Journal of Indian Philosophy 40 (6):593-614 (2012)
svabhāva (own being) and yadṛchhā (chance, accident) are named as two different claimants among others as the first cause (jagatkāraṇa) in the ŚvUp. But in later works, such as Aśvaghoṣa’s poems, svabhāva is synonymous with yadṛchhā and entails a passive attitude to life. Later still, svabhāva is said to be inhering in the Lokāyata materialist system, although in which sense—cosmic order or accident—is not always clearly mentioned. Svabhāva is also a part of the Sāṃkhya doctrine and is mentioned in the medical compilations. It is proposed that the idea of svabhāva as cosmic order became a part of Lokāyata between the sixth and the eighth century ce and got widely accepted by the tenth century, so much so that in the fourteenth century Sāyaṇa-Mādhava aka Vidyāraṇya could categorically declare that the Cārvāka/Lokāyata upheld causality, not chance. But the other meaning of svabhāva, identical with yadṛchhā, continued to circulate along with kāla, time, which was originally another claimant for the title of the first cause and similarly had acquired several significations in course of time. Both significations of svabhāva continued to be employed by later writers, and came to be used in another domain, that of daiva (fate) vis-à-vis puruṣakāra (manliness or human endeavour)
|Keywords||Cārvāka/Lokāyata first cause kāla Medical compilations Sāṃkhya svabhāva yadṛchhā|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Book Review: Ramkrishna Bhattacharya, Studies on the Carvaka/Lokayata, Società Editrice Fiorentina, Firenze 2009, € 28,00; Indian Edition: Manohar Publishers, New Delhi 2010, Rs. 750. [REVIEW]Krishna Del Toso - 2010 - Psyche and Society 8 (2):81-84.
The Wolf’s Footprints: Indian Materialism in Perspective. An Annotated Conversation with Ramkrishna Bhattacharya.Krishna Del Toso - 2011 - AION 71:183-204.
The Madhyamaka Concept of Svabhāva: Ontological and Cognitive Aspects.Jan Westerhoff - 2007 - Asian Philosophy 17 (1):17 – 45.
Cārvāka/Lokāyata: An Anthology of Source Materials and Some Recent Studies.Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya & Mrinalkanti Gangopadhyaya (eds.) - 1990 - Indian Council of Philosophical Research in Association with R̥ddhi-India, Calcutta.
Commentators on the Cārvākasūtra: A Critical Survey. [REVIEW]Ramkrishna Bhattacharya - 2010 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 38 (4):419-430.
Tutto in questa vita: considerazioni sull’etica e la morale dei Cārvāka/Lokāyata.Krishna Del Toso - 2013 - In Krishna Del Toso & Pietro Piro (eds.), Perché guardare a Oriente? Prospettive, risorse e visioni di un mondo non più lontano. Tipheret Editore. pp. 117-133.
Lokāyata, a Critical Study: Indian Spiritualism Reaffirmed.Shubhada A. Joshi - 1995 - Sri Satguru Publications.
Added to index2012-11-15
Total downloads12 ( #376,432 of 2,168,936 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #346,364 of 2,168,936 )
How can I increase my downloads?