Biology and Philosophy 26 (3):385-400 (2011)
Reciprocal altruism was originally formulated in terms of individual selection and most theorists continue to view it in this way. However, this interpretation of reciprocal altruism has been challenged by Sober and Wilson (1998). They argue that reciprocal altruism (as well as all other forms of altruism) evolves by the process of group selection. In this paper, we argue that the original interpretation of reciprocal altruism is the correct one. We accomplish this by arguing that if fitness attaches to (at minimum) entire life cycles, then the kind of fitness exchanges needed to form the group-level in such situations is not available. Reciprocal altruism is thus a result of individual selection and when it evolves, it does so because it is individually advantageous
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior.Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson - 1998 - Harvard University Press.
The Economy of Nature and the Evolution of Sex.Michael T. Ghiselin - 1976 - Journal of the History of Biology 9 (2):324-324.
On Human Nature.Edward O. Wilson, Arthur L. Caplan, Daniel G. Freedman & Michael Ruse - 1978 - Ethics 92 (2):327-340.
Sociobiology: The New Synthesis.Edward O. Wilson - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):577-584.
Citations of this work BETA
Can Altruism Be Unified?Grant Ramsey - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences.
Similar books and articles
The Bowerbirds and the Bees: Miller on Art, Altruism, and Sexual Selection.Catherine Driscoll - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (4):507 – 526.
The Evolution of Reciprocal Altruism.Robert Trivers - 1971 - Quarterly Review of Biology 46 (1):35-57.
Altruism, Group Selection and Correlated Interaction.Samir Okasha - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (4):703-725.
Multilevel Selection and Human Altruism.Alejandro Rosas - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (2):205-215.
Modelling Reciprocal Altruism.Christopher Stephens - 1996 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (4):533-551.
Evolutionary Ethics and Biologically Supportable Morality.Michael Byron - 1999 - Proceedings of Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, PAIDEIA: Philosophy Educating Humanity.
Tolerated Reciprocity, Reciprocal Scrounging, and Unrelated Kin: MaKing Sense of Multiple Models.Michael Gurven - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):572-579.
Why Won't the Group Selection Controversy Go Away?Samir Okasha - 2001 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (1):25-50.
The Evolution of Altruism: The Sober/Wilson Model.Peter Gildenhuys - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (1):27-48.
Evolution, Altruism, and the Prisoner's Dilemma.Ishtiyaque Haji - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (2):161-175.
Beyond the Sociobiological Dilemma: Social Emotions and the Evolution of Morality.Alejandro Rosas - 2007 - Zygon 42 (3):685-700.
Morality and ‘Unto Others': Response to Commentary Discussion.Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):257-268.
Added to index2011-03-23
Total downloads65 ( #80,641 of 2,168,635 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #187,136 of 2,168,635 )
How can I increase my downloads?