Expressivism without Mentalism in Meta-Ontology

International Journal of Philosophical Studies 26 (5):781-800 (2018)
  Copy   BIBTEX


ABSTRACTCarnap famously argued that there are two kinds of questions and claims concerning the existence or reality of entities: internal and external ones. We focus on Carnapian external ontological claims of the form: ‘Xs really exist’, where ‘X’ stands for some traditional metaphysical category, such as ‘substance’, ‘fact’ or ‘structure’. While Carnap considered them as meaningless, we consider them as faultlessly meaningful. However, in line with an expressivist guise, we do not claim that they have the meaning they have in virtue of representing a certain range of entities in the world or describing pieces of reality. Quite the contrary, we maintain that they are meaningful because they perform a function that is fundamentally expressive, that is, a non-descriptive function. In particular, they may imply a distinctive type of metalinguistic expressive function. Moreover, we avoid accuses of mentalism insofar as we explain the meaning of external ontological claims in terms of the practical commitments to the adoption of certain linguistic forms they express, rather than as expressing some kind of mental state.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 79,912

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Expressivism, meaning, and all that.Sebastian Köhler - 2018 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 48 (3-4):337-356.
Meta-ontology.Peter Van Inwagen - 1998 - Erkenntnis 48 (2-3):233--50.
Meta-Ontology.Peter van Inwagen - 1998 - Erkenntnis 48:233-250.
Philosophy of language and meta-ethics.By Ira M. Schnall - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (217):587–594.
Philosophy of Language and Meta-Ethics.Ira M. Schnall - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (217):587 - 594.
Epistemic Expressivism.Matthew Chrisman - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (2):118-126.
Ethical Expressivism.Matthew Chrisman - 2011 - In Christian Miller (ed.), Continuum Companion to Ethics. Continuum. pp. 29.
Meta-philosophy Part 2 B.Ulrich de Balbian - forthcoming - Academic Publishers.
Minimalist semantics in meta-ethical expressivism.Billy Dunaway - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 151 (3):351 - 371.
Meta-philosophy Part 3.Ulrich de Balbian - forthcoming - Academic Publishers.
The Problem of Ethical Vagueness for Expressivism.Nicholas Baima - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (4):593-605.
Three Conceptions of the Logical Form of Exemplification.Valerio Buonomo - 2018 - American Philosophical Quarterly 55 (2):175-188.
On Mentalism, Privacy, and Behaviorism.Jay Moore - 1990 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (1):19-36.


Added to PP

45 (#272,171)

6 months
2 (#319,667)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Mirco Sambrotta
Slovak Academy of Sciences
Pedro Antonio García Jorge
Universidad Autonoma de Nayarit

Citations of this work

No citations found.

Add more citations

References found in this work

Philosophical Investigations.Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein - 1953 - New York, NY, USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Language, Truth and Logic.Alfred Jules Ayer - 1936 - London: V. Gollancz.
Meaning.Herbert Paul Grice - 1957 - Philosophical Review 66 (3):377-388.

View all 64 references / Add more references