Biological Theory 5 (4):344-356 (2010)

Abstract
This article attempts to show why an experimental hypothesis is plausible and merits testing; in brief, the hypothesis is that autism begins with a failure in early learning and that changing the environment of early learning would dramatically change its incidence. Strong statistical evidence supporting this hypothesis has been published by Waldman et al., but to date this evidence has largely been ignored, perhaps because it challenges prevalent beliefs about autism. This article also suggests that the current epidemic of autism is serious enough, and intellectually mysterious enough, to merit attention from a wider community of brain scientists: New ideas are needed. A confirmation of this article’s hypothesis would have interesting implications for brain science
Keywords Autism spectrum disorder   complexity   complex adaptive system   self-organize   emergent   eye-contact   infant-mother   intersubjectivity   oxytocin   television/computer/smartphone.
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DOI 10.1162/biot_a_00061
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