First, something about the word. 'Bureau' (French, borrowed into German) is a desk, or by extension an office (as in 'I will be at the office tomorrow'; 'I work at the Bureau of Statistics'). 'Bureaucracy' is rule conducted from a desk or office, i.e. by the preparation and dispatch of written documents - or, these days, their electronic equivalent. In the office are kept records of communications sent and received, the files or archives, consulted in preparing new ones. This kind of rule is of course not found in the ancient classifications of kinds of government: monarchy, aristocracy, democracy - and bureaucracy? In fact it does not belong in such a classification. It is a servant of government, a means by which a monarchy, aristocracy, democracy, or other form of government, rules. Those who invented the word wanted to suggest that the servant was trying to become the master. Weber is of course aware of this tendency; in fact he attacked the pretensions of the Prussian bureaucracy to be an objective and neutral servant of society, above politics, and emphasized that every bureaucracy has interests of its own, and connections with other social strata (especially among the upper classes); see Beetham, chapter 3. But formally and in theory the bureaucracy is merely a means, and this is largely true also in practice: someone must provide policy direction and back the bureaucrat up (if necessary) with force. 'At the top of a bureaucratic organization, there is necessarily an element which is at least not purely bureaucratic', SEO, p. 335, to give policy direction
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Review: Democracy and Bureaucracy. [REVIEW]Thomas Christiano - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (1):211 - 217.
Democracy and Bureaucracy. [REVIEW]Thomas Christiano - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (1):211–211.
Whither the Welfare State? Professionalization, Bureaucracy, and the Market Alternative:Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services. Michael Lipsky; People-Processing: The Street-Level Bureaucrat in Public Service Bureaucracies. Jeffrey Manditch Prottas; The Welfare Industry: Functionaries and Reprients in Public Aid. David Street, Georte T. Martin, Jr., Laura Kramer; Social Welfare: Why and How? Noel Timms. [REVIEW]Clarence N. Stone - 1983 - Ethics 93 (3):588-.
Symbiosis of Government and Market: The Private, the Public, and Bureaucracy.Sadao Tamura & Minoru Tokita (eds.) - 2004 - Routledgecurzon.
Expanding the Egalitarian Toolbox: Equality and Bureaucracy.Elizabeth Anderson - 2008 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 82 (1):139-160.
Policy Bureaucracy: Government with a Cast of Thousands.C. Page Edward & Jenkins Bill - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
After Democracy, Bureaucracy? Rejoinder to Ciepley.Jeffrey Friedman - 2000 - Critical Review 14 (1):113-137.
Equality and Bureaucracy.John Skorupski - 2008 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 82 (1):161-178.
Bureaucracy as Belief, Rationalization as Repair: Max Weber in a Post-Functionalist Age.Richard A. Hilbert - 1987 - Sociological Theory 5 (1):70-86.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads187 ( #23,348 of 2,159,120 )
Recent downloads (6 months)15 ( #23,101 of 2,159,120 )
How can I increase my downloads?