Common Morality, Human Rights, and Multiculturalism in Japanese and American Bioethics

Journal of Practical Ethics 3 (2):18-35 (2015)

Authors
Tom Beauchamp
Georgetown University
Abstract
To address some questions in global biomedical ethics, three problems about cultural moral differences and alleged differences in Eastern and Western cultures are addressed: The first is whether the East has fundamentally different moral traditions from those in the West. Concentrating on Japan and the United States, it is argued that theses of profound and fundamental East-West differences are dubious because of many forms of shared morality. The second is whether human rights theory is a Western invention with no firm traditions in Eastern moral traditions. It is argued that this thesis is unsupported both historically and in contemporary bioethics. The third problem is whether multiculturalist theory casts doubt on claims of universal principles and rights. It is argued that the reverse is true: multiculturalism is a universalistic theory. The argument throughout supports common morality theory.
Keywords Bioethics  Multiculturalism  Morality  Human Rights  Ethics
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References found in this work BETA

Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach.Martha C. Nussbaum - 1987 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13 (1):32-53.
Informed Consent Revisited: Japan and the U.S.Akira Akabayashi & Brian Taylor Slingsby - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):9 – 14.
In Japan, Consensus Has Limits.Koichi Bai, Yasuko Shirai & Michiko Ishii - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (3):18-20.

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