Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 60 (1):81 - 107 (2004)

Authors
Delamar Dutra
Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Abstract
O presente artigo analisa o sistema moral de David Hume a partir das suas pretensões e dos meios que propõe para as realizar. Nesse sentido, o autor parte da tese de que Hume pretendia estabelecer um fundamento para a moral a partir de bases puramente empíricas. Objectivo do artigo, portanto, é traçar as consequências da aplicação das críticas dirigidas por Hume às ciências empíricas em geral, as quais parecem implicar uma dificuldade insuperável no que concerne à realização das suas pretensões no campo moral. Enfim, o artigo aponta para uma insuficiência da estratégia humeana de fundamentação, a qual não consegue dar conta do que ele próprio pretendia. /// In this paper the author analyzes the foundations of the moral system of David Hume, his claims and the strategies proposed by him to attain that goal. The thesis is that Hume claims to establish an empirical foundation for morals and that his skeptical criticism of the empirical sciences has consequences regarding his strategies pertaining to the ethical domain. This skeptical criticism results in great difficulties for his grounding of morals. The author argues that the strategy of Hume has many flaws and that he is incapable of advancing his attempt to ground morais empirically.
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