Hey Little Sister, Who's the Only One? Modulating Informativeness in the Resolution of Privative Ambiguity

Cognitive Science 39 (7):1646-1674 (2015)

Abstract
We present two eye-tracking experiments on the interpretation of sentences like “The tall girl is the only one that …,” which are ambiguous between the anaphoric and the exophoric interpretation. These interpretations differ in informativeness: in a positive context, the exophoric reading entails the anaphoric, while in a negative context the entailment pattern is reversed and the anaphoric reading is the strongest one. We tested whether adults rely on considerations about informativeness in solving the ambiguity. The results show that participants interpreted one exophorically in both positive and negative contexts. Given these findings, we cast doubts on the idea that Informativeness plays a role in ambiguity resolution and proposes a Principle of Maximal Exploitation: When a context is provided, adults extend their domain of evaluation to include the whole scenario, independently from truth-conditional considerations about informativity and strength
Keywords Anaphora  Visual world paradigm  Only  Entailment  Semantic ambiguity
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/cogs.12212
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 49,017
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy.Simon Blackburn - 1994 - Oxford ;Oxford University Press.

View all 18 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No Delay for Some Inferences.Foppolo Francesca & Marelli Marco - 2017 - Journal of Semantics 34 (4):659-681.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Semantic Paradox and Semantic Change.Timothy Williamson - 2000 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2000:113-124.
A Generalization of Specker's Theorem on Typical Ambiguity.Richard Kaye - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (2):458-466.
Religious Ambiguity in Hick’s Religious Pluralism.Amir Dastmalchian - 2009 - International Journal of Hekmat 1:75-89.
Anaphora and Semantic Innocence.J. P. Smit & A. Steglich-Petersen - 2010 - Journal of Semantics 27 (1):119-124.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2015-01-14

Total views
22 ( #437,055 of 2,310,673 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #351,016 of 2,310,673 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature