Nonhuman Animals as Property Holders: An Exploration of the Lockean Labour-Mixing Account

Environmental Values 26 (5):629-648 (2017)
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Recent proposals in political philosophy concerning nonhuman animals as property-holders - by John Hadley and Steve Cooke - have focused on the interests that nonhuman animals have in access to and use of their territories. The possibility that such rights might be grounded on the basis of a Lockean account of property has been rejected. In this paper, I explore four criticisms of Lockean property rights for nonhuman animals - concerning self-ownership, initiative, exertion and the sufficiency of protection offered - concluding that Lockean property rights could be extended to nonhuman animals. I then suggest that Lockean property rights actually offer advantages over interest-based accounts: they more clearly ground property, they are potentially broader, and they are considerably stronger.



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Josh Milburn
Loughborough University

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Wild Animals and Duties of Assistance.Beka Jalagania - 2021 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 34 (2):1-15.

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