Nursing Philosophy 11 (3):159-169 (2010)
The likelihood of nurse reflection is examined from the theoretical perspectives of Habermas' Theory of Communicative Action and Moral Action and Sumner's Moral Construct of Caring in Nursing as Communicative Action, through a critical social theory lens. The argument is made that until the nurse reaches the developmental level of post-conventional moral maturity and/or Benner's Stage 5: expert, he or she is not capable of being inwardly directed reflective on self. The three developmental levels of moral maturity and Benner's stages are presented with discussion on whether or not there can be self-reflection because of an innate vulnerability that leads to self-protective behaviours. It is only when the confidence from mastery of practice has been achieved can the nurse be comfortable with reflection that enables him or her to become enlightened, emancipated, and empowered. The influences and constraints of the knowledge power between nurse and patient are acknowledged. The power hierarchy of the institution is recognized as constraining.
|Keywords||Self‐reflection caring in nursing moral maturity levels expert nurse|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
The Theory of Communicative Action, Vol. 1, 'Reason and the Rationalization of Society'.Jürgen Habermas - 1984 - Polity..
Reflexive Methodology: New Vistas for Qualitative Research.Mats Alvesson - 2000 - Sage Publications.
Evidence for Practice, Epistemology, and Critical Reflection.Mark Avis & Dawn Freshwater - 2006 - Nursing Philosophy 7 (4):216-224.
Citations of this work BETA
A Performative and Poetical Narrative of Critical Social Theory in Nursing Education: An Ending and Threshold of Social Justice.Jennifer Lapum, Neda Hamzavi, Katarina Veljkovic, Zubaida Mohamed, Adriana Pettinato, Sarabeth Silver & Elizabeth Taylor - 2012 - Nursing Philosophy 13 (1):27-45.
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