An Analysis of Motahhari and Brümmer’s Response to the Issue of God’s Mediation and Benevolence

Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 20 (78):6-22 (2019)
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The teaching of mediation in Islamic tradition refers to a person requesting forgiveness of another and in the Christian tradition apart from forgiveness includes the bestowal of goodness to another as well. Motahhari and Brümmer consider the acceptance of mediation to be faced with the problem of superiority of the mediator’s mercy as compared to God’s mercy and the limitedness of God’s benevolence. Motahhari believes the answer to this problem to be in the attention to the hierarchy in the world’s system and the bestowal of good to creation in the form of a linear system; mediation is not the existential cause for forgiveness but rather the preparatory cause for the bestowal of forgiveness from God. As a reply to this problem, Brümmer addresses God’s permission for man’s participation in spreading good to others in the form of prayers. According to Brümmer, God has made the world such that through prayers – while establishing a loving relationship with God – man can also have an active participation with God’s power in the acceptance of prayer. In this way, Motahhari and Brümmer with their answers consider mediation and God’s absolute benevolence to be consistent with one another. According to both, the world has an order in which man can play a role in spreading good to others with God’s permission.



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Reza Akbari
Imam Sadiq University

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Petitionary Prayer.Eleonore Stump - 1979 - American Philosophical Quarterly 16 (2):81-91.
Petitionary prayer.Eleonore Stump - 1984 - In J. Houston (ed.), Is it reasonable to believe in God? Edinburgh: Handsel Press. pp. 81 - 91.
What Are We Doing When We Pray?Vincent Brummer - 1985 - Religious Studies 21 (3):421-423.

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