Dissertation, Utrecht University (2021)

Authors
Dick Timmer
Utrecht University
Abstract
Despite the prominence of thresholds and limits in theories of distributive justice, there is no general account of their role within such theories. This has allowed an ongoing lack of clarity and misunderstanding around threshold views in distributive justice. In this thesis, I develop an account of the conceptual structure of such views. Such an account helps understand and characterize threshold views, can subsume what may seem to be different debates about such views under one conceptual header, and can be used to further examine and develop patterns of justice that draw on thresholds. In light of this account, I propose a novel characterization of sufficientarianism which sheds new light on the distinctiveness of sufficientarianism as a distributive principle and on the common objections to sufficientarianism. Moreover, I examine and defend limitarianism, which is the view that people should not have more than a certain amount of wealth. In particular, I argue in favour of limitarianism as a midlevel principle for guiding institutional design and individual actions and, furthermore, as a specification of what a just allocation of wealth requires under epistemic constraints.
Keywords Political philosophy  Distributive justice  sufficientarianism  limitarianism  wealth  thresholds  limits
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Justice as Fairness: A Restatement.John Rawls (ed.) - 2001 - Harvard University Press.
Animal Liberation.Peter Singer (ed.) - 1977 - Avon Books.

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