collective responsibility and attempts to build a universal morality on the basis of ontological integral humanity. Theoretical basis. Taking into account the relevance of the topic of person’s searching for authentic existence in the modern world, the author analyzes the concept of Sartre’s humanism, which remains poorly researched in the Ukrainian philosophical space, since most of his works of the later period remained untranslated and unknown to the Ukrainian community. That is, there is a need to consider the phenomenon of a human and his/her basic characteristics, which ultimately determine what type of humanism deserves further support and development. The author places the existentialist dimension of a human being, which is one of the most important determinants of human behavior and the ways of human self-determination of his/her existence, in the context of the general development of the humanistic tradition of modern anthropology. Originality. The article substantiates the thesis that Sartre’s position concerning humanism is conditioned by the specificity of his understanding of the authentic human existence as a constant self-transcendence, the person’s realization of the project that makes a person the creator of the values. Therefore, Sartre’s humanism can only be understood in the context of this self-construction and responsibility of a person for his/her choice. The author proved that although this concept was subsequently changed, the basic intention of the Sartre’s approach remains the same. Thus, having combined the existentialism and Marxist understanding of the historical process, Sartre nevertheless emphasizes that the primal intentionality of human existence is decisive in all subsequent actions and doings, despite the fact that real practice may demonstrate deviations and even regression concerning humanity. Having defined the universality of the human situation in the world as the presence of certain a priori restrictions, the philosopher comes to the recognition of intersubjectivity, which allows him to reach a new type of morality, which defines "integral humanity" or "full-fledged human" as its goal. Conclusions. The interpretation of humanism by early Sartre relied on the idea of a person as such, who is in constant transcendence, constantly constructing him/herself; he/she is oriented towards the future. In this case, a person is the creator of the values and their legislator in this world. At the same time, the late Sartre emphasized that since a person exists in a society where he/she is usually in a state of alienation, the question under which conditions and by what means is it possible to reproduce and realize a truly humanistic dimension is inevitable. Sartre’s position is based on the fact that there is a primal need for self-realization, to be human.
Keywords Sartre  alienation  anthropology  existence  humanism  integral humanity  practice  project  transcending  Сартр  антропология  антропологія  відчуження  гуманизм  гуманізм  екзистенція  интегральная человечность  отчуждение  практика  проект  проєкт  трансцендирование  трансцендування  экзистенция  інтегральна людяність
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
DOI 10.15802/ampr.v0i16.188890
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 51,639
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Does the City of Ends Correspond to a Classless Society?Maria Russo - 2019 - Sartre Studies International 25 (1):52-68.
From In-Itself to Practico-Inert.Kimberly S. Engels - 2018 - Sartre Studies International 24 (1):48-69.

View all 6 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Humanism of Sartre: Toward a Psychology of Dignity.John Iuculano & Keith Burkum - 1996 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):19-29.
Maritain's Concept of Integral Humanism. Chen & Ruixiang Liang - 1998 - Philosophy and Culture 25 (4):306-320.
Sartre, Existentialism and Humanism.Thomas Baldwin - 1986 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 20:287-307.
Sartre, Existentialism and Humanism: Thomas Baldwin.Thomas Baldwin - 1986 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 20:287-307.
The Development of Sartre's View of Freedom.Thomas Warren Waldock - 1994 - Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
Амбівалентна Природа Оптимізму У Контексті Концепції Нового Гуманізму.Pavel Vodop'yanov & Irina Sidorenko - 2019 - Гуманітарний Вісник Запорізької Державної Інженерної Академії 77:13-22.


Added to PP index

Total views
5 ( #1,098,405 of 2,331,237 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #257,299 of 2,331,237 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes