Abstract
In arguments in support of capitalism, the following propositions are sometimes advanced or presupposed: the best life for the individual is one of consumption, understood in a broad sense that includes aesthetic pleasures and entertainment as well as consumption of goods in the ordinary sense; consumption is to be valued because it promotes happiness or welfare, which is the ultimate good; since there are not enough opportunities for consumption to provide satiation for everybody, some principles of distributive justice must be chosen to decide who gets what; the total to be distributed has first to be produced. What is produced depends, among other things, on the motivation and information of the producers. The theory of justice must take account of the fact that different principles of distribution have different effects on motivation and information; economic theory tells us that the motivational and informational consequences of private ownership of the means of production are superior to those of the various forms of collective ownerships. In the traditional controversy over the relative merits of capitalism and economic systems, the focus has been on proposition. In this paper, I consider instead propositions and. Before one can even begin to discuss how values are to be allocated, one must consider what they are – what it is that ought to be valued. I shall argue that at the center of Marxism is a specific conception of the good life as one of active self-realization, rather than passive consumption
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/s0265052500000327
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 69,226
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

What is Equality? Part 1: Equality of Welfare.Ronald Dworkin - 1981 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 10 (3):185-246.
Phenomenology of Spirit.G. W. F. Hegel & A. V. Miller - 1977 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (4):268-271.
Utilitarianism and Welfarism.Amartya Sen - 1979 - Journal of Philosophy 76 (9):463-489.

View all 10 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Respect.Robin S. Dillon - 2018 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Conceptualising Meaningful Work as a Fundamental Human Need.Ruth Yeoman - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (2):1-17.
Survey Article: Justice in Production.Nien-hê Hsieh - 2008 - Journal of Political Philosophy 16 (1):72–100.
Survey Article: Justice in Production &Ast.Nien-hê Hsieh - 2008 - Journal of Political Philosophy 16 (1):72-100.

View all 24 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Drawn to the Good? Brewer on Dialectical Activity.Lorraine Besser-Jones - 2011 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (4):621-631.
Functional Explanation and Metaphysical Individualism.Justin Schwartz - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (2):278-301.
Marxist Feminist Dialectics for the 21st Century.Nancy Hartsock - 1998 - Science and Society 62 (3):400 - 413.
Democratic Rights in the Workplace.Kory P. Schaff - 2012 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 55 (4):386-404.
The Centrality of the Good: Reflections on Politics and Being.Scott John Hammond - 2010 - Lexington Books, a Division of Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
A Life Not Worth Living?Craig Paterson - 2003 - Studies in Christian Ethics 16 (2):1-20.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2010-08-31

Total views
342 ( #29,720 of 2,499,734 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
22 ( #39,194 of 2,499,734 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes