The gandhian approach to swadeshi or appropriate technology: A conceptualization in terms of basic needs and equity
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 3 (1):50-88 (1990)
This is an examination of the significance of Gandhi's social philosophy for development. It is argued that, when seen in light of Gandhi's social philosophy, the concepts of appropriate technology and basic needs take on new meaning. The Gandhian approach can be identified with theoriginal "basic needs" strategy for international development. Gandhi's approach helps to provide greater equity, or "distributive justice," by promoting technology that is appropriate to "basic needs". Gandhi's social philosophy has been neglected by most development specialists, with only a few exceptions. This analysis attempts to draw out some aspects of M.K. Gandhi's background and his thinking aboutswadeshi andswaraj. Gandhi's ideas, which emerged out of an "Indic" meta-cultural background, are based on an emphasis on equity. Gandhi's syncretic Indic background includes a belief in what Bateson, writing about Bali, Indonesia, has called the "steady state." Development activities should be carried out in a phased manner that does not disturb the beneficial aspects of dynamic equilibrium, but that does promote "positive development." A.T. is particularly useful within the context of a basic needs approach to international development because use of A.T. is probably more likely to lead to equitable growth. The "economic growth" strategy, utilizing "advanced technology" exclusively, has caused unemployment and has not led to effective "trickle down," much less "high mass consumption." In many developing countries the poorest 20% of the population are worse off in 1990 than they were in 1980. By making use of the "advantage of backwardness" and viewing development in terms of long-term impacts, a basic needs approach using A.T. is more likely to lead to a positive impact on third world food systems than a pure "economic growth" strategy
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Descartes' Dream: The World According to Mathematics.Philip J. Davis - 1986 - Dover Publications.
Gandhi's Truth: On the Origins of Militant Nonviolence.Erik H. Erikson - 1971 - Philosophy East and West 21 (2):225-227.
The Religions of Tibet.Giuseppe Tucci & Geoffrey Samuel - 1982 - Philosophy East and West 32 (1):117-118.
Citations of this work BETA
Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivations to Innovate: Tracing the Motivation of ‘Grassroot’ Innovators in India.Saradindu Bhaduri & Hemant Kumar - 2011 - Mind and Society 10 (1):27-55.
Similar books and articles
International Justice and the Third World: Studies in the Philosophy of Development.Robin Attfield & Barry Wilkins (eds.) - 1992 - Routledge.
Generational Equity and Social Insurance.H. R. Moody - 1988 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 13 (1):31-56.
Linking International Research to Global Health Equity: The Limited Contribution of Bioethics.Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (4):208-214.
The New International Economic Order, Basic Needs, and Technology Transfer: Toward an Integrated Strategy for Development in the Future.Kempe Hope - 1981 - World Futures 18 (3):163-176.
A Multi-Relation Approach of General Systems and Tests of Applications.Yi Lin - 1989 - Synthese 79 (3):473-488.
Health Equity and Social Justice.Fabienne Peter - 2001 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 18 (2):159–170.
On Systems Thinking and the Systems Approach.Asterios G. “Stell” Kefalas - 2011 - World Futures 67 (4-5):343 - 371.
Gandhi on Nonviolence in the Context of Enlightenment, Rationality and Globalization.R. P. Singh - unknown
Gandhi's Contributions to Environmental Thought and Action.Bart Gruzalski - 2002 - Environmental Ethics 24 (3):227-242.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads36 ( #139,642 of 2,153,537 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #398,274 of 2,153,537 )
How can I increase my downloads?