Informal Logic 17 (1) (1995)

Merrilee Salmon
University of Pittsburgh
This work discusses an empirical study of reasoning as it occurs in conversations. Reasoning in this context has features not usually accounted for in standard methods for describing argumentation (e.g., Toulmin, (1964), Toulmin, Rieke, and Janik (1984)). For example, insufficient attention has been paid to challenges which can be used to shift the ground of an argument and to the development of multiple conversational grounds. Moreover, even though the value of cooperative efforts in building arguments is widely recognized, more needs to be said about analyzing co-constructed arguments. This empirical work was primarily descriptive and concerned with how people construct arguments in conversations, but one goal of the study was to lay groundwork for comparing the quality of reasoning in conversations which differ with respect to whether the arguments they contain are primarily the contributions of individuals or are genuinely co-constructed arguments
Keywords discourse, argumentation, conversational analysis, pragmatics, implicit premises, shared reasoning
Categories (categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 56,141
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Uses of Argument.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1958 - Cambridge University Press.
Studies in the Way of Words.D. E. Over - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (160):393-395.
The Uses of Argument.Stephen E. Toulmin - 1958 - Philosophy 34 (130):244-245.
Problems in Argument Analysis and Evaluation.Trudy Gover - 2018 - Windsor: University of Windsor.

View all 18 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Introduction.Hans V. Hansen & Christopher W. Tindale - 1995 - Informal Logic 17 (2).
Local Pragmatics and Structured Contents.Mandy Simons - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 168 (1):21-33.
A Logical Analysis of Slippery Slope Arguments.Georg Spielthenner - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (2):148-163.
Legal Case-Based Reasoning as Practical Reasoning.Katie Atkinson & Trevor Bench-Capon - 2005 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 13 (1):93-131.


Added to PP index

Total views
27 ( #382,545 of 2,404,066 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
5 ( #155,913 of 2,404,066 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes