Constantine Sandis University of Hertfordshire

  • Faculty, University of Hertfordshire
  • PhD, University of Reading, 2005.

Areas of specialization

Areas of interest

My philosophical views

Edited categories


My philosophical views

The answers shown here are not necessarily the same provided as part of the 2009 PhilPapers Survey. These answers can be updated at any time.

See also:

A priori knowledge: yes or no?Lean toward: yesA priori knowledge is conceptual
Abstract objects: Platonism or nominalism?Reject both
Aesthetic value: objective or subjective?Accept: objective
Analytic-synthetic distinction: yes or no?Accept: yes
Epistemic justification: internalism or externalism?Reject both
External world: idealism, skepticism, or non-skeptical realism?Lean toward: non-skeptical realismBut I think the word 'realism' is unheelpful here
Free will: compatibilism, libertarianism, or no free will?Accept more than oneLibertarian compatabilist but free will is a matter of degree and none of us could ever have very much
God: theism or atheism?Lean toward: atheismBut the word has been hijacked by scientistic fundamentalists
Knowledge: empiricism or rationalism?Lean toward: empiricism
Knowledge claims: contextualism, relativism, or invariantism?Lean toward: contextualism
Laws of nature: Humean or non-Humean?Lean toward: non-HumeanHume was not a Humean
Logic: classical or non-classical?Lean toward: classicalWith some von-Wrightian qualifications
Mental content: internalism or externalism?OtherMental what?
Meta-ethics: moral realism or moral anti-realism?Lean toward: moral realismFind the term 'realism' unhelpful though
Metaphilosophy: naturalism or non-naturalism?Lean toward: non-naturalism
Mind: physicalism or non-physicalism?Accept: non-physicalism
Moral judgment: cognitivism or non-cognitivism?Accept bothContext sensitive (various uses)
Moral motivation: internalism or externalism?Reject both
Newcomb's problem: one box or two boxes?Accept: two boxes
Normative ethics: deontology, consequentialism, or virtue ethics?Lean toward: virtue ethicsWith a particularist flavour
Perceptual experience: disjunctivism, qualia theory, representationalism, or sense-datum theory?Lean toward: disjunctivism
Personal identity: biological view, psychological view, or further-fact view?Reject all
Politics: communitarianism, egalitarianism, or libertarianism?Lean toward: egalitarianismsocial democrat
Proper names: Fregean or Millian?Lean toward: Fregean
Science: scientific realism or scientific anti-realism?Reject both
Teletransporter (new matter): survival or death?Lean toward: death
Time: A-theory or B-theory?Insufficiently familiar with the issue
Trolley problem (five straight ahead, one on side track, turn requires switching, what ought one do?): switch or don't switch?Lean toward: switch
Truth: correspondence, deflationary, or epistemic?Lean toward: deflationary
Zombies: inconceivable, conceivable but not metaphysically possible, or metaphysically possible?Lean toward: inconceivable