¿Cuánta desigualdad es compatible con el federalismo? Sobre los límites de la justicia distributiva federal

Isegoría 59:493-509 (2018)
Authors
Cristian A. Fatauros
Universidad Nacional de Córdoba
Abstract
The traditional doctrine on federalism claims that economic inequalities are morally justified as long as they result from the legitimate exercise of federal subunit self-government. This paper discusses that claim and examines the philosophical grounds of federal economic decentralization in order to lay the basis for a federal theory of distributive justice. I explore the analogy between federal organizations and the international order claiming that moral conditions of political legitimacy generate some requirements for distribution. But also, I criticize the idea of fraternity as a demanding and fragile political virtue. I try to show that fraternity gives us stronger reasons to reduce economic inequality in territorial federal states than in multicultural federal states.
Keywords Autonomy  Distribution  Equality  Fairness  Federalism  Inequality  Justice  Legitimacy  autonomía  desigualdad  distribución  equidad  federalismo  igualdad  justicia  legitimidad
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DOI 10.3989/isegoria.2018.059.07
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