Buddhist logicians have rejected the reality of universals on the one hand, and, on the other hand, given a substitute in the form of the doctrine of Apoha. The doctrine of apoha first appears in Dinnaga’s Pramanasamuccaya, according to which words and concepts are negative by their very nature. They proceed on thebasis of negation. They express their own meaning only by repudiating their opposite meaning. The Buddhist logicians talk of two types of knowledge, viz., pratyaksa, which is non- relational and anumana, which is relational. They accept nirvikalpaka pratyaksa as a pure pratyaksa, and savikalpaka pratyaksa has been merged with anumana by them. According to them, cognition is either a direct awareness of an object, which is independent of any mentalconstructionor it is an awareness of an object which is a mentalconstruction. Further, according to the Buddhist logicians inferences are of two kinds, viz., svarthanumana and pararthanumana. But they do not accept pararthanumana as a source of knowledge. Now, since perception is devoid of kalpana, perceptual knowledge is essentially non-linguistic and does not involve any general concept or universal. Thus,Apoha has no role to play in perceptual knowledge. On the other hand, savikalpaka pratyaksa and anumana are based on kalpana, thus according to the Buddhist logicians knowledge of universal is essential for both, savikalpaka pratyaksa and anumana
Keywords Conference Proceedings  Contemporary Philosophy
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI wcp22200861115
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 63,339
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Buddhist Epistemology.S. R. Bhatt - 2000 - Greenwood Press.
A Critical Examination of Dinnaga’s Views on Sentence.Pramod Kumar - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 24:29-36.
Buddhist Epistemology: The Study of Pramana.Jonathan Stoltz - 2009 - Religion Compass 3 (4):537-548.
Religion and Logic in Buddhist Philosophical Analysis. [REVIEW]Helmut Krasser, Horst Lasic, Eli Franco & Birgit Kellner (eds.) - 1850 - Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.


Added to PP index

Total views
21 ( #514,105 of 2,448,749 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #445,251 of 2,448,749 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes