AbstractVarying degrees of symmetry can exist in a social network's connections. Some early online social networks (OSNs) were predicated on symmetrical connections, such as Facebook 'friendships' where both actors in a 'friendship' have an equal and reciprocal connection. Newer platforms -- Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook's 'Pages' inclusive -- are counterexamples of this, where 'following' another actor (friend, celebrity, business) does not guarantee a reciprocal exchange from the other. This paper argues that the basic asymmetric connections in an OSN leads to emergent asymmetrical behaviour in the OSN's overall influence and connectivity, amongst others. This paper will then draw on empirical examples from popular sites (and prior network research) to illustrate how asymmetric connections can render individuals 'voiceless'. The crux of this paper is an argument from the existentialist viewpoint on how the above asymmetric network properties lead to Sartrean bad faith (Sartre, 1943). Instead of genuine interpersonal connection, one finds varying degrees of pressure to assume the Sartrean 'in-itself' (the en soi) mode-of-being, irregardless of the magnitude of 'followers' one has. Finally, this paper poses an open question: what other philosophical issues does this inherent asymmetry in modern social networking give rise to?
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
References found in this work
No references found.
Citations of this work
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Corporate Responsibilities in Internet-Enabled Social Networks.Stephen Chen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S4):523 - 536.
On Measuring Personal Connections and the Extent of Social Networks.Prasanta K. Pattanaik & Yongsheng Xu - 2007 - Analyse & Kritik 29 (2):290-310.
Web 2.0 Social Networks: The Role of Trust.Sonja Grabner-Kräuter - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S4):505 - 522.
""Making" Social" Safer: Are Facebook and Other Online Networks Becoming Less Hazardous for Health Professionals?D. R. George - 2012 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (4):348-352.
Deception in Business Networks: Is It Easier to Lie Online?Jeanne M. Logsdon & Karen D. W. Patterson - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S4):537 - 549.
Sifarish : Understanding the Ethical Versus Unethical Use of Network-Based Hiring in Pakistan.Sadia Nadeem & Neelab Kayani - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (4):969-982.
Ethical Considerations When Employing Fake Identities in Online Social Networks for Research.Yuval Elovici, Michael Fire, Amir Herzberg & Haya Shulman - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (4):1027-1043.
Connections: An Introduction to the Economics of Networks.Sanjeev Goyal - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
Privacy Concerns and Identity in Online Social Networks.Hanna Krasnova, Oliver Günther, Sarah Spiekermann & Ksenia Koroleva - 2009 - Identity in the Information Society 2 (1):39-63.
The Cognitive Social Network in Dreams: Transitivity, Assortativity, and Giant Component Proportion Are Monotonic.Hye Joo Han, Richard Schweickert, Zhuangzhuang Xi & Charles Viau‐Quesnel - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (3):671-696.
Arendt, Habermas and Facebook: Participation and Discourse in Cyber Public Spheres.Asaf Bar-Tura - 2010 - Humanities and Technology Review 29:1-25.
Homophily-Based Link Prediction in The Facebook Online Social Network: A Rough Sets Approach.Roa A. Aboo Khachfeh & Islam Elkabani - 2015 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 24 (4):491-503.
Contexts of Social Capital : Social Networks in Communities, Markets, and Organizations.Ray-May Hsung, Nan Lin & Ronald Breiger - 2010 - In Ann Brooks (ed.), Social Theory in Contemporary Asia. Routledge.