Causality, Criticality, and Reading Words: Distinct Sources of Fractal Scaling in Behavioral Sequences
Cognitive Science 35 (5):785-837 (2011)
The finding of fractal scaling (FS) in behavioral sequences has raised a debate on whether FS is a pervasive property of the cognitive system or is the result of specific processes. Inferences about the origins of properties in time sequences are causal. That is, as opposed to correlational inferences reflecting instantaneous symmetrical relations, causal inferences concern asymmetric relations lagged in time. Here, I integrate Granger-causality with inferences about FS. Four simulations illustrate that causal analyses can isolate distinct FS sources, whereas correlational techniques cannot. I then analyze three simultaneous sequences of responses from a database of word-naming trials. I find that two, or perhaps three, distinct sources account for the presence of FS in these sequences, but FS is not a general property of the system. This suggests that FS arises due to the properties of a limited number of identifiable psychological and/or neural processes. Finally, I reanalyze a previously published dataset of acoustic frequency spectra using the new tools. The causality/criticality combination introduced here offers a new important perspective in the study of cognition
|Keywords||Word naming Bayesian assessment of scaling Transfer entropy Reaction time Fractal scaling Granger causality|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
A Mathematical Theory of Communication.Claude Shannon - 1948 - Bell System Technical Journal 27:379–423.
Self-Organization of Cognitive Performance.Guy C. Van Orden, John G. Holden & Michael T. Turvey - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (3):331.
Cortical Coordination Dynamics and Cognition.S. L. Bressler & J. A. Kelso - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (1):26-36.
The Pervasiveness of 1/F Scaling in Speech Reflects the Metastable Basis of Cognition.Christopher T. Kello, Gregory G. Anderson, John G. Holden & Guy C. Van Orden - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (7):1217-1231.
Citations of this work BETA
Spectral Convergence in Tapping and Physiological Fluctuations: Coupling and Independence of 1/F Noise in the Central and Autonomic Nervous Systems.Lillian M. Rigoli, Daniel Holman, Michael J. Spivey & Christopher T. Kello - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
Similar books and articles
A Theory of Probability.T. V. Reeves - 1988 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (2):161-182.
General Random Sequences and Learnable Sequences.C. P. Schnorr & P. Fuchs - 1977 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 42 (3):329-340.
Incomplete Descriptions and (Reverse) Sobel Sequences.Mirja Annalena Holst - 2013 - Analysis 73 (1):26-32.
Relative Lawlessness in Intuitionistic Analysis.Joan Rand Moschovakis - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (1):68-88.
The Debate Between Current Versions of Covariation and Mechanism Approaches to Causal Inference.George L. Newsome - 2003 - Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):87 – 107.
The Kolmogorov-Loveland Stochastic Sequences Are Not Closed Under Selecting Subsequences.Wolfgang Merkle - 2003 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 68 (4):1362-1376.
Similarity Among Nucleotides Sequences.Feng Shi & Zhongxi Mo - 2002 - Acta Biotheoretica 50 (2):95-99.
Learning Causality in a Complex World: Understandings of Consequence.Tina Grotzer - 2012 - Rowman & Littlefield Education.
Brouwer Meets Husserl: On the Phenomenology of Choice Sequences.Markus Sebastiaan Paul Rogier van Atten - 2007 - Springer.
Infinite Sequences: Finitist Consequence.Martin C. Cooke - 2003 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (4):591-599.
Added to index2011-06-10
Total downloads23 ( #219,746 of 2,172,023 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #46,502 of 2,172,023 )
How can I increase my downloads?