Cambridge and London: Cambridge University Press (1976)

Proofs and Refutations is essential reading for all those interested in the methodology, the philosophy and the history of mathematics. Much of the book takes the form of a discussion between a teacher and his students. They propose various solutions to some mathematical problems and investigate the strengths and weaknesses of these solutions. Their discussion (which mirrors certain real developments in the history of mathematics) raises some philosophical problems and some problems about the nature of mathematical discovery or creativity. Imre Lakatos is concerned throughout to combat the classical picture of mathematical development as a steady accumulation of established truths. He shows that mathematics grows instead through a richer, more dramatic process of the successive improvement of creative hypotheses by attempts to 'prove' them and by criticism of these attempts: the logic of proofs and refutations.
Keywords Mathematics Philosophy  Logic, Symbolic and mathematical
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Reprint years 1979, 2012, 2013
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Call number QA8.4.L34
ISBN(s) 0521290384   9780521290388   9781139171472   9781107266018   1107534054   1107113466   052121078X   0-521-29038-4
DOI 10.2307/2219364
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Modeling Rational Players: Part I: Ken Binmore.Ken Binmore - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (2):179-214.
The Derivation-Indicator View of Mathematical Practice.Jody Azzouni - 2004 - Philosophia Mathematica 12 (2):81-106.

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