Svabhāvavāda and the Cārvāka/Lokāyata: A Historical Overview [Book Review]

Journal of Indian Philosophy 40 (6):593-614 (2012)
Abstract
svabhāva (own being) and yadṛchhā (chance, accident) are named as two different claimants among others as the first cause (jagatkāraṇa) in the ŚvUp. But in later works, such as Aśvaghoṣa’s poems, svabhāva is synonymous with yadṛchhā and entails a passive attitude to life. Later still, svabhāva is said to be inhering in the Lokāyata materialist system, although in which sense—cosmic order or accident—is not always clearly mentioned. Svabhāva is also a part of the Sāṃkhya doctrine and is mentioned in the medical compilations. It is proposed that the idea of svabhāva as cosmic order became a part of Lokāyata between the sixth and the eighth century ce and got widely accepted by the tenth century, so much so that in the fourteenth century Sāyaṇa-Mādhava aka Vidyāraṇya could categorically declare that the Cārvāka/Lokāyata upheld causality, not chance. But the other meaning of svabhāva, identical with yadṛchhā, continued to circulate along with kāla, time, which was originally another claimant for the title of the first cause and similarly had acquired several significations in course of time. Both significations of svabhāva continued to be employed by later writers, and came to be used in another domain, that of daiva (fate) vis-à-vis puruṣakāra (manliness or human endeavour)
Keywords Cārvāka/Lokāyata  first cause   kāla  Medical compilations  Sāṃkhya   svabhāva   yadṛchhā
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s10781-012-9168-x
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 27,613
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
History of Indian Philosophy.Erich Frauwallner - 1973 - New York: Humanities Press.

View all 14 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Cārvāka/Lokāyata: An Anthology of Source Materials and Some Recent Studies.Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya & Mrinalkanti Gangopadhyaya (eds.) - 1990 - Indian Council of Philosophical Research in Association with R̥ddhi-India, Calcutta.
Lokayata and Vratya.Hara Prasad Shastri - 1982 - Available with Firma K.L. Mukhopadhyay.
Lōkayata.Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya - 1968 - [New Delhi]People's Pub. House.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2012-11-15

Total downloads

12 ( #376,432 of 2,168,936 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

1 ( #346,364 of 2,168,936 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums