Dejar que los humores se expresen libremente. Reflexiones sobre la transición española a la democracia y sus enseñanzas

Contrastes: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 11 (2016)
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Abstract

RESUMENEste artículo desea defender la plena legitimidad del proceso constituyente español que condujo a la Constitución de 1978. Para ello muestro cuáles son los requisitos suficientes de un proceso constituyente y subrayo cuáles parecen prescindibles. Cifro lo propio de un proceso constituyente en que el pueblo sea plenamente autoconsciente al iniciarlo y hable de manera inequívoca y libre al aprobarlo. El primero excluye procesos sobrevenidos. El segundo va contra una representación soberana. ambas condiciones constituyentes sólo se han dado en España en relación con la Constitución de 1978. Mi interpretación es que incluso el PNV habló de manera inequívoca en este asunto. Por eso no considero legitimadas sus ambigüedades políticas.PALABRAS CLAVEPODER CONSTITUYENTE, LEGITIMIDAD, CONCIENCIA POLÍTICA, DECISIÓN, ESTATUTOS, AUTONOMÍA.ABSTRACTThis article is a defence of the full legitimacy of the Spanish constituent process which led to the Constitution of 1978. In it I show which are the necessary elements of a constituent process and which would seem to be unnecessary. I also propose that an appropriate constituent process is one in which the people are fully self-aware when they initiate the process and express themselves freely and unequivocally when they ratify it. The former excludes processes which were not initially foreseen. The latter does not permit of sovereign representation. These two constituent onditions have only been satisfied in Spain at the time of the 1978 Constitution. In my view, even the PNV expressed itself unequivocally in this matter. For this reason I do not consider its political ambiguities to be legitimate.KEYWORDS CONSTITUENT POWER, LEGITIMACY, POLITICAL CONSCIENCE, DECISION, AUTONOMOUS STATUES

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