The double standard in ontology

Philosophical Studies 39 (4):409 - 427 (1981)

A standard illustration' of this situation in this: let M~ be a theory of mechanics employing mass points as basic objects and let Mz be similar yet with only extended objects as its primitive elements. Let M> postulate that mass points come only in dense collections. Granted reasonable assumptions about the further details of Mq and M2, we can define the extended objects of Mz in M~ as dense sets of mass points whereas the latter can be defined in Mz as nested sets of the former. Both theories offer equivalent descriptions of the world in the sense that any claim of Mq can be systematically translated into a theorem of Mz and conversely
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DOI 10.1007/BF00360346
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References found in this work BETA

Word and Object.W. QUINE - 1960 - MIT Press.
Mind, Language, and Reality.Hilary Putnam - 1975 - Cambridge University Press.
From a Logical Point of View.W. V. Quine - 1953 - Harvard University Press.
Mind, Language and Reality.H. Putnam - 1975 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 39 (2):361-362.
Meaning and the Moral Sciences.Hilary Putnam - 1978 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.

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Putnam, Context, and Ontology.Steven Gross - 2004 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 34 (4):507 - 553.

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