Public reason as a political ideal: John Rawls’s conception

Filozofija I Društvo 18 (2):209-234 (2007)

Abstract
The article dealt with Rawlsian idea of public reason as a convergence point of his conception of political liberalism. The idea of public reason is taken as a norm of political justification a as well as a political ideal. Major lines of criticism of the Rawls' conception are also discussed in the article. The conclusion is that is possible to defend major elements of Rawls' conception against criticism along Rawlsian lines of argumentation. The thesis advocated through the text is that it is significant legacy of Rawls' conception of public reason that it discloses limitations of political ideal of liberal democracy. It is argued that one important consequence is that liberalism has to disclaim its own moral superiority in order to make political ideal viable. The other is that any particular society has to find its moral bases in public reason of particular society, that is burdened with peculiar culture and history.
Keywords public reason, John Rawls, political liberalism, moral consensus, public justification
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DOI 10.2298/fid0702209p
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Political Liberalisms.Bruce Ackerman - 1994 - Journal of Philosophy 91 (7):364.
Liberalism and the Art of Separation.Michael Walzer - 1984 - Political Theory 12 (3):315-330.

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